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TER. EUN. ACT. I. sc. I.





been made of politicians who would asks her very gravely, what she would rather ingratiate themselves with their advise her to do in a case of so much sovereign, than promote his real service, difficulty. Why else should Melissa, that they accommodate their countels to who had not a thousand pounds in the his inclination, and advise him to such world, go into every quarter of the town actions only as his heart is naturally set to ask her acquaintance whether they upon. The privy-counsellor of one in would advise her to take Tom Townlý, love mult observe the same conduct, un- that made his addresses to her with an less he would forfeit the friend hip of the estate of five thousand a year? It is very person who desires his advice. I have pleasant on this occasion, to hear the known several odd cases of this nature. lady propose her doubts, and to see the Hipparchus was going to marry a com- pains the is at to get over them. mon woman, but being resolved to do I must not here omit a practice that nothing without the advice of his friend is in use among the vainer part of our Philander, he consulted him upon the own sex, who will often ask a friend's occasion. Philander told hiin his mind advice in relation to a fortune whom freely, and represented his mistress to they are never like to come at. Will him in such Itrong colours, that the Honeycomb, who is now on the verge next morning he received a challenge of threescore, took me afide not long for his pains, and before twelve o'clock since, and asked me in his most serious was run through the body by the man look, whether I would advise him to who had asked his advice. Celia was marry my Lady Berty Single, who, by more prudent on the like occasion; she the way, is one of the greatest fortunes defired Leonilla to give her opinion free- about town. I stared him full in the face ly upon a young fellow who made his upon to strange a question ; upon which addresses to her, Leonilla, to oblige he immediately gave me an inventory her, told her with great frankness, that of her jewels and citate, adding, that The looked upon him as one of the most he was resolved to do nothing in a matworthless Cælia, foreseeing what ter of such consequence without my ap. a character she was to expect, begged her probation. Finding he would have an not to go on, for that she had been pri- answer, I told him, if he could get the vately married to him above a fortnight. lady's consent he had mine. This is The truth of it is, a woman seldom alks about the tenth match which, to my advice before she has bought her wed- knowledge, Will has consulted his ding cloaths. When she has made her friends upon, without ever opening his own choice, for form's fake the sends mind to the party herself. congé d'elire to her friends.

I have been engaged in this subject If we look into the secret springs and by the following letter, which comes to motives that set people at work on thefe me from some notable young female occalions, and put them upon alking scribe, who, by the contents of it, seems advice which they never intend to take; to have carried matters so far, that the I look upon it to be none of the least, is ripe for asking advice; but as I would that they are incapable of keeping a se. not lose her good will, nor forfeit the cret which is so very pleasing to them, reputation which I have with her for A girl longs to tell her confident, that wiliom, I Mall only communicate the The hopes to be married in a little time, letter to the public, without returning and, in order to talk of the pretty fel. any answer to it,



and I am obliged to him for his civilia NOW, Sir, the thing is this: Mr. ties ever fince I saw him. I forgot to

Shapely is the prettiest gentleman tell you that he has black eyes, and about town. He is very tall, but not looks upon me now and then as if he too tall neither. He dances like an an- had tears in them. And yet my friends gel. His mouth is made I do not know are so unreasonable, that they would how, but it is the prettiest that I ever have me be uncivil to him. I have a saw in my life. He is always laughing, good portion which they cannot hinder for he has an infinite deal of wit. If me of, and I shall be fourteen on the you did but see how he rolls his stock. 29th day of August next, and am thereings! He has a thousand pretty fancies; fore willing to settle in the world as soon and I am sure, if you saw him, you as I can, and so is Mr. Shapely. But would like him. He is a very good every body I advise with here is poor scholar, and can talk Latin as fast as Mr. Shapely's enemy. I desire thereEnglish. I wish you could but see him fore you will give me your advice, for dance. Now you must understand, I know you are a wise man; and if you poor Mr. Shapely has no estate; but advise me well, I am resolved to follow how can he help that, you know? And it. I heartily with you could see him jet my friends are so unreasonable as to dance; and am, Sir, your molt humble be alway teazing me about him, be- servant, cause he has no estate ; but I am sure

B. D. he has what is better than an estate; for he is a good-natured, ingenious, modest, He loves your Spectators mightily. civil, tall, well-bred, handsome man,



Hor. Ars PoIT. VER. 41.


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A Mellow come he publice, there are
MONG my daily papers which I and walks that are struck from them.

You may ramble in the one a whole day fome which are written with regularity together, and every moment discover and method, and others that run out fomething or other that is new to you; into the wildness of those compofitions but when you have done, you will have which go by the name of essays. As but a confused imperfect notion of the for the first, I have the whole scheme of place: in the other your eye comthe discourse in my mind before I set mands the whole prospect, and gives pen to paper. In the other kind of writ. you such an idea of it, as is not easily ing, it is sufficient that I have several worn out of the memory. thoughts on a subject, without troubling Irregularity and want of method are myself to range them in such order, that only lupportable in men of great learnthey may seem to grow out of one an- ing or genius, who are often too full to other, and be dispoled under the proper be exact, and therefore choose to throw heads. Seneca and Montaigne are pat down their pearls in heaps before the terns for writing in this last kind, as reader, rather than be at the pains of Tully and Aristotle excel in the other. itringing them. When I read an author of genius who Method is of advantage to a work writes without method, I fancy myself both in respect to the writer and the in a wood that abounds with a great reader. In regard to the first, it is a many noble obje&ts, riling among one great help to his invention. When a another in the greatest confusion and dif- man has planned his discourse, he finds order. When I read a methodical dir. a great many thoughts siling out of course, I am in a regular plantation, every head, that do not offer themselves and can pla e myself in it's several cen- upon the general survey of a subject. ters, so as to take a view of all the lines His thoughts are at the same time more

6 D 2 intelligible,

intelligible, and better discover their Tom has read enough to make him very drift and meaning, when they are placed impertinent; his knowledge is sufficient in their proper lights, and follow one to raise doubts, but not to clear them. another in a regular feries, than when It is pity that he has so much learning, they are thrown together without order or that he has not a great deal more. and connection. There is always an With these qualifications Tom sets up obscurity in confusion, and the fame for a free-thinker, finds a great many sentence that would have enlightened things to blame in the constitution of the reader in one part of a discourse, his country, and gives shrewd intimaperplexes him in another. For the same tions that he does not believe another reason likewise every thought in a me- world. In short, Puzzle is an atheist thodical discourse shews itself in it's as much as his parts will give him leave. greatest beauty, as the several figures in He has got about half a dozen coma piece of painting receive new grace mon-place topics, into which he never from their disposition in the picture. fails to turn the conversation, whatever The advantages of a reader from a me- was the occasion of it: though the matthodical discourse, are correspondent ter in debate be about Doway or Denain, with those of the writer. He compre- it is ten to one but half his discourse hends every thing easily, takes it in with runs upon the unreasonableness of bj. pleafure, and retains it long.

gotry and priest.craft. This makes Method is not less requisite in ordi- Mr. Puzzle the admiration of all those nary conversation than in writing, pro- who have less sense than himself, and the vided a man would talk to make himself contempt of those who have more. understood. 1, who hear a thousand There is none in town whom Tom coffee houfe debates every day, am very dreads so much as my friend Will Dry. fenfible of this want of method in the Will, who is acquainted with Tom's thoughts of my honest countrymen. logic, when he finds him running off There is not one dispute in ten which the question, cuts him fhort with a is managed in those schools of politics, 'What then? We allow all this to be where, after the three first sentences, true, but what is it to our present the question is not intirely loft. Our purpose?' I have krown Tom elodisputants put me in mind of the scuttle- quent half an hour together, and tri. fith, that when he is unable to extricate umphing, as he thought, in the fupehimself, blackens all the water about riority of the argument, when he has him until he becomes invisible. The man been nonplussed on a sudden by Mr. who does not know how to methodize Dry's defiring him to tell the company his thoughts has always, to borrow a what it was that he endeavoured to phrase from the Dispensary, a barren prove. In short, Dry is a man of a

fuperfluity of words; the fruit is loft clear methodical head, but few words, • amidst the exuberance of leaves.' and gains the same advantage over

Tom Puzzle is one of the moft emi. Puzzle, that a small body of regular nent immethodical disputants of any troops would gain over a numberless that has fallen under my observation. undisciplined militia.





HOR. UD. IV. L. 3. V. 5.

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great a wildness as their natures will TAVING lately read your essay on permit. I take in none that do not naI was so taken with your thoughts upon when I am walking in a labyrinth of some of our English gardens, that I my own raising, not to know whether cannot forbear troubling you with a let- the next tree I shall meet with is an apter upon that subject. I am one, you ple or an oak, an elm or a pear tree. muft know, who am looked upon as an My kitchen has likewise it's particular humourilt in gardening. I have several quarters assigned it; for besides the acres about my house, which I call my wholesome luxury which that place garden, and which a skilful gardener abounds with, I have always thought a would not know what to call. It is a kitchen-garden a more pleasant righe confufion of kitchen and parterre, or

than the finett orangery or artificial chard and flower garden, which lie fo green-houte. I love to see every thing mixt and interwoven with one another, in it's perfection, and am more pleased that if a foreigner, who had seen nothing to survey my rows of colworts and cab. of our country, should be conveyed into hages, with a thousand nameless potniy garden at his first landing, he would herbs, springing up in their full fra

it as a natural wilderness, and grancy and verdure, than to fee the tenone of the uncultivated parts of our der plants of foreign countries kept alive country. My frowers grow up in se- by artificial heats, or withering in an veral parts of the garden in the greatest air and foil that are not adapted to them. luxuriancy and profusion. I am so far I must not omit, that there is a fountain from being fond of any particular one, rising in the upper part of my garden, hy reason of it's rarity, that if I meet which forms a little wandering rill, and with any one in a field which pleates administers to the pleasure as well as me, I give it a place in my garden. By the plenty of the place. I have lo con this means, when a stranger walks with ducted it, that it visits most of my plan. me, he is surprised to see several large tations; and have taken particular care spots of ground covered with ten thou- to let it run in the same manner as it land different colours, and has often would do in an open field, so that it singled out flowers that he might have generally passes through banks of vio. met with under a common hedge, in a lets and primroses, plats of willow, or field, or a meadow, as some of the other plants, that seem to be of it's own greatest beauties of the place. The only producing. There is another circummethod I observe in this particular, is Itance in which I am very particular, or, to range in the same quarter the pro- as iny neighbours call me, very whim. ducts of the same season, that they may fical: as iny garden invites into it all make their appearance together, and the birds of the country, by offering compose a picture of the greatest va- thein the conveniency of springs and tiety. There is the same irregularity shades, folitude and thelter, I do not in my plantations, which run into as suffer any one to destroy their neits in


look upon

the spring, or drive them from their lifh garden with ever-greens; and in. utual haunts in fruit-time. I value my deed I am so far of your opinion, that garden inore for being full of blackbirds I can by no means think the verdure of than cherries, and very frankly give an ever-green comparable to that which them fruit for their fongs. By this shoots out annually, and cloaths our means I have always the music of the trees in the summer season. But I have feafon in it's perfection, and am highly often wondered that those who are like delighted to see the jay or the thrusn myself, and love to live in gardens, hopping about my walks, and shooting have never thought of contriving a winbefore my eyes across the feveral little ter-garden, which would consist

of such glades and alleys that I pass through." trees only as never cast their leaves. I think there are as many kinds of gar- We have very often little snatches of dening as of poetry: your makers of sunshine and fair weather in the most parterres and flower-gardens, are epi- uncomfortable parts of the year, and

grammatists and fonneteers in this art; have frequently several days in Novem. contrivers of howers and grottoes, treil- ber and January that are as agreeable lages and cascades, are romance writers. as any in the finest months. · At such Wile and London are our heroic poets; times, therefore, I think there could and if, as a critic, I may single out any not be a greater pleasure, than to walk pasage of their works to commend, I in such a winter-garden as I have promall take notice of that part in the posed. In the summer season the whole upper garden at Kensington, which was

country blooms, and is a kind of garat first nothing but a gravel-pit. It den, for which reason we are not so lenmust have been a fine geniu's for gar- fible of those beauties that at this time dening, that could have thought of may be every where met with; but when forming such an untightly hollow into nature is in her defolation, and presents fu beautiful an area, and to have hit the us with nothing but bleak and barren eye with so uncommon and agreeable a prospects, there is something untpeakscene as that which it is now wrought ably' chearful in a spot of ground which into. To give this particular spot of is covered with trees that sinile amidst ground the greater effedt, they have made all the rigour of winter, and give us a a very plealing contratt; for as on one view of the most gay season in the midit fde of the walk you see this hollow of that which is the most dead and me. bafon, with it's several little plantations lancholy. I have to far indulged mylying so conveniently under the eye of self in this thought, that I have set apart the beholder ; on the other side of it a whole acre of ground for the execut. there appears a seeming mount, made ing of it. The walls are covered with up of trees rising one higher than an- ivy instead of vines. The laurel, the other in proportion as they approach the bay-tree, and the holly, with many centre. "A spectator who has not heard other trees and plants of the same nature, this account of it, would think this cir- grow so thick in it, that you cannot cular mount was not only a real one, imagine a more lively scene. The but that it had been actually scooped glowing redness of the berries with out of that hollow space which I have which they are hung at this time, vies before mentioned. I never yet met with the verdure of their leaves, and are with any one who has walked in this apt to inspire the heart of the beholder garden, who was not struck with that with that'vernal delight which you have part of it which I have here mentioned. fomewhere taken notice of in your forAs for myself, you will find, by the mer papers. It is very pleasant, at the account which I have already given you, same tiine, to see the several kinds of that my compositions in gardening are birds retiring into this little green spot, altogether after the Pindaric manner, and enjoying themselves among the and run into the beautiful wildness of branches and foliage, when my great Dature, without affe&ting tbe nicir ele- garden, which I have before mentioned gancies of art.

W: I am now goin to you, does not afford a single leaf for to mention, will, perhaps, deserve your their thelter. attention more than any thing I have You must know, Sir, that I look upon yet fail. I find that in the discourse the pleasure which we take in a garden, which I spoke of at the beginning of as one of the most innocent delighis in my letter, you are against filling an Ëng. human life. A garden was the habita.

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