Imágenes de páginas

logy), oue who commands the devil, whereas | Id. 1. 12.

whin thou didst not, savage, the witch serves him.-The art was held by

Know thine own meaning,] By This exall, though not equally criminal, yet unlawful, pression, however defective, the poet seems and, therefore, Casaubon, speaking of one who to have meaut-When thou didst utter had commerce with spirits, blames him, though sounds, to which thou hadst no determinate he imagines him one of the best kind, who meaning. dealt with them by way of command. Thus | Id. l. 14. But thy vile race,] Race, in this Prospero repents of his art in the last scene. place, seems to siguify original disposition, iuThe spirits were always considered as in some born qualities. measure enslaved to the enchanter, least Id. l. 2). the red plague rid you,) The eryfor a time, and as serving with unwillingness; sipelas was anciently called the red plague. therefore Ariel so often begs for liberty; and The word rid, means to destroy. Caliban observes, that the spirits serve Pros-Id. I. 32. --- my dam's god, Setebos,] Mr. Warpero with no good will, but hate him rootedly. ner has observed, on the authority of John JOHNSON.

Barbot, that “the Patagons are reported to in Argier.) Argier is the ancient dread a great horned devil called Setebos." English name for Algiers.

We learn from Magellan's voyage, that SeleP.6, c. 1, 1. 23. — to a nymph o'the sea ;] There bos was the supreme god of the Patagons

does not appear to be sufficient cause why and Cheleule was an interior one. Setebos is Ariel should assume this new shape, as he also mentioned in Hackluyt's Voyages, 1598. was to be invisible to all eyes but those of Id. 1. 35. Re-enter Ariel invisible,] to the wardProspero. STEEVENS. Mr. Malone arranges

robe of the lord-admiral's men (i. e. company these lines thus:

of comedians), 1598, was—"a robe for to goo "Go make thyself like a nymph o'the sea ;

be subject

Id, I. 40. Court'sied when you hare, and kiss d.)
To no sight but thine and mine: invisible As was anciently done at the beginning of
Toevery eye-ball else. Go, take this shape, some dances.
And hither come in't: go, hence, with 'di | Id. I. 55. Weeping again the king my father's

wreck,) Thus the old copy; but in the books 11.1.30. The strangeness-] Why should a won- of Shakspeare's age again is sometimes print

derful story produce sleep? I believe expe- ed instead of against, [i. e. opposite to,] revee will prove, that any violent agitation which Mr. Malone thinks was our author's of the mind easily subsides in slumber, espe

word. cially when, as in Prospero's relation, the last Id. l. 02. Full fathom five thy father lies; &c.] Images are pleasing. JOHNSOY.

The songs in this play, Dr. Wilson, who reset The poet seems to have been apprehensive and published two of them, tells us, in his that the audience, as well as Miranda, would Court Ayres, or Ballads, published at Oxford sleep over this long but necessary tale, and, 1000, that " Full fathom fire," and "Where therefore, strives to break it. First, by mak- the bee sucks,” bad been first set by Robert ing Prospero divest himself of his miagio robe Johnson, a composer contemporary with and wand: then by waking her attention to Shakspeare. BURNEY. less than six times by verbal interruption : | Id. l. 05. Nothing of him that doth fade, then hy varying the action when he rises and

But doth suffer a sea-chanye-) Every bids her continue sitting: and lastly, by car- thing about him, that is liable to alteration, rying on the business of the fable while Mi- is changed. randa sleeps, by which she is continued on the Id. l. 70. The same burden to a song occurs in The stage till ihe poet has occasion for her again. Merchant of Venice. It should here beWARNER

Ding-dong, ding-dong, ding-dong, bell. 14.1.35. We cannot miss him :) that is, we can- Id. l. 71. Ariel's lays, however seasonable and effipot do without him.

cacious, must be allowed to be of no super111.52. Cal. As wicked dew-] Wicked, having natural dignity or eloquence; they express baneful qualities.

nothing great, or reveal any thing above mor121.57. - urchins-] i. e. hedgehogs; orʻper- tal disco ery. JOHNSON. haps, hure, fairies.

Id. l. 73. That the earth owes :) To owe, in this 11.55.

- for that vast of night that they may place, as well as many others, signifies to own. work,] The rust of night means the night | Id. l. 74. The fringed curtains, &c.j The same exwhich is naturally empty and deserted, with- pression occurs in Pericles, Prince of Tyre, out action; or when all things lying in sleep

1609 : and silence, makes the world appear one great

her eyelids umnhabited waste.

Begin to part their fringes of bright Vastum is likewise the ancient law term for

gold.” for waste, uncultivated land.

P. 7, c. 1, 1. 7. “ It goes on, I see,”—MALONE. It should be remembered, that, in the pneu. Id. 1. 20. If you be made, or no?] Some copies matology of former ages, these particulars read maid, and the critics are not fully agreed were settled with the most minute exactness, in their opinions. Mr. M. Mason says, and the different kinds of visionary beings had question is, whether our readers will adopt a different allotments of time suitable to the natural and simple expression, which requires variety or consequence of their employments. no comment, or one which the ingenuity of During these spaces, they were at liberty to many commentators has but imperfectly supact, but were always obliged to leave off at ported.” à certain tour, that they might not interfere Id. I. 34. And his brare son, being twain.) This in that portion of night which belonged to is a slight forgetfulness. Nobody was lost in others.

the wreck, yet we find no such character as Il c. 2. 1. 4. O ho! O ho!] This savage excla- the son of the duke of Milan. THEOBALD.

mation was originally and constantly appro- | Id. I. 36. controul thee,] Confute, or unanpriated by the writers of our ancient Myste- swerably contradict thee. nes and Moralities, to the Devil; and has, in | Id. I. 40. - I fear you have done yourself some this instance, been transferred to his descen- urong: i. e. I fear that, in assertiog yourself dent Caliban. STEEVENS.

to be king of Naples, you have ultered a

* The

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falsehood, which is below your character, nified juicy, succulent. Spencer, in his Shepand, consequently injurious to your honour. heard's Calender, (Feb.) applies the epr


thet lusty to green. Id 1. 73. He's gentle, and not fearful.] Fearful | Id. I. 20. With an eye of green in't.] An eye is

signifies both terrible and timorous. In this a small shade of colour. place it may mean timorous ; or it may signify Id. I. 35. Claribel- This name is probably formidable, as in K. Hen. ÍV:

taken from bl. l. History of George Lord 'A mighty and a fearful head they are.” Faukonbridge. CLARIBEL is there the conand then the meaning of the passage is obvious, cubine of king Richard I. and the mother One of the original meanings, if not the sole of lord Falconbridge. meaning, of the word gentle is, noble, high- Id. 1. 43. Widow Dido!). The name of a minded and to this day a Scotch woman in widow brings to their minds their own shipthe situation of the young lady in The Tem- wreck, which they consider as having made pest, would express herself nearly in the same many widows in Naples. JOHNSON. terms.-Don't provoke him ; for being gentle, Id. l. 51. the miraculous harp.) Alluding to that is, high-spirited, he won't tamely bear an the wonders of Amphion's music. STEEVENS, insult.

Id. l. 72. The stomach of my sense :) By sense Id. L 78. come from thy ward :) Desist from is meant both reason and natural affection

any hope of awing me by that posture of de- Mr. M. Mason, however, supposes sense, is bei fence. JOHNSON.

this place, means feeling. STEEVENS. Id. c. 2, 1. 20. My spirits, as in a dream, Id. c. 2. 2. 18. Weigh’d,) Weighid means dels- 1

are all bound up. Alluding to a common sen- berated sation in dreams; when we struggle, but can- Id. I. 22. Than we bring men to comfort them :) not run, strike, &c. WARBURTON.

It does not clearly appear whether the king Id. I. 23. are but light to me.) This passage,

and these lords thought the ship lost. This as it stands at present, with all allowance for passage seems to imply, that they were thempoetical licence, cannot be reconciled to gram- selves confident of returning, but imagined mar. I suspect that our author wrote- part of the fleet destroyed." Why, indeed,

were but light to me,” in the sense of- should Sebastian plot against his brother in would be.- In the preceding line the old copy the following scene, unless he knew how to reads—"nor this man's" threats. The emen- find the kingdom which he was to inherit. dation was made by Mr. Steevens. MaloNE.

Id. l. 42. Mr. Malone reads thus :

" Letters should not be known: riches, po

verty, And use of service, none; contract, sucses

sion, Id. I. 47. Our hint of woe—] Hint is that Born, bound of land, tilth, vineyard, none;" &c.

which recalls to the memory; or here it may Id. 1. 52. The latter end of his commonwealth mean-circumstance.

forgets the beginning.) All this dialogue is Id. l. 49. The masters of some merchant, &c.] a fine satire on the Utopian treatises of our

Thus the old copy. If the passage be not vernment, and the impracticable inconsistent corrupt (as I suspect it is), we must suppose schemes therein recommended. WARBURTOS, that by masters our author means the owners There is something so strikingly applicable of a merchant ship, or the officers to whom to modern times in this text and note, that the navigation of it had been trusted. I sup. the Editor could not persuade himself to omit pose, however, that our author wrote

the latter, although necessary in other res " The mistress of some merchant," &c. Mistress was anciently epeltmaistresse or Id. l. 55.

- any engine,) any instrument of war, maistres. Hence, perhaps, arose the present or military machine. typographical error. STEEVENS.

Id. l. 57. all foizon,] Foison, or feises, Id. 1. 50. Hare just our theme of woe: but for signifies plenty, ubertas: and sometimes mots

the miracle.1 The words-of woe, appear to ture, or juice of grass.

me as an idle interpolation. STEEVENS. Id. l. 80. Enter Ariel, &c. playing solemn me Id. l. 56. The visitor-) Why Dr. Warburton sic.) This stage-direction does not mean to

should change visitor to 'viser, for adviser, tell us that Ariel himself was the fidicen; but I cannot discover. Gonzalo gives not only

that solemn music attended his appearance, advice but comfort, and is therefore properly or was an accompaniment to his entry. STERcalled the risitor, like others who visit the sick or distressed to give them consolation. P.9, c. 1, 1. 49. I am more serious than my etib In some of the Protestant churches there is a

tom: you kind of officers termed consolators for the Must be so too, if heed me; which to do, sick. JOHNSON.

Trebles thee o'er.] The meaning of this P. 8. c. 1. l. 3. you've pay'd. The meaning passage seems to be-You must put on more

is this: Antonio lays a wager with Sebastian, ihan your usual seriousness, if you are disthat Adrian would crow before Gonzalo, and posed to pay a proper attention to iny prothe wager was a laughter. Adrian speaks posal; which attention if you bestow, it will first, so Antonio is the winner. Sebastian in the end make you thrice what you are. laughs at what Adrian had said, and Antonio Sebastian is already brother to the throne; immediately acknowledges that by his laugh- but, being made a king by Antonio's contriing he has paid the bet.

vanee, would be (according to our autbor's Id. I. 9. -- and delicate temperance,) or tem- idea of greatness) thrice the man he was beperature.

fore. In this sense he would be trebled o'er. 1d. I. 10. Temperance was a delicate wench.) MALONE.

In the puritanical times it was usual to chris- Id. I. 57. If you but knew, how you the purpose ten children from the titles of religious and

cherish, moral virtues.

Whiles thus you mock it! how, in strip Id. I. 18. How lush, &c.) Lush here signifies

ping it, rank; but it appears to have sometimes sig- You more invest it!) A judicious critic, in

pects. C.




The Edinburgh Magazine, for Nov., 1786. justly to this passage, and would read~" That offers the following illustration of this obscure these his friends are in." This Mr. Steevens passage. “Sebastian introduces the simile of adopts, but Mr. Malone reads, “That you, water. It is taken up by Antonio, who says his friend, are in.” he will teach his stagnant water to flow. '-It Id. l. 75. drawn?] Having your swords has already learned to ebb,' says Sebastian. drawn. To which Antonio replies, (, if you but P. 10, c. 1, l. 9. “Tis best we stand," &c.—MAknow how much even that metaphor which LONE, you use in jest, encourages to the design which I hint at; how, in stripping the words of their common meaning, and using them figuratively, you adapt them to your own si- Id. 1. 30. that moe, &c.) i. e. make mouths. tration!' STEEVENS.

1d. 1.33. Their prieks-1 i; e. prickles. P.9, c. 1, 1.65. this lord of weak remem- Id. l. 34. wound with adders,] wound, or

brance.) This lord, who being now in his twisted about. dotage, has outlived his faculty of remembering; Id. 1. 43., looks like a foul bumbard—] This and who, once laid in the ground, shall be as word means a large vessel for holding drink, little remembered himself, as he can now re- as well as the piece of ordnance so called. member other things. JOHNSON.

Id. I. 51. this fish painted,] To exhibit 14.7.70. Mr. Malone reads,

fishes, either real or imaginary, was very com(For he's a spirit of persuasion, only

mon about the time of our author. STEEProfesses io persuade) ;-] It is an entangled sentence of which the meaning may be | Id. l. 53. - make a man;] That is, make a either, that he alone, who is a spirit of per

man's fortune. suasion, professes to persuade the king; or Id. 1. 67. his gaberdine;) A gaberdine is prothat, He only professes to persuade, that is, perly the coarse frock or outward garment of without being so persuaded himself he makes a peasant, but here means a loose felt cloak.

a show of persuuding the king. Jounson. MALONE. 11 1.76. a wink beyond] That this is the | Id. c. 2, 1. 5. savages,] salvages was the

utmost extent of the prospect of ambition, the spelling and pronunciation of the time. point where the eye can pass no farther, and 1. 1. 25. too much-] Too much means any wbere objects lose their distinctness, so that sum, ever so much. It has, however, been what is there discovered is faint, obscure, and observed, that when the vulgar mean to ask doubtful. JOHNSON.

an extravagant price for any thing, they say, Id c.2, 1.3. beyond man's life;) i. e. at a greater with a laugh, I won't make him pay twice distance than the life of man is long enough

for it. to reach. STEEVEYS.

Id. I. 28. — I know it by thy trembling;] This Id 1.1 she that from Naples

tremor is always represented as the effect of Can have no note, &r.] Note is notice, or being possessed by the devil. information.

Id. 1. 31. cat ;l Good liquor will make a cal Shakspeare's great ignorance of geograplıy speak. ! is not more conspicuous in any instance than Id. I. 39. His forward voice, &c. The person of in this, where he supposes Tunis and Naples Fame was anciently described in this manner. lo have been at such an immeasurable distance ld. I. 43. - Amen!) Means, stop, your draught. from each other.

Id. 7. 47. I have no long spoon.) 'Alluding to the II.1.6.

she, from whom-] i. e. in coming proverb, A long spoon to eat with the devil. from whom.

Id. 1.54. - to be the siege of this moon-calf?) though some cast again ;) Cast is Siege signities stool in every sense of the here used in the same sense as in Macbeth, word, and is here used in ihe dirtiest. A Act II. sc. iü. : “—though he took my legs mooncalf is an inanimate shapeless mass, I made a shift io cast him." STEE- supposed by Pliny to be engendered of woman

only. 11.1.8. And, by that, destin'd—] It is a common Id. l. 75. Ste. Here ; swear then how thou es

plea of wickedness to call temptation destiny. cap'dst.) Mr. Ritson proposes to alter this Jousson. Mr. Malone reads destiny.

line thus : Id. l. 10. In yours and my discharge.] i. e. de. Ste. (to Cal.) Here , swear then. (to Trin.) pends on what you and I are to perform.

How escap'dst thou ? 14.1. 24. A chough-) Is a bird of the jack-daw P.11, c. 1, 1.4. Hast thou not dropped from

heaven?) The new-discovered Indians of the 117.41. And melt, ere they molest!) I had rather island of St. Salvador asked, whether Columtead

bus and his companions were not come down Would mell, ere they molest,

from heaven? 1. e. Twenty consciences, such as stand 1d. 1. 8. “And thy dos, and thy bush.” MALONE. between me and my hopes, though they were Id. I. 12. I afeard of hin?-a very weak mon. congealed, would melt before they could mo- ster: &c.] It is to be observed, that Trinculo,

lest me, or prevent the execution of my pur- the speaker, is not charged with being afraid . JOUNSON;

but it was his consciousness that he was só 13 Whe's like, that's dead :”_MALONE.

that drew this brag from him. This is nature. --- for aye-) i. e. for ever.

WABRURTON. 11747. This ancient morsel.] For morsel, Dr. II. I. 16. “And I will kiss”-MALONE.

Warburton reads-ancient moral, very ele- Id. I. 39. sea-mells-) This word has puzzled gantly and judiciously; yet I know not whe- the commentators : Dr. Warburton reads shatber ihe author mighi not write morsel, as we mois ; Mr. Holt, who wrote notes upon this say a piece of a man. JOHNSON.

Id 1.7.

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play, observes, that limpets are in some places take suggestion,] i. e. Receive any called scams. Theobald had very reasonably

proposed to read sea-malls or sea-mells. to keep them living.) By them, as Id. 1. 53. Get a new man.) When Caliban the text now stands, Gonzalo and Alonzo must sings this last part of his ditty, he must be be understood. Dr. Johnson objects very supposed to turu his head scornfully toward.

14. 1. 19.

hint of villainy 11. 1.65.



the cell of Prospero, whose service he had It should be remembered that Trinculo i deserted.

no sailor, but a jester; and is so called in

the ancient dramatis persone. He therefore ACT III.

wears the party-coloured dress of one of these characters. STEEVENS.

Dr. Johnson observes, that Caliban could

have no knowledge of the striped coat usuP. II, c. 1, 1. 60. “And their," &o. MALONE.

ally worn by fools; and would therefore Id. l. 65. "As odious;" _MALONE.

transfer this speech to Stephano. But though Id. I. 73. I forget :} Perhaps Ferdinand means Caliban might not know this circumstance, to say—I forget my task; but that is not

Shakspeare did. Surely he who has given to surprizing, for I am thinking on Miranda, all countries and all ages the manners of his and these sweet thoughts, &c. He may, how- own, might forget himself here, as well as ever, mean, that he forgets or thinks little in other places. MALONE, of the baseness of his employment. Which- Id. l. 43. Remember, soever be the sense, And, or For, should seem

First to possess his books; for without more proper in the next line than But. MA

them LONE.

He's but a shot, as I am.] In the olaro Id. c. 2, 1. 28. “And yours It is against." MA- mances the sorcerer is always furnished with a

book, by reading certain parts of which he is Id. l. 37. - hest-] For behest; i. e. command. enabled to summon to his aid whatever demons "I therein do forget." MALONE.

or spirits he has occasion to employ. When Id. l. 67. The flesh-fly blow my mouth] To he is deprived of his book, his power ceases.

blow means the act of a fly, by which she Our author might bave observed this circumlodges eggs in flesh. STEEVENS.

stance much insisted on in the Orlando Innt. Id. I. 67. of what else ithe world,] i. e. morato of Boyardo; and also in Harrington's

of aught else, of whatsoever else there is in translation of the Orlando Furioso, 1591. the world.

Id. I. 50. "I never saw a woman,”—MALONE Id. I. 69. I am a fool,

Id. 1. 69. Will you troll the catch-) To trol To weep at what I am glad of.] This a catch, is to dismiss it trippingly from the is one of those touches of nature that dis

tongue. tinguish Shakspeare from all other writers. Id. l. 79. This is the tune of our catch, played It was necessary, in support of the charac

by the picture of No-body.] A ridiculous ter of Miranda, to make her appear uncon- figure, sometimes represented on signs, but the scious that excess of sorrow and excess of allusion is here to the print of No-body, pre joy find alike their relief from tears; and as fixed to the anonymous comedy of "Nobody this is the first time that consummate plea- and Some-body;” without date, but printed sure had made any near approaches to her before the year 1600. heart, she calls such a seeming contradictory P. 13. c. 1. 1.6. - afeard?] To affear is a expression of it, folly. STEEVENS.

obsolete verb, with the same meaning as to P. 12. o. 1. I. 2. your fellow-) i o. com

affray. Between aferde and afraide in the panion.

time of Chaucer, there might have been some Id. l. 10. here's my hand

nice distinction, which is at present lost Mira. And mine with my heart in't:) It

STEETEXS is still customary in the west of England, Id. 1. 25. Will come? ru follow, Stephano ) when the conditions of a bargain are agreed The first words are addressed to Caliban, who. upon, for the parties to ratily it by joining vexed at the folly of his new companions idy their hands, and at the same time for the running after the music, while they ought only purchaser to give an earnest. HENLEY.

to have attended to the main point, the disId. l. 16. So glad of this as they, I can- patching Prospero, seems, for some little time, not be,

to have staid' behind. HEATH. Who are surpriz'd with all :) The sense The words-Will come? should be added might be clearer, were we to make a slight to Stephano's speech. I'll follow, is Trincetransposition:

lo's answer. Ritsos. “So glad of this as they, who are surpris'd

With all, I cannot be". Perhaps, however, more consonantly with Id. l. 29. By'r lakin,) i. e. The diminutive oply ancient language, we should join two of the of our lady, i. e. ladykin. STEEVENS. words together, and read

Id. l. 39. Our frustrate search-] Frustrate kur “Who are surpriz’d withal." STEEVENS.


Id. l. 60. A living drollery :) Shows, called drollo SCENE II.

ries, were in Shakspeare's time performed by Id. I. 25. —

puppets only. From these our modern drolls, - bear up, and board em:) A me- exhibited at fairs, &c. took their name taphor alluding to a chace at sea.

living drollery, i. e. a drollery not represented Id. I. 39. or my standard.

by wooden machines, but by personages who Trin. Your lieutenant, if you list; he's no are alive. standard.) Meaning he is so much intoxicat- Id. I. 62.

one tree, the phænix'throne ;] Oku ed, as not to be able to stand. The quibble poet had probably Lyly's Euphues, and his between standard, an ensigo, and standard, a fruit-tree that grows without support, is

England, particularly in his thoughts: signal


Q. 3.—"As there is but one phænis in the evident. STEEVENS.

world, so is there but one tree in Arabia Id. I. 48. thou deboshed fish thou,] the wherein sbe buildeth." See also, Florio's Italian same as debauched.

Dictionary, 1598: “Rasin, a tree in Arabia. Id. L 63. “ to the suit."-MALONE.

whreof there is but one found, and upon it Id. I. 68. - a tyrant;} Tyrant is here em- the phænix sits." MALONE.

ployed as a trisyllable. ld. . 2. I. 12. What a pied ninny's this?]

Id. 1.71 For, certes, &c.) Certes is an obsolete

word, signifying certainly.


P. 13, c. 1, 1.73 Their manners are more gentle- anciently, as at present, rapturous pleasure

kind,] Mr. Malone reads “gentle, kind;” but but alienation of mind.

Steevens considers it as a compound epithet. 11279. -- too much muse,] To muse, in an

ACT IV. cient language, is to admire, to wonder. 11. c. 2. 1.5. Praise in departing.) i. e. Do not

SCENE I. praise your entertainment too soon, lest you should have reason to retract your commen

Id. l. 21.. a thread of mine own life,) i. e. A dation. It is a proverbial saying.

fibre or a part of my own life. Prospero II. I. 14. - that there were mountaineers, &c.] considers himself as the stock or parent tree, The inhabitants of the Alps have been long ac

and his daughter as a fibre or portion of customed to such excrescences or tumours.

himself, and for whose benefit he himself lives. Id, I 18

TOLLET. men, Whose heads stood in their breasts ?] Our | Id. I. 25. - strangely stood the test :) Strangeauthor might bave had this intelligence from ly is used by way of commendation, merveilthe translation of Pliny, b. v. chap. 8: “The leusement, to a wonder. Blemmyi, by report, have no heads, but mouth | Id. l. 34. If thou dost break her virgin knot beand eyes both in their breasts." STEEVENS.

fore 11. 7. 19. Each putter-out, &c.) In this age of

Alì sanctimonious ceremonies, &c.) This travelling, it was a practice with those who en- is a manifest allusion to the zones of the angaged in long and hazardous expeditions, to cients which were worn as guardians of chasplace out a sum of money on condition of tity by marriageable young women. HENLEY. receiving great interest for it at their return Id. I. 36. No sweet aspersion) Aspersion is here home.

used in its primitive sense of sprinkling. At on five for one" means on the terms present it is expressive only of calumny and of fire for one. Mr. Malone reads "_-of five

detraction. STEEVENS. for one."

ld. I. 52. Fairly spoke;] Fairly is here used as a 11.1.2. I will stand to, and feed, &c.) This pas- trisyllable.

sage was probably intended to be in a rhyme. | Id. 1. 59. the rabble,] The crew of meaner 11.1.28 and with a quaint device, the ban- spirits.

quet ranishes.] Though I will not undertake | Id. 1. 03. Some vanity of mine art;] i. e. illusion to prove that all the culinary pantomimes ex

of mine art. hibited in France and Italy were known and Id. c. 2, 1. 5. - bring a corollary,] i. e. bring imitated in this kingdom, I may observe that more than are sufficient rather than fail for flying, rising, and descending services were to want of numbers. Corollary means surplus. be found at entertainments given by the Duke Id. l. 7. No tongue;] Those who are present at of Burgundy, &c. in 1153, and by the grand incantations are obliged to be strictly silent, Duke of Tuscany in 1600, &c. See M. Le “else,” as we are afterwards told, the “spell Grand d'Aussi's Histoire de la Vie privée des is marred.” JOHNSON. François, vol. iii. p. 294. &c. Examples, there- Id. l. 12. thatch'd with stover,] Stover (in fore, of machinery similar to that' of Shaks- Cambridgeshire and other counties) signifies peare in the present instance, were to be met hay made of coarse rank grass, such as even with, and perhaps had been adopted on the cows will not eat while it is green. Stover is stage, as well as at public festivals here in likewise used as thatch for cart-lodges, and England. STEEVENS.

other buildings that deserve but rude and I I. 30. (That hath to instrument this lower cheap coverings.

world, &c.) i. e. that makes use of this world, Id. l. 13. Thy banks with peonied and lilied and every thing in it, as its instruments to brims,] The old edition 'reads pioned and bring about its ends.

twilled brims, which gave rise to Mr. Holl's 11.1. 42. One dowle that's in my plume:] Bailey, conjecture, that the poet originally wrote: in his dictionary, says that dowle is a feather,

" with pioned and tilled brims," of rather, the single particles of the down.

Peonied is ihe emendation of Hanmer, but ILI 59. clear life,-) Pure, blameless, in- Mr. Malone adheres to the old edition. nocent.

Id. I. 15. and thy broom groves,) Broom, in Id 1. 59. is nothing but heart's sorrow, this place, signifies the Spartium scoparium,

And a clear life ensuing.) that is a mise- of which brooms are frequently made. Near rable fate which nothing but contrition and Gamlingay, in Cambridgeshire, it grows high amendment of life can arert. MALONE.

enough to conceal the tallest cattle as they 11 1. 62. — with mops and mowes-) To mowe, pass through it; and in places where it is

i.e. to insult, by making mouths, or wry faces. cultivated, still higher. 11 666 — with good life,) With good life may Id. I. 17. Being lass-lorn;] Lass-lurn is forsaken

mean, with eract presentation of their sere- of his mistress. ral characters, with observation strange of Id. l. 17. thy pole-clipt vineyard :) To clip is their particular and distinct parts, or with ho- to twine round or embrace. The poles are nest alacrity, or cheerfulness.

clipperl or embraced by the vines. I l. 68. Their several kinds have done:) i. e. Id. l. 31. My bosky acres, &c.) Bosky is woody.

have discharged the several functions allotted to Bosky acres are fields divided froni each other their diferent patures.

by hedge-rows. Boscus is middle Latin for 12. 1. 8). — bass my trespass.] The deep pipe wood.

lold it me in a rough bass sound. JOHNSON. Id. l. 33. to this short-grass'd green?) The P 14. c. 1. 1.3. And with him there lie mudded. old copy reads short-grass'd green., Short

But one fiend-) with him, and but, are graz'd green means grazed so as to be short. probably playhouse interpolations.

Id. l. 65. Earth's increase, and foison plenty, &c.) N. L. 9. Like poison given, &c.) The natives of Earth's increase, is the produce of the earth :

Africa have been supposed to be possessed of —foison, plenty, i. e. plenty to the utmost the secret how to temper poisons with such abundance; foison signifying plenty. art as not to operate úll several years after P. 15, c. 1. 1. 2.' a wonder'd father,] i. e. able they were administered.

to perforin wonders. HI 12. --- this ecstasy-] Ecstasy meant not Id. 1. 9. wand'ring brooks, The modern edir

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