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VARIATIONS.

Thus he, for then a ray of reason stole

Angel of Dulness, fent to scatter round Half through the solid darkness of his soul; Her magic charms o'er all unclassic ground: But soon the cloud return'd-and thus the fire : Yon stars, yon suns, he rears at pleasure higher, See now, what Dulness and her sons admire! Illumes their light, and sets their flames on dire. 269 See what the charms, chat smite the fimple heart Immortal Rich! how calm he sits at ease Not touch'd by nature, and not reach'd by art. 230 'Midit saows of paper, and fierce hail of pease ;

His never-blushing head he turn'd aside And, proud his mistress' orders to perforin, (Not half so pleas'd when Goodman prophesy'd); Rides in the whirlwind, and directs the form. And look'd, and saw a sable forcerer rise,

Buc lo! to dark encounter in mid air,
Swift to whose hand a winged volume flies :

New wizards rise ; I see my Cibber there!
All sudden, gorgons hiss, and dragons glare, Booth in his cloudy tabernacle shrin'd
And ten-horn'd

fiends and giants rush to war. On grinning dragons thou shalt mount the wind.
Hell rises, heaven descends, and dance on earth : Dire is the confid, dismal is the din,
Gods, imps, and monsters, music, rage and mirth, Here Mouts all Drury, there all Lincoln's-Inn;
A fire, a jig, a battle, and a ball,

Contending Theatres our empire raise,
Till one wide confagration swallows all. 240 Alike their labours, and alike their praise.

Thence a new world, to nature's laws unknown,
Breaks out refulgent, with a heaven its own;
Another Cynthia her new journey runs,
And other plane's circle other suns.

Ver. 266. In the former edit.
The forests dance, the rivers upward rise,
Whales sport in woods, and dolphins in the skies; New wizards rise: here Booth, and Cibber cheres
And laq, to give the whole creation grace,
Lo! one valt e i3 produces human race.

Ver. 268. - Cibber mounts the wind. Joy fills his foul, joy innocent of thought;

After ver. 274. in the former edit, followed, What power, he cries, what power these wonders wrought ?

Fur works like these let deathless Journals rell,

250 Son; what thou feek't is in thee! Look, and find

“ None but thyself can be thy parallel." Each monster meets his likeness in thy mind. Yet would'nt thou more! In yonder cloud behold,

Var. None but thyself can be thy parallel.) A Whose farsenet skirts are 'edg'd wich flamy gold,

marvellous line of Theobald; unless the play calA matchless youth: his nod chese worlds controuls, led the Double Falsehood (be as he would have Wings the red lightning, and the thunder rolls.

it believed) Shakspeare's : But whether this line be his or not, he proves Shakspeare to have write ten as bad (which methinks in an author, for whom he has a veneration almoft riling to idola

try, might have been concealed); as for cxarVer. 231, 232. Added when the hero was

ple : changed.

“ Try what repentance can : what can it not? Ver. 232. (Not half so pleas'd, when Goodman “ But what can it, when one cannot repent ? prophefyd.)] Mr. Cibber tells us, in his Life, p.

“ --For cogitation 149. that Goodman being at the rehearsal of a “ Resides not in the man who does not think," play, in which he had a part, clapped him on the

&c.

Mist's JOURN. fhoulder, and cried, “ If he does not make a good * actor, I'll be d--And (lays Mr. Cibber) ! It is granted they are all of a piece, and no man * make it a question, whether Alexander himself, doubes but herein he is able to imitatc Shak" or Charles the twelfth of Sweden, when at the speare. "bead of their first victorious armies, could feel a greater transport in their bofoms than I did in Ver. 261. Immortal Rich:) Mr. John Rich,

master of the Theatre-Royal in Covent Garden, Ver. 233. a fable forcerer) Dr. Faustus, the was the first that excelled this way. Yubject of a set of Farces, which lasted in vogue Ver. 266. I see my Cibber there :] The history two or three seasons, in which both playhouses of the foregoing absurdities is verified by himself, Grove to outdo each other for some years. All in these words (Life, chap.xv.) “ Then sprung forth the extravagancies in the fixteen lines following “ that succedion of monstrous medleys that have so were introduced on the flage, and frequented by “ long infefted the stage, which arofe upon one anopersons of the first quality in England, to the “ cher alternately at boch houses, outrying each twentieth and thirtieth time.

“ other in expence.” He then proceeds to exVer. 237. Hell rises, Heaven descends, and cuse his own part of them, as follows : “ If I am dance on earth :] This monstrous absurdity was " asked why I assented ? I have no better excuse a&ually represented in Tibbald's Rape of Profer " for my error than to confess I did it again't my pine.

“ conscience, and had not virtue enough to starve. Ver. 248. Lo! one vast egg] In another of “ Had Henry IV. of France a better for changing these farces Harlequin is batched upon the stage, “ his religion? I was still in my heart, as much

as he could be, on the side of truth and fenfe ;

VARIATIONS.

REMARKS.

REMARKS.

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And are' these wonders, son, to thee unknown? Coach'd, carted, trod upon, now loose, now fall, Unknown to thee? These wonders are thy own. And carried off in some dog's tail at last. These Fate reserv'd co grace thy reign divine, Happier thy fortunes ! like a rolling stone, Foreseen by me, but ah? with-held from mine. Thy giddy dulnef- ftill shall lumber on, In Lud's old walls though long I rulld renown'd Sate in its heaviness, shall never stray, Far as loud Bow's stupenduous bells resnun'd; Bue lick up every blockhead in the way. Though my own Aldermen conferr'd the bays, Thee shall the parriot, thee the courtier taste, To me committing their eternal praife. 289 | And every year be duller than the last, Their full-fed heroes, their pacific mayors,

Till rais'' from booths, to theatre, to court,
Their annnal trophies, and their monthly wars : Her seat imperial Dulness fhall transport. 30
Though long my party built on me their hopes, Already Opera prepares the way,
For writing Pamphlets, and for roaling Popes : The fure fisrunnner of her gentle sway;
Yet lo! in me what authors have to brag on! Let her thy heart, next drabs and dice engage,
Reduc'd at last to hiss in my own dragon. The third mad pallion of thy doating age.
Avert it, heaven: that thou my Cibber, e'er Teach thou the warbling Polypheme to roar,
Should'At wag a ferpent-cail in Smithfield fair ! And scream thyself as none c'er scream'd before!
Like the vile Itraw that's blown about the streets, To aid our cause, if Heaven thou canst not bend,
The needy poet fticks to all he meets, 90 Hell thou shalt move ; for Faustus is our friend :

Pluto with Cato thou for this shalt join,
And link the Mourning Bride to Proferpine. zio

REXARK 9.

VARIATIONS.
After ver. 284. in the former edit. followed,

VARIATIONS.
Different our parties, but with equal grace

Ver. 295. Safe in its heaviness &c.] In the far, The goddess (miles on Whig and Tory race.

mer cdit. 'Tis the same tope of several ends they (wift;

Too fafe in inborn heaviness to stray; To Dulnels, Ridpath is as dear as Mift.

And lick up every blockhead in the way, Ver. 290. In the former edit.

Thy dragons, magiftrates, and peers Diall taste,

And from each show rise duller than the last. In the dog's tail his progress ends at lak.

Till rais'd from booths, &c.
REMARKS.

Ver. 303,—306. Added with the new here. " but with this difference, that I had their leave " to quit them when they could not support me. " But let the question go which way it will, Har- last taken into the Charter-house, and there died, “ ry IV. has always been allowed a great man.” aged sixty years. This must be confeffed a full answer; only the Ver. 297. Thee shall the patriot, thee the courquestion still seems to be, 1. How the doing a cier taste,] It stood in the firit edition with blaoks, thing against once's conscience is an excuse for it? * * and Concanen was sure " they inuf and, 2dly, It will be hard to prove how he got “ needs mean no body but King GEORGE and ehe leave of Truth and Sense to quit their service, Queen CAROLINE ; and said he would insift unless he can produce a certificate that he ever was " it was so, till the poet cleared himself by fil. in it.

“ ling up the blanks otherwise, agreeably to the Ver. 266. 267. Booth and Cibber were joint ma- “ context, and conlistent with his allegiance." Pref. nagers of the Theatre in Drury-lane.

to a Collection of verses, essays, letters, &c, again& Ver. 268. On grinning dragó s thou shalt mount Mr P. printed for A. Moore, p. 6. the wind ] In his letter to Mr. P. Mr. C. solemn Ver. 305 Polyphemc) He translated the ItaJy declares this not to be literally tņue. We hope lian opera of Polifemo; but unfortunately loft therefore the reader will understand it allegori. the whole jest of the fory. The Cyclops ask Ulyffes cally only.

his name, who tells him his name is Noman: After Ver. 282. Annual trophies on the Lord May. hiseye is put out, he roars and calls the brother Cyor's day; and monthly wars in the Artillery clops to his aid : They inquire who has hurt him? ground

he answers Noman : whereupon they all go away Ver. 283. Though long my party) Settle, like again. Our ingenious tranflator made Ulysses anmoft party-writers, was very uncertain in his po fwer, I take no name; whereby'all' that followed litical principles. He was employed to hold the became unintelligible. Hence it appears that Mr. pen in the character of a popith fuecessor, but af. Cibber (wha values himself on subscribing to the terwards printed his narrative on the other side. English translations of Homer's Iliad) had not He had managed the ceremony of a famous pope that merit with respe & to the Odyssey, or he burning on November 17, 1680 · chen became a might have been better instructed in the Greck trooper in King James's army, at Hounslow-heath. Puonology. After the Revolution he kept a booth at Bartho Ver. 308, 309. Faustus, Pluto, &c.] Names of Lomew-fair, where, in the droll called St. George miserable farces, which it was the custom to act for England, he acted in his old age in a Dragon at the end of the best tragedies, to spoil the digesof green leather of his own invention; he was at I tion of the audience.

REMARKS.

Grubstreet ! 'thy fall should men and gods con See under Ripley rise a new White-hall, spire,

While Jones' and Boyle's united labours fall; Thy stage fall fand, ensure it but from fire. While Wren with forrow to the grave defceads, Another Æfchylus appears! prepare

Gay dies unpenfion'd with a hundred friends; 339 For new abortions, all ye pregnant fair! In flames, like Semele's, be brought to bed, While opening hell spouts wild-fire at your head. Now, Bavius, take the poppy from thy brow,

Ver. 325. On poets tombs see Benson's titles And place it here: here, all ye heroes, bow !

writ:] W-m. Bensou (Surveyor of the buildings This, this is he, foretold by ancient rhymes :

to his Majesty King George 1.) gave in a report Th' Augustus born to bring Saturnian times, 320

to the lords, that their house and the Painted. Signs following signs lead on the mighty year, See! the dull ilars roll round and re-appear.

chamber adjoining were in immediatc danger of

falling. Whereupon the lords met in a commit See, see, our own true Phæbus wears thy bays! Our Midas fits Lord Chancellor of plays !

tee to appoint some other place to fit in, while

the house should be taken dowu. But it being Os poets' tombs fee Benson's titles writ!

proposed to cause some other builders first to in, Lo! Ambrose Philips is preferr’d for wit!

fpect it, they found it in very good condition, The lords, upon this, were going upon an address

to the king against Benson, for such a misrepron VARIATIONS.

sentation ; but the Earl of Sunderland, then reVer. 323. See, fee, our own, &c.] In the forcretary, gave them assurance that his Majesty mer edit.

would remove him, which was done accordingly. B-acath his reign, shall Eusden wear the bays,

In favour of this man, the famous Sir Christopher Chber preside Lord Chancellor of plays,

Wren, who had been architect to the Crown for Benson fole judge of Archite&ture fit,

above fifty years, who built most of the churches

in London, laid the first stone of St. Paul's, and And Nanıby Pamby be prelerr'd for wit! Lee th' unfinish'd Dormicory wall,

lived to finish it, had been displaced from his I see the Savoy to tter to her fall;

employment at the age of near ninety years. Hibernian politics, o Swift! thy doom,

Ver. 3 26. Ambrose Philips.) " He was (saick And Pope's trandating three whole years with

“ Mr. Jacob) one of the vats at Button's, and a Broome.

“ justice of the peace :" But he hath since met Proceed, great days!

with higher preferment in Ireland : and a much

greater character we have of him in Mr. Gildon's Ver. 331. in the former edit. thus,

Complete Art of Poetry, vol. I p. 157. “ Indeed - O Swift: thy doom,

“ he confeffes, he dares not set him quite on the And Pope's tranlating ten whole years with

“ same foot with Virgil, left it should seem flatte. Broome.

ry; but he is much mistaken if pofterity does On which was the following note :

“ He con “ not afford him a greater efteem thän he at pre“cludes his irony with a froke upon himself : for “ sent erjoys." He endeavoured to create some "whoever imagines this a sarcasm on the other misunderitanding between our author and Mr.

ingenious person, is surely mittaken. The opi- Addison, whom also, soon after, he abused as much.

nion our author had of him was sufficiently His constant cry was, that Mr. P. was an ecemy " hown by his joining him in the undertaking of to the government ; and in particular, he was the

the Odyssey ; in which Mr. Broome, having avowed author of a report very industrioudy engaged without any previous agreement, dir. [pread, that he had a hand in a party paper, call charged his part so much to Mr. Pope's fatis. ed the Examiner; a falsehood well known to

faction, that he gratified him with the full fuin those yet living, who had the dirc&ion and publie * of five hundred pounds, and a present of all cation of it.

those books for which his own interest could Ver. 328. While Jones' and Boyle's united lan

procure him subscribers, to the value of one hun bours fall.) At the time when this poem was writ. “dred more. The author only seenis to lament, ten, the banquctting-house of Whitehall, the " that he was employed in translation at all.” church and piazza of Covent-garden, and the pa

lace and chapel of Somerset-house, the works of REMARKS.

the famous Inigo Jones, had been for many years Ver. 312. ensure it but from fire.] In Tibbald's so neglected, as to be in danger of ruin. The porfarce of Proferpine, a corn field was see on fire: tico of Covent-garden church had been jult then whereupon the other playhouse had a barn burnt restored and beautified at the expence of the Eari down for the recreation of the spe&ators. They of Burlington ; who, at the same time, by his pubalso rivalled each other in showing the burnings of lication of the designs of that great master and hell-fire, in Dr. Faustus.

Pailadio, as well as by many uoble buildings of Ver. 313. Another Æschylus appears : ] le is re- his own, revived the true cake of architecture in ported of Æschylus, that when his tragedy of the this kingdom. Furies was acted, the audience were lo terrified, Ver. 330. Gay dies unpension'd, &c.] See Mr. that the children fell into fits, and the big-bellied Gay's fable of the Hare and many Friends. This women miscarried.

gentleman was early in the friendship of our au

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Hibernian politics, O Swift! thy fate;

Enough! enough! the raptur'd Monarch cries; And Pope's, ten years to comment and translate. And through the ivory gate the vision flies.

Proceed, great days! till learning Ay the fore,
Till Birch thall blush with noble blood no more,
'Till Thames fee Eaton's sons for ever play,
Till Weftmimfter's whole year be koliday,

REMARKS
Till Ifis' elders reel, their pupils fport,

Polly, till then obscure, became all at once the fa. And Alma Mater lie diffolv'd in Port!

vourite of the town; her pictures were engraved, and sold in great numbers; her life written ; books of letters and verses to her published; and

pamphlets made even of her sayings and jests. VARIATIONS.

Furthermore, it drove out of England, for that After 'ver. 338. in a former edit. were the fol- season, the Italian opera, which had carried all be. Jowing lines :

fore it for ten years. That idol of the nobility and Signs following ligne lead on the mighty year;

people, which the great critic, Mr Dennis, by the

labours and outcries of a whole life conld not overSee, the dull stars roll round and re-appear. She comes the cloud-compelling power, behold!

throw, was demolished by a single stroke of this

gentleman's pen. This happened in the year 1728. With Night prin.zval, and with Chaos old. Lo! the great anarch's ancient reign relor'd,

Yet so great was his modesty, that he constantly

prefixed to all the editions of it this motto, Light dies before her uncrcating word.

hæc novimus esse nihil." As one by one, at dread Medca's (train, The fickening stars fade off th' ærherial plain :

Ver. 332. And Pope's ten years to comment and

translate.] The author here plainly laments that As Argus' eyes, by Hermes' wand opprest, Clos'd onc by one to everlasting reft;

he was so long employed in translating and comThus at her felt approach, and secret might,

menting. He began the Iliad in 1713 and finishArt after Art goes out, and all is night.

ed it in 1719. The edition of Shakspeare (which

he undertook merely because no body else would) See (culking Troch in her old craven lie, Secur'd by mountains of heap'd casuistry:

took up near two years more in the drudgery of

comparing impreffions, rectifying the scenery, &c.; Philosophy, that touch'd the heavens before,

and the trandation of half the Odyssey employed Shrinks to her hidden cause, and is no more;

him from that time to 1725. See Physic beg the Stagyrites defence !

Ver. 333. Proceed, great days! &c.] It may See Metaphysic call for aid on Sense!

perhaps seem incredible, that so great a revolution See Mystery ro Mathematics fly!

in learning, as is here prophesied, should be brought la vain they gaze, turn giddy, rave, and die.

about by luch weak instruments as have been (hiThy hand, great Dulness lets the curtain fall,

therto] described in our poem : But do not thou, And universal darkness buries all.

genile reader, rest too fecure in thy contempt of

these instruments. Remember what the Dutch thor, which continued to his death. He wrote se kories fomewhere relare, that a great part of their veral works of humour, with great success; the made in one of their dykes by a úngle water-rat.

provinces was once overflowed, by a small opening Shepherd's Weck, Trivia, the What d'ye call it,

However, that such is not seriously the judg. Fables; and laftly, the celebrated Beggar's Opesa; a piece of fatire which hit all taftes and de- hopes from the diligence of our schools

, from the

ment of our poet, but that he couceiveth better grees of men, from those of the highest quality to the very rabble: that verse of Horace :

regularity of our universities, the discerumet of

our great men, the accomplishments of our nobi“ Primores populi arripuit, populumque tribu-lity, the encouragement of our patrons, and the tum”

genius of our writers of all kinds (notwithstanding

fome few exceptions in each), may plainly be feen could never be fo juftly applied as to this. The vast from his conclusion; where, cauling all this vifion Success of it was unprecedented, and almost incre to pass through the ivory gate, he expressly, in the dible: what is related of the wonderful effects of language of poesy, declares all fuch imaginations the ancient music or cragedy, hardly came up to to be wild, ungrounded, and fi&titious. SCRIBL. it : Sophocles and Euripides were lefs followed and famous. It was acted in London fixty-three days, uninterrupted ; and renewed the next feason with equal applauses. It spread into all the great towns

BOOK IV. of England; was played in many places to the thirtieth and fortieth time, and at Bath and Brif

ARGUMENT. Rol fifty, &c. It made its progress into Wales, The poet being, in this book, lo declate the comScotland, and Ireland, where it was performed pletion of the prophecies mentioned at the end twenty-four days together : it was last aded in of the former, makes a new invocation; as the Minorca. The fame of it was not confined to the

greater poets are wont, when some high and author; the ladies carried about with them the fa. worthy matter is to be sung. He shows the god. vourite songs of it in fans; and houses were fur. dels coming in her majelty, to destroy Order ang willed with it in fcrvene. The person who adeti Science, and to fubfityce che kingdom of the

REMARKS.

REMARKS.

Dall upon carth. How she leads captive the virtue: the progress and effects whereof on all Sciences, and Glences the Muses, and what they orders of men, and the corfamation of all, in be who succeed in their stead. All her children, the restoration of Night and Chaos, conclude the by a wonderful attraction, are drawn about her; poem. and bear along with them divers others, who promote her empire by connivance, weak re Yet, yet a moment, one dim ray of light finance, or discouragement of arts; such as half i Indulge, dread Chaos, and eternal Night! wits, tasteless admirers, vain pretenders, the fiat. Of darkness visible fo much be lent, terers of dunces, of the patrons of them. All As half to thow, half veil the deep intent. these crowd round her; one of them offering to Ye powers: whose mysteries restor'd I fing, approach her, is driven back by a rival, but the To whom Time bears me on his rapid wing, commends and encourages both. The firit who Suspend a while your force inertly Itrong, speak in form, are the geniuses of the fchools, Then take at once the poet and the fong. who assure her of their care to advance her Now flam'd the dog-Itar's unpropitious ray, cause, by confining youth to words, and keep. | Snote every brain, and wither'd every bay ; ing them out of the way of real knowledge. Sick was the sun, the owl forsook his bower, Their address, and her gracious answer; with The moon- truck prophet felt the madding hour : her charge to them and the universities. The Then rose the feed of Chaos, and of Nighi, universities appcar by their proper deputies ; T. blot out Order, and extinguish Light, and allure her that the same method is observed Of dull and venala new world to mold, in the progress of education. 'Thc speech of And bring Saturnian days of lead and gold,

Ariftarchus on this subje&. They are driven off She mounts the throne; her head a cloud con* by a band of young gentlemen returned from ceal’d, travel with their cutors; one of whom delivers in broad effulgence all below reveald, to the goddess in a polite oration, an account of the whole conduct and fruits of their travels : presenting to her at the same time a young no. bleman perfectly accomplished. She receives The Dunciad, Book IV.] This book may probim gracioufly, and endues him with the happy perly be diftinguithed from the former, by the quality of want of fame. She fees loitering nanie of the Greater Dunciad, not lo indeed in about her a number of indolent perfons abando fize, but in subjec!; and so far contrary to the oning all buliness and duty, and dying with la- distinction anciently made of the Greater and Lef. zinels : to these approaches the antiquary An 1er Liad. But much are they mistaken whu imanius, entreating her to make them virtuofos, gine this work in anywise inferior to the fyrmer, and assign thein over có him : but Mummius, or of any other hand than of vtr poet ; of which another antiquary, coniplaining of his fraudu 1 am much more certain than that the lliad itself lent proceeding, he finds a method to recon was the work of Solomon, or the Batrachomuocile their difference. Then enter a troop of peo machia of Homer, as Barnes hath affirmcd. pie fantastically adorned, offering her frange

BINT. and exotic presents : among them, one flands Ver. 1, &c.] This is an invocation of much pii lorth and demands justice on another, who had cty. The poet, willing to approve himself a gen deprived him of one of the greatest curiosities nuine fon, beginneth by showing (what is ever in nature; but he justifies himself so well, that agreeable to Dulriess) his high relpect for antiqui. the goddess gives them both her approbation.ry and a great family, how dead or dark foever : She recommends to them to find proper em Next declareth his paili ya for explaining myfteployment for the indolents before-mentioned, ries; and, lastly, his impatience to be re-united to in the ftudy of butterflies, shells, birds neits, her.

SCRIEL. mofi, &c. but with particular caution, not to Ver 2. dread Chaos, and eternal Night] Inproceed beyond trifles, to any ufelul or exten voked, as the restoration of their empire is the acLive views of nature, or of the Author of nature. tion of the poem. Against the lat of these apprehensions, she is Ver. 14. To blot our order and extinguish light, ] fecured by a hearty address from the minute The two great ends of her million; the one in philosophers and free-thinkers, one of whom quality of daughter of Chaos, the other as daugh! speab in the name of the rest. The youth, ter of N. Order here is to be understood ex. thus inftructed and principled, are delivered to tenfive !, 10+h as civil and moral; the distinction her in a body, by the hands of Silenus; and betwee ich and low in society, and true and false then admitted to take the cup of the Magus in meie juais: Light as intellectual only, Wit, her high priest, which causes a total oblivion of Science, Arts. all obligations, divine, civil, moral, or rational Ver. 15. Of dull and venal] The allegory conTo these het adepes the sends priests, attend.tinued; dull refrring to the extinction of light ants, and comforters, of various kinds; confers or science ; venal to the dellruction of order, and ori theor orders and degrees; and then dismif- the truth of things. fing them with a speech, confirming to each his Ibid. a new worl] In allufion to the Epicuprivileges, and telling what the expeals from rean opinion, that from the dislolution of the naosch, concludes with a yawx of extraordinary tural world into night and chaos, a new one should

Vor. Vill

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