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** Los) outs predictions; and, fourthly, forry, d. SATURDAY. } becaufe if it appears to-night, it muf The moon is, I find, at her old necessarily come within the sphere of the pranks. Her appulses, librations, and earth's attraction; and Heaven help the other itregularities, indeed amaze me. unhappy country on which it happens My daughter, too, is this morning gone to fall!

off with a grenadier. No way furprise PRIDAY...

ing. I was never able to give her a Our whole society have been out all relish for wisdom. She ever promised eager in search of the conset, We have to be a mere expletive in the creation." feen not less than sixteen, comers in dif. But the moon, the moon gives me real ferent parts of the heavens. However, uneasiness; I fondly fancied I had fixed we are unanimoully resolved to fix upon her. I had thought her conttant, and one only to be the comet expected. conftant anly to me ; but every night That near Virgo wants nothing but a discovers her infidelity, and proves me tail to fit it out complearly for terrestrial a defolate and abandoned lover. Adieu. admiration.

LETTER XCIIT.

TO THE SAMB. IT is surprifing. what an influence him; even those who write for bread though these titles be of our own mak. him; perfectly sensible that his attempt ing. Like children, we dress up the only served to take the bread

out

of puppets in finery, and then stand in their months. aftonishment at the plastic wonder. I And yet this filly prepoffeffion the mors have been told of a rat-catcher here, amazes ine, when I consider, that alınolt who itrolled for a long time about the all the excellent productions in wit that villages near town, without finding any have appeared here, were purely the employment; at last, however, be offspring of neceffity; their Drydens, thought proper to take the title of his Botlers, Orways, and Farguhars, were Majesty's Rat.catcher in Ordinary, and all writers for bread. Believe me, my this fucceeded beyond his expectations ; friend, hunger has a most amazing fawhen it was known that he caught rats culty of sharpening the genius; and he at court, all were ready to give him who with a full belly can think like a countenance and employment.

hero, after a course of fafting, thall rise But of all the people, they who make to the fublimity of a demi-god. books frem molt perfe&ly fenfible of But what will most amaze, is, that the advantage of titular dignity. All this very fet of men, who are now lo feem convinced, that a book written by much depreciated by fools, are, howvulgar hands can neither instruct nor ever, the very best writers they have improve; none but Kings, Chams, and among them at present. For my own Mandarines, can write with any proba- part, were I to buy an hat, I would not bility of fuccess. If the titles inform have it from a stocking-maker, but an -me-right, not only Kings and Cour- hatter; were I to buy Noes, I should tiers, but Emperors themselves, in this not go to the taylor's for that purpose. country, periodically fupply the press. It is just fo with regard to wit: did I,

A man here who should write, and for my life, debre to be well served, I hoaeftly confefs that he wrote for bread, would apply only to those who made it might as well fend his manuscript to their trade, and lived by it. You fmile fre the baker's oven; not one creature at the oddity of my opinion ; but be afwill read him; all muft be court-bred fured, my friend, that wit is id fome. poets, or pretend at least to be court." measure mechanical: and that a man, bred, who can expect to please. Should long habituated to catch at even it's rea the castiff fairly avow a design of empty, semblance, will at lalt be happy enough ing our pockets and filling his own, to poffefs the substance. By a long every reader would instantly forfakse habit of writing, he acquires a jutriels of thinking, and a mallery of manner, which have fearce survived the poffels which holiday.writers, even with ten for; you have seen the poor hardly earn umes his genius, hay rainly attempt to the little reputation they acquired, and equal. How then are they deceired, their merit only acknowledged when Puho expe&t froin title, dignity, and ex. they were incapable of enjoying the terior circumstance, an excellence which pleasures of popularity: fuch, however, is in fone measure acquired by habit, is the reputation, worib poffeffing; that and harpened by necesity! You have which is hardly earned is hardly loft. feen, like me, many literary reputations Adieu. promocd by the influence of fashion,

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LET TER XCIV.

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TROXI HISOPO, IN MOSCOW, TO LIEN CHI ALTANGI, IN LONDON,

HERE will my disappointments man. When taken alive, their punishment

end? Must I ftill be doomed to is hideous. A floating gibbet is erected, accuse the leverity of my fortune, and which is let run down with the stream; thew my conftancy in diitress rather than here, upon an iron hook ftuck under their moderation in prosperity? I had at leattribs, and upon which the whole weight hopes of conveying, my charming com- of their body depends, they are left to pamon fafe from the reach of every ene- ' expire in the most terrible agonies; some iny, and of again reitoring her to lier being thus found to finger feveral days native loil. But those hopes are now fucceflivety. no more.

• We were but three days voyage from Upon leaving Terki, we took the the confluence of this river into the nearest road to the dominions of Ruf- Wolga, when we perceived at a distance fia. We pafied the Ural mountains co. behind us an armed barque coming up, vered with eternal fnow; and traversed the with the assistance of fails and oars, in forests of Ufa, where the prowling bear order to attack us. The dreadful fignal and shrieking liyena keep an undisputed of death was hung upon the mait, anet poffellion. We next embarked u; on the our captain with his glafs could easily rapid river Bulija, and made the hest of discern them to be pirates. It is imour way to the banks of the Wolga, poffible to express our confternation on where it waters the fruitful vallies of this occafion; the whole crew instantly Caran.

came together to consult the properest There were two veftels in company, means of safety. It was therefore foon properly equipped and armed, in order to determined to fend off our women and oppose the Wolga pirates, whio wewerein. valuable commodities in one of our vefformed infelted this river. Ofail mankins fels, and that the men should stay in thele pirates are the moft terrible. They the other, and boldiy oppose the enemy. are composed of the criminals and out. This resolution was foon put into exe. Jawed peasants of Russia, who fly to the cution, and I now reluctantly parted forefts that lie along the banks of the from the beautiful Zelis for the firit time Wolga for protection. Here they join fince our retreat from Perfia. The vef* in parties, lead a savage life, and have fel in which she was difappeared to my

no other subfiitence but plunder. Be. longing eyes, in proportion as that of wg deprived of houses, friends, or å the pirates approached us. They foon fixed habitation, they become more ter- came up; but, ypon examining our rible even than the tiger, and as infen- ftrength, and perhaps fenfible of the fible to all the feelings of humanity. manner in which we had fent off our They neither give quarter to those they most valuable effects, they seemed more conquer, nor recive it when overpower- eager to pursue the vessel we had fent ed themtelves. The severity of the laws away than actack us. In this manner againit them serve to encresie their bar- , they continued to harrafs us for threr barity, and feem to make theni a neu. days; itill endeavouring to país us withtral species of beings between the wild- out fighting. But, on the fourth day, dels of the lion and the subtlety of the finding it entirely impo'rible, and des

pairing

fpairing to seize the expected booty, formed of it's misfortune, and our lofs. they defifted from their endeavours, and Need I paint the situation of my mind left us to pursue our voyage without iti- on this occafion! Need I describe all I terruption.

feel, when I despair of bebolding the Our joy on this occafion was great; beautiful Zelis more! Fancy had drefled but soon a disappointment more terri- the future prospect of my life in the ble, becaute unexpected, succeeded. gayeft colouring; but one unexpected The barque, in which our women and stroke of fortune has robbed it of every treasure were sent off, was wrecked charın. Her dear idea mixes with every upon the banks of the Wolga, for want scene of pleasure; and without her preof a proper number of hands to manage sence to enliven it, the whole becomes her, and the whole crew carried by the tedious, in lipid, insupportable. I will peasants up the country. Of this, how- confess, now that she is loft, I will conever, we were not sendible till our ar- fess, I loved her; nor is it in the power rival at Moscow; where, expecting to' of time, or of reason, to erase her image meet our separated barque, we were in- from my heart. Adieu.

LETTER XCV.

BROM LIEN CHI ALTANGI, TO HINGPO, AT MOSCOW

Y

ferre of flowers is the famous valley of as every period of life is marked gold; to him, a little brook, the foun. with it's own, you must learn to endure tuin of the young peach-trees t;' to chem. Disappointed love makes the

such a man,

thic melody of birds is more misery of youth; disappointed ambition, ravithing than the jarmony of a full that of manhood; and successlets ava- concert; and the tincture of the cloud rice, that of age. These three attack preferable to the touch of the finest ns through life; and it is our duty to pencil. Itand upon our guard. To love, we The life of man is a jourrey: a jourought to oppose dissipation, and endea- ney that must be travelled, however bad vour to change the obje&t of the affec- the roads or the accommodation. If, tions; to ambition, the happiness of in the beginning, it is found dangerous, indolence and ob curity; and to avarice, narrow, and dishcult, it muft either grow the fear of soon dying. These are the better in the end, or we shall by cuftom thields with which we should arm our- learn to bear it's inequality. felves; and thus make every scene of But though I lee you incapable of life, if not pleasing, at least support- penetrating into grand principles, at. able.

tenil, at leaf, to a limile adapted to every Men complain of not finding a place apprehention, I am mounted upon a of repose. They are in the wrong; wretched als. I fee another man be. they have it for seeking. What they fore me upă a sprightly horse, at which

fhould indeed complain of is, that the I find some uneatness. I look behind heart is an enemy to that very repose me and tee numbers on fcot stooping they feek. To thenfelves alone should under heavy burdens; let me learn to they impute their discontent. They seek pity their eitate, and thank Heaven for within the short span of life to satisfy a my own. thousand defires; each of which alone is Shingfu, when under misfortunes, infatiable. One month passes and an- 'would, in the heginning, weep like a other comes on; the year ends, and then child; but he foon recovered his former begins; but man is still unchanging in tranquillity. "After indulging grief for folly, till blindly continuing in preju. a few days, he would becoine, as usual, dice. To the wise man, every climate the most merry old man in all the proand every soil is pleasing; to him a par- vince of Shans. About the time that

This letter is a rhapsody from the Maxims of the philosopher Me,' Vide Lett. curicule et edifiant. Vide etiam du Halde, Vol. ii. p. 98. # This pallage the editor does not undestand..

his wife died, his possessions, were all cries the old man, let me answer by consumed by fire, and his only son fold alking another : Which is the inolt into captivity; Shingfu grieved for one durable, a hard thing, or a soft shing; day, and the next went to dance at a that which resists, or that which makes mandarine's door for his dinner. The no resistance?' An hard thing, to company were surprised to see the old ! be sure,' replied the mandarine. man lo merry when suffering such gieat • There you are wrong,' returned lolles; and the mandarine himself coming Shingfu: 'I am now fourscore years out, asked him, how he, who had grieva old; and if you look in my mouih, ed so much, and given way to the cala- you will find that I have lost all

my inity the day before, could now be so teeth, but not a bit of my tongue. chearful? You alk me one question,' Adieu,

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L ET TER XCVI.

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FROM LIEŃ CHI ALTANGI, TO FUM HOAM, FIRST PRESIDENT OF THE

CEREMONIAL ACADEMY AT PEKIN, IN CHINA. He manner of grieving for our ample of forrow and decorum to our different from that of Europe. The do not grieve at the departure of our mourning colour of Europe is black; friends for their fakes, at lealt we are that of China white. When a parent or taught to regret them for our own. relation des here, for they feldom mourn All is very different here; amazement for friends, it is only clapping on a all. What sort of a people am I got fuit of fables, grimacing it for a few amongn! Fum, thou son of Fo, whát days, and all, foon forgotten, goes on fort of a people am I got amongst! No as before; not a single creature misling crawling round the coffin; no dresing the deceased, except perhaps a favourite up in hempen bags; no lying on mats, house-keeper, or a favourite cat. or fitting on fools. Gentlemen here

On the contrary, with us in China it thall put on first mourning with as is a very serious affair. The piety with prightly an air as if preparing for a which Í have seen you behave on one of birth-vight; and widows mall actually these occasions Tould never be forgot- dress for another husband in their weeds ten. I remember it was upon the dcath for the former. The best jest of all is, of thy grandmother's maiden filter. The that our mety mourners clap bits of cofin was exposed in the principal hall mulin on their fleeyes, and there are in public view. Before it were placed called weepers, Weeping mullin! alas,

the figures of eunuchs, horses, tortoiles, alas, very sorrowful truly! These and other animals, in attitudes of grief weepers then, it seems, are to bear the and relpect. The more distant relations whole burthen of the distress, of the old lady, and I among the num- But I have had the strongest inftance ber, came to pay our compliments of of this contrast; this trag-comical becondolance, and to falute the deceased haviour in distress upon a recent ycca. after the manner of our country. We fion. Their king, whose depaitu had scarce presented our wax-candles though Tudden, was not unexpe&ted, and perfumes, and given the howl of died after a reign of many years. His departure, when, crawling on his belly age, and uncertain state of health, ferved from under a curtain, opt came the re: in some measure to diminish the forrow verend Fum Hoam himself, in all the of his subjects; and their expectations dismal solemnity of distress. Your looks rfrom his fucceffor seemed to balance were set for forrow; your clothing con- their minds between unealiness and sahifted in an hempen bag, tied round the tisfaction, But hoy ought they to have uneck with a string. For two long months behaved on fuch an occafion"Şures; did this mourning continue. By night they ought rather to have endeavoured you lay tretched on a fingle mat, and to testify their gratitude to their de Sate on the stool of discontent by day. cealed friend, than to proclaim their Pigus man, who could thus set an ex- bopes of the futurs Sure even the fuc

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ceilor muft fuppose their love to wear demned by the company for a grimacing the face of adulation, which so quickly fon of a whore, and desired to take away changed the object. However, the very my penitential phiz to some other quar same day on which the old king died, ter. I now corrected iny former mit they made rejoicing for the new. take; and, with the most sprightly air

For my part, I have no conception of imaginable, entered a company, where *this new manner of mourning and re- they were talking over the ceremonies joicing in a breath; of being merry and of the approaching funeral. Here I fat sad; of mixing a funeral procession with for some time with an air of pert viva. a jig and a bonfire. At least, it would city; when one of the chief mourner's have been just, that they who flattered immediately observing my good 'huthe king while living for virtues which mour, defired ine, if I pleared, to go and he had not, should lament him dead før grin fomewhere else; they wanted no those he really had.

difaffected scoundrels there. Leaving In this universal cause for, national this company, therefore, I was resolved distress, as I had no interest myself, so to assume a look perfectly neutral; and it is but natural to suppose I felt no, have ever since been studying the fareal affliction. In all the loftes of our Mionable air: Tomething between jest • friends,' says an European philofo- and earnest; a compleat virginity of face, pher, we firft confider how much our uncontaminated with the smallest sympown welfare is affected by their de- tom of meaning. parture, and moderate our réal grief But though grief be a very night af.

just in the same proportion.' Now, fair here, the mourning, my firend, is as I had neither received nor expected a very important concern. When an to receive favours from kings or their emperor dies in China, the whole exflatterers; as I had no acquaintance in pence of the folemnities is defrayed froin particular with their late monarch; as I the royal coffers. When the great die knew that the place of a king is soon here, mandarines are ready enough to supplied; and, as the Chinese proverb order mourning; but I'do not see that has it, That though the world may they are so ready to pay for it. If they sometimes want' coblers to mend their send me down from court the grey un Thoes, there is no danger of it's want. diers frock, or the black coat without ing emperors to rule their kingdoms: pocket holes, I am willing enough to from such confiderations, I could bear comply with their commands, and wear the loss of a king with the most philo- both; but, by the head of Confucius ! fophic resignation. However, I thought to be obliged to wear black, and buy it it my duty at least to appear forrowful; into the bargain, is more than my tanto put on a melancholy alpect, or to set quillity of teniper can bear. What, my face by that of the people.

order me to wear mourning before they The first company I came amongst know whether I can buy it or no! Fumi, after the news became general, was a thou son of Fo, what lort of a people set of jolly companions, who were drink- am I got amongit; where being out of ing prosperity to the ensuing reign. I black is a certain lymptom of poverty i entered the room with looks of despair, where those who have miserable faces and even expected applause for the ru- cannot have mourning, and those who perlative milery of my countenance. In. have mourning will not wear a miferable Itead of thar, I was universally con- face!

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T is usual for the booksellers here, view a pleasing obje&t on every fade.

when a book has given univerfal The first performance ferves rather to pleasure upon one subje&t, to bring out awaken than fatisfy attention; and when leveral more upon the faine plan; which thar is once moved, the Righrett effort are sure to have purchasers and readers ferves to continue it's progrellion; the from that defte which ali men have to merit of the 'fost diffusés a light fulti

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