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, and West Indies, TIIE UNIVERSAL CHURCH. The experience of and in Caffraria, lead to the same conclusion ? every thoughtful tourist confirms that of the ser. Is is true, there is much remaining to be done vants of God in all ages, that man can do nothing -We overrate, perhaps, the comparative amount of himself; the torrent of human corruption rolls of what is performed. Deduct as much as you too wide and too strong for his puny arm to stop please on this account ; I take the remainder, and its course. After all the means we can use, su- then ask, whether there is not still enough conperstition and infidelity—or in the words of Scrip- fessedly accomplished, to assure us that a new era ture, “the minding of the flesh”-will carry away of grace has begun, and to encourage us to ferthe various petty boundaries which can be reared vent prayer for that LARGER EFFUSION OF THE HOLY against them. God alone has the key of the hu- SPIRIT which can effect every thing we yet deman heart-Our Lord Christ was “manifested to sire? Already has the attention of the Protestant destroy the works of the devil”—The Divine churches been called to this momentous subject. Spirit is “the Lord and Giver of Life."

In many parts of England, Ireland, Gerinany, What we want is a LARGER GIFT OF THE IN

Switzerland, America, treatises have been widely FLUENCES OF GRACE. I speak not of the miracu- circulated, courses of sermons preached, and meetlous powers of the Spirit of God; these ceased by ings for prayer instituted, to excite attention to the close of the third century. We renounce all the importance of this great blessing. Were it pretensions to them. I speak not of dreams or once granted, it would include every other. And visions, or sensible influxes, or direct inspirations, surely the position of the spiritual church, espc. or new and extraordinary revelations. All these cially in England, in parts of Germany, and in we utterly disclaim. I speak of the ordinary, se

America; the feverish state of many of the nations cret, sanctifying work of God the Spirit, in illumi. of the continent; the open and surprising sucnating, converting, and consoling fallen man; that cesses in Greece and the Southern Americas; work which unlocks the understanding, which the commotions and discontent throughout Spain liberates the will, which purifies the affections, and Italy; the rapid diffusion of literature and of which unites the whole soul to Christ in faith, religious knowledge over the world; the general love, and obedience. The gifts of this blessed strain of divine prophecy; the spirit of inquiry agent have been bestowed from time to time in a excited among the Jews; and the impenetrable peculiar manner on the church.

obstinacy and corruption of the eastern and west

ern apostacies, as connected with the near flowSuch a period was that of St. Augustine in the ing out of the three prophetic synchronical periods fifth century, to whose conversion I have already of 1260 years—surely all this may lead us to “ lift referred. Again, under Claudius of Turin, in the

up our heads because our redemption drawetha ninth century, and Peter Waldo, of Lyon, in the nigh.” For the three great events of the fall of twelfth, a considerable light burst forth, and the Papal Antichrist, the overthrow of the Maboinfollowers of Christ, under the name of the Wal- medan imposture, and the conversion and return denses, were planted throughout Europe. The of the houses of Israel and Judah, are considered era of grace and truth returned at the glorious by most Protestant expositors Joseph Mede, Sir Reformation. Gradually weakened and obscured Isaac Newton, Bishop Newton, Hurd and Horsby human darkness since, it is again needed as ley; Mr. Scott, Mr. Faber, &c.—as approaching, much as ever in the present day. Nay, may I

yea, AS AT THE DOORS. not say it has commenced ?

But to leave this general view of the subject, I Are there not blessed indications that the grace observe that prayer for the Holy Ghost would, at of the Spirit is revisiting the churches ? Does not all events, tend to sanctify and bless our own the revival of the doctrines of St. Austin and of hearts, our families, our houses, our children, our the Reformation, or rather of the BIBLE, mark projects, our labors amongst others. It would this? Does not the present general acknowledg- thus make us a blessing wherever we travelled. ment of the doctrine of the Holy Ghost, and the I knew not that any reflection was more frequently wide circulation of THAT BOOK which He inspired excited in my mind during my tour than this, of and never fails to bless, indicate it? Do not the the necessity of prayer for DIVINE GRACE. What increasing number of awakened and converted I could myself actually do, was little ; but where clergymen in every communion, the diffusion of I could not help by my efforts, I could pray:religious feeling and interest in the higher ranks Many painful scenes of superstition or infidelity, of society in our own country, the rise and asto- I could only lament over—but God I knew could nishing progress of our religious institutions, mark bring the remedy for them. The divine doctrines this ? Especially, does not the blessed temper of which I wished to hear from Christian pulpits, I LOVE AND CHARITY which is so much prevailing, could not supply—but the Holy Spirit, I believed, denote it? Do not the favor and aid afforded to could implant them in the heart, and pour them pious efforts by our own and other governments, from the tongue of every individual minister.the eagerness of mankind to welcome the benefits The moral chains of thousands and tens of thouwe offer them, the men raised up suited for va- sands I could not break-but I was assured the rious difficult duties, the translation of the Scrip- blessed Spirit could dissolve them gradually, or tures into all the languages of the earth, the dis- even at once, by his secret power. The miseries, persion of missionaries amongst the heathen and and sufferings, and persecutions, which I saw Mahommedan nations, betoken this? Does not around me, I could not alleviate but the Holy the surprising success of the Bible Society in the Ghost, I doubted not, couid effectually arrest anil world generally, and of the various missionary bo- heal them. dies in their particular labors in Western African Prayer, therefore, for God's Spirit, is the duty,

the interest, the happiness of every Christian, both for the present at No. 13, Guildford street,) has at home and abroad. If Englishmen travel in the disposal of the funds in hand and conducts the this temper, the more intercourse they have with design. the continent the better ; they will benefit all Whether the Gospel when published will excito whom they visit-a fragrance, so to speak, yea, public attention and be attended with any consi"the savor of the knowledge of Christ” will be derable benefit, must depend on the Divine Mercy diffused around them, and incalculable good be which alone can produce such an effect. But I communicated and received. In any other tem- have a confidence that great good may be expectper than that of prayer, let no one venture on a ed ultimately to follow from it. The inconsiderate ground which must be to him sown with dangers objections raised on the ground of the levity of the and temptations. He will injure, instead of as- French character, and the solid, ponderous qualisisting, both himself and others. The prejudices ties of Mr. Scott's writings, have little weight. It against the Protestant doctrine and evangelical is not for the nation of France or its general truth, which the ill conduct of Englishmen abroad readers that any comment would be designed; but has implanted or confirmed, are deplorable: whilst for the ministers and Pastors of churches, for the the mischiefs which many young Protestants have serious and inquiring scholars and students, for the brought home with them, as to moral and religious sedate and pious heads of families. And does any habits, are perhaps still more to be lamented. I one who is at all acquainted with the writings of cannot, therefore, conclude this series of Letters Mestrezat, Faucheur, Dobose, Drelincourt, and more suitably, than by saying that, if the Chris- others of the French Protestant school, doubt tian needs the support of prayer and the grace of whether long and grave discourses on religion can the Blessed Spirit at home, where he is surround- fix the attention of French Protestants and engage ed with pious friends, aided by habit, and stimu- their esteem? Or can any one, who looks into lated to his duty by abundant means of grace; the mass of comment in De Sacy or Calmet-the much more will he require this assistance abroad, one in 32 thick 8vo. volumes, of 8 or 900 pages where, many of his usual safe-guards being re- each, the other in 9 folios, and both of them moved, and numberless distractions and snares unwieldly compilations of mystical and feeble and presenting themselves, he will often find that his inapplicable religious glosses, without any aponly effectual means of safety are the solitude of proach to an evangelical, manly, sensible, clear his closet, meditation of Holy Scripture, and prayer exposition of the mind of the Spirit throughout for the sacred Spirit of God.

the Holy Scriptures,-doubt of the success of a I am, yours affectionately, work not by any means so heavy in its form, and

D. W. in its matter so incomparably superior ? A revival

of religion is a revival of seriousness, of solidity of character, of readiness to study, and solemnity

of mind to examine, the Holy Word. The frivolity POSTSCRIPT.

of Voltaire is the frivolity of irreligion. But I

need not enlarge-the deliberate opinion of all the The delay in the publication of the French leading scholars and ministers whom I have met Translation of Mr. Scott's Comment on St. with in France and Switzerland, and the 500 subMatthew has not only arisen from the causes scribers already obtained to this first publication, stated in the note, (p. 111): but from the neces- are at the least a sufficient authority for the essay, sity of each sheet being sent to London, and the the trial, the experiment of circulating throughout impracticability of finding type sufficient to allow every part of the world where the French lanof this journey, without intervals in the progress guage is spoken, the best practical comment which of the work. Four sheets are set up together has appeared in these later ages of the Christian (the type required for which is immense) and the church. proofs are worked of on their return to Paris as The proposed Translation of Milner's Church quickly as possible, and the type released for the History into French, has, I am sorry to say, been subsequent parts of the copy. But still about six suspended by the continued inroads of illness wecks elapse between the printing of a first proof and pressure of engagements on the friend who and the final working of it off. A portion of the had undertaken the work at Brussels. But into delay arises from the numerous corrections in each the Spanish language the first volume is already sheet, demanding twenty or thirty hours of intense translated by the society which I have mentioned, application. In the meantime, what is done, is, for the benefit of the Spanish American; and the I have every reason to believe, WELL DONE ; and French Translation will be prosecuted as the funds in a work of so much importance, I have preferred may allow, and suitable translators present themthe inconvenience of delay to the ruin of the whole selves. enterprise by an inaccurate translation. Half the As I am giving these explanations, I will just add Gospel, or nearly so, is now printed off, and the that the state of the German Protestant churches subscribers may rely on no exertion being spared to which I have alluded in my account of Franckfort on my part to see this first division of the work-- (p. 20) has been fully developed, since the pubthe Gospel of St. Matthew, actually published this lication of the third edition of this tour, by a summer.

masterly work from the pen of the Rev. Mr. Rose I have thought it right, in the meantime, to place of Horsham. I had no conception, from the brief this undertaking under the care of a public society remarks which my valuable Franckfort friend made with a responsible committee. The SPANISH AND to me, of the extent and inveteracy of the evil. FRENCH TRANSLATION SOCIETY, (instituted in What a portentous defection from the faith! What 1825, and of which the monthly meetings are held a feeple, corrupt, wayward thing is the human

mind, when it once leaves the plain rule of the J. Scott in continuation of Milner's Church Hisdivine word! I rejoice to hear that things are on tory, gives a most interesting summary of the the whole again improving. In the meantime, let History of the Vaudois at the time of the Reformano young Christian be moved in his faith by these tion. pretended discoveries of a spurious philosophy in If I were to say any thing further before I conTIIE INTERPRETATION OF SCRIPTURE, any more clude this postscript, it would be to express my than the reformers were three centuries back, by regret if any expressions in the course of the work the pretended discoveries of a spurious religion have wounded the feelings of indiAS TO THE RULE OF FAITH AND THE AUTHORITY viduals. I have endeavored to guard against any OF TRADITION. Skepticism and superstition are reproach on this score by omitting such circumbut two diseases of the same fallen heart. To stances as would lead to the fixing of any of my reexplain away by sophistry the obvious meaning marks on particular persons. But it is possible of the Scriptures—and to forbid the reading of that some reflections when read in the circles them by a claim of authority over the conscience, where they are supposed to be most applicable, are evils of a kindred nature. Satan our great may still be regarded as personal and severe. I enemy works by the folly of human learning now, can only therefore thus in general testify my soras he did by the folly of human ignorance three row if I have unintentionally laid myself open to or four centuries back. The PRIMARY TEACHER such misinterpretations. My desire has been to will guide sincere and humble souls through the speak, frankly indeed, and honestly, without dismazes of each kind of error, to the truth and bles. guise or concealment, but still with the considera. sedness of redemption in the divine person and tion due to the just feelings of every individual sufferings of the Son of God, and the mighty with whom I had the pleasure of any intercourse transfonning operations of his grace.

when abroad. Perhaps the language which I have I may as well add, on the subject of the Wal- occasionally used on the subject of the Roman deness before mentioned, that a valuable work * Catholic superstitions may, after all, be thought the just published by the Rev. T. Sims will give the most liable to objection—as being both too general reader the latest accounts of these important and too strong. After an interval of nearly four churches. The renewal of the royal grant, the years, I will confess that I think such an objection endowment of an hospital, the establishment of is not without its force. At the same time, truth schools, and the supply of books, are all benefits of is truth; and the warmth of a description flowing the very last moment, obtained for them by the from the heart, at the first witnessing of the corexertions of the committe to which I have refer- ruptions of the great apostate church, is perhaps red-the amount of subscription is between £4000 excusable, so far as the motive is concerned. And and £5000. The excellent volume of the Rev. possibly the very strong language used in the Di.

vine Revelations of St. John, as to this portentous "An historical defence of the Waldeness or Vau- defection from the faith, may warrant much of dois, inhabitants of the Valley of Piedmont, by Jean that language of adhorrence which might other. Rodolphe Peyran, late pastor of Pomaret and Mo- wise be excessive, or harslı and unkind. But in derator of Waldenesian church, with an introduction this, as well as in every thing else, the candid and appendixes by the Rev. Thomas Sims, M. A. reader will judge. Rivingtons. 1826."

Islington March, 1827.

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Calais, June 21.-Grand, June 23, 1823. Zurich, July 18.-Basle, August 1, 1823. Dover. Dunkirk. Pavé. Mount Cassel. General Bridge. Swiss Customs. State of Religion. Pro

Vandamme. Lille. Duke of Marlborough. fessor. Fall of Rhine. Eglisau. First View of Courtray. Pulpits. Sunday at Grand. Popery. Alps. Zurich. Reformers. Inu L'Epée. AnForeign Travel. King of England.

10 tistes Hess. Mr. Wilberforce. Zuingle. Do

cuments of Reformation. Clergy. Bible Society.

Lavater's Forgiveness of his Murderer. Aarau. LETTER II.

Good done by an English Clergyman. Balse.

M. Blumhardt. Stoves. Fountains. A Divine. Brussels, June 27.-Liege, July 1, 1823. Tombs of Erasmus and Ecolampadius. Holy

Alliance. Council of Basle. Likeness of ErasGrand. Nunnery. Chrysostom. Louis XVIII.

27 Lord Gambier. Antwerp. Bonaparte. Scheld. Brussels. St. Gudule. Popery. The Martyr Tyndale. Namur. Village of Waterloo. King

LETTER VII. of England. Coster. Battle of Waterloo. Huy. Liege

12 Moutiers, August 4.-Bern, August 11, 1823.

Sunday at Basle. View from table-d'hôte Room. LETTER III.

Valley of Moutiers. Anabaptists. Soyhier.

Court. Cormoret. Rock Pierre Pertuis. ObSpa, July 1.-Coblentz, July 10, 1823.

servations on Swisy Government. Neufchâtel.

Reformer Farel. Bienne, Island of St. Pierre. Road to Spa. Verviers. Aix la Chapelle. Charle

J.J. Rousseau. Seedorf. Bern. Voiturier. M. magne. Relics. King of England. Juliers. St. Austin. Sunday at Bergheim. Cologne. St.

Wyttenbach. The great Haller. Swiss Diet.

Sunday at Bern. Pastor Henhöfer . 31 Ursula. Tomb of Magi. Bonn. University of Catholics and Protestants. The Rhine. Drachensfels. Remagen. Andernach. Coblentz.

LETTER VIII. l'imber-float. Spy


Lauterbrunnen, August 12.- Grimseh, August LETTER IV.

17, 1823.

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St. Goar, July 11.-Carlsruh, July 19, 1823. View from Inn at Lauterbrunnen. Lake of Thun.

Interlacken. Unterseen. St. Beat. Staubbach. Scenery of Rhine. Ehrenbreitstein. French Mo Anecdote. Wengen Alp. Chalets. Avalanches

nument of Campaign in Russia. Discontent. from Jungfrau. Grindelwald. Anecdotes. GlaHirtzenach. Jew. Bingen. Vineyard. Weisba ciers. Sheideck Alp. Miserably wet Journey. den. Violation of Sabbath. Mentz. Franckfort. Reichen-bach. Valley of Meyringen. Lake of English Newspapers. Conversation of Priest. Brientz, Fall of Giessbach. Mud Torrents. Göthe. Revival of Religion. Darmstadt. Le Handeck. Grimsel. Sunday Reflections. Itaander Van Ess. Oppenheim. _Storks’-nests. lian Nobleman. Lord Byron .

37 Heildenberg. Martin Luther. Professor. Castle. Manheim. Flying Bridge. Schwetzingen. Carlsruh. Floods



Furca Alp, August 18.Bern, August 24, 1823.


Rastadt, July 20.-Schaffhausen, July 27, 1823.

Union of Lutherans and Calvinists. Pastor Hen

höfer. Importance of Gospel. Rastadt. Ulm. Kehl. Strasburg. Cathedral. Letters of Reformers. Emmendingen. Manner of Travelling. Food. Hoellenthal. Bad Inn. Black Forest. Donaueschingen. Danube. Mr. Canning. Switzerland. Schaff hausen. Innkeeper. Fall of Rhine. Swiss Sunday .


Glacier of Rhone. Furca Alp. Realp. Capuchin

Friar. Hospital. Cold. Valley of Reuss. De-
vil's Bridge. Amstag. New Road. Altorf.
William Tell. Fluellen. Lake of four Cantons.
Switz. Mount Righi. Storm. Mount Pilate.
Ruin of Goldau. Strangers' Book. King of
England. Italians and Russians. Küssnacht.
Lucern. William Tell. Wooden Bridges. Père
Girard. Luther. Zofingen. Herzogenbuchs.
Bern. Sunday. Fast. English Service. Go-
vernment of Bern and England .


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Morat, August 25.-Lausanne, August 31, 1823. Pont-beau-voisin, Sept. 20.-Lyon, Sept. 28, 1823. Battle of Morat. Avenche. Payerne. Lausanne. Chamberry. A Bookseller. Pont-beau-voisin.

Reformation. Translation of Scott. Lake of Roads. Bishop Berkeley. Sunday at Lyon. Geneva. Lodgings. Calvinism. Nyon. Cop Catholic Sermon. Gibbon. Rivers Saone and pet. M. Neckar. Madam de Staël. Geneva. Rhone. Fourvière. Hotel de Ville. RevoluRhone. Steam Boat. Death of Iissionaries tionary horrors at Lyon. Speech of Emperor Johnson and Palmer. The Pope. Ferney. Vol. Claudius. Roman Amphitheatre. Martyrs of taire. Sunday at Lausanne. Preachers. Per- Lyon. Cimetière. Arsenal. Death of Rev. secution. Calvin's Will. Arrêté at Lausanne. S. Arnott. Chamberry Peasant. Notice of 51 Martyrs in Second Century.



LETTER XVI. Geneva, Sept. 2.-Martigny, Sep. 6, 1823.

Lyon, September 28.-Geneva, October 6, 1823. Translation of Scott. Cathedral at Lausanne. Second Sunday at Lyon. Library. Hotel Dieu. Père Girard. Mont Blanc. Conversation with

Hôtel de la Charité. Sick Family. Journey Genevese. Savoy. Bonneville. Valley of Cluse.

to Geneva. Professor of Lausanne. Perte du Goitres. St. Martin's. Chède. Servoz. De

Rhone. L'Ecluse. Ferney. Voltaire. Ca. Saussure. Chamouny. Glacier of Bossons. Ac

tholics at Geneva. Fine Walks. Translation cident in Ascent of Mont Blanc. Italian Gen

of Scott. Satigny. Rejected Regent. Retemen. Montanvert. Couvercle.' Mer de Glace. Alps. Infamous Sentence in Strangers'

ligious Doctrine. Plan of Central Switzerland. Book. Teie Noire. Trient. French Emigrants.

Cathedral. Library: English Clergy. Sun

day at Geneva. Minister from Les Cevennes. 61 Règlement. M. Simond's Defence answered.


LETTER XVII. Great St. Bernard, Sept. 6.Brieg, Sept. 10, 1823.

Poligny, Oct. 7, 1823.-Paris, Oct. 11, 1823. Jardin of Mer de Glace. Forclaz. Bas Valais.

Martigny. Deluge of the Dranse. Sunday at Nyon. Calvin and Fletcher. Catholic Lady; Martigny. Sermon. Popery. Orsieres. Lyd- Conversation on Popery. Geneva. Prohibited des. Pious Admonition on Eternity. Great Books. Auxonne. Irish Catholics. Dijon. St. Bernard. Dogs. Monks. Chapel for Dead. Miraculous Image of Virgin. Palace of the Lives saved. Provost. Sion. Valais. Prayers

Dukes of Burgundy. Bossuet.

Waggons. at Great St. Bernard. Catholic Admonition.

Auxerre. Joigny. Cardinal de Retz. Fon67

tainebleau. Apartments of the Pope. BonaLETTER XIII.

parte's Abdication. Place of Madrid. Character of Bonaparte. Sens. St. Bernard.

Manners of People. Catholics receiving Tracts. Simplon, Sept. 11. Milan, Sept. 14, 1823.

Arrival at Paris.

103 Brieg. Simplon. Road. Persal. Descent into Italy. Domo d'Osola. Priests. Contrast be

LETTER XVIII. tween Switzerland and Italy. Lago Maggiore. Borromean Isles. Colassal Satue of Borro

Brighton, April 14, 1824. Milan. Scale of Vegetation on Alps. Marble Cathedral. St. Ambrose. St. Austin. Paris Bible Society. Deaf and Dumb Institution.

73 French Preachers. King's Almoner. Noble

man. Translation of Scott. Friends to whom LETTER XIV.

Author was introduced. Baron de Sacy.

Count d'Hauterive. Marquis de Jaucourt. Milan, Sept. 13.-Chamberry, Sept. 19, 1823.' Reflections on the whole Tour: 1. Supreme

Providence of God. 2. Opposite Evils of Su. Sunday at Milan. Sunday Schools. Punch. perstition and Infidelity. 3. Scenes of ReVirgin Mary. Ncisy Festival. Popery like formers' Labors. Luther. Beza.

Bucer. Paganism. Church of St. Ambrose. Library. Ecolampadius. Bullinger. Authenticity of 1 Amphitheatre of Bonaparte. Unfinished Tri- John v. 7, 8. 4. Duty of advancing the Age umphal Arch.

Remains of Roman Baths, CHARITY. 5. Importance of every Travel. Mint. Po. Tesin. Turin. Churches. Pa- ler being active. Advice to Invalids. Aneclace, Ambioggio. Lans-le-bourg. Ancient dotes. 6. Gratitude to God. Revocation of Arch at Susa. Mount Cenis Road. Reflec- the Edict of Nantes. Origin of Vaudois. tions. St. Michael. Aigue-belle. Chamberry. Expulsion from Valleys. Return. Need of Life of Borromeo. Extracts from Writings. Aid. 7. Prayer for Grace of HOLY SPIRIT. 79



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