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tion of our first parents before the fall. cannot but think the very complacency It is naturally apt to fill the mind with and satisfaction which a man takes in calmness and tranquillity, and to lay all these works of nature, to be a laudable it's turbulent paffions at rest. It gives if not a virtuous habit of mind. For us a great insight into the contrivance all which reasons I hope you will pardon and wisdom of Providence, and suggests the length of my prefent letter. innumerable subjects for meditation. I с

I ani, Sir, &c.

No CCCCLXXVIII. MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 8.

- USUS, PULM PENES ARBITRIUM IST, ET JUS ET NORMA

Hor, Ars POET. VER. 72.

FASHION, THE ARBITER, AND RUĻE OF RIGHT.

ITmhapehed hlately, that in a friend of upon the water of fashions

MR. SPECTATOR,

in with him, and let the discourse run T T mine, who had many things

Here we remembered how much man for his family, would oblige me to walk is governed by his senses, how livelily with him to the shops. He was very he is struck by the objects which

appear nice in his way, and fond of having to him in an agreeable manner, how every thing thewn, which at first made much cloaths contribute to make us me very unealy; but as his humour still agreeable objects, and how much we continued, the things which I had been owe it to ourselves that we should apstaring at along with him, began to fill pear

fo. my head, and led me into a set of amus. We considered man as belonging to ing thoughts concerning them.

societies; societies as formed of diferent I fancied it must be very surprising ranks; and different ranks distinguished to any one who enters into a detail of by habits, that all proper duty or respect fashions, to consider how far the vanity might attend their appearance. of mankind has laid itself out in dress, We took notice of several advantages what a prodigious number of people it which are met with in the occurrences maintains, and what a circulation of of conversation : how the bashful man money it occasions. Providence in this has been sometimes so raised, as to excase makes use of the folly which we press himself with an air of freedom, will not give up, and it becomes instru- when he imagines that his habit intromental to the fupport of those who are duces him to company with a becoming willing to labour. Hence it is that manner; and again, how a fool in fine fringe inakers, lace-men, tire-women, cloaths shall be suddenly heard with atand a number of other trades, which tention, till he has betrayed him if; would be useless in a simple state of na- whereas a man of sense appearing with, ture, draw their subsistence; though it a dress of negligence thall be buc coida" is feldon seen that such as these are ex- ly received, till he be proved by time, tremely rich, becaule their original fault and established in a character. Such of being founded upon vanity, keeps things as these we could recollect to them poor by the light inconstancy of have happened to our own knowledge it's nature. The variableness of fashion so very often, that we conclud:d inte turns the stream of business, which flows author had his reasons, who alvises his froin it, now into one channel, and anon son to go in dress rather above his fozinto another; so that the different sets of tune than under it. people fink or flourish in their tvins At lait the subject seemed so confide'by it.

able, that it was proposed to live ? From the shops we retired to the ta- repontory built for fashions, as th create vern, where I found my friend express chambers for medals and other i litiche so much satisfaction for the bargains The building may be shaped us this he had made, that my moral reflections which stan:is among the pyramids, (if I had told them) might have passed the form of a woman's headl. Tis for a reproof; lo I chose rather to fall may be raised upon pillars, whole ors

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ments shall bear a just relation to the become as common with Frenchmen to design. Thus there may be an imita- come to England for their finishing tion of fringe carved in the bale, a sort stroke of breeding, as it has been for of appearance of lace in the frieze, and Englishmen to go to France for it. a representation of curling locks, with Tlrirdly, Whereas several great schobows of ribbon Noping over them, may lars, who might have been otherwise fill up the work of the cornish. The useful to the world, have spent their inside may be divided into two apart time in studying to describe the dresses ments appropriated to each sex. The of the ancients from dark hints, which apartments may be filled with shelves, they are fain to interpret and support on which boxes are to stand as regularly with much learning; it will from henceas books in a library. These are to forth happen, that they shall be freed have folding doors, which being opened, from the trouble, and the world from you are to behold a baby drefled out in useless volumes. This project will be fome fashion which has Acurished, and a registry, to which posterity may have standing upon a pedeltal, where the time recourse, for the clearing such obscure of it's reign is inarkel down. For it's passages as tend that way in authors; farther regulation, let it he ordered, that and therefore we shall not for the future every one who invents a fashion shall submit ourselves to the learning of ety. bring in his box, whose front he may mology, which might persuade the age at pleasure have either worked or paint- to come, that the farthingale was worn ed with fome amorous or gay device, for cheapness, or the furbelow for that, like books with gilded leaves and warmth. covers, it may the suoner draw the eyes Fourthly, Whereas they who are old of the beholders. And to the end that themselves, have often a way of railing at these may be preserved with all due the extravagance of youth, and the whole care, let there be a keeper appointed, age in which their children live; it is hoped who shall be a genileman qualified with that this ill-humour will be much supa competent knowledge in cloaths; lo preffed, when we can have recourse to that by this means the pace will be a the fashions of their times, produce them comfortable support for some beau who in our vindication, and be able to fhew has spent his eitate in dressing.

that it might have been as expensive in The reasons offered by which we ex- Queen Elizabeth's time only to wath pected to gain the approbation of the and quill a ruff, as it is now to buy cra. public, were as follow.

vats or neck-handkerchiefs. First, That every one who is consi- We desire also to have it taken notice derable enough to be a mode, and has of, that because we would thew a par. any imperfection of nature or chance, ticular respect to foreigners, which may which it is poflible to hide hy the advan, induce their to perfect their breeding tage of cloaths, may, by coming to this here in a knowledge which is very prorepository, be furnithed herself, and fur- per for pretty gentlemen, we have connish all who are under the fame misfor- ceived the moito for the house in the tune, with the most agreeable manner learned language. There is to be a of concealing it: and that on the other picture over the door 'with a looking, fide, every one who has any beauty in glass and a dressing-chair in the middle face or thape, may also be furnished of it: then on one fide are to be feen, with the moit agreeable manner of thew- above one another, patch-boxes, pining it.

cushions, and little bottles; in the other, Secondly, That whereas some of our powder bags, puffs, conibs, and brushes; young gentlemen, who travel, give us beyond these, fwords and fine knots, great reason to suspect that they only whose points are wooden, and fans algo abroad to make or improve a fancy moft closed, with the handles down. for dress, a project of this nature may ward, are to stand out interchangeably be a means to keep them at home, which from the sides, until they meet at the is in effect the keeping of so much money top, and form a semicircle over the rett in the kingdom. And perhaps the ba- of the figures: beneath all, the writing lance of fashion in Europe, which now is to run in this pretty founding manJeans upon the side of France, may be so altered for the future, that it may

Adefte

ner:

Adefte, o quotquot funs, Veneres, Gratia, be presented in the first place; but as Cupidines,

that sect, with relation to dress, is al. En vobis adsunt in promptu

moft extinct, it will, I fear, be 'abso• Faces, vincula, spicula; Hinc eligire, fumit?, regite.

lutely necessary to take in all time

servers, properly so deemed ; that is, All ye Venus's, Graces, and Cupids, attend: such as, without any conviction of conSee prepar'd to your hands

science or view of interest, change with Darts, torches, and bands :

the world, and that merely from a tera' Your weapons here chuse, and your empire ror of being out of fafhion. Such also, extend.

who from facility of temper, and too I am, Sir, your most humble servant,

much obsequiousness, are vicious against

their will, and follow leaders whom A.B.

they do not approve, for want of couThe proposal of my correspondent I rage to go their own way, are capable cannot but look upon as an ingenious persons for this superintendency. Those method of placing persons (whose parts who are loth to grow old, or would do make them ambitious to exert themselves any thing contrary to the course and in frivolous things) in a rank by them. order of things, out of fondness to be selves. In order to this, I would pro- in fashion, are proper candidates. To pose that there be a board of direstors conclude, those who are in fashion withof the fashionable society; and because out apparent merit, must be supposed to it is a matter of too much weight for a have latent qualities, which would apprivate man to determine alone, I hould pear in a poft' of direction; and there. be highly obliged to my correspondents fore are to be regarded in forming these if they would give in lists of persons litts. Any who Thall be pleased accorda qualified for this trust. If the chief ing to these, or what farther qualificacoffee houses, the conversations of which tions may occur to himself, to send a places are carried on by persons, each lift, is desired to do it within fourteen of whom has his little number of fol. days after this date. lowers and admirers, would name from N.B. The place of the physician to this among themselves two or three to he society, according to the last-mentioned inferted, they should be put up with qualification, is already engaged. great faithfulness. Old beaus are to

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No CCCCLXXIX. TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 9.

.

DARE JURA MARITIS.

HOR. ARS POIT. VIR. 398. TO REGULATE THE MATRIMONIAL LIFL.

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NY are the epiftles I every day dishonour, age, fickness, impatience, or

receive from husbands, who coin- fullenness, but altogether considered her plain of vanity, pride, but above all as the object of joy, human nature itself ill-nature, in their wives. I cannot tell is often imputed to her as her particular how it is, but I think I see in all their imperfection or defect. letters that the cause of their uneafineis I take it to be a rule proper to be ob- . is in themselves; and indeed I have served in all occurrences of life, but hardly ever observed the married con- more especially in the domestic or madition unhappy, but for want of judg- trimonial part of it, to preserve always ment or temper in the man. The truth a disposition to be pleased. This can. is, we generally make love in a ft·le, not be supported but by considering and with sentiments very unfit for or things in their right light, and as na. dinary life: they are half theatrical, ture has formed them, and not as our half romantic. By this means we raise own fancies or appetites would have our imaginations to what is not to be them. He then who took a young lady expected in human life; and because we to his bed, with no other confideration did not beforehand think of the Crea. than the expectation of scenes of dala ture we are enamoured of, as subject to liance, and thought of her (as I said

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before)

before), only, as she was, to adminifter ta, those who are involved in them. As I the gratification of delire; as that defue visit all forts of people, I cannot indeed flags, will, withus. her fault, think her, but smile, when the good lady tetis her charms and her merit abated: from husband what extraordinary things the hence mult follow indifference, dislike child ipoke fince she went out. No peevithnels, and rage. But the man, longer than yesterday I was puevailed who bţings his reason to support his with to go home with a fond husband ; palljyn, and hebolds what he loves, as and his wife told him, that his fon, of liable to all, the calamities of human life, his own head, when the clock in the both in body and inid, and even at the parlour struck two, faid, Papa would belt

, what, mutt hring upon him new Ċ me home to dinner pretently. While cares and new relations; luch a lover, I the father bas him in a rapture in his Lay, will form himself accoudingly, and arms, and is drowning him with kiffes, adapt his mind to the nature of his cir- the wife tells se he is but just four cumltances. This latter perfon will be years old. Then they both krnggle for prepared to be a father, a friend, an and him, and bring him up to me, and revacate, a steward for people yet unborn, peat his obfervation oĖ Two o'clock. 6: and has proper afrektionis ready for every was called upun, by looks upan-theincident in the marriage state. Such a child, and then at me, to lay lomething; man can hear the çuies of children with and I told the father, that this remark pity, inttead of anger; and when they of the infant of his coming home, and run over his head, he is not disturbed joining the time with it, was a certain at their nuise, but is glad of their mirth indication that he would be a great tifand healih, Ton Trusty has told me, torian and chronologer. They are deithat he thinks. doubles his attention to ther; of thema fouls, yet received my comthe inolt intricate affair, he is about, to pliment with great acknowledgment of hear his children, for whom all his cares my pleiçience. I föred very well at are applied, make a noise in the next dinned, and heard many other notable room: on the other file. Will Sparkih sayings of their heir, which would have cannot put on his periwig, or adjuit his gixen very little entertainment to one ciayat at the glass, for the noise of those lels turned to reflection than I was : but damned nuries, and squalling brats; and it was a pleasing speculation to remark then ends with a gallint reflection upon on the happiness of a life, in which the conforts of matrimony, runs out of things of no moment give occasion of the hearing, and drives to the chocolate- hope, telf- fatisfaction, and triumph. house.

On the other hand, I have known an According as the husband, is difpofed illanatured coxcomb, who has hardly in himself, every circumstance of his improved in any thing but bulk, for life is to give b in torment or pleasure, want of this difpofition, Glence the When the affection is well placed, and whole family as a let of Ally women and Supported by the confiderations of duty, children, for recounting things which honour, and friendship, which are in the were really above his own capacity. highest degree engaged in this alliance, When I say all this, I cannot deny. there can nothing rise in the cominon but there are perverse jades that fal to course of life, or from the blows or fac men's lots, with whom it requires more. vours of fortune, in which a man will than common proficiencv in philosophy not find matters of some delight, un.. to be able to live. When these are known to a fingle

condition. joined to men of wann fpirits, withoury He who sincerely loves his wife and temper or learning, they are frequently family, and studies to improve that af. corrected with stripes; but one of our fection in himself, .conceives pleafine famous lawyers is ot opinion, that this from die most indifferent things; while ought to be ufread

. Iparingly; as I rethe married man, who has not bid adieu, member, those are his very words: but to the fashions and falle gallaptries of as it is proper to draw lome spiritual use the town, is perplexed with every thing out of all affli&tions, I should rather around him. In boih these cases med recommend to thote who are visited with cannot, indeed, make a Gilier figure, women of spirit, to form themselves for than in repeating fuch pleasures and the world. by patience at home. 50pains to the rest of the world; but I crates, who is by all accounts the und speaks of them only, 16 they fit upun doubled head of the text of the hen

pecked,

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953 pecked, owned and acknowledged that of displaying conjugal love in it's natuhe owed great part of his virtue to the ral beauties and attractions, I ara got exercife which his useful wife conftant: into tales to the difadvantage of that Hate ly gave it. There are feveral good in- of life. I must fav, therefore, that I ftructions may be drawn from his wife am verily perfuaded that whatever is answers to the people of less fortitude delightful in human life, is to be enjoythan himself on her fubje&t. A friendly ed in greater perfection in the married, with indignation, asked how so good a than in the fingle condition." He 'that man could live with to violent a crer- has this paffion in perfection, in occa ture? He observed to him, " That they fionis of joy can fay to himself, befidet

who learn to keep a good seat on horfe his own fatisfaction. How happy this • back, mount the leait manageable they

I will make my

wife and children!" can get; and when they have mastered Upon occurrences of diftress or danget • them, they are fure never to be din can comfort himself. But all this • comfited on the backs of steeds less ' while my wife and children are fafe. « rettive. At several times, to different There is something in it that doubles perfons, on the same fubject, he has" satisfactions, because others participare laid- My dear friend, you are be- them; and dispels afflictions, becaufe • hoiden to Xantippe, that I bear so others are exempt from them. All who • sell your flying out in a dispute.' To are married without this relith of their another. My hen clacks very much, circumstance, are in either a tasteless ina's • but the brings me chickens. They dolence and negligence, which is hardly • that live in a trading street, are not to be attained, or else live in the hourly • d Iturbed at the passage of carts.' I repetition of sharp answers, eager up. would have, if poflible, a wife man be braidings, and distracting reproaches. contented with his lot, even with a' In a word, the married itate, with and fhrew; for though he cannot make her without the affection suitable to it, is'' better, he may, you fee, make himself the compleatest image of heaven and helt better by her means. .

we are capable of receiving in this life. But, instead of pursuing my design

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No CCCCLXXX. WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 10.

RESPONSARE CUPIDINIBUS, CONTEMNERL HONORIS,
TORTIS, IT, IN SEITS0 TOTUS TERES, ATQUE ROTUNDOS.,

Hor. SAT. VII. 1. 2. VER. 89.
WHO'S PROOF AGAINST THE CHARMS OF VAIN DELIGHT:
WHOM FIIBLE FORTUNE STRIVES IN VAIN TO WOUND,
SO CLOSELY GATHER'D IN A PIASECT ROUND.

CREICH.

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MOND.

THE other day looking over those than that which he had in the more formerly given some account, and which relate to the character of the mighty MONSIEUR CHEŻLUY ITO PHARA Pharamond of France, and the close frieddfhip between him and his friend Eucrate; I found among the letters

DREAD SIR, which had been in the cultody of the

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Have from your own hand (incloed latter, an epiftle from a country gentle. under the cover of Mr. Eucrate of man to Pharamond, wherein he excuses your Majesty's bed-chamber) a tetter himself from coming to court. The which invites me to tourt. I undergentleman, it seems, was contented with stand this great honour to be done me his condition, had formerly been in the out of respect and inclination to me; king's service; but at the writing the rather than regard to your own fervice! following letter, had, from leisure and for which reafons I beg leave tj lay be: reflection, quite anocher senle of things fore your Majesty my reasons for de:

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