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Honorary Member of the Imperial Academy of Sciences at St. Petersburgh; Member of the Roy.
al Academy of Berlin ; and of the American Philosophical Society held at Philadelphia ;

formerly Professor of Moral Philosophy in the University of Edinburgli.





September, 1821.

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District Clerk's Office. BE it remembered, that on the seventeenth day of September, A. D. 1821, in the fortį; sixth year of the Independence of the United States of America, Wells and Lilly of the said District, have deposited in this Office the Title of a Book, the Right whereof they claim as Proprietors, in the Words following, to wit :-* Elements of the Philosophy of the Human Mind. By Dugald Stewart, Esq F.Å SS. Lond. & Edin. Hovorary Member of the Imperial Academy of Sciences at St. Petersburgh ; Member of the Royal Academy of Berlin ; and of the American Philosophical Society held at Philadelphia ; formerly Professor of Mural Pbilosopby in the University of Edinburgh. With Translations, &c. and an additional Appendix. Two Volumes bound in one.

In Conformity to the Act of the Congress of the United States, entitled, “ An Act for the En-
couragement of Laarning, by securing the Copies of Maps, Charts and Books, to the Authors
and Proprietors of such Copies, during the Times therein mentioned :” and also to an Act
entitled, “ An Act supplementary to an Act, entitled, An Act for the Encouragement of Learn-
ing, by securing the Copies of Maps, Chart, and Books, to the Authors and Proprietors of such
Copi $ during the times therein mentioned ; and extending the Benefits thereof to the Arts of
Designing, Engraving and Etching Historical, and other Prints."

Clerk of the District of Massachusetts.


After an interval of more than twenty years, I venture to present to the public a Second Volume on the Philosophy of the Human Mind.

When the preceding Part was sent to the press, I expected that a few short chapters would comprehend all that I had further to offer concerning the Intellectual Powers; and that I should be able to employ the greater part of this Volume in examining those principles of our constitution, which are immediately connected with the Theory of Morals. On proceeding, however, to attempt an analysis of Reason, in the more strict acceptation of that term, I found so many doubts crowding on me with respect to the logical doctrines then generally received, that I was forced to abandon the comparatively limited plan according to which I had originally intended to treat of the Understanding, and, in the mean time, to suspend the continuation of my work till a more unbroken leisure should allow me to resume it with a less divided attention.

Of the accidents which have since occurred to retard my progress, it is unnecessary to take any notice here. I allude to them, merely as an apology for those defects of method, which are the natural, and perhaps the unavoidable consequences of the frequent interruptions by which the train of my thoughts has been diverted to other pursuits. Such of my readers as are able to judge how very large a proportion of my materials has been the fruit of my own meditations; and who are aware of the fugitive nature of our reasonings concerning phenomena so far removed from the perceptions of Sense, will easily conceive the difficulty I must occasionally have experienced, in decyphering the short and slight hints on these topics, which I had committed to writing at remote periods of my life; and still more, in recovering the thread which had at first connected them together in the order of my researches.

I have repeatedly had occasion to regret the tendency of this intermitted and irregular mode of composition, to deprive my speculations of those advantages, in point of continuity, which, to the utmost of my power, I have endeavoured to give them, But I would willingly indulge the hope that this is a blemish more likely to meet the eye of the author than of the reader; and I am confident, that the critic who shall honour me with a sufficient degree of attention to detect it where it may occur, will not be inclined to treat it with an undue severity.

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