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Pro. Hey, Mountain, hey!
And deeper than did ever plummet sound, Ari. Silver! there it goes, Silver !
I'll drown my book.
(Solemn music.) Pro. Fury, Fury! there, Tyrant, there! hark, Re-enter ARIEL: after him ALONSO, with a frantic hark! (Cal. Ste. and Prin. are driven out.
gesture, attended by GONZALO; SEBASTIAN and Go, charge my goblins that they grind their joints ANTONIO in like manner, attended by ADRIAN With dry convulsions; shorten up their sinews and FRANCISCO : they all enter the circle which With aged cramps; and more pinch-spotted make Prospero had made, and there stand charmed; Than pard, or cat o' mountain.
(them, which Prospero observing, speaks. Ari.
Hark, they roar. A solemn air, and the best comforter Pro. Let them be hunted soundly. At this hour To au unsettled fancy, cure thy brains, Lie at my mercy all mine enemies:
Now useless, boild within thy skull! There stand, Shortly shall all my labours end, and thou
For you are spell-stoppid. Shalt have the air at freedom: for a little,
Holy Gonzalo, honourable man, Follow, and do me service.
[Exeunt. Mine eyes, even sociable to the shew of thine, ACT V.
Fall fellowly drops. The charm dissolves apace ;
And as the morning steals upon the night, SCENE I.-Before the Cell of Prospero. Melting the darkness, so their rising senses Enter PROSPERO in his magic robes; and ABIEL. Begin to chase the ignorant fumes that mantle
Their clearer reason.- my good Gonzalo, Pro. Now does my project gather to a head:
My true preserver, and a loyal sir
To him thou follow'st; I will pay thy graces
Home, both in word and deed.--Most cruelly You said our work should cease.
Didst thoa, Alonso, ose me and my danghter :
Thy brother was a furtherer in the act; Pro.
I did say so,
Thou’rt pinch'd for't now, Sebastian. - Flesh and When first I rais'd the tempest. Say, my spirit,
You brother mine, that entertain'd ambition, [blood, How fares the king and his?
Expellid remorse and nature ; who, with Sebastian, Ari.
Confind together (Whose inward pinches therefore are most strong, In the same fashion as you gave in charge ; Would here have killed your king; I do forgive thee, Just as you left them, sir; all prisoners
Unnatural though thou art !—Their understanding In the lime grove, which weather-fends your cell; Begins to swell; and the approaching tide They cannot budge, till you release. The king, Will shortly fill the reasonable shores, His brother, and yours, abide all three distracted; That now lie foul and muddy. Not one of them, And the remainder inourning over them,
That yet looks on me, or would know me :- Ariel, Brim-full of sorrow, and dismay; but chiefly Fetch' me the hat and rapier in my cell; (Exit Ari Him you term’d, sir, The good old lord Gonsalo; I will dis-case me, and myself present, His tears run down his beard, like winter's drops As I was sometiine Milan :--quickly, spirit; From eaves of reeds : your charm so strongly works Thou shalt ere long be free.
(pero. That if you now be held them, your affections (them, Ariel re-enters singing, and helps to attire PrasWould become tender.
Ari. Where the bee sucks, there suck I; Pro. Dost thou think so, spirit ?
In a cowslip's bell I lie :
There I couch when owls do cry.
On the bat's back I do fly,
After summer, merrily: Of their afflictions ? and shall not myself,
Merrily, merrily, shall I live now, One of their kind, that relish all as sharply,
Under the blossom that hangs on the bough. Passion as they, be kindlier mov'd than thou art ?
Pro. Why,that's my dainty Ariel: 1 shall miss thee; Though with their high wrongs, I am struck to the But yet thou shalt have freedom: so, so, 80.Yet, with my nobler reason'gainst my fury (quick, To the king's ship, invisible as thou art: Do I take part: the rarer action is
There shalt thou find the mariners asleep In virtue than in vengeance : they being penitent, Under the hatches; the master, and the boatswain, The sole drift of my purpose doth extend
Being awake, enforce them to this place; Not a frown farther : Go, release them, Ariel;
And presently, I pr’ythee. My charms I'll break, their senses I'll restore,
Ari. I drink the air before me, and return And they shall be themselves.
Or e'er your polse twice beat.
I'll fetch them , sir. (Exit. Gon. All torment, trouble, wonder, and amazement Pro. Ye elves of hills, brooks, standing lakes, and Inhabits here. Some heavenly power guide us And ye, that on the sands with printless foot [groves, Out of this fearful country! Do chase the ebbing Neptune, and do fly him,
Behold, sir king When he comes back; you demi-puppets, that The wronged duke of Milan, Prospero : By moon-shipe do the green-sour ringlets make, For more assurance that a living prince Whereof the ewe not bites; and you, whose pastime Does now speak to thee, I embrace thy body; Is to make midnight mushrooms; that rejoice And to thee, and thy company, I bid To hear the solemn curfew; by whose aid
A hearty welcome. (Weak masters though ye be,) I have be-dimm'd Alon.
Whe'r thou beest he, or no, The noon-tide sun, callid forth the mutinous winds, Or some enchanted trifle to abuse me, And 'twixt the green sea and the azur'd vault As late I have been, I not know: thy pulse Set roaring war; to the dread rattling thunder Beats, as of flesh and blood; and since I saw thee, Have I given fire, and rifted Jove's stoat oak The affliction of my mind amends, with wbich, With his own bolt: the strong-bas'd promontory I fear, a madness beld me: this must crave Have I made shake; and by the spars plack'd up (An if this be at all,) a most strange story. The pine and cedar: graves, at my command, Thy dukedom I resign; and do entreat (pero Have waked their sleepers; oped, and let them forth Thou pardon me my wrongs:-But how should ProsBy my so potent art. But this rough magic
Be living, and be here? I here abjure: and, when I have requir'd
First, noble friend, Some heavenly music, (which even now I do,) Let me embrace thine age; whose honour cannot To work mine end upon their senses, that
Be measur'd or confin'd. This airy charm is for, I'll break my staff,
Whether this be, Bury it certain fathoms in the earth,
Or be not, I'll not swear
Yoar eld'st acquaintance cannot be three hours :
Sir, she's mortal; (Aside to Seb. and Ant.) But, by immortal Providence, she's mine ; I bere could plack his highuess' frown upou you, I chose her, when I could not ask my father And justify you traitors ; at this time
For his advice; nor thought I had one : she Til tell po tales.
Is daughter to this famous duke of Milan, Seb. The de vil speaks in him. (Aside.) Of whom so often I have heard renown, Pro.
But never saw before ; of whom I have
This lady makes him to me.
I am her's;
Must ask my ehild forgiveness !
There, sir, stor; Give us particulars of thy preservation :
Let us not burden our remembrances
I have inly wept, Hon sbarp the point of this remembrance is ! Or should have spoke ere this. Look down, you gods, My dear son Ferdinand.
And on this couple drop a blessed crown;
For it is you, that have chalk'd forth the way
I say, Amen, Gonzalo! Pro. I rather think,
Gon. Was Milan thrust from Milan, that his issue You bare not songht her help; of whose soft grace
Should become kings of Naples? O, rejoice For the like loss, I have her sovereign aid,
Beyond a common joy; and set it down
With gold on lasting pillars : in one voyage
Did Claribel her husband find at Tunis;
And Ferdinand, her brother, found a wife, To make the dear loss, have I means mach weaker
Where he himself was lost; Prospero his dukedom, Tran you may call to comfort you; for I
In a poor isle: and all of us, ourselves, Hare lost my daughter.
When no man was his own. lion, A daughter?
Alon. Give me your hands : (To Fer. and Mir.) O beavens! that they were living both in Naples.
Let grief and sorrow still embrace his heart, The king and queen there! that they were, I wish
That doth not wish you joy!
Be't so! Amen!
amazedly following. At this encounter do so much admire,
O look, sir, look, sir; here are more of us ! That they devour their reason ; and scarce think
I prophesied, if a gallows were on land, Their eyes do offices of truth, their words
This fellow could not drown.-Now, blasphemy, Art natural breath : but, howso'er you have
That swear'st grace o'erboard, not an oath on shore? Been justled from your senses, know for certain,
Hast thou no mouth by land? What is the news? Tiat I am Prospero, and that very duke
Boats. The best news is, that we have safely found Which was thrust forth of Milav; who most strangely Our king and company; the next, our ship, — L poa this shore,where you were wreck'd, was landed, Which, but three glasses since, we gave out split, To be the lord 'on't. No more yet of this; Fur 'tis a chronicle of day by day,
Is tight, and yare, and bravely rigg'd, as when
We first put out to sea. Nota relation for a breakfast, por
Sir, all this service Bitting this first meeting. Welcome, sir ; Have I done since I went.
(Aside.) Tas cell's my coart : here have I few attendants,
My tricksy spirit!)
Alon. These are not natural events: they strengthen, I will requite you with as good a thing;
From strange to stranger :-Say, how came you hi. At least, bring forth a wonder, to content ye,
Boats. If I did think, sir, I were well awake, ither? As much as me my dukedom.
I'd strive to tell you. We were dead of sleep,
And (how we know not,) all clapp'd under hatches, The entrance of the Cell opens ,and discovers FER- Where, but even now,with strange and several poises, DINAND and MIRANDA playing at chess.
Of roaring, shrieking, howling, gingling chains, Mr. Sweet lord, you play me false.
And more diversity of sounds, all horrible, Prr.
No, my dearest love, We were awak'd; straightway, at liberty : Iwuld not for the world.
Where we, in all her trim, freshly beheld Wira. Yes, for a score of kingdoms you should | Our royal, good, and gallant ship; our master And I would call it fair play.
(wrangle, Capering to eye her : on a trice, so please you,
Even in a dream, were we divided from them, Asion of the island, one dear son all twice lose.
And were brought moping hither.
Was't well done?
Pro. Bravely, my diligence. Thou shalt (Aside.) Fer. Though the seas threaten, they are merciful:
be free. I have curs'd them without cause. (Fer.kneels to Al.) Alm. This is as strange a maze as e'er men trod : slon.
Now all the blessings | And there is in this business more than nature Ot a glad father compass thee about !
Was ever conduct of: some oracle Anse, and say how thoa cainst here.
Must rectify our knowledge. 0! wonder! Pro.
Sir, my liege, How many goodly creatures are there here ! Do not infest your mind with beating on How beauteous mankind is ! O brave new world, The strangeness of this business ; at pick'd leisure, Trat has such people in't!
Which shall be shortly, single I'll resolve you Tis new to thee. (at play? (Which to you shall seem probable,) of every dion. What is this maid, with whom thou wast These happend accidents 'till when, be cheerful.
If this prove
And think of each thing well.—Come bither, spirit: | And seek for grace. What a thrice double ass
(sir ? Pro.
Go to; away! (found it. Some few odd lads, that you remember pot.
Alon. Hence, aud bestow your laggage where you Re-enter ARIEL driving in CALIBAN, STEPHANO,
Seb. Or stole it rather. (Exeunt Cal.Šte.and Trin. and T'RINCULO, in their stolen apparel. Pro. Sir, I invite your highness, and your train,
To my ponr cell : where you shall take yoar rest Ste. Every man shift for all the rest, and let no man take care for himself; for all is but fortune :- With such discourse, as, I not doubt, shall make it
For this one night; which (part of it) P'll waste Coragio, bully-monster, Coragio! Trin. If these be true spies which I wear in my And the particular accidents, gone by,
Go quick away: the story of my life, head, here's a goodly sight. Cal. O Setebos, these be brave spirits, indeed! I'll bring you to your ship, and
so to Naples,
Since I came to this isle : and in the mom,
Where I have hope to see the nuptial
Of these our dear-beloved solemnized;
And thence retire me to my Milan, where
Every third thought shall be my grave. Will money buy them?
I long Ant. Very like; one of them
To hear the story of your life, which mast
Take the ear strangely.
I'll deliver all;
And promise you calm seas, auspicious gales, That could control the moon, make flows and ebbs, And
sail so expeditions, that shall catch And deal in her command, without her power:
Your royal fleet far off.—My Ariel;chick,These three have robb'd me: and this demi-devil
That is thy charge; then to the elements (For he's a bastard one,) had plotted with them
Be free, and fare thou well ;-aside.) Please yon draw near.
(Eseunt To take my life : two of these fellows you Must know, and own; this thing of darkness I
EPILOGUE.-Spoken by PROSPERO. Acknowledge mine. Cal. I shall be pinch'd to death.
Now my charms are all o'erthrown, Alon. Is not this Stephano, my drunken butler ? And what strength I have's mine own; Seb. He is drunk now: where had he wine? (they
Which is most faint: now, 'tis true, Alon. And Trinculo is reeling ripe. Where should I must be here confin'd by you, Find this grand liquor, that hath gilded them ? - Or sent to Naples. Let me not, How cam'st thou in this pickle?
Since I have my dukedom got, Trin. I have been in such a pickle, since I saw you And pardon'd the deceiver, dwell last, that, I fear me, will never out of my bones: I In this bare island, by your spell; shall not fear fly-blowing.
But release me from my bands, Seb. Why, how now, Stephano ? (cramp. With the help of your good hands. Ste. O, touch me not; I am not Stephano, but a Gentle breath of yours my sails Pro. You'd be king of the isle, sirrah ?
Most fill, or else my project fails, Ste. I should have been a sore one then.
Which was to please : now I want Alon. This is as strange a thing as e'er I look'd on. Spirits to enforce, art to enchant;
(Pointing to Caliban.) And my ending is despair, Pro. He is as disproportion'd in his manners,
Unless I be reliev'd by prayer; As in his shape :-Go, sirrah, to my cell;
Which pierces so that it assaults Take with you your companions ; as you look
Mercy itself, and frees all faults. To have my pardon, trim it handsomely.
As you from crimes would pardon'd be, Cal Ay, that I will; and I'll be wise hereafter, Let your indulgence set me free.
2:020120000 రురురు. FExplanatory Notes, or
Jd. 1.51. Pro. No harm.] Perbaps Shakspeare wrote,
0, woe the day! no harm?
I have done nothing but in care of thee. Page 3, col. 1. ligne 7. - fall to't yarely,] i. e. readily, nimbly. Our author is frequent in his P. 4, c. 2, 1. 3. more better-) This ungramuse of this word,
matical expression is very frequent among our 12. ! 17. Play the men.) i. e. act with spirit, be- oldest writers. hare like men.
Id. l. 4. - full poor cell,] i. e. a cell in a great Il l. 29. — of the present,) i. e. of the present
degree of poverty. instant.
Id. 1.7. Did never meddle with my thoughts. J i. 11. 1. 5. Gonzalo ) It may be observed of Gon- e, mix with them.
zalo, that, being the only good man that ap- To meddle, means also, to interfere, to trouble, pears with the king, he is the only man that to busy itself. preserves his cheerfulness in the wreck, and Id. l. 15. virtue of compassion- ] Virtue; the his hope on the island. Johnson.
most efficacious part, as, the virtue of a plant 13.1. 13. — bring her to try with main-course.] This is in the extract.
phrase occurs in Smith's Sea Grammar, 1627, | Id. I. 17. no soul-} Such interruptions are 410, under the article How to handle a Ship in not uncommon to Shakspeare. He sometimes a Storme: * Let us lie at Trie with our main begins a sentence, and, before he concludes it, course; that is, to hale the tacke aboord, the entirely changes its construction, because ansheat close aft, the boling set up, and the other, more forcible, occurs.
As this change belme tied close aboord." STEEVENS.
frequently happens in conversation, it may be P. I. c. 2, 1. 6. - an unstaunched wench.) Un- suffered to pass uncensured in the language of staunched, perhaps incontinent.
the stage. SreeVENS. 11.7. Lay her a-hold, a-hold;]i. e. bring her to Id. 1. 31. Out three years old.) i. e. Quite three
lie as near the wind as she can, in order to keep clear of the land, and get her out to sea. Id. l. 42. abysm of time? i. e. Abyss. This
Set her tro courses ; off" to sea again,] method of spelling the word is common to The courses are the main-sail and fore-sal.
other ancient writers. They took it from the Id. I 16
- merely-) in this place signifies ab- French abysme, now written abime. solutely. STEEVENS.
Id. I. 46. Twelve years since, Miranda, twelve - to glut him.) Shakspeare probably years since.) Years, in the first instance, is Wrote, t'englut him, to swallow him.' In this
used as a dissyllable, in the second as a mosizdification englut, from engloutir, Fr., oc- nosyllable; a licence not peculiar to the procurs frequently. Yet Milton writes glutted sody of Shakspeare. otfal for swallowed, and, therefore, perhaps, Id. 1. 53. A princess ;-no worse issued.] The the present text may stand.
old copy reads—". And princess." For the Id. l. 22 Mercy on us ! &c. -Farewell, bro- trivial change in the text I am answerable.
ther! &c.] It is probable that the lines suc- Issued is descended. STEEVENS. ceerling the confused noise within should be Id. l. 61. teen-] is sorrow, grief. trouble. considered as spoken by no determinate cha- Id. 1. 79. To trash for over-topping :) To trash, racters
in old books of gardening, is to cut away the Id 1 28.
- an acre of barren ground; long superfluities. It is used, also, by sportsmen in heath, brown furze, &c.] Sir T. Hanmer reads the North, when they correct a dog for mis-ling, heath, broom, furze.-Perhaps rightly, behaviour in pursuing the game. A trash, though he has been charged with iautology. among hunters, denotes a piece of leather,
couples, or any other weight fastened round the neck of a dog, when his speed is superior
to the pack; i. e, when he over-tops them, Id 1 40. creatures in her,) The old copy
when he hunts too quick. reads creature; but the preceding as well as Id. c. 2, 1. 1. - both the key-) This is meant subsequent words of Miranda seem to de- of a key for turning the harpsichord, spinnet, mand the emendation suggested first by Theo- or virginal; called now a tuning hammer bald.
Id. l. 2. Set all hearts i'th' state,”-MALONE. Id. 1. 44. — or e'er-) i. e. before.
Id. l. 6. I pray thee mark me.) In the old copy.
Id 1. 21.
these words are the beginning of Prospero's say, that the interest of a drama rises or de next speech; but, for the restoration of metre, clines. STEEVENS. I have changed their place. STEEvENs. Mr. Id. 1.33. Now my dear lady.) i. c. now my auMalone follows the old copy.
spicious mistress. Id. 1. 8. “Dedicated”—MALONE.
Id. l. 39. 'tis a good dulness,] Dr. Warburton Id. 1. 13. Like a good parent, &c.] Alluding rightly observes, that this sleepiness, which
to the observation, that a father above the Prospero by his art bad brought upon Mirancommon rate of men has commonly a son be- da and of which he knew not how soon the low it. Heroum filii noxæ. JOHNSON.
effect would begin, makes him question her so Id. I. 18.
often whether she is attentive to his story. Who having, unto truth, by telling of it, JOHNSON, Made such a sinner of his memory, Id. l. 48. On the curl'd clouds;) so, in Timor
To credit his own lie,] There is, perhaps, crisp heaven. no correlative, to which the word it can with Id. l. 49: -- and all his quality.) i. e. all his grammatical propriety belong. Lie, however, confederates. seems to have been the correlative to which Id. l. 51. Perform'd to point-) i. e. to the minuthe poet meant to refer, and the meaning is, test article; a literal translation of the French Who having made his memory such a sinner phrase-á point.
to truth as to credit his own lie by telling of it. Id. 1.53. -- now on the beak,] The beak was a Id. I. 22. He was the duke ; out of the substitu- strong pointed body at the head of the ancient
tion,] The reader should place his emphasis gallies: it is used here for the forecastle, or on-was: but Mr. Malone reads, “ he was in- the boltsprit. Jouxson. deed the duke."
Id. l. 54. Now in the waist,] The part betweru Id. l. 33. (So dry he was for sway)] i. e. So the quarter-deck and the forecastle. JOHNSOV, thirsty
Id. l. 56. Sometimes, I'd divide, Id. l. 42. To think but nobly-] But, i. e, in this And burn in many places ;] Burton says, place otherwise, than,
that the spirits of fire, in form of fire-drakes Id. l. 47. in lieu o'the premises, &c.) In lieu and blazing stars, oftentimes sit on ship
of, means here, in consideration of ; an unu- masts,” &c. Melanch. P. I. 6 2. p. 30. edà. sual acceptation of the word.
1632. WARTON. Id. I. 59. - a hint) Hint is suggestion.
Id. I. 63. Yea his dread trident shake. Lest the Id. l. 60. That wrings mine eyes ) i. e. squeezes metre should appear defective, it is necessary
the water out of them. Mr. Malone reads, to apprize the reader, that in some counties, “mine eyes to't.”.
shake is still pronounced by the comin P. 5, c. 1, 1.5. -- deck'd the sea-] To deck the
people as if it was written shaake, a dissy's sea, if explained to honour, adorn, or dignify, lable. FARMER. is indeed ridiculous, but the original import of | Id. l. 70. and quit the vessel,] Quit, for quit the verb deck, is to cover; so, in some parts,
ted. they yet say deck the table. This sense may Id. c. 2. 1. 1. sustaining-]i. e. their garments be borne, but perhaps the poet wrote fleck'd, that bore them up and supported them; of which I think is still used in rustic language their garments which bore, without being inof drops falling upon water. Dr. Warburton jured, the drenching of the sea. reads mock'd; the Oxford edition, brack'd. Id. i. 13. 'The epithet here applied to the BermJOHNSON,
das, will be best understood by those who To deck signifies in the North, to sprinkle ; have seen the chafing of the sea over the and degg'd, which means the same, is in daily rugged rocks by which they are surrounded use in the north of England. When clothes and which render access to them so dangere that have been washed are too much dried, it It was in our poet's time the current opciety is necessary to moisten them before they can that Bermudas was inhabited by monsters
, and be ironed, which is always done by sprinkling; devils. Setebos, the god of Caliban's dam, wa this operation the maidens universally call an American devil, worshipped by the giants degging.
of Patagonia. HENLEY. Id. l. 1. An undergoing stomach,] Stomach is | Id. l. 18.-the Mediterranean flote,] Flote is scare stubborn resolution.
Id. l. 41. Dost thou forget-] That the character Id 1. 14. Some food we had, and some fresh water, and conduct of Prospero may be understood that
something must be known of the system A noble Neapolitan, Gonzalo,
enchantment, which supplied all the manic Out of his charity,' (who being then ap- lous found in the romances of the middle az pointed
This system seems to be founded on the ori Master of this design,) did gire us ;] Mr. nion that the fallen spirits, having differer Steevens has suggested, that we might better degrees of guilt, had different habilations read-he being then appointed; and so we lotted them at their expulsion, some bes should certainly now write: but the reading of confined in hell, some (as Hooker, who de the old copy is the true one, that mode of vers the opinion of our poet's age, expresse phraseology being the idiom of Shakspeare's it), dispersed in air, some on earth, some time. MALONE.
water, others in caves, dens, or minerak I have left the passage in question as I under the earth. Of these, some were more found it, though with slender reliance on its malignant and mischievous than others. Ty integrity. STEEVENS.
earthy spirits seem to have becn thought Jd. I. 22. Now I arise :) Perhaps these words be- most depraved, and the aerial the less vitiated long to Miranda, and we should read:
Thus Prospero observes of Ariel:
--thou wast a spirit too delicate But ever see that man!--Now I arise.
To act her earthy and abhorr'd com Pro. Sit still, and hear the last of our
Over these spirits a power might be obtained As the words—* now I arise”—may signify, by certain rights performed or charms learned “now I rise in my narration,”—“ pow my sto- This power was called The black art, ry heightens in its consequence," I have left the knowledge of enchantment. The enehanter passage in question undisturbed. We sull being (as king James observes in his Demont