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motive? And what are the practical tests' to be? Are we to let loose our army of qualified' persons on some Public Department, like the apprentices of a country dentist among the farmers on a market day? Let us recognise facts. Let us reduce our examinations in number if possible, let us carefully select our examiners, pay them well, and give them as much time as we can. But do not let us talk of abolishing or revolutionising competition. It is part and parcel of our democratic Constitution, and must stand or fall with it.




SIR,-Your new departure and crusade against competitive examinations seems to me to have a very lame and impotent following.

Let me state the following facts, which should go far to disprove your case.

I have been successful in two open competitions: the appointments were for the Indian and Home Services, with 1,000l. and 5001. per annum respectively—the highest ever given direct in open competition.

I trust it will not be misunderstood when I say that I am the only person who has gained two open competitions, and I claim therefore a right to speak in the defence of the system.

Because, firstly, I left a small London day-school at fourteen years of age, and taught myself all I know after that in the evenings and anyhow; but I never had an hour's 'coaching' or 'cramming' from any one, and I was so poor that I never had the slightest interest or influence used in my favour in my life, and I did not even get a nomination for an appointment, which is simply a mockery of a fair and open competition.

I think it physically and mentally impossible to 'cram' as it is called, with a ten days' memory,' &c. &c., ad nauseam, because the mind of my fellow man is not like the liver of a goose, and it is mere abuse to detract from the merit of the successful competitors by such clipped-foxtail kind of argument—for the other foxes will have none of it. The jibes and sneers of the whole genus of Tite Barnacles will not prove a crammed man to be rammed so intellectually tight that he incontinently busts up'as soon as the cram ceases, and that they, the ever-victorious Tite Barnacles, are better men than those selected by competition, in consequence of adhering to the Red Tape Office with all the tenacity due to their low scale of intellectual vitality, and to the low jobbery and backstairs patronage by which they crawled into their ten-to-four sinecures.

Dickens might well have called the creatures the O'Mac Tite Barnacles-because the electoral difficulties in Celtic districts of the

Disunited Kingdom of Lesser Britain have filled our services with Celtic O'Macs of a type that the nation will regret in the hour of need when no English need apply.

To be brief, however, let me add a remedy for all the objections to the system of Competition v. Patronage, viz. let the examiners themselves be selected by OPEN competition.

Then we shall no more hear the laments of those who cannot wub two ideales togevah,' and who call it Scramming' if any one else scores higher than they do in examinations. I am too busy to go into the self-evident deductions from the foregoing.

I will, however, add this farewell shot, with advice to those who have gained open competitions, viz.: Directly you are appointed, resign. You will then be able, with your proved abilities, to make a much better position for yourself out of her Majesty's Services than ia them. Verb. sap. To say nothing of the very unfair conditions of the life, the O'Macs will make it hot for the average Englishmantoo hot to hold him, in fact.

Let biin rather try and get up a company entitled England for Englishmen, Unlimited.

I am, Sir, your obedient servant,


Mem. Inst. C.E.


The Editor of THE NINETEENTH CENTURY cannot undertake

to return unaccepted MSS.



The titles of articles are printed in italics.



DY (Mrs. Henry), Jean-François Banting cure, the, 200
Millet, 419-438

Barnett (Rev. Samuel A.), A Scheme
Africa, East Central, Slavery in, 439– for the Unemployed, 753-763

Belief and Conduct, 372-389
Agnosticism, causes of, 289

Belief, Sins of, and Sins of Unbelief
Agricultural training farm for the un 548-568
employed, 757-763

Bent (J. Theodore), What St. John saw
Agriculture, cause of the continued de-

on Patmos, 813-821
pression of, 662-663

Beothuks, the, of Newfoundland, 899-918
America, religion in, 493

Blackwood (Sir Arthur), The Public
the Treasury surplus in, 788-789 Offices-from Within, 270-281
– the emigration question in, 789-791 Blaine (Mr.), his Twenty Years of
the tariff question in, 791-795

Congress,' 274–275
- hostile feeling against England in, cause of his defeat in the Presidential

contest of 1881, 785--786
· Nortb, an extinct race of, 899-918 Blake (Sir Henry), nomination of, to
American Statesmen, 262-275

the governorship of Queensland, 891-
Anne of Austria, Richelieu's passion for, 892

Blake (Lady), The Beothuks of New-
Architecture of public buildings, 711 foundland, 899-918
Armada Relic, an, 334_339

Board schools, reports of the commis-
Armstrong (Lord), The Vague Cry for sioners on, 871-874
Technical Education, 45–52

Boccaccio and Chaucer, 347–348
The Cry for Useless Knowledge, 653- Boulanger (General), 474–475

- effect of his popularity on Germany,
Armstrong, Lord, and Technical Edu 803-804
cation, 325-333

Brazil, Liberating the Slaves in, 94-105
Arnold (Edwin Lester), The Future of Brewster (Sir David), on lighthouse il-
English Tobacco, 569–575

lumination, quoted, 80
Artillery, our deficiency in, 111-112 Brienne, Comte de, the Memoirs of the,
Australian Lesson, an, 393-409

Brooks (Dr. Phillips) on the Chautauqua

College, quoted, 496
ADEN-POWELL (Sir George),

George), Brown (Professor Colin) on Gaelic
Selecting Colonial Governors, 891 labour-songs, quoted, 239

į Bryce (General Lloyd S), Socialism




through American Spectacles, 315 Conduct, Belief and, 372-389

Co-operative Stores for Ireland, 410-418
Buddhism, 119-135

Copleston (Dr.), Buddhism, 119–135
Buddhism in Japan, 855

County Councils, Local Government
Buildings, Public, in London, 703-718

and, in France, 136-144
Bullet-playing, a Scotch game, 370 Court of High Commission, origin of,
Burne-Jones (Mr.), pictures of, 38

Bury (Mlle. Blaze de), The Real Ma- | Crackanthorpe (Montague), The Future
dame de Pompadour, 207–226

of the Unionists, 719-726
Crawfurd (Oswald), Slavery in East

Central Africa, 439-450
CABINET revelations, the rule regard- Cry for Technical Education, the Vague,

Cadenas, the word, explanation of, 694 ; - for Useless Knowledge, the, 663-668
Calhoun (John C.), American statesman,

California, a Mountain Vineyard in, DA

ANTE, transfusions from, in Chaucer,

Canada and the United States, 786-788 Davos, health resort, 57–59
Canteens, regimental, 828–829

Dawson (Sir William), on St. John's
Cardwell (Lord), breakdown of his cen vision at Patmos, quoted, 814
tralisation scheme, 108-110

'Death, the First-born Son of,' 576-578
Carey (Dr. William), anecdote of, 15 Democracy, character of the, 83-84
Cecil (Lord Eustace), The Curse of the Democracy and Party, 227-237
War Office, 106-118

Demoniac possession, the belief in, 584-
An Autumn Visit to Japan, 851-862 589
Ceylon, Buddhism in, 119-135

Detaille (M.), his picture of the 'Dream,
Champion (H. H.), The New Labour 40-41
Party, 81-93

Devils, forms for the casting out of, 580-
Charles the First, government of, 235 594
Chaucer and the Italian Renaissance, D'Israeli (Isaac), on songs for the people,

quoted, 238
Chautauqua Reading Circle, the, 487- Doyle (Dr. Conan), The Geographical

Distribution of British Intellect, 184-
Christianity, what is left of? 282-300 195
Christianity, relation of, to morality, Dunsany, co-operative store experiment

at, 413-414
Church of England, Queen Elizabeth and Dziewicki (M. H.), ' Exorcizo Te,' 579-
the, 764–784

Churches, who owns the ? 145-160
Cleveland (President) and his Message

to Congress on the Fisheries question, EAST London Labour, 161–183

Pages from a Work-Girl's
Clifford (Edward), The First-born Son Diary, 301-314
of Death, 576–578

Ebstein cure for obesity, the, 200-201
Colliery life in Scotland, 360-371 Education, the Sacrifice of, to Examina-
Colomb (Sir J. C. R.), The Naval tion, 617-652
Manoeuvres, 595-604

Two Conflicting 'Reports' on, 863-
Colombo (Bishop of), see Copleston


Technical, the Vague Cry for, 45–52
Colonial Governors, Selecting, 891-898 Education, examples of greatness
Competition, evil results of, to the achieved without, 48–49, 326–327,
working classes, 85-86

— fallacy of Socialism regarding, 320 - Act, Mr. Gladstone's share in the,


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