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he half a year behind hand with the in any of your papers ; I think the suffashionable and polite part of the world, frage of our Poet Laureat should not be than to Itrain himself beyond his cir- overlooked, which shews the opinion he cumstances. My bookfeller has now entertains of your paper, whether the about ten thousand of the third and notion he proceeds upon be true or false. fourth volumes, which he is ready to I made bold to convey it to you, not publish, having already disposed of as knowing if it has yet come

to your large an edition both of the first and hands. second volumes. As he is a person

ON THE SPECTATOR. whose head is very well turned to his business, he thinks they would be a

BY MR. TATE. very proper present to be made to per

-ALIUSQUE IT IDIM fons at christenings, marriages, visitingdays, and the like joyful folemnities, as

HOR. Carn. Sæc. v. 1o. several other books are frequently given at funerals. He has printed them in fuch a little portable volume, that many WHEN firft the Tatler to a mute was of them may be ranged together upon a turn'd, single plate; and is of opinion, that a Great Britain for her Censor's filence mourn'd; salver of Spectators would be as accept- Robb’d of his sprightly beams, the wept the able an entertainment to the ladies as a night, falver of sweetmeats.

Till the Spectator rose, and blaz'd as bright. I fhall conclude this paper with an

So the first man the sun's first setting view'd, epigram lately sent to the writer of the

And figh'd, till circling day his joys renew'd,

Yet doubtful how that second sun to name, Spectator, after having returned my

Whether a bright successor, or the same. thanks to the ingenious author of it.

Sowe; but pow from this suspence are freed,

Since all agree, who both with judgment SIR,

read, HAVING heard the following epi; 'Tis the same fun, and does himself fuc

gram very much commended,' I ceed. wonder that it has not yet had a place




-Βαθυρρε ιταο μέγα σθένΘ- 'Ωκεανοϊο.




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quently gives his imagination one of the (PON reading your essay concern- highest kinds of pleasure that can arife

ing the Pleasures of the Imagina- from greatness. I must confess, it is tion, I find among the three fources of impoflible for me to survey this world those pleasures which you have disco. of 'Auid matter, without thinking on Fered, that greatness is one. This has the hand that first poured it out, and suggested to me the reason why, of all made a proper channel for it's recepe objects that I have ever seen, there is tion. Such an object naturally raises none which affects my imagination fo in my thoughts the idea of an Almighmuch as the fea or ocean. I cannot fee ty Being, and convinces me of his exiftthe heavings of this prodigious bulk of ence as much as a metaphysical demon. waters, even in a calm, without a very stration. The imagination prompts the pleasing altanishment; but when it is understanding, and by the greatness of woked up in a tempest so that the ho. · the fenfible object, produces in it the rizon on every fide is nothing but foam- idea of a Being who is neither circum. , ing billows and floating mountains, it fcribed by time nor space. is impossible to describe the agreeable As I have made several voyages upon horror that rises from such a prospect. the sea, I have often been tossed in A troubled ocean, to a man who fails storms, and on that occafion have freupon it, is, I think, the biggest object quently reflected on the descriptions of that he can see in motion, and conse. them in ancient poets. I remember




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Longinus highly recommends one in a divine Ode, made by a gentleman Homer, because the pott has not amused upon the conclusion of his travels. himself with little fancies upon the occalion, as authors of an inferior genius,

1. whom he mentions, had done, but be- How are thy servants bleft, O Lord! cause he has gathered together thole cir- How sure is their defence! cumstances which are the most apt to, Eternal Wisdom is their guide; terrify the imagination, and which really Their help, Omnipotence. happen in the raging of a tempeit. It

11. is for the fame reason, that I prefer the In foreign realms and lands remote, following description of a thip in a Supported by thy care, ftorm, which the Psalmitt has made, Through burning climes I pars d unhurt, before any other I have ever met

And breath'd in tainted air. with. They that go down to the sea * in Yhips, that do buliness in great wa. Thy mercy sweeter'd every foil, ters: thicle see the works of the Lord,

Made ev'ry region please: and his wonders in the deep. For hé The hoary Alpine hills it warm'd, - commandeth and raiseth the tormy

And smooth'd the Tyrrhene (casewind, which liftethup the waters thereof: they mount up to the heaven, Think, O my foul, devoutly think,

How with affrighted eyes, they go down again to the depths, 6 their soul is melted because of trou

Thou law'lt the wide extended deep

In all it's horrors rise! ble. They reel to and fro, and itagger like a drunken man, and are at their wits end. Then they cry unto

Confusion dwelt in ev'ry face, the Lord in their trouble, and he

And fear in ev'ry heart; . bringetli them out of their diftreffes.

When waves on waves, and gulphs on gu'phs,

O'ercame the pilot's art. • He maketh the storm a calın, so that

the waves thereof are ftill. Then they Yet then from all my griefs, O Lord,

are glad, becaule 'they be quiet: lo • he bringeth thein unto their defired

Thy mercy let me free,

Whilft in the confidence of pray't haven."

My soul took hold on thee. By the way, how much more comfortable, as well as rational, is this fyf. For though in dreadful whirls we hung tem of the Psalmist, than the Pagan

High on the broken wave, scheme in Virgil, and other poets, where

I knew thou wert noi now to hear, one deity is represented as raising a

Nor impotent to save. ftorm, and another as laying it? Were we only to consider the sublime in this

The storm was laid, the winds retird, piece of poetry, what can be nobler than

Obedient to thy will; * the idea it gives us of the Supreme Be- The sea that roard at thy command,

ing thus raising a tumult among the At thy command was still.
elements, and recovering them out of
their confusion, thus troubling and be-

In midst of dangers, fears, and death, calming nature ?

Thy goodness I'll adore, Great painters do not only give us And praise thee for thy mercies past, landikips of gardens, groves, and mea- And humbly hope for more. dows, but very often employ their pen

X. cils upon sea-pieces: I could wish you My life, if thou preserv'it my life, would follow their example. If this Thy sacrifice sha}l be; fmall sketch may deserve a place ainong And death, if death muft be my doom, your works, I shall accompany it with Shall join my soul to thee.



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HOR. OD. XIV. 1.2. VER. 21

- CRLECK.) purgare I Have very long entertained an am. veins. When this affection is enjoyed

in the most fublime degree, unkkilful most agreeable and delightful name in eyes see nothing of it; but when it is nature. If it be not fo in itself, all the subject to be changed, and has an allay wiler part of mankind from the begin- in it that may make it end in distalte, ning of the world to this day has con- it is apt to break into rage, or overflow fented in an error: but our unbappiness into fondness, before the reft of the in England has been, that a few loose world. men of genius for pleasure have turned Uxander and Viramira are amorous it all to the gratification of ungoverned and young, and have been married thele delires, in despite of good sense, forin, two years; yet do they so much diftinand order ; when, in truth, any satis- guish each other in company, that in faction beyond the boundaries of rea. your conversation with the dear things fon, is but a step towards madness and you are still put to a sort of cross-pusfolly. But is the sense of joy and ac- poses.. Whenever you address yourself complishment of desire no way to be in- in ordinary discourse to Viramira, the dulged or attained? and have we appe. turns her head another way, and the tites given us not to be at all gratified? answer is made to the dear Uxander : Yes certainly: marriage is an inftitu- if you tell a merry tale, the application tion calculated for a constant scene of is still directed to her dear; and when delight as much as our being is capable the should commend you, the says to of. Two persons who have chosen each him, as if he had spoke it- That is, other out of all the species, with design 'my dear, so pretty.'. This puts me to be each other's mutual comfort and in mind of what I have somewhere read entertainment, have in that action bound in the admired memoirs of the famous themselves to be good-humoured, affa- Cervantes, where, while honest Sancho ble, discreet, forgiving, patient, and Pança is putting some necessary humble joyful, with respečt to each other's frail- queition concerning Rozinante, his lupties and perfeétions, to the end of their per, or his lodging, the Kuight of the lives. The wiser of the two (and it al. SorrowfulCountenanceis ever improving ways happens that one of them is fuch) the harınless lowly hints of his squie will

, for her or liis own fake, keep things to the poetical conceit, rapture, and from outrage with the utmost sanctity. flight, in contemplation of the dear Dule, When this union is thus preserved, (as cinea of his affections. I have often faid) the most indifferent On the other side, Dictamnus and circumstance administers delight. Their Maria are ever squabbling, and you condition is an endless source of new may observe them all the time they are gratifications. The married man can in company, in a state of impatience. say— If I am unacceptable to all the As Uxander and Viramira with you all world beside, there is one whom I in- gone, that they may be at frecciom for tirely love, that will receive me with dalliance; Dictamnus and Maria wait joy and transport, and think herself your absence, that they may speak their obliged to double her kindness and harth interpretations on each other's

carestes of me from the gloom with words and actions during the time you ' which the fees me overcast. I need were with them,

not dillemble the sorrow of my heart It is certain that the greater part of ! to be agreeable there, that very ore the evils attending this condition of life, . row quickens her affection.'

arises from fashion. Prejudice in this This passion towards each other, when case is turned the wrong way, and inonce well fixed, enters into the very Itead of expecting more happiness than conftitution, and the kindnels flows as we shall meet with in it, we are laughed easily and filently as the blood in the into a prepolleslion, that we mall be


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disappointed if we hope for lafting fatis. more gentlemanly turn to the epigram, factions.

But, under favour of him and all other With all persons who have made good such fine gentlemen, I cannot be perfense the rule of action, marriage is de- fuaded but that the passion a bridegroom fcribed as the itate capable of the highett has for a virtuous young woman, will, human felicity. Tully has epiltles full by little and little, grow into friend ihip, of affectionate pleasure, when he writes and then it is ascended to a higher plekto his wife, or speaks of his children, sure than it was in it's first fervour. But above all the hints of this kind I Without this happens, he is a very un. have met with in wri ers of ancient date, fortunate man who has entered into this I am pleated with an epigram of Mar- state, and left the habitudes of life he tial, in honour of the beauty of his wife might have enjoyed with a' faithful Cleopatra. Commentators say it was friend. But when the wife proves cawritten the day after his wedding.night. ' pable of filling serious as well as joyous When his fpoule was retired to the hours, the brings happiness unknown to bathing-room in the heat of the day, he, friendthip itself. Spenser speaks of each it seems, came in upon her when the kind of love with great juitice, and atwas just going into the water. To her tributes the highest praise to friendship; beauty and carriage on this occafion we and indeed there is no disputing that owe the following epigram, which I point, but by making that friendhip thewed my friend Will. Honeycomb in take place between two married persons. French, who has translated it as follows, without understanding the original. I

Hard is the doubt, and difficult toitteem,

When all three kinds of love together meet, expect it will pleale the English better than the Latin reader.

And do difpart the heart with pow'r et.

treme, When my bright confort, now Áor wife Whether shall weigh the balance down; not maid,

to wit, A tham'd and wanton, of embrace afraid,

The wear affection unto kindred fwret, Fled to the Atreams, the streams my fair

Or raging fire of love to womankind, betray'd;

Orzeal of friends combin'd by virtues mect: To my fond eyes me all transparent food,

But, of them all, the band of virtuous mind She bluth'd, í smild at the right covering Methinks the gentle heart should moft af. flood.

[ured bind. Thus thro' the glass the lovely lily glows, Thus through the ambient gemn fines forth

For natural affection foon doth ceafe, the rose.

And quenched is with Cupid's greater Aame; I saw new charms, and plung'd to seize my

But faithful friendfhip doth them both fupftore,

press, Kiffes I snatch'd, the waves prevented more.

And them vith mastering discipline doth


Through thoughts aspiring to eternal fame. My friend would not allow that this

For as the soul doth rule the earthlymus, luscious account could be given of a And all the service of the body frame; wife, and therefore used the word Con

So love of foul doth love of body país, fort; which he learnediy said, would No less than perfect gold surmounts the Serve for a mistress as well, and give a meanet brass.




T is common with me' to run from imagination. The writings that please

book to book, to exercise my mind me moit on such occasions are ftories, with many objects, and quality myself for the truth of which there is good au... for my daily labours. After an hour thority. The mind of man is naurally fpent in this loitering vay of reading, a lover of justice, and when we reard a something will remain to be food to the story wherein a criminal is overraken,


973 in whom there is no quality which is ful to himself, is necessarily followed the object of pity, the soul enjoys a cer- by diftafte and averlon. Rhynfault be. tain revenge for the offence done to it's ing resolved to accomplish his will on nature, in the wicked a&tions committed the wife of Danvelt, left no arts untried in the preceding part of the history.. to get into a familiarity at her house; This will be better understood by the but the knew his character and disposi. reader from the following narration it- tion too well, not to fhun all occalions self, than froin any thing which I can that might ensnare her into his conversay to introduce it.

sation. The governor despairing of suça,

cess by ordinary means, apprehended WHEN Charles Duke of Burgundy, and imprisoned

her husband,

under prefirnamed The Bold, reigned over tence of an information that he was Spacious dominions now swallowed up guilty of a correspondence with the eneby the power of France, he heaped many mies of the duke to betray the town favours and honours upon Claudius into their possession. This design bad Rhynsault, a German, who had served it's desired effect; and the wife of the him in his wars against the insults of his unfortunate Dan velt, the day before Deighbours. A great part of Zealand that which was appointed for his exewas at that time in subjection to that cution, presented herself in the hall of dukedom. The prince himself was a the governor's house, and as he passed person of lingular, humanity and justice. through the apartment, threw herself Rhynsault, with no other real quality, at his feet, and holding his knees bethan courage, had dissimulation enough seeched his mercy. Rhynfault beheld to pass upon his generous and unsuspi. her with a dissembled fatisfaction, and cious master for a person of blunt ho- assuming an air of thought and authonefty and fidelity, without any vice that rity, he bid her arise, and told her the could bias him from the execution of must follow him to his closet; and afk. justice. His highness preposessed to his ing her whether the knew the hand of advantage, upon the decease of the go- the letter he pulled out of his pocket, vernor of his chief town of Zealand, · went from her, leaving this admonition gave Rhynfault that command. He aloud— If you will save your husband, was not long feated in that government, you must give me an account of all before he cast his eyes upon Sapphira, you know without prevarication; for a woman of exquisite beauty, the wife every body is fatisfied he was too fond of Paul Danvelt, a wealthy merchant of ' of you to be able to hide from

you the city under his protection and go- • the names of the rest of the confpiravernment. Rhynfault was a man of a tors, or any other particulars whatso. warm conftitution, and violent inclina- ' ever.' He went to his closet, and tion to women, and not unskilled in the foon after the lady was sent for to soft arts which win their favour. He an audience. The servant knew his knew what it was to enjoy the satisface distance when matters of fate were tions which are reaped from the possef- to be debated; and the governor layfion of beauty, but was an utter stranger ing aside the air with which he had to the decencies, honours, and delicacies, appeared in public, began to be the fufthat attend the passion towards them in plicant, to rally an aftli&tion, which it elegant minds. However, he had so was in her power easily to remove, and much of the world, that he had a great relieve an innocent man from his im. share of the language which usually prisoninent. She easily perceived his prevails upon the weaker part of that intention; and, bathed in tears, began to lex, and he could with his tongue utter deprecate so wicked a design. Luft, a passion with which his heart was like ambition, takes all the faculties of wholly untouched. He was one of those the mind and body into it's service and brutal minds which can be gratified subjection. Her becoming tears, her with the violation of innocence and beau. honest anguilh, the wringing of her ty, without the lealt pity, passion, or hands, and the many changes of her polove to that with which they are so much Aure and figure in the vehemence of --' delighted. Ingratitude is a vice inle- speaking, were but so many attitudes parable from a lustful man; and the in which he beheld her beauty, and farpofleffion of a woman by him who has ther incentives of his defire." All hu. no thought but allaying a passion pain- manity was lost in that one appetite,


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