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self; that hypocrisy which conceals his far as they may tend to the improvement own heart from him, and makes him of one, and the diminution of the other. believe he is more virtuous than he Plutarch has written an essay on the seally is, and either not attend to his benefits which a man may receive from vices, or mistake even his vices for vir. his enemies, and, among the good fruits tues. It is this fatal bypocrisy and felf. of enmity, mentions this in particular, deceit, which is taken notice of in those that by the reproaches which it calts words. Who can understand his er.

upon us we see the worst side of our := • rors? Cleanse thou me froni secret felves, and open our eyes to several ble« faults.'

mithes and defects in our lives and conIf the open professors of impiety de- versations, which we should not have serve the utmost application and endea- obferved without the help of fuch illwours of moral writers to recover them natured monitors. from vice and folly, how much more In order likewise to come at a truc may those lay a claim to their care and knowledge of ourselves, we should concompassion, who are walking in the fider on the other hand how far we may paths of death, while they fancy them- deserve the praifes and approbations felves engaged in a course of virtue! I which the world bestow upon us: wheMall endeavour, therefore, to lay down ther the actions they celebrate proceed some rules for the discovery of those from laudable and worthy motives; and vices that lurk in the secret corners of how far we are really possessed of the the foul, and to New my reader those virtues which gain us applause among methods by which he may arrive at a those with whom we converse. Such a true and impartial knowledge of him- reflection is absolutely necessary, if we felf. The usual means prescribed for consider how apt we are either to value this purpose, are to examine ourselves or condemn ourselves by the opinions by the rules which are laid down for of others, and 10 facrifice the report of our direction in Sacred Writ, and to our own hearts to the judgment of the compare our lives with the life of that world. Person who acted up to the perfection of In the next place, that we may not human nature, and is the standing ex deceive ourselves in a point of so much ample, as well as the great guide and importance, we should not lay too great instructor, of those who receive his doc. a ftress on any supposed virtues we portrines. Though these two heads can sess that are of a doubtful nature; and not be too much insisted upon, I shall such we may esteem all those in which but just mention them, since they have multitudes of men dissent froin us, who been handled by many great and emi are as good and wise as ourselves. We nent writers.

should always act with great cautiousI would therefore propose the follow. ness and circumspection in points, where ing methods to the consideration of such it is not impossible that we may be deas would find out their secret faults, ceived. Intemperate zeal, bigotry and and make a true estimate of themselves. persecution for any party or opinion,

In the first place, let them consider how praise-worthy soever they may apwell what are the characters which they pear to weak men of our own principles, bear among their enemies. Our friends produce infinite calamities among manvery often Aatter us, as much as our kind, and are highly criminal in their own hearts. They either do not fee our own nature; and yet how many persons Faults, or conceal them from us, or eminent for piety suffer such monitrous soften them by their representations, and absurd principles of action to take after such a manner, that we think them root in their minds under the colour of too trivial to be taken notice of. An virtues? For my own part, I must own, adverfary, on the contrary, makes a I never yet knew any party fo just and ftrieter search into us, discovers every reasonable, that a man could follow it Raw and imperfection in our tempers, in it's height and violence, and at the and though his malice may set them in same time be innocent. too strong a light, it has generally some We should likewise be very apprehenground for what it advances. A friend five of those actions which proceed from exisgerates a man's virtues, an enemy natural conititution, favourite passions, enfisines his crimes. A wile man Mould particular education, or whatever profive a just attention to both of them, lo motes our worldly interest or advantage.


In these and the like cases, a man's I shall conclude this essay with oba judgment is easily perverted, and a serving, that the two kinds of hypocrily wrong bias hung upon his mind. These I have here spoken of, namely that of are the inlets of prejudice, the unguard. deceiving the world, and that of imed avenues of the mind, by which a poling on ourselves, are touched with thousand errors and secret faults find wonderful beauty in the hundred thirtyadmiflion, without being observed or ninth Pfalm. The folly of the firit taken notice of. A wile man will fu. kind of hypocrisy is there set forth by fpect those actions to which he is directed reflections on God's omniscience and by something besides reason, and al- omnipresence, which are celebrated in ways apprehend some concealed evil in

as noble strains of poetry as any other every resolution that is of a disputable I ever met with, either sacred or pronature, when it is conformable to his fane. The other kind of hypocrisy,' particular temper, his age, or way of whereby a man deceives himself, is inlife, or when it favours his pleasure or timated in the two laft verses, where the his profit.

Pfalmift addresses himfelf to the great There is nothing of greater import. Searcher of hearts in that emphatical ance to us than thus diligently to fift petition -' Try me, O God, and our thoughts, and examine all these dark * seek the ground of my heart; prove recefses of the mind, if we would exta me, and examine my thoughts. Look blish our souls in such a solid and sub- ' well if there be any way of wickedftantial virtue as will turn to account in ness in me, and lead me in the way that great day, when it must stand the everlasting.' cost of infinite Wisdom and Justice.





T should, methinks, preserve modesty ordered in the description which Antony

and it's interests in the world, that makes in the dialogue between him and the transgression of it always creates of. Dolabella, of Cleopatra in her barge. fence; and the very purposes of wantonness are defeated by a carriage which

Her galley down the filver Cidnos rowd: bas in it fo much boldness, as to inti- The tackling lik, the streamers wav'd with mate that fear and relu&tance are quite The gentle winds were lodg'd in purple rails;

gold; extinguished in an object which would Her nymphe, like Nereids, round her coucha be otherwise desirable. It was said of

were placid, á wit of the last age

Where the, another sea-born Venus, lay;

She lay, and lean'd her cheek upon her band, Sidney has that prevailing gentle art,

And cast a look fo languithingly sweet, Which can with a refiftless charm impart

As if fecure of all beholders hearts,
The loose it withes to the chaiteit heart;
Raise such a conflict, kindle such a fire,

Neglecting íhe could take them. Boys like

Cupids Between declining virtue and desire,

Stood funning with their painted wings the That the poor vanquith'd maid diffolves away

winds In dreams all night, in fighs and tears all day. That play'd about her face: but if she smil'd, This prevailing gentle art was made

A darting glory seem'd to blaze abroad,

That men's desiring eyes were never weary'd, up of complaisance, courthip, and art

But hung upon the object. To soft flutes ful conformity to the modeity of a wo

The filver oars kept time and while they man's manners. Rusticity, broad ex.

play'd pression, and forward ohtrulion, offend The hearing gave new pleasure to the sight, those of education, and make the trans

Aud both to thoughtgreffors odious to all who have merit enough to attract regard. It is in this Here the imagination is warmed with talte that the scenery is so beautifully all the objects presented, and yet there



is nothing that is luscious, or what raises a man's heart has not the abhorrence any idea more loose than that of a beau- of any treacherous design, he may easily titul woman set off to advantage. The improve approbation into kindness, and like, or a more delicate and careful spi. kindness into passion. There may posrit of modesty, appears in the following fibly be no manner of love between them passage in one of Mr. Philips's pastorals. in the eyes of all their acquaintance; no, Breathe soft ye winds, ye waters gently flow,

it is all friendship; and yet they may Shield her ye trees, ye low'rs around her

be as fond as fhepherd and fnepherders

grow, Ye fwains, I beg you, pass in Glence by,

in a paftoral, but still the nyonph and My love in yonder vale asleep does lie. the swain may be to each other no

other, I warrant you, than Pylades and Defire is corrected when there is a

Orestes. tenderness or admiration exprefled which partakes the paflion. Licer.tious lan When Lucy decks with flowers her swelling

breait, guage has something brutal in it, which

And on her elbow leans, diffembling rest; disgraces humanity, and leaves us in the condition of the lavages in the field. Nor theep nor pasture worth my care I find.

Unable to refrain my madding mind, But it may be asked, to what good use

Once Delia slept, on easy mors reclin'd, can tend á discourse of this kind at all? Her lovely limbs half bare, and rude the win!: It is to alarm chatte ears against such as I smooth'd her coats, and stole a filent kils: have what is above called the prevailing Condcmn me, shepherds, if I did amiss. gentle art. Masters of that talent are capable of cloathing their thoughts in Such good offices as there, and such so loft a dress, and something so distant friendly thoughts and concerns for one from the secret purpose of their heart, another, are what make up the amity, that the inagination of the unguarded as they call it, between man and wois touched with a fondness which grows too intensibly to be relifted. Much It is the permission of such intercourse, care and concern for the lady's welfare, that makes a young woman come to to seem afraid lelt the Mould be annoyed the arms of her husband, after the dir. by the very air which surrounds her, appointment of four or five passions and this uttered rather with kind looks, which she has successively had for difand expressed by an interjection, an Ah, ferent men, before she is prudentially or an Oh, at some little hazard in move given to him for whom she has neither ing or making a step, than in any direct love nor friendship. For what should profession of love, are the methods of

a poor creature do, that has lost all her ikilful admirers: they are honest arts friends? There is Marinet the agreewhen their purpose is such, but infa. able, has, to my knowledge, had a mous when misapplied. It is certain friendship for Lord Welforil, which had that many a young woman in this town like to break her heart; then she had to has had her heart irrecoverably won, by great a friendship for Colonel Hardy, men who have not made one advance that she could not endure any woman which ties their admirers, though the else should do any thing but rail at him, females languish with the utmost anxie. Many and fatal have been disaiters bety. I have often, by way of admonition tween friends who have fallen out, and to my female readers, given them warn these resentments are more keen than ing against agreeable company of the ever those of other men can possibly lve: other lex, except they are well acquaint- but in this it happens unfortunately, ed with their characters.' Women may that as there ought to be nothing com disguise it if they think fit, and the more cealed from one friend to another, the to do it, they may be angry at me for friends

of different sexes very often find faying it; but I say it is natural to them, fatal effects from their unanimity. that they have no manner of approba For my part, who ftudy to pass life in tion of men, without some degree of as much innocence and tranquillity as I jove: for this reason he is dangerous to can, I hun the company of agreeable be entertained as a friend or visitant, who women as much as poflible; and must is capable of gaining any eminent esteem confess that I have, though a tolerable or observation, though it be never fo good philosopher, but a low opinion of remote from pretentions as a lover. If Platonic love: for which reason I thought


it necessary to give my fair readers a tonist lately, fwell to a roundness which caution against it, having, to my great is inconsistent with that philosophy. concein, observed the waist of a Pla.







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Shall publish, for the entertainment without vanily, make him believe himwhich I have just received from one of fortunes, indeed, weighed in the nice my female correspondents,

scale of intereit, are not exactly equal,

which by the way was the true cause of MR. SPECTATOR,

my jilting him; and I had the assurance SINCE you have often confessed that to acquaint him with the following max

you are not displeased your papers im, that I should always believe that should sometimes convey the complaints man's passion to be the most violent, of distressed lovers to each other, I ain who could offer me the largest settlein hopes you will favour one who gives ment.

I have since changeel my opie you an undoubted instance of her re nion, and have endeavoured to let hiin formation, and at the same time a con know so much by several letters, but vincing proof of the happy influence the barbarous man has refused them all; your labours have had over the most in- so that I have no way left of writing to corrigible part of the most incorrigible him but by your afiiitance. If you can sex. You must know, Sir, I am one bring him about once more, I promile of that species of women, whom you to send you all gloves and favours, and have often characterized under the name

shall deñre the favour of Sir Roger and of Jilts, and that I send you these lines yourself to stand as godfathers to my as well to do public penance for having first buy. I am, Sir, your most obefolong continued in a known error, as to dient, most humble fervant, beg pardon of the party offended. I the

AMORET. rather chuse this way, because it in fome mealure auswers the terms on PHILANDER TO AMORET. which he intimated the breach between us might possibly be made up, as you will see by the letter he fent me the next I Ain fo furprised at the question you day after I had discarded him; which I were pleased to ask me yesterday, that thought fit to send you a copy of, that I am still at a loss what to say to it. At you might the better know the whole leait ny answer would be too long to

trouble you with, as it would come I must further acquaint you, that be- from a person, who, it seems, is fo very fore I jilted him, there had been the indifferent to you. Instead of it, I thail greatest intimacy between us for a year only recommend to your confideration and a half together, during all which the opinion of one whole fentiments on time I sherished his hopes, and indulged these matters I have often hard you say his flame, I leave you to guess after are extremely just. * A generous and shis what must be his surprise, when constant passion,' says your favourite upon his presling for my full consent author,' in an agreeable lover, where one day, I told him I wondered what • there is not too great a disparity in could make hun fancy he had ever any their circumstances, is the greatelt place in my affections. His own sex blefiing that can befal a perion beallow him fense, and all ours good- “ loved; and if overiooken it 6!e, may breeding. His person is such as might, perhaps never be found in another. .'



I do not, however, at all despair of I now act may appear contrary to that being very thortly much better beloved decorum ufually observed by our sex, by you than Antenor is at present; since yet I purposely break through all rules, whenever my fortune Thail exceed his, that my repentance may in some meayou were pleased to intimate your par. sure equal my crime. I assure you that fon would increase accordingly. in my present hopes of recovering you,

The world has seen ine hamefully I look upon Antenor's estate with conJose that time to please a fickle woman, tempt. The fop was here yesterday in which might have been employed much a gilt chariot and new liveries, but I more to my credit and advantage in refused to see him. Though I dread other pursuits. I fall therefore take to meet your eyes, after what has passed, the liberty to acquaint you, however I flatter myself, that amidst all their barn it may found in a lady's ears, that confufion you will discover such a tenthough your love-fit thould happen to derness in mine, as none can inritate return, unleis you could contrive a way but those who love. I fall be all this to inake your recantation as well known month at Lady D's in the country; to the public, as they are already ap

but the woods, the fields, and gardens, prised of the manner with which you without Philander, afford no pleasures have treated me, you fhall never more to the unhappy fce


I must desire you, dear Mr. Specta. tor, to publish this my letter to Philan.

der as soon as possible, and to assure U PON reflection, I find the injury him that I know nothing at all of the

I have done both to you and my- death of his rich uncle in Gloucesterself to be so great, that though the part fhire.






HoR. ARS POLT. V. 181.



ERE I to publish all the ad- apart. My heart is in the utmost an.

vertisements I receive from dif- guish, and my face is covered over with ferent hands, and persons of different confusion, when I impart to you ancircumstances and quality, the very other circumstance, which is, that my mention of them, without reflections on mother, the most mercenary of all wothe leveral subjects, would raise all the men, is gained by this false friend of pations which can be felt by human my husband's to solicit me for him. I minds. As inttances of this, I fall am frequently chid by the poor believgive you two or three letters ; the writers ing man my hulband, for thewing an of which can have no recourse to any impatience of his friend's company; Jegal power for redress, and seem to have and I am never alone with my mother, written rather to vent their forrow than but the tells me stories of the discrea to receive consolation.

tionary part of the world, and such a

one, and such a one who are guilty of MR. SPECTATOR,

as much as she advises me to. She I Am a young woman of beauty and laughs at my attonishment; and feems

quality, and suitably married to a to hint to me, that as virtuous as the gentleman who dotes on me. But this has always appeared, I am not the person of mine is the object of an unjust daughter of her husband. It is pofsible passion in a nobleman who is very inti- that printing this letter may relieve me mate with my husband. This friends from the unnatural importunity of my thip gives him very easy access, and fre- mother, and the perfidious courtship of quent opportunities of entertaining me my hulband's friend. I have an un


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