Imágenes de páginas


s The wicked shall see it, and it shall grieve 'Where every word hath its oppos

site : for the terms father and maHe shall gnash his teeth, and pine away; The desire of the wicked shall periņther are, as the logicians say, re

PS. cxii. 10. latively opposite. And he shall snatch on the right, and yet

The memory of the just is a blessing; be hungry;

But the name of the wicked Thall rot.' And he shall devour on the left, and not

Prov. x. be fatisfied ;

Here are only two antithetic Every man fhall devour the Aeth of his

terms : for


memory neighbour.' Ifa. ix. 20.

name are syThere are likewise parallels con


• There is that scattereth, and still en fisting of four lines : two distichs

creaseth; being so connected together by the And that is unreasonably sparing, yet fense and the construction, as to groweth poor.' Prov. xi. 24. make one ftanza. Such is the Here is a kind of double antithesis; form of the thirty-seventh Psalm, one between the two lines themwhich is evidently laid out by the selves, and likewise a subordinate initial letters in ftanzas of four lines. opposition between the two parts • Be not moved with indignation against of each. the evil doers;

This form, he observes, is pecuNor with zeal against the workers of ini- liarly adapted to adages, aphorisms,

quity: For like the grass they shall soon be cut off ;

and detached sentences, and that And like the green herb they shall wither.' we are not therefore to expect fre

Ps. xxxvii. 1, 2. quent instances of it in the other « The ox knoweth his poffessor;

poems of the Old Testament; espeAnd the ass the crib of his lord:

cially those that are elevated in But Ifrael doth not know Me; Neither doth my people consider.' Isa, i. 3. the parts.

the style, and more connected in

The author however In ftanzas of four lines fometimes adds a few examples from the higher the parallel lines answer to

poetry. another alternately; the first to the third, and the second to the But we in the name of Jehovah our God

« These in chariots, and those in horses; fourth :

will be strong. • As the heavens are high above the earth; They are bowed down, and fallen ; So high is his goodness over then that

But we are rifen, and maintain ourselves fear him:

firm.' Pf. xx. 7, 8. As remote as the east is from the west; The bricks are fallen, but we will build So far hath he removed from us our with hewn stone:

tranfgressions.' Pf. ciii. 11, 12. The sycamores are cut down, but we will 5 And ye said: Nay, but on horses will

replace them with cedars. Ifa.ix. 10. we fee;

The third sort of parallels the Therefore shall ye be put to flight: author calls synthetic, or construcAnd on swift coursers will we ride; Therefore thall they be fwiftthat tive, where the parallelism confifts pursue you.'

Ifa. XXX. 16. only in the similar form of construcHe next proceeds to the second tion: in which word does not anfort of parallels, viz. the antithetic; fwer to word, and fentence to fenof which kind are the following:

tence, as equivalent or opposite;

but there is a correspondence and • A wise fon rejoiceth his father : But a foolish son is the grief of his mo- equality between different propother.' Prou, X, I.

fitions in respect of the shape and



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turn of the whole sentence, and of is not often to be met with. The the constructive parts'; such as noun poem of Job, being on a large . answering to noun, verb to verb, plan, and in a high tragic style, member to member, negative to though very exact in the division of negative, interrogative to interro- the lines, and in the parallelism, gative.

and affording many fine examples

of the synonymous kind, yet con• Praise ye Jehovah, ye of the earth; Ye fea-moniters, and all deeps :

fifts chiefly of the constructive. A Fire and hail, snow and vapour, &c. happy mixture of the several sorts

Pf.cxlviii. 7. gives an agreeable varie:, ; and • Is such then the fast which I choose? they serve mutually to recommend That a man should afflict his soul for a and set off one another.” day?

He next considers the distinction Is it, that he should bow down his head of Hebrew verles into longer and

like a bulruth; And spread fackcloth and ashes for his shorter, founded also on ihe aucouch, &c. lja. Iviii. 5, 6. thority of the alphabetic poems;

one third of the whole number In these instances it is to be ob. served, that though there are per- of verse, the reit of the shorter.

being manifestly of the larger fort haps no two lines corresponding He does not attempt exactly to de. one with another as equivalent or opposite in terms ; yei there is a

fine, by the number of jyllables, parallelism equally apparent, and

the limit which leparates one fort

of verse from the other; ail that aimoil as striking, which arises from the similar form and equality of the he affirms is this; that one of the lines, from the correspondence of and therefore infallibly divided

three poems perfectly alphabetical, the members and the construction; into its verses; and three of the the consequence of which is a har

nine other alphabetical poems, dimony and rhythm little inferior in

vided into their verses, after the effect to that of the two kinds preceding.

manner of the perfectly aphabeti

cal, with the greatest degree of “ Of the three different sorts of

probability; that these four poems, parallels, as above explained, every one hath its peculiar character and being the four first Lamentations of

Jeremiah, fall into verses aboat proper effect : and therefore they are differently employed on dif- with another, than those of the

one third longer, taking them one ferent occafions ... Synonymous other eighe alphabetical poems.parallels have the appearance of art and concinnity, and a ftudied ele. Example of these long verses from gance. They prevail chiefly in

a poem perfectly alphabetical :

"I am the man, that hath seen amiation, Thorter poems ; in many of the

by the rod of his anger: Psalms ;'in Balaam's prophecies; He hath led me, and niade me walk in frequently in those of Isaiah, which darkness, and not in light,' &c. are most of them distinct poems of

Lan. iii. 1-4. no great length. The antithetic

Examples of the fame sort of parallelism gives an acuteness and verse, where the limits of the verses force to adages and moral sen- are to be collected only from the tences; and therefore abounds in poetical construction of the senSolomon's proverbs, and elsewhere tences :

! The

« The law of Jehovah is perfect, restor or even false idea of the real chaing the soul :

racter of the author, as a writer ; The testimi ny of Jehovah is fure, making of the general nature and of the

wise the simple,' &c. Pl. xix. 7. (A found of a multitude in the moun

peculiar form of the compofition? tains, as of many people ;

He next proves, in a number of A sound of the tumult ci kingdoms, of examples, that this attention to

nations gathered together,' Ifa. xiii. 4. the peculiar turn and cast of the The learned prelate having esta original, may be of ftill greater use blished, on the grounds we have to the interpreter, by leading him already mentioned, bis opinion con into the meaning of obícure words cerning the composition of the and phrases, and by fuggesting the prophetical writings, proceeds to true reading where the text is corpoint out the very important ad- rupted. vantages which are to be deriv. With regard to the fidelity of the ed from this source, both to the translation offered the translator and interpreter of the public the excellent author has scriprures.

entered very largely into the prinFlatness, he observes, and infi- ciples of criticism, and the method pidity, will generally be the con of interpretarion, on which he has fequences of a deviation from the proceeded. It would be impossible native manner of an original, to do justice to this part of his diswhich has a real merit and a pe- sertation without transcribing the culiar force of its own.

whole; we shall therefore content preis therefore the form and fashion ourselves with saying, that the of the composition becomes as ne- principal objects of his invaluable cessary in a translation, as to give observations are, the Maioretic the author's sense with fidelity and punctuation, the state of the Heexa&tness: but with what fuccess brew text, and the ancient versions can this be attempted, when the of the Old Testament. translator himself has an inadequate



To ex

The article from our very respectable correspondent at Liverpool, was, by some accident, mislaid; but shall be inserted in the next volume. .

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by the commissioners. Cautionary measures recommended by the Congress to the people; followed by a counter manifesto, threatening retaliation. Singular letter from the Marquis de la Fayette, to the Earl of Carlisle. American expedition for the reduction of the British settlements in the country of the Natches, on the borders of the Missippi. Expedition from NewYork, under the conduct of Commodore Parker and Colonel Campbell, for the reduction of the province of Georgia. Landing made good, and the rebels defeated. Town of Savannah taken, and the province in general reduced. Major-General Prevost' arrives from the southward; takes the tozun and fort of Sunbury, and afumes the principal command. [18

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Island of Dominica taken by the Marquis de Bouille, governor of Martinico.

State of the French fleet at Boston. Riot betvieen the French and inhabitants. Desperate riot between the French and American sailors, in the city and port of Charlestown. M. D'Estaing sails from Boston for the Weft-Indies : having first issued a declaration addressed to the French Canadians. Admiral Byron's fleet driven off from the coast of NewEngland by a violent burricane, which afforded an opportunity for the departure of the French Squadron. British) fieet detained at Rhode-Island, to repair the damages sustained in the tempeft. Reinforcement fent from New York to the West-Indies, under the conduet of Commodore Hotham, and Major-General Grant : narrowly miss falling in with the French fleet : join Admiral Barrington at Barbadoes, and proceed together to the reduction of the island of St. Lucia : troops land, take the French posts in the neighbourhood of ihe Grand Cul de Sac : proceed to Morne Fortune and the Viergie. M. D'Estaing appears in hght, with a vast superiority both of land and marine force : attacks the British Squadron in the Grand Cul de Sac; and is bravely repulsed by Admiral Barrington, twice in the same day. French land their troops in Choc Bay: attack General Meadows three times in the Viergie; are repulsed every time, and at length defeated with great loss. Great glory obtained by the British farces, both by fea and land, in these several encounters. M. D'Estaing, after ten days longer ftay, abandons the island of St. Lucia, without any further attempt for its recovery. The Chevalier de Micoud, with the principal inhabitants, capitulate before the French fleet is out of fight.


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State of public affairs during the recess of parliament. Address and perition

from the city of London. Militia embodied. Camps formed. Admiral Keppel appointed to the command of the grand fleet for the home service. Peculiar situation of that commander. Fleet sails from St. Hellens. Licorne, French frigate, ftopt and detained. Blameable conduet of the Captain, in firing unexpectedly into the America man of war. Desperate



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