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NAMES AND SUBJECTS IN THE FIFTH VOLUME.

Addison, remark by, 835

Adversity, remarks on, 158,171

Affliction, 73

Africa. Great Desert of, 39

Ahmrtl, the Cobbler; a Persian story,

131
Air Vulcanocs of Turbsio, 71
Albatross, the Wandering, description

of, 197
Alexis St. Martin, singular case of, 333
Alligator Hunt in (Y\ Ion. 193
Amiens, history of its Cathedral, 50
Amusements of Life. 203
Ancient Church in Dover Castle, 133
Animals, structure of, 80
Ants, ravages of, in the West Indies,

203
Aphorisms, 24. 31, 53, 62,77. 80, 112
Archery and Arms, 1S6
Architecture, Grecian, U7
Arisaig, Irle of, described, 84—Ferry

at. 255
Aristotle's opinion of Hooks, 308
Armadale, accommodations of the Inn

at, 355
Armies, ancient British and Saxon, 123
■ of tlie Middle Ages—Feudal

System. 122
Armour, and ancient military customs,

123
Asbestos, and incombustible Cloth, 33
Asia. Central, Table Land of. 40
Ass, the Wild, account of, 183

Bacon, remarks by, 41, 197, 308

Barrow, on the contemplation of the
works of Nature, 4

Bat, the Wing of. 53

Bee, Common, account of, 91

Benares, description of, 194

Ben Jonson, remark bv, 62

Bernard. St.. remark by, 200

Beveridge, Bishop, quotation from, 53

Beta, aphorism by. 115

Bible, the. a celestial messenger, 94

Black-Gang Chine, 109

Blood, use of, in regulating the animal
functions, 98

Borrodale, the Pretender's Asylum at,
354

Bowles, Rev. W. L., Lines by, on Chil-
dren gathering flowers in the. Ca-
thedral Churchyard, 27

— on the Poor

Blind Man of Salisbury Cathe-
dral, 156

Epitaph by, 230

Boyle. Extracts from, 62, 80. 94, 99,
159, 171

British Army, some account of its rise
and progress, 131

British Museum, its founder, 12

British Officer, adventures of a, during
the Peninsular war, 190

Browne, Sir T., remark by, 71

Buller, Judge, anecdote of, 99

Burke, remarks by, 90.115

Caernarvon Castle, North Wales, 64
Canary Bird, account of the, 918
Canary, or Fortunate, Islands, 130
Coraccas, New Protestant Chapel and
Burial-ground at, 151

Caribito, or Blood-fish, description of,
113

Caterpillar, Chrysalis, and Butterfly;
a Fable; 179

Caterpillars, curious tribe of, 343

Cathedrals described:—Rheima, 3—
Chichester, 26— Amiens, 50— Here-
ford, 74— Llaudaff, 114—Orleans,
133—Salisbury, 154— Strasburgh,
902—Senlis, 241

Cathedral Churchyard, lines written in,
27

Ceylon, Christianity In, 220

Chalmers, extracts from, U7. 150, 300,
935

Chapone, Mrs., her reason for early at-
tendance at Church. 80

Cheerfulness of Heart, 147

Cheerfulness, remark on, by Miss Tal-
bot, 93

Chicliester Cathedral, description of, 36

Children, their instruction in religion
the first duty of a parent, 23

Chinese Sage, aphorism of, 51

Cbotula fin Mexico), its Pyramid, 175

Christian Charity, remark on, bv Burke,
90

Christian Virtues, the dignity of, 179

Christianity in Ceylon. 920

Christianity, remark on, by Rose, 33

Churches, Primitive Christian, 198

Cinque Ports, account of, 15

Cities of Olr), 54

Civilisation, its tendency to prolong
life, 238

Clergy, remarks on their beneficial in-
fluence, 58

Coleridge, address of, to a Godchild, 79
extracts from. 138, 171. 191

Collingwood, Lord, his remarks on

Education, 51
Common Sense, remarks on, 136
Conisborough Castle, Yorkshire, 45
Conscience, 71
Contentment, 58
Contrition, remark on, bv Middleton,

76
Cornwall, St Michael's Mount, 52
Chair, 53

Cotton, cultivation of, 63

its manufacture, 100

Crosrnquet, Abbot of, remark by, 67
Croydon Palace, its history, 63
Curfew, Inquiry into its Origin, 7

Daisy, Address to, in India, 95
Daw, Sir Humphry, extracts from,

62, 132, 150
Diligence, remark on, bv Dr. Johnson,

13
Discontented, a word of advice to

the, 115
Discovery of Mineral Veins, 76
Dog, remarkable instance of sagacity

in, 99
Dover Castle, ancient Church in, 132
Dunstan, St., Church of, in Fleet-
street, its history, 98
Dwight, extract from, 94

Early Inhabitants of Britain, remarks

on, by Hollingshed, 64
Earth, changes of temperature in, 108
East India Stations—No. V., Benares,

194
Education, religious, its value, 44
Egg, Bum. Muck and Canna, Scottish

Isles, notice of, 88
Egotism, remark on, 53
Emigration from the Highlands, 350
England, Reflections of an American

Traveller on a Voyage to, 6
Eve's Apple-tree, 90
Example and Imitation, 54
Example and Precept, remark on, 4
Experimental Science, Familiar Illus-
trations of:—
II. Indestructibility of Matter, 13

III. Divisibility of Matter, 55

IV. Heat, Temperature, Radiation,
Conduction, 95

V. Heat, &c. continued. 118
VI. Heat, Expausion, 245

Fable of the Tortoise, Frog, and

Duck. 79 the North Wind, the Sun,

and the Traveller, 143
———— the Caterpillar, Chrysalis,

and Butterfly, 179

- the Swan and Donkev, 196

Fairy Rings, 200

Falls of Niagara, destruction of an

Indian and his canoe at the, 111
Fidelity, remarkable instance of, in a

Negro servant, 158
Fire,'Water, and Fame, an apologue.

53 16'

Firmness, its efficacy in overcoming

difficulties, 235
First Impressions, 64
Flesh-fly, its utility, 99
Flowers, scent of. Reflections on the,

183
Forbidden Fruit, or Eve's Apple-tree

of Ceylon, 90
Fort Willinm, account of, 353
Fountain-tree of Ferro, 131
Fretfulncss, remark on, by Sir Henry

Sidney, 77
Future state, remarks on preparation

tor, 71

Gardiner, Colonel, anecdote of, 33

Gibbet-law or Halifax, 33

Glenco. Massacre in the Vale of, 2£9

Globe Volvox. 243

Gloomy presages, method of fortifying
the soul against, 235

Glory and excellence only acquired by
care and labour, 30

fj'oldati. In Switzerland, fall of a moun-
tain at, 119

Gooch, Sir William, instance of his
humility, 80

Good example, remark on, bv Hovlc. 62
Good Works, remark on, 138
Grass-tree, (or Blick Boy), brief de-
scription of, 150
Great Numbers; I. Numbers descrip-
tive of Magnitude, 1.19
Grecian Architecture, 147
Gustavus Aflolphus «f Sweden, anec-
dote of, 23
Guy, Thomas, biographical notice of, 43
Gymnotus, or Electrical Eel. 108

Habit, Power of, 150

Habits, remarks on their influence, 91

Halfway Island, in the Indian Sea, 182

Halifax Gibbet-law, 32

Hall. Bishop, extracts from, 4. 110,

115. 132. 150. 171, 182,230
Happiness, how attained. 158

how produced, 175

Hart and Hind, the, 343

Henry, Prince of Wales, son of James

I., biographical uutice of, 93
Herbert, Lines by, ou sclf-examtna-

lion, 38
Hereford Cathedral, 74
Heresy, test of in the time of Henry

Hervey, remark by, 833
Highlanders, attachment of. to Charles

Edward, 954
Hindoo Music, specimen of, 328
Ilofwyl, jiccount of M. Fcllcuberg's

Schools at, 234
Hogarth, anecdote of, by Bishop Sand-
ford, 71
Honey.Guide, description of, 112
Hood, Sir Samuel, anecdote of, 323
Home, Bishop, extracts from, 58, 330
Human animal, remark ou, by Paluy,

heart. Its weakness, 67

life, its uncertainty, 99

Ice, Its beneficial effects, 149

Immortality, remark on, by Sir Hum-
phry Davy, 62

India, Itinerant Musicians of, 336

Indolence, Its miseries, 44

lona, insular Churches of, 83

Iron Mask, the Man in, 105

Isfahan, some account of the City of,
162—its Early Historv, 163—Its
Situation and Extent, 163— its In-
habitants and their Religion, 165—
its Commerce aod Manufactures,
168

Italy, Volcanic Regions of, 3

Itinerant Musiciausof India, 326

Jebb, Bishop, extract from, 347
Jesse, extracts from, 148, 159, 171,176
Johnson, I)r„ Last Days and Thoughts

of, 205 b ■ Selections from, 13, 71,

112. 150, 182,187. 197,308
Jones of Navland, remarks by, 11,

182, 230
Jonson, Ben, extracts from, 51, 62, 72
Juvenile Humauity, pleasing instance

of, 108

Ken, Bishop, Epitaph Tor, 230
King, Mrs. remark by, 94
Klopstock, remark by, 63
Knowledge productive of Happiness,

I.a Harpe, remark by, 44

Last Days and Thought, of Dr. John-
son, 305

LionL extraordinary story ot, 306

Hunt in South America, 146

Lisbon, Square ot the Little Pillar at,
218

Llandafr Cathedral, 114

Lobster, remarks on the periodical
casting of its shell, 339

Loch Leven, beautiful scenery of, 253

Loch Sunart. 251

Louvuin, the town of, described, 18

Lumiuous Appearance of the Sea, 204

Madagascar, island of, its history, 20
Man in the Iron Mask, 105
Mant, Bishop, extracts from,44,115,133
Matliematics, on the study of, 196
Matter, its Indestructibility, 13—divi-
sibility of, 55
Meal-hours, Remarks on the changes

in. 16
Mental Recreation, remarks on, 24
Merino Sheep and their Migrations, 181
Mexican Bees, 51

Michael's, St., Orange-plantations of,

Milton's opinion of Books, 14

Mines of Great Britain, No. III.. 76:

No. IV.. 180; No. V. 323.
Moderation, remarks on, by Ilijhoir

Hall. 330'
Moral Discipline, remarks on, 335
More, Hannah, Letters of, 305 Remarks bv, 171. 137.

230 ....

Mull. Isle of, 83, 250

Naturalist's Autumnal Walk, U0
Natural History, remark ou the study

of, 171
Natural^ Phenomena, Familiar Illus-
trations of;—
XII. Water, 103

XIII. Water, in its solid state, 149

XIV. Water iu a fluid state. 236
Nature and Art, the works of, com-
pared. 112

Nature, remarks on, by Sir Humphry
Davy, 150

Navigation, Commerce, and Discovery,
Historv or; Part I , 22; Part II,
43; Part III., 173

Needle-making, art of when intro-
duced into England, 77

Needle Rocks, the, 172

Nelson, Horatio, Lord, biographical
notice of, 137

North Cape, account of, 47

Notes from a Traveller's Scrap-book, 39

Nothing, Sonnet on, by Porson, 63

Oaks, remarks on planting or, by Lord

Collingwood, 14
Observation, remark ou by Bacon, 197
Ocean, lines on, 67
Ore, mode or working, in Mines, 323
Orleans, the Cathedral of, 138
Our Country and our Home, lines on,

Paley, extracts from, 68, 90
I'.ilmtuv. Wild. 146
Papyrus Plant, 138

Passions, unrestrained, their evil ef-
frets, 94

Peasants, Himalayan, singular use of
water by, 14

Persia, barbarous modes of Punish-
ment in, 112

Persian Story, 134

Personal Property, forms to be observed
in makiug Will, of, 18.78, 110.221

Petersburg!!. St., some account of the
City of, 210—its streets and pa bices,
312 —its houses, and mode of w arm-
ing them, 313—public buildings,
213—state of religion in, 214—
principal churches of, 215—com-
merce of, 216

Philosopher, Religious, an exalted cha-
racter, 182

Philosophy, modern literary, remark
on, 179

Plains and Deserts or the Globe, soma
account of, 33

Plantain, Ribwort, its uses, 56

Pleasure and Pain, 147

Poo], Cardiual, nnecdote of. 8

Popular Superstitious, notice or, 28, 69

Prayer, the girt ami grace or. Ill

Precept and Example, 110

Prepossessions, remark ou, 224

Presence or mind in a Highlander, 58

Pride, remark on, bv Dr. Johutiop, 203

Progress or Vegetation, reflections ou.
133

Prosperity and Adversitv—Soutliev.
136

Proverbs, 61

Providence, beneficence of, HO—beau-
tiful illustration of, 143

Providence, remark on, by Hall, 14

Pyrenees, Baltics or, 141

Pythagoras, Lord Chatham's approval
or his injunction, 60

Quarlrs, extracts from, 181,182

Raven Oak, the, 333
Reason, aphorism on, 56
Reculver, account or, 24
Redbreast, nestling of. 103
Reflections on sitting at ease in a coach
that went very fast, 159

on the lleanties or a Calm

Clear Night, 159

on view ing an old Lutheran

Church, 159

Religion, its importance, 90

influence of, 132

it* ust* in alleviating human

misery, 197
Resurrection1, remark on, by Sir T.

Browne, 71
Retirement, advantages of, 31
Revelation, ils truth confirmed. 176
Rlieimi Cathedral, History and D«-

sciiption of, 2
Rhiunald, Volley of, described, 29
Riches and Contentment, remark on,

138

remark on, by Bacon, 44

Rumours, the art of spreading, 1-13

Sabbath, Lines on the, by C. Crocker,
199

Salamanca, the Victory of, 5

Salisbury Cathedral, history and de-
scription of, 154

■ Lines on the Poor

Klind Man of, by the Rev. W. L.
Bowles, 156

Sancroft, Archbishop, his opinion of
woridlv glory, 44

Sandlord, Bishop, extracts from, G7. 71

Sarcophagus, Alabaster, Lines ad-
dressed to, 11

Satan's Footsteps, 200

Scepticism, remarks on, 54

Scilly Islands, 1243

Scotland, Highlands and Islands of,
80, 250

Scott, Sir Walter, extracts from, 62,
203

Scriptures, their beauty and impres-
siveness, 75

their beneficial influence, 115

INDEX TO THE ENGRAVINGS.

Scripture sentences, remark oil their
misapplication, 71

Secrets, remark on, 51

SenlU Cathedral. 242

Sensibility, remaiJis on, by Bishop
SandlVml, (V?

Sheep-eater of Hindoostan, 57

Silk, remarks on, 103

Skelton. remarks by, 8, 187

Sky, Isle of, account of, 255

Sleat, cclebraliou of the Sacrament at,
255

Sloane, Sir Hans, biographical notice
of, 12

Society, efleets of the conduct of a
Miser on, 102

Socrates, remark of, on improvement
in Virtue, 11

aphorism of, 53

Souah Wallah (or itinerant Gold-
smith) of Hindoostan. 170

Sorrows and Pleasures, indifference to
them recommended, 171

South America, Llanos of, 34

Animals and Vege-
tables of, 35

Pampas of, 38

Southern Hebrides, ancient forests of,
254

Southey, remarks by. 71, 136, 223, 247

Splugcu Pass, description of tiie, 29

Square of the Little Pillar, in Lisbon,
213

StafTi, Isle of, 83

St. Michael's Mount, Cornwall. 53

Steam-boat, anecdote concerning the
first in the West Indies, 14

Strnsburgh Cathedral, 202

Strontian, smuggling at, 252

Subterranean Works of a Mine. 180
Sugar, ils beneficial effects as Food for

Animals, 158
Sunday, its proper use defined, 75
Superstitious, popular, notice of, 28,

69
Superstition. 200

Surat, Hospital for Animals at, 115
Swan and Donkey, Fable of the, 196

Talapat Palm of Cevlon, Description
of, 186

Talbot. Miss, rematk by, 13

Taylor, Jeremy, remarks bv, 11, 67.
102, 136.138

Temperance, remark on, 11

Temperance Societies, beneficial ef-
fects of, 30

Temple. Sir W., aphorism of, 14

TenDv (in South Wales), description
of, 178

Teneriffe, Island of, 130

Thames and Medwny Canal, account
of. 231

Thankfulness for Mercies. 132

There is a Tongue in everv Leaf, 30

Tiger, curious anecdote of, 67

Tim*, Liues on, 181

value of, 203

verses on, by Knox, 4fl

Tipula, Natural history of, 56

Tongue, restraint of, its necessity aud
wisdom, 182

TortoUe. Frog, and Duck; a fable, 79

Toulouse, the ICutry into. 207

Trade, Fluctuations of, 132

Truth, its indestructibility, 171

■— remark on, 203

and Prejudice, remark on, 8

Tunnels, account of, 231
Tunny Fishery, account of, 10
Turbaco, Air Volcanoes of, 71

Vegetables, structure and growth, of, 116

Vegetable World, Providential arrange-
ment in the, 222

Virtues, remark of Xenophon on their
practice. 48

Vittoria, account of the Battle of, 59

Walton, Izaak, extracts from, 54, 136
Warwick, St. Mary's Church and tUa

County Hall at, IS8
Watch-making in Switzerland* 62
Water Lily, remarks on, 191.
Waterspouts, 159
Wealth, remark on, Walton, 136
Wellington Shield, 5, 59, 141, 207

- Dukedom of, conferred, 233
W hat is Time? au answer to, 203
Whirlwinds and Waterspouts, 159
White Owl, remarks ou its habits, 120
Wight, the Isle of, No. 111., 109; No.

IV., 172
Wild Ass of the Desert, 133
Wild Palm-tree, 140
Mills, Directions for making, 18, 78,

110,221

the mode of revoking, 19

Wine-store, Spanish, 187
Words like Leaves, 203

Worldly Happiness, La Harpe on, 41
Writing, ancient mode of, 51

Yak of Thibet, the. 143

Youth, on virtuous habits in, 94

Zeal, Christian, remark on, .\\3

Air Volcanoes of Turbaco, 72
Albatross, Wandering, 197
Antelope, Hart, and Hind, 248
Amiens Cathedral, France, 49
Architecture, illustrations of tho Or-
ders of, 148
Armadillo, 35
Artillery-soldiers and War-machines

of the fifteenth centurv, 125
Ass, Wild, of the Desert, 184

Baldrcus preaching to the Natives of
Ceylon, 221

Benares, View of a Ghaut or Landing-
place at, 193

Block-Gang Chine, Isle of Wight, 103

Dour, Wild of, Germany, 80

Caernarvon Castle, North Wales, 65
Caraccas, Protestant Cemetery at, 152
Castle of Armadale, Isle of Sky, 256
Chichester Cathedral, 25
Cholula (iu Mexico), Pyramid of, 176
Church, Primitive ChrUtiau, ground-
plan of, 198
Cliff, Mineral Vein in, and mode of

working, 77
Conisborough Castle, Yorkshire, 45
Cuituu-inauufacturo, illustrations of,
100, 101

Plant, Cultivation of the, 63,

Cotton, Georgian mode of cleaning, 69
Croydon Palace, interior of its Hall, 64
Curlew, representation of, 8

Diagrams to illustrate Experiments on

the Temperature of Water, 104
Dover Castle, aucieut Church in, 133

Egg, Scuirof,8S

Ethiopian Boar, head of, 80

Eve's Apple, or the Forbidden Fruit, 89

■■ , Fruit, and Flowers of, 96

Fairv Rings. 200
Fan-Palm, 36

Georgian mode of cleaning Cotton, C9

Gleuqo, the Vale of, 249

Goldiu, Switzerland, Church and

Buildings ou its site, 120
Guy, Thomas, Statue of, 41

Halifax Gibbet, 33

Henry Prince of Wales, son of James

I..93
Hereford Cathedral, 73
Hofwyl, View of M. Felleuberg*s

chief School at, 233
Honey Guide, 112

India, Itinerant Musicians of, 235
Inhabitants of tho Steppes of Asiatic

Taitary, 40
Iona, Ruins of, 81

Iuverlochy Castle and Ben Nevis, 253
Isfahan, General View of, 161 , Private Palace iu the Chahar

Bagh, ll">

, Front View of a Palace at.'IGS

Itinerant Musicians of India, 225

Lighthouse on the Scilly Islands, 24?
Lisbon, Square of Little Pillar iu, 217
Llondaff Cathedral, 113
Louvaiu. Town-hall aud Church at, 17
Luminous Insects, 204, '205

Machine for separating the Cotton
Pods, 68

Man iu the Iron Mask, 105

Madagascar, Natives of, 21

Melon Cactus, 36

Military Costume of Edward the Black
Prince, 121

of the fifteenth cen-
tury, 128

Mine, first shaft of, 76
Mining, diagram illustrative of its
operations, ISO, 181

Natives of Madagascar preparing

Bread from the Manioc Root, 21
Needles, Isle of Wight, View of, 1/3
North Cape, View of, 48

Orleans Cathedral, in Franco, 137

Palm, wild, of the Desert, 145

Peak or Ten-rifle, Crater of the. 136

Petersburg)!, St, Marble Palace at. 209

New Exchange at, 213

Statue of Peter the Great

at, 214

, English Quay at, 216

Pol goo th Tin Mine, interior of, 224
Protestant Cemetery at Caraccas, 152

Reculver Church, 04

Hheims Cathedral, in France, I

Rhinwold, Valley of the, 29

Salisbury Cathedral, 153

Sand-storm iu the Desert of Sahara,
33

Scilly Islands, Lighthouse on, 242

Senlis Catlredral,241

Sheep-eater of Hindoostan and his
Guru. 57

Sloane, Sir Hans, monument of, 12

Soldiers and Canuon of the fourteenth
aud lifleenih centuries, 124

Sonah Wallah, or itinerant Goldsmith
of India, 169

Stafia, Isle of, 81

St. Dunstau's in the West, Fleet-
street, 97

St. Michael's Mount, Cornwall, 52

Chair, 53

Strasburgh Cathedral, 201

Talapat Palm of Ceylon, 195
Taitary, Inhabitants of, 40
Tellipally, Christian Church of, 220
Temperature, illustrations of an expe>-

rlment on, 119
Tenby ( Pembrokeshire), View of, 177
Teuefiue, Island and Peak of, 129
Thibet, Yak of. 143
Town-hall, Lou vain, 17
Tunuel of the Thames and Mcdwuy

Canal, 202
Tunny, mode of ftshing for, 9
■ the common, and diagram of

the tvnnaro, 19
Turbaco, Air Volcanoes of, 79

Vegetable Phvsiologv, Illustrations of.

116, 117'
Valley of the Rhinwnld, In the Snowy

Alps, 29

Walmer Castle, Kent, 16

Warwick, View of St. Mary's Charch

and the Town-hall, ISS
Water. Diagrams to illustrate the raotlo

of conveying, 236, ^37
Waterspout, dispersion of, at sew, ICO
Wellington Shield.sixth compart men*. 5
-, seventh compo.it-

-, eighth com par t-

-, ninth compartment,

— ■ -, tenth eomi-artmci.t,

240
Wild Ass of the Desert, 184
Wild Hoar of Germany, skeleton of, 8/3

Yak of Thibet, 143

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UNDER THE DIRECTION OF THE COMMITTEE OF GENERAL LITERATURE AND EDUCATION, APPOINTED BY THE SOCIETY FOR PROMOTING CHRISTIAN KNOWLEDGE.

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THE CATHEDRAL OF RHEIMS. Reims, or Rheims, is a large and ancient city, in the north-east of the kingdom of France, in the department of the Marne. It is situated on the right bank of the little river Vesle, in the midst of a large plain, which is bounded at a distance by a chain of low vine-covered hills.

The Cathedral, which is more particularly the subject of our present notice, is a noble Gothic edifice of the twelfth century, and one of the finest specimens of that kind of architecture in France. It is said to have been founded in 818 by the Archbishop Ebon, afterwards Pope Eugenius the Fourth, in the reign of Louis the First, surnamed Le De'bonnaire. The accounts which are given of the edifice then erected, its paintings and sculptures, its marbles and mosaics, its tapestries, and splendid windows, seem to indicate that it was of great importance. But doubts have been expressed, whether the early structure thus spoken of was really one occupying the site of the present Cathedral, and not the church of St. Remi. However, this building was burnt down in 1210, together with a portion of the city itself. But this disaster was soon repaired; for the age was one in which the people felt strongly the influence of religion, and contributed largely to works which had for their object its support and diffusion. Accordingly, the piety of individuals, the liberality of princes, and the zeal of the clergy, soon caused a sum to be amassed, sufficient to replace the ancient Cathedral, of Rheims by a nobler and more splendid edifice; and the year after the destruction of the old building, the first stone of the new one was laid. The work proceeded with great rapidity; the altar was dedicated on the 18th of October, 1213, and twenty-seven years afterwards, the body of the church was finished; the whole time occupied in the erection being only thirty years, and but one architect being engaged throughout that period. It is to this circumstance, probably, that we are to attribute that unity of style and design which in a great measure distinguish this Cathedral.

"In the richness and magnificence of the external architecture," says Mr. "Woods, "Rheims is superior to every other Cathedral I have seen, and probably to any which has ever been erected." The principal, or western front is the great object of attraction; it is frequently considered as the finest work of its kind in existence, and, according to a common saying in France, is one of the four parts, the union of which is necessary to the composition of a perfect Cathedral; the other three being the spire of Chartres, the nave of Amiens, and the choir of Beauvais. The lower part of this front is divided into three porches or doorways. This arrangement, which is, to be seen in some of our Cathedrals, is very generally observable in the larger religious edifices of France; and we are told that these three entrances corresponded to three internal divisions, each of which was reserved for a special use; the middle one being for the clergy, that on the right for the men, and that on the left for the women.

The central porch is divided into two parts by a pilaster, (a disposition very common in France,) which is adorned by an image of the Virgin, to whom the Cathedral is consecrated. The sides of the three porches are decorated with a row of colossal statues, thirty-five in number, representing patriarchs, prophets, kings, bishops, virgins, and martyrs. The arches above and the pediments which surmount them, present an elaborate composition in sculpture, in which, according to a French writer, the artist has given full range to his genius. Our readers, will

obtain a correct notion of the richness and magnificence of this front.

Above the porches, and a little thrown hack, rjs.es the remainder of this beautiful front. Above the central one, is the great rose window, the workmanship of which is remarkably rich, and very carefully executed. Over the right porch is a lofty opening for a window, but not filled with glass; and over the left door-way is a similar one. The space occupied by these windows is broken into three, divisions, by four projecting piers, ornamented each with a statue, and terminating in small octagonal turrets. Higher still is the gallery of kings, an elegant colonnade, decorated with forty-two statues of the kings of France, from Clovis to Charles the Sixth; and this is surmounted by two towers, which complete this magnificent front.

The interior of this Cathedral corresponds with its exterior. It is vast and noble; and its appearance has much that is imposing. The obscurity of the nave, contrasted with the light of the aisles, has a very curious effect; in the former, the coloured glass has been preserved, while in the latter it has very little colour. The whole length of the building is 466 feet, and its breadth upwards of 90; the height of the nave is 121 feet, and that of the aisles about 54. The plan of the edifice is a Latin cross. The choir occupies nearly one half of its length.

The chancel, which is situated at the middle of the cross-aisle, raised upon several steps, is remarkable for its beautiful mosaic pavement, which formerly belonged to the church of the ancient Abbey of St. Nicaise, and was rempved to the Cathedral in 1791, when that church was pulled down. The altar, which is of modern construction, is of variegated marble, and ornamented with gilt bronze. It is a beautiful piece of workmanship, and was the gift of a rich canon, who, by his economy, frugality, and above all, his peculiar skill in the cultivation of vines, was enabled to amass a considerable fortune, which he devoted entirely to the embellishment of this Cathedral, to the relief of the poor, and to the promotion of objects of a public nature. Unfortunately, the canon's liberality was scarcely equalled by his good taste and discernment; the old altar, which had existed from the earliest years of the church, was displaced in 17-17, to make room for his new present, and the church was thus deprived of an extremely rare and valuable specimen of the kind of monuments used as altars in the twelfth, thirteenth, and fourteenth centuries.

Behind the choir, so called, is what the French denominate the arriire-chceur. It occupies the space usually devoted to the chancel, and does not seem to be ever used for any definite purpose. In former times, it was the depositary of the treasure of the Cathedral, of all the many rich and valuable gifts, which kings, prelates, and pious individuals of various classes and conditions, had offered as an earnest of their zeal and devotion. The immense wealth which was brought together in this treasury, rendered it one of the richest in France. It contained avast numberof works, executed in the precious metals, gold and silver vases, chalices, sets of all the various utensils employed in the service of the church, which were not less valuable for the richness of their materials than for the beauty and finish of the workmanship. Of nearly all these, however, the Cathedral was despoiled in 1791; they were confiscated by a decree of the National Assembly, and coined into money for the service of the State. The few that remained were destroyed during the revolutionary frenzy of 1793.

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