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tion of our first parents before the fall. cannot but think the very complacency It is naturally apt to fill the mind with and satisfaction which a man takes in calmness and tranquillity, and to lay all these works of nature, to be a laudable it's turbulent paffions at rest. It gives if not a virtuous habit of mind. For us a great insight into the contrivance all which reasons I hope you will pardon and wisdom of Providence, and suggests the length of my prefent letter. innumerable subjects for meditation. I "С

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I ani, Sir, &c.

No CCCCLXXVIII. MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 8.

USUS,
QUEM PENES ARBITRIUM EST, ET JUS ET NORMA

Hor. Ars PoET. VER. 72.

FASHION, THE ARBITER, AND RULE OF RIGHT.

IT

MR. SPECTATOR,

in with him, and let the discourse run T happened lately, that a friend of upon the use of fashions.

mine, who had many things to buy Here we remembered how much man for his family, would oblige me to walk is governed by his senses, how livelily with him to the shops. He was very he is struck by the objects which appear nice in his way, and fond of having to him in an agreeable manner, how every thing thewn, which at first made much cloaths contribute to make us me very unealy; but as his humour still agreeable objects, and how much we continued, the things which I had been owe it to ourselves that we should 'apttaring at along with him, began to fill pear fo. my head, and led me into a set of amus. We considered man as belonging to ing thoughts concerning them.

Societies; societies as formed of different I fancied it must be very surprising ranks; and different ranks distinguished to any one who enters into a detail of by habits, that all proper duty or respect fashions, to consider how far the vanity might attend their appearance. of mankind has laid itself out in dress, We took notice of several advantages what a prodigious number of people it which are met with in the occurrences maintains, and what a circulation of of conversation : how the hashful man money it occafions. Providence in this has been sometimes so raised, as to excase makes use of the folly which we press himself with an air of freedom, will not give up, and it becomes inftru when he imagines that his habit intromental to the fupport of those who are duces him to company with a becoming willing to labour. Hence it is that manner; and again, how a fool in five frir.ge inakers, lace-men, tire-women, cloaths shall be suddenly heard with atand a number of other trades, which tention, till he has betrayed himnlf; would be useless in a simple state of na whereas a man of sense appearing with, tuie, draw their subsistence; though it a dress of negligence shall be bus coidis feldom seen that such as these are ex ly received, till he be proved by tine, tremely rich, becaule their original fault and established in a character. Such of being founded upon vanity, keeps things as these we could recollect to them poor by the light inconstancy of have happened to our own knowledge it's nature. The variableness of fashion fo very often, that we concludod tie turns the stream of business, which fows author had his reasons, who advises his froin it, now into one channel, and anon son to go in dress rather above his forinto another; so that the different sets of tune than under it. people link or flourish in their turns At lait the subject seemed so con Gideby it.

able, that it was proposed to have ? From the shops we retired to the ta- repository built for fashions, as there are vern, where I found my friend express chambers for medals and other inlich. so much fatisfaction for the bargains The buikling may he shaped us thi he had made, that my moral reflections which stands among the pvrannids, (if I had told them) might have passed the form of a woman's heat. This for a reproof; fo I chose rather to fall may be raised upon pillars, whole ort' a.

ments fall bear a just relation to the become as common with Frenchmen to design. Thus there may be an imita come to England for their finishing tion of fringe carved in the bale, a sort stroke of breeding, as it has been for of appearance of lace in the frieze, and Englishmen to go to France for it. a representation of curling locks, with Tirirdly, Whereas several great scho. bows of ribbon Noping over them, may lars, who might have been otherwise fill up the work of the cornilli. The useful to the world, have spent their inside may be divided into two apart time in studying to describe the dresses ments appropriated to each sex. The of the ancients from dark hints, which apartments may be filled with shelves, they are fain to interpret and support on which boxes are to stand as regularly with much learning; it will from henceas books in a library. These are to forth happen, that they shall be freed have folding doors, which being opened, from the trouble, and the world from you are to behold a baby dreffed out in useless volumes. This project will be fome fashion which has Acurished, and a registry, to which posterity may have standing upon a pedeltal, where the time recourse, for the clearing such obscure of it's reign is market down. For it's passages as tend that way in authors; farther regulation, let it be ordered, that and therefore we shall not for the future every one who invents a fashion shall submit ourselves to the learning of etybring in his box, whose front he may mology, which might persuade the age at pleasure have either worked or paints to come, that the farthingale was worn ed with some amorous or gay device, for cheapness, or the furbelow for that, like books with gilded leaves and warmth. covers, it may the sooner draw the eyes Fourthly, Whereas they who are old of the beholders. And to the end that themselves, have often a way of railing at these may be preserved with all due the extravagance of youth, and the whole care, let there be a keeper appointed, age in which their children live; it is hoped who shall be a genileman qualified with that this ill-humour will be much supa competent knowledge in cloaths; lo preffed, when we can have recourse to that by this means the pace will be a the fashions of their times, produce them comfortable support for some beau who in our vindication, and be able to shew has spent his estate in dresling.

that it might have been as expensive in The reasons offered by which we ex Queen Elizabeth's time only to wath pected to gain the approbation of the and quill a ruff, as it is now to buy cra. public, were as follow.

vats or neck.handkerchiefs. First, That every one who is consi We desire also to have it taken notice derable enough to be a move, and has of, that because we would thew a parany imperfection of nature or chance, ticular respect to foreigners, which may which it is pollible to hide hy the advan, induce thein to perfect their breeding tage of cloaths, may, by coining to this here in a knowledge which is very prorepolitory, be furnished herself, and fur- per for pretty gentlemen, we have connish all who are under the fame misfor ceived the motto for the house in the tune, with the most agreeable manner learned language. There is to be a of concealing it: and that on the other pi&ture over the door with a looking fide, every one who has any beauty in glass and a dressing-chair in the middle face or hape, may also be furnished of it: then on one side are to be seen, with the moit agreeable manner of thew. above one another, patch-boxes, pining it.

cushions, and little bottles; in the other, Secondly, That whereas some of our powder. bags, puffs, conibs, and brushes; young gentlemen, who travel, give us beyond there, fwords and fine knots, great reason to suspect that they only whole points are wooden, and fans al go abroad to make or improve a fancy most closed, with the handles down. for dress, a project of this nature may ward, are to stand out interchangeably be a means to keep them at home, which from the fides, until they meet at the is in effect the keeping of so much money top, and form a semicircle over the rett in the kingilom. 'And perhaps the ba- of the figures: beneath all, the writing lance of fashion in Europe, which now is to run in this pretty founding manJeans upon the side of France, may be fo altered for the future, that it may

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Adefte, o quotquot fune, Veneres, Gratiæ, be presented in the first place; but as Cupidines,

that feet, with relation to dress, is al. En vobis adsunt in promptu

most extinct, it will, I fear, be abfo: Faces, vincula, spicula;

lutely necessary to take in all timeHinc eligite, sumit, regite.

servers, properly so deemed; that is, Ali ye Venus's, Graces, and Cupids, attend: such as, without any conviction of conSee prepar'd to your hands

science or view of intereft, change with Darcs, torches, and bands :

the world, and that merely from a terYour weapons here chuse, and your empire ror of being out of fafhion. Such also, extend,

who from facility of temper, and too I am, Sir, your most humble servant,

much obsequiousness, are vicious against

their will, and follow leaders whom A.B.

they do not approve, for want of couThe proposal of my correspondent I rage to go their own way, are capable cannot but look upon as an ingenious persons for this superintendency. Those method of placing persons (whose parts who are loth to grow old, or would do make them ambitious to exert themselves any thing contrary to the course and in frivolous things) in a rank by them. order of things, out of fondness to be felves. In order to this, I would pro in fashion, are proper candidates. To pose that there be a board of directors conclude, those who are in fashion withof the fashionable society; and because out apparent merit, must be supposed to it is a matter of too much weight for a have latent qualities, which would apprivate man to determine alone, I should pear in a poft of direction; and there. be highly obliged to my correspondents fore are to be regarded in forming these if they would give in liits of persons litts. Any who shall be pleased accord. qualified for this trust. If the chief ing to these, or what farther qualificacoffee-houses, the conversations of which tions may occur to himself, to send a places are carried on by persons, each lift, is desired to do it within fourteen of whom has his little number of fol. days after this date. lowers and adınirers, would name from N.B. The place of the physician to this among themselves two or three to he society, according to the last-mentioned inserted, they should be put up with qualification, is already engaged. great faithfulness. Old beaus are to

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No CCCCLXXIX. TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 9.

DARE JURA MARITIS.

Hor. Ars Port. VIR. 398. TO REGULATE THE MATRIMONIAL LIFE.

MANY

are the epistles I every day dishonour, age, sickness, impatience, or receive from husbands, who coin- fullenness, but altogether considered her plain of vanity, pride, but above all as the object of joy, human nature itself ll-nature, in their wives. I cannot tell is often imputed to her as her particular bow it is, but I think I see in all their imperfection or defect. letters that the caute of their uneasines I take it to be a rule proper to be ob- . is in themselves; and indeed I have served in all occurrences of life, bus hardly ever observed the married con more especially in the domestic or madition unhappy, but for want of judg. trimonial part of it, to preserve always ment or temper in the man. The truth a disposition to be pleased. This can. is, we generally make love in a ft·le, not be supported but by considering and with fentiments very unfit for or things in their right light, and as nadinary life: they are half theatrical, ture has formed them, and not as our half romantic. By this means we raise own fancies or appetites would have our imaginations to what is not to be them. He then who took a young lady expected in human life; and because we to his bed, with no other confideration did not beforehand think of the crea than the expectation of scenes of dal. ture we are enamoured of, as subject to liance, and thought of her (as I said

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before)

before only, as she was to adminifter, ta , those who are involved in them. As I the gratification of, delire; as that define visit all forts of people, I cannot indeed Hags, will, withusii her fault, think hex but timile, when the good lady tells her charms and her merit abated: from husband what extraordinary things the hepce, mult follow indifference. difliken, child spoke since he went out. No peevinnels, and rage. But the nan longer than yekterday I was puevailed who brings his reason to support his, with to go home with a fond bulband; pathyn, and beholds what he loves, as, and his wife told him, that his fon, of liable to all the calamities of tuman life bis own bead, when the clock in the both in body and mind, and even at the parlour itruck two, faid, Papa wouid belt what mult bring upon him new c me home to dinner pretently. While cares and new relations; luch a lover, the father bas him in a rapture in his

his mind to the nature of his cir the wife tells me he is-bue jaft four cumptances. This latter person will be years old. Then they both &ruggle for prepared to be a father, a friend, an ad- him, and bring him up to me, and revocate, a steward for people yet unborn, peat his obfervation of Two o'clock. t: and has proper affections ready for every was called upon, by looks upon the incident in the marriage state. Such a child, and then at me, to lay something; man can hear the çies of children with and. I told the father, that this remark pisy, inttead of anger; and when they of the infaut of his coming home, and run ovat his head, he is not disturbed joining the time with it, was a certain at their noise, but is glad of their mirth, indication that he would be a great bifand, health, Tom Trusty has told me, torian and chropologer. They are neithat he thinks it doubles his attention to ther of them tools, yet received my comthe inoit intricate affajn, he is about, to pliment with great acknowledgment of hear his childhje ,, for whom all his cares my pretçience. I fared very well at are applied, make a, noise in the next dinnet, and heard many other notable room: on the other siden Will Sparkih sayings of their heir, which would have cannot put on, his periwig, or adjust his gixen very little entertainment to one crayat at the glass, for the noise of those lels turned to reflection than I was : but damned nurses and squalling biats; and it was a pleasing speculation to remark then ends with a gallint reflection upon on the happiness of a life, in which the comforts of matrimony, runs out of things of no moment give occafion of the hearing, and drives to the chocolate- hope, telf- fatisfaction, and triumph. house.

On the other hand, I have known an According as the husband is difpofed illanatured coxcomb, who has hardly in himself, every circumstance of his improved in any thing but bulk, for life is to give b.in torment or pleasure, want of this difpofition, Glence the When the affection is well placed, and whole family as a let of Hilly women and supported by the confiderations of duty, children, for recounting things which honour, and friendship, which are in the were really above his own capacity. higheit degree engaged in this alliance, When I say all this, I cannot deny. there can nothing ride in the cominon but there are perverse jades that fall to course of life, or from the blows, or fao; men's lors, with whom it requires more vours of fortune, in which a man will than common proficiency in philosophy not find matters of some deligłît, un.. to be able to live. When these are known to a fingle

condition. joined to men of wann fpirits, withour, * He who sincerely loves his wife and temper or learning, they are frequently family, and studies to improve that af. corrected with ftripes; but one of our fection in himself, .conceives plealune famous lawyers is ot' opinion, that this from thie most indifferent things, while ought to be ufeil sparingly; as I re.. the married man, who has not bid adieu, member, those are his very words: but to the fashions and falle gallaptries of as je is proper to draw fome fpiritual use the town, is perplexed with every thing out of all affli&tions, I fhould rather around him. In buih these cases meo recommend to those who are visited with cannot, indeed, make a filier figure, women of fpirit, to form themselves for than in repeating such pleasures and the world. by patience at home. Sopains to the rest of the world; but I crafes, who is by all accounts the uni speak of them only, 26 they fit upun doubted head of the fedt of the hen

pecked,

pecked, owned and acknowledged that of displaying conjugal love in it's natuhe owed great part of his virtue to the ral beauties and attractions, I ara got exercise which his useful wife conftant into tales to the difadvantage of that Hart ly gave it. There are feveral good in- of life. I must fav, therefore, that I structions may be drawn from his wife am verily perfuaded that whatever is answers to the people of less fortitude delightful in human life, is to be enjoy than himself on her fubje&t. A friendly ed in greater perfection in the married, with indignation, asked how fo good á than in the fingle condition. "He that man could live with to violene a crer has this paffion in perfection, in occat ture? He observed to him, " That they fions of joy can fay to himfell, besides ' who learn to keep a good seat on horfe- his own fatisłaction- How happy this • back, mount the leait manageable they will make my wife and children

can get; and when they have mastered Upon occurrences of diftress or danget • them, they are fure never to be dif can comfort himself. But all this • comfited on the backs of steeds less · while my wife and children are fafe.

rettive.' At several times, to different There is fomething in it that doubles perfons, on the same fubject, he has satisfactions, because others participate laide My dear friend, you are be. them; and dispels affli&tions, because • bolden to Xantippe, that I bear so others are exempt from them. All who • sell your flying out in a dispete.' To are married without this relich of their another. My hen.clacks very much, circumstance, are in either a taftetefs int" ' but the brings me chickens. They dolence and negligence, which is hardly • that live in a trading Atreet, are not to be attained, or else live in the hourly 'd turbed at the passage of carts.' I repetition of sharp answers, eager upwonid have, if poffible, a wife man be braidings, and distracting reprdaches. contented with his lot, even with a In a word, the married state, with and fhrew; for though he cannot make her without the affection suitable to it, is better, he may, you fee, make himself the compleatest image of heaven and her better by her means..

we are capable of receiving in tliis life. But, instead of purfuing my design

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No CCCCLXXX. WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 10

RESPONSARE CUPIDINIBUS, CONTEMNERE HONURIS,
FORTIS, IT, IN SEIPSO TOTUS TERES, ATQUE ROTUNDOS.,

HOR. Sat. VII. 1. 2. VER..89.
WHO'S PROOF AGAINST THE CHARMS OT VAIN DILIGHT;
WHOM FIRBLE FORTUNE STRIVES IN VAIN TO WOUND,
SO FLORELY GATHER'D IN A PIATICT RUUND.

CRICX.

MOND.

HE other day looking over those than that which he had in the more formerly given some account, and which relate to the character of the mighty MONSIEUR CÃ EŹLUY TO PHARA Pharamood of France, and the close friendship between him and his friend Eucrate; I found among the letters DREAD SIR, which had been in the cultody of the

I Have from your own hand (incloed latter, an epiftle from a country gentle. under the cover of Mr. Eucrate of man to Pharamond, wherein he excuses your Majesty's bed-chamber) a letter himself froin coining to court. The which invites me to court. ' I under. gentleman, it seems, was contented with stand this great honout to be done me his condition, had formerly been in the out of respect and inclination to me; king's service; but at the writing the rather than regard to your own fervice! following letter, had, from leisure and for which realons I beg leave tū lay be: refletion, quite another sente of things fore your Majesty my reasons for de:

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