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and relying wholly upon your goodness and me with wonderful tokens of kindness. We botl, remembrance, and resting, in all true humbleness, wept, which I do not often. Your majesty's most devoted, and

Endorsed, faithful subject and servant,

A letter to Sir George Villiers, touching a message FR. Bacon.

brought to him by Mr. Shute, of a promise of the chancellor's place.



ploy it.


According to his majesty's pleasure by you MR. TOBIE MATTHEW* TO SIR FRANCIS BACON, signified to me, we have attended my lord chancellor,t my lord treasurer,† and Mr. Chancel

MAY IT PLEASE YOU, Sir, lor of the Exchequer,s concerning Sir Gilbert

The notice I have from my Lord Roos, Sir Houghton's patent stayed at the seal; and we

Henry Goodere, and other friends, of the extreme have acquainted them with the grounds and state

obligation wherein I continue towards you, toof the suit, to justify them that it was just and

gether with the conscience I have of the knowbeneficial to his majesty. And for any thing we could perceive by any objection or reply they and daily pray that you may rise to that height

and love

you, , made, we left them in good opinion of the same, which the state wherein you live can give you, with this, that because my lord chancellor (by the

hath taken away the wings of fear, whereby I advice, as it seemeth, of the other two had ac

was almost carried away from daring to importune quainted the council-table, for so many as were then present, with that suit amongst others, they always been, and are still, towards me; or rather

you in this kind. But I know how good you have thought fit to stay till his majesty's coming to because I am not able to comprehend how much town, being at hand, to understand his farther

it is; I will presume there is enough for any use, pleasure. We purpose, upon his majesty's com

whereupon an honest humble servant may eming, to attend his majesty, to give him a more particular account of this business, and some

It imports the business of my poor éstate, that other. Meanwhile, finding his majesty to have care of the matter, we thought it our duty to have divers friends in that court, who will further

I be restored to my country for some time; and I return this answer to you in discharge of his have divers friends in that court, who will further

my desire thereof, and particularly Mr. Secretary majesty's direction. We reinain

Lake and my Lord Roos, whom I have desired to Your assured friends,

confer with you about it. But nothing can be FR. BACON, HENRY YELVERTON.

done therein, unless my Lord of Canterburyt July 6, 1615

may be rnade propitious, or at least not averse ; nor do I know in the world how to charm him but by the music of your tongue. I beseech you, sir, lose some minutes upon me, which I shall be

glad to pay by whole years of service; and call Sir,--The message which I received from you by Mr. Shute hath bred in me such belief and to mind, if it please you, the last speech you made

me, that if I should continue as I then was, and confidence as I will now wholly rely upon your neither prove ill-affected to the state, nor become excellent and happy self. When persons of greatness and quality begin speech with me of otherwise than a mere secular man in my religion,


would be pleased to negotiate for my return. the matter, and offer me their good offices, I can on my part the conditions are performed ; and it but answer them civilly. But those things are but toys: I am yours surer to you than to mine remains, that you do the like : nor can I doubt

but that the nobleness of your nature, which loves own life; for, as they speak of the turquois stone in a ring, I will break into twenty pieces before nothing in the world so well as to be doing of

good, can descend from being the attorney-general you have the least fall. God keep you ever.

Your truest servant,

* Son of Dr. Tobie Matthew, Archbishop of York. He was February 15, 1615.

Church, and educated there. During his travels abroad, he

was seduced to the Romish religion by Father Parsons. This My lord chancellor is prettily amended. I was cccasioned his living out of his own country from the year with him yesterday almost half an hour. He used 1607 to 1617, when he had leave to return to England. He

was again ordered to leave it in October, 1618; but, in 1622, was recalled to assist in the match with Spain; and, on account of his endeavours to promote it, was knighted by King

James I. at Royston, on the 10th of October, 1623. He trans. Thomas Howard, Earl of Suffolk.

lated into Italian Sir Francis Bacon's Essays, and died at O Sir Fulk Grevile, advanced to that post October 1, 1614, Ghent in Flanders, October 13, 1655, N. S. in the room of Sir Julius Cæsar, made Master of the Rolls. † Dr. George Albot. Vol. III.-13



born at Oxford in 1578, while his father was Dean of Christ

* Hari, MSS, vol. 6986. + Ellesmere.



to a great king, to be solicitor for one of the MR. TOBIE MATTHEW TO SIN FRANCIS BACON, meanest subjects that he hath. I send my letter to my lord's grace open, that May IT PLEASE vour Honour,

you seal it (if you shall think fit to seal it, Such as know your honour may congratulate and rather not to deliver it open) you may see the with you the favour which you have lately received reasons that I have; which, if I be not partial, are from his majesty, of being made a counsellor of very pregnant. Although I confess, that till it state :* but as for me, I must have leave to conwas now very lately motioned to me by some gratulate with the council-table, in being so happy Honourable friends, who have already procured to as to have you for an assessor. I hope these are lisimpression his majesty of some hard conceit but beginnings, and that the marriage, which now he had me in, I did not greatly think thereof; I perceive that fortune is about to make with and now I am full of hope that I shall prevail. virtue, will be consummate in your person. I canFor supposing that my Lord of Canterbury's mind not dissemble, though I am ashamed to mention, is but made of iron, the adamant of your persua- the excessive honour which you have vouchsafed sion will have power to draw it. It may please to do unto my picture. But shame ought not to you either to send a present answer hereunto, or, be so hateful as sin; and without sin I know not since I am not worthy of so much favour, to tell how to conceal the extreme obligation, into which either of those honourable persons aforenamed what I am entered thereby, which is incomparably more the answer is, that accordingly they may co-operate. than I can express, and no less than as much as I

This letter goes by Sir Edward Parham, a gen- am able to conceive. And as the copy is more tleman whom I have been much beholden to. I fortunate than the original, because it hath the know him to be a perfect honest man; and since, I honour to be under your eye, so the original, being protest, I had rather die than deceive you, I will much more truly yours than the copy can be, humbly pray, that he may rather receive favour aspires, by having the happiness to see you, to from you than otherwise, when he shall come in put the picture out of countenance. your way, which at one time or other all the I understand by Sir George Petre,+ who is arworld there must do." And I shall acknowledge rived here at the Spa, and is so wise as to honour myself much bound to you, as being enabled by you extremely, though he have not the fortune to this means to pay many of my debts to him. be known to your honour, that he had heard how

I presume to send you the copy of a piece of a my Lord of Canterbury had been moved in my letter, which Galileo, of whom I am sure you behalf, and that he gave way unto my return. have heard, wrote to a monk of my acquaintance This, if it be true, cannot have happened without in Italy, about the answering of that place in some endeavour of your honour; and, therefore, Joshua, which concerns the sun's standing still, howsoever I have not been particularly advertised and approving thereby the pretended falsehood of that your honour had delivered my letter to his Copernicus's opinion. The letter was written by grace; yet now methinks I do as good as know it, occasion of the opposition, which some few in and dare adventure to present you with my humItaly did make against Galileo, as if he went blest thanks for the favour. But the main point about to establish that by experiments which ap- is, how his majesty should be moved ; wherein pears to be contrary to Holy Scripture. But he my friends are straining courtesy; and unless I makes it appear the while by this piece of a let- have your honour for a master of the ceremonies to ter which I send you, that if that passage of take order, who shall begin, all the benefit, that I Scripture doth expressly favour either side, it is can reap by this negotiation, will be to have the for the affirmative of Copernicus's opinion, and reputation of little judgment in attempting that for the negative of Aristotle's. To an attorney- which I was not able to obtain; and that howsoever general in the midst of a town, and such a one I have shot fair, I know not how to hit the mark. as is employed in the weightiest affairs of the I have been directed by my Lord Roos, who was kingdom, it might seem unseasonable for me to the first mover of this stone, to write a letter, interrupt you with matter of this nature. But I which himself would deliver to the Master of the know well enough in how high account you have Horse, who doth me the honour to wish me very the truth of things : and that no day can pass, well : and I have obeyed his lordship, and beseech wherein you give not liberty to your wise thoughts your honour, that you will be pleased to prevent, of looking upon the works of nature. It may or to accompany, or second it with your commenplease you to pardon the so much trouble which dation, lest otherwise the many words that I have I give you in this kind; though yet, I confess, I used have but the virtue of a single 0, or cipher. do not deserve a pardon, because I find not in But, indeed, if I had not been overweighed by the myself a purpose of forbearing to do the like here

* Sir Francis Bacon was sworn at Greenwich of the privy. after. I most humbly kiss your


council, June 9, 1616. Your most faithful and affectionate servant,

f Grandson of John, the first Lord Petre, and son of Wil

liam, second baron of that name. Tobie MATTHEW.

$ Sir George Villiers, who was appointed to that office, Brussels, this 21st of April, 1616.

January 4, 1615-6.

authority of my Lord Roos's commandment, Iyour honour that I expressed thereby an act rather should rather have reserved the master of the of obedience than prudence, as not holding his horse's favour to some other use afterward. In lordship a fit man, whom by presenting that letter conformity whereof I have also written to his lord- the king might peradventure discover to be my ship, and perhaps he will thereupon forbear to favourer in this business. In regard whereof I deliver my letter to the master of the horse: besought him, that howsoever I had complied whereas I should be the less sorry if your honour's with his command in writing, yet he would forself would not think it inconvenient to make the bear the delivery: and 1 gave him divers reasons suit of my return to his majesty ; in which case I for it. And, both in contemplation of those should, to my extreme contentment, have all my reasons, as also of the hazard of miscarriage that obligations to your honour only.

letters do run into between these parts and those, His majesty's being now in progress, will give I have now thought fit to send your honour this ensome impediment to my suit, unless either it be closed, accompanied with a most humble entreaty my good fortune that your honour do attend his that you will be pleased to put it into the master person, or else that you will be pleased to com- of the horse's hands, with such a recommendamand some one of the many servants your honour tion as you can give. Having read it, your hath in court, to procure the expedition of my honour may be pleased to seal it; and if his cause; wherein I can foresee no difficulty, when I honour have received the former by other hands, consider the interest which your honour alloweth this may serve in the nature of a duplicate or me in your favour, and my innocent carriage copy: if not, it may be the original; and, indeed, abroad for so many years ; whereunto all his though it should be but the copy, if it may be majesty's ministers, who have known me, I am touched by your honour, it would have both sure, will give an attestation, according to the greater grace and greater life than the principal contents of my letter, to his Grace of Canterbury. itself; and, therefore, howsoever, I humbly pray,

If I durst, I would most humbly entreat your that this may be delivered. honour to be pleased, that some servant of yours If my business should be remitted to the counmay speedily advertise me, whether or no his cil-table (which yet I hope will not be) I am most Grace of Canterbury hath received my letter; a stranger to my lord chancellor and my lord what his answer was; and what I may hope in chamberlain,* of whom yet I trust, by means of this my suit. I remember, that the last words your honour's good word in my behalf, that I shall which I had the honour to hear from your mouth, receive no impediment. were, that if I continued any time free both from The bearer, Mr. Becher,t can say what my disloyalty and priesthood, your honour would be carriage hath been in France, under the eye of pleased to make yourself the intercessor for my several ambassadors; which makes me the more return. Any letter sent to Mr. Trumball for me glad to use him in the delivery of this letter to will come safely and speedily to my hands. your honour: and if your honour may be pleased

The term doth now last with your honour all to command me any thing, he will convey it to the year long, and therefore the sooner I make an my knowledge. end, the better service I shall do you. I presume I hear to my unspeakable joy of heart, how to kiss your hands, and continue

much power you have with the master of the Your honour's most entirely, and

horse; and how much immediate favour you have humbly ever at commandment, also with his most excellent majesty: so that I can

TOBIE MATTHEWS. not but hope for all good success, when I consider Spa, this 16th of July, stylo novo, 1616.

withal the protection whereinto you have been P. S. It is no small penance, that I am forced pleased to take me, the to apparel my mind in my man's hand, when it Most humble and most obliged of speaks to your honour. But God Almighty will

your honour's many servants, have it so, through the shaking I have in my

Toeie MATTHEW. right hand; and I do little less than want the use Spa, this last of July, stylo novo, 1616. of my forefinger.



I have been made happy by your honour's I presumed to importune your honour with a noble and dear lines of the 22d of July: and the letter of the 16th of this month, whereby I signified joy that I took therein was only kept from excess how I had written to the master of the horse, that he would be pleased to move his majesty for

* William, Earl of Pembroke. my return into England; and how that I had † William, afterwards knighted. He had been secretary l: done it upon the direction of my Lord Roos, who Sir George Calvert

, ambassador to the court of France, ana offered to be the deliverer thereof. Withal I told of the council.

was afterwards agent at that court; and at last made clerk

by the notice they gave me of some intentions | foreign princes. My king is wise, and I hope and advices of your honour,' which you have been that he hath this just mercy in store for me. God pleased to impart to others of my friends, with a Almighty make and keep your honour ever hapmeaning, that they should acquaint me with them; py, and keep me so in his favour, as I will be whereof they have entirely failed. And, there- sure to continue fore, if still it should import me to understand Your honour's ever most obliged what they were, I must be enforced to beg the

and devoted servant, knowledge of them from yourself. Your honour

TOBIE MATTHEW. hath by this short letter delivered me otherwise Antwerp, this first of Sept., stylo novo, 1616. from a great deal of laborious suspense; for, be- P.S., MAY IT PLEASE your HONOUR, sides the great hope you give me of being so I have written to Sir John Digby; and I think shortly able to do you reverence, I am come to he would do me all favour, if he were handsomeknow, that by the diligence of your favour towards ly put upon it. My lady of Pembroke hath writme, my Lord of Canterbury hath been drawn to ten, and that very earnestly, to my lord chambergive way, and the master of the horse hath been lain in my behalf. induced to move. That motion, I trust, will be This letter goes by Mr. Robert Garret, to granted, howsoever; but I should be out of fear whom I am many ways beholden, for making me thereof, if, when he moves the king, your honour the best present that ever I received, by deliverwould cast to be present; that if his majesty ing me your honour's last letter. should make any difficulty, some such reply as is wont to come from you in such cases may have power to discharge it.

SIR FRANCIS BACON TO THE KING. I have been told rather confidently than credibly, (for in truth I am hardly drawn to believe it,) MAY IT PLEASE YOUR EXCELLENT MAJESTY, that Sir Henry Goodere should underhand (upon Because I have ever found, that in business the reason of certain accounts that run between the consideration of persons, who are instrumenta him and me, wherein I might justly lose my right, animata, is no less weighty than of matters, I if I had so little wit as to trouble your honour's humbly pray your majesty to peruse this enclosed infinite business by a particular relation thereof) paper, containing a diligence which I have used oppose himself to my return, and perform ill in omnem eventum. If Towerson,* as a passionoffices, in conformity of that unkind affectionate man, have overcome himself in his opinion, which he is said to bear me; but, as I said, I can- so it is. But if his company make this good, not absolutely believe it, though yet I could not then I am very glad to see in the case wherein so far despise the information, as not to acquaint we now stand, there is this hope left, and your your honour with what I heard. I offer it not as majesty's honour preserved in the entier. God a ruled case, but only as a query, as I have also have your majesty in his divine protection. done to Mr. Secretary Lake, in this letter, which Your majesty's most devoted I humbly pray your honour may be given him,

and most bounden servant, &c. together with your best advice, how my business is to be carried in this conjuncture of his ma

This is a secret to all men but my lord chanjesty's drawing near to London, at which time I cellor; and we go on this day with the new comshall receive my sentence. I have learned from pany without discouraging them at all. your honour to be confident, that it will be pro- September 18, 1616. nounced in my favour: but, if the will of God

Endorsed, should be otherwise, I shall yet frame for myself To the king, upon Towerson's propositions about

the cloth business. a good proportion of contentment; since, howso. ever, I was so unfortunate, as that I might not enjoy my country, yet, withal, I was so happy, as that my return thither was desired and negotiated RICHARD MARTIN, ESQ.+ TO SIR FRANCIS BACON. by the affection, which such a person as yourself Right HONOURABLE, vouchsafed to bear me. When his majesty shall

By attendance at court two days (in vain, conbe moved, if he chance to make difficulty about sidering the end of my journey,) was no loss my return, and offer to impose any condition, which it is known I cannot draw myself to di

* Whose brother, Captain Gabriel Towerson, was one of the

English merchants executed by the Dutch at Amboyna, in 1623. gest, I desire it may be remembered, that my

† Born about 1570, entered a commoner of Broad-gate's case is common with many of his subjects, who Hall, now Pembroke College, Oxford, in 1585, whence he rebreathe in the air of their country, and that my served for the borough of Barnstable in Devon; and in the

moved to the Middle Temple. In the Parliament of 1601, he case is not common with many, since I have first Parliament of King James I. he served for Cirencester in lived so long abroad with disgrace at home; and Gloucestershire. He was chosen recorder of London in Sepyet have ever been free, not only from suspicion tember, 1618; but died in the last day of the following month.

He was much esteemed by the men of learning and of practice, but from the least dependence upon genius of that age.


unto me, seeing thereby I made the gain of the so full instruction from his majesty, that there is overture and assurance of your honour's affection. nothing left for me to add in the business. And These comforts have given new life and strength to so I rest my hopes, which before began to faint. I know

Your faithful servant, what your honour promiseth you will undertake,

GEORGE VILLIERS. and what you undertake, you seldom fail to com- Royston, the 13th of October, 1616. pass; for such proof of your prudence and industry

Endorsed, your honour hath of late times given to the swaying To the Right Honourable Sir Francis Bacon, world. There is, to my understanding, no great knight, one of his majesty's privy council, and intricacy in my affair, in which I plainly descry the his attorney-general. course to the shore I would land at; to which neither [ nor any other can attain without the direction of our great master pilot, who will not stir much without the beloved mate sound the way. Both

SIR EDMUND BACON* TO SIR FRANCIS BACON, these, none can so well set awork as yourself, who have not only their ear, but their affection, My LORD, I am bold to present unto your and that with good right, as I hope in time, to hands, by this bearer, whom the law calls up, good and public porpose. It is fit likewise that some salt of wormwood, being uncertain whether your honour know all my advantages. The pre- the regard of your health makes you still continue sent incumbent is tied to me by firm promise, the use of that medicine. I could wish it otherwhich gives an impediment to the competitors, wise ; for I am persuaded that all diuretics, which whereof one already, according to the heaviness carry with them that punctuous nature and caustic of his name and nature, petit deorsum. And quality by calcination, are hurtful to the kidneys, though I be a bad courtier, yet I know the style if not enemies to the other principal parts of the of gratitude, and shall learn as I am instructed; body. Wherein, if it shall please you, for your whatsoever your honour shall undertake for me, better satisfaction, to call the advice of your I will make good; therefore I humbly and earn- learned physicians, and that they shall resolve of estly entreat your best endeavour, to assure to any medicine for your health, wherein my poor yourself and your master a servant, who both can labour may avail you, you know where your faithand will, though as yet mistaken, advance his ful apothecary dwells, who will be ready at your honour and service with advantage. Your love commandment; as I am bound both by your and wisdom is my last address; and on the real favours to myself, as also by those to my nephew, nobleness of your nature (whereof there is so whom you have brought out of darkness into light, good proof) stands my last hope. If I now find and, by what I hear, have already made him, by a stop, I will resolve it is fatum Carthaginis, and your bounty, a subject of emulation to his elder sit down in perpetual peace. In this business I brother. We are all partakers of this your kinddesire all convenient silence; for though I can ness towards him; and, for myself, I shall be ever endure to be refused, yet it would trouble me to ready to deserve it by any service that shall lie in have my name blasted. If your honour return the power of not, and you think it requisite, I will attend at

Your lordship's poor nephew,
Meantime, with all humble and hearty

EDM. BACON. wishes for increase of all happiness, I kiss your Redgrave, this 19th of October, 1616. honour's hands.

Endorsed, Your honour's humbly at command,

For the Right Honourable Sir Francis Bacon, R. MARTIN.

knight, his majesty's attorney-general, and one September 27, 1616. Endorsed,

of his most honourable privy counsellors, be these

delivered at London.
To the Right Honourable Sir Francis Bacon,
knight, his majesty's attorney-general, and one of
his majesty's most honourable privy council, my
singular patron at court.


My continual meditations upon your majesty s TO SIR FRANCIS BACON, ATTORNEY-GENERAL.* service and greatness, have, amongst other things, Sir,--I have kept your man here thus long, be

* Nephew of Sir Francis Bacon, being eldest son of Sir cause I thought there would have been some Nicholas Bacon, eldest son of Sir Nicholas Bacon, Lord occasion for me to write after Mr. Solicitor-Gene Keeper of the Great Seal. Sir Edmund died without issue, ral's being with the king. But he hath received April 10, 1649. There are several letters to him from Sir

Henry Wotton, printed among the works of the latter.

^ His majesty had begun his journey towards Scotland, on the 14th of March, 1616-7.


Harl. MSS. vol. 7006.

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