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SUPPLEMENTARY TO LESSON V.
(SEE PAGE 23)
REVIEW: NOUN, ADJECTIVE, AND PRONOUN.
FORMULA FOR PARSING.
Deeds Noun Com.
Neut Third Plu. Obj. Obj. of does. 2. That temper of 'his will get him into trouble.
3. "Whatever you attempt to do you should do with all your might.
4. That Sthat is not that that 'that that boy was parsing. 5. boo The Battle
was the name of the poem which was written by the veteran soldier.
6. We know him to be a man whose word of honor has never been questioned even by his enemies.
7. The flock was scattered into little groups of 'twos and threes.
8. Columbus, whose wonderful discoveries immortalized his name, died in neglect and poverty.
9. He who longs for more than belongs to him may lose lowhat he rightly deserves.
10. He that has patience may have what he will.
11. "Many people know the value of a dollar who do not appreciate the value of 'a hundred cents.'”
a . 12. "His death- "Garrick's - eclipsed the gayety of nations, and impoverished the public stock of harmless pleasure."
13. “He that wrestles with us strengthens our nerves and sharpens our skill; our antagonist is our helper."
14. “And having looked to government for bread, in the very first scarcity they will turn and bite the hand 13that fed them.” *See page 76, note l.
15. . In this moment, who hesitates, barters
The rights which his forefathers won;
Transmitted from father to son.”
And the cares that infest the day,
And as silently steal away.”
For ages would its "light,
Shine on our mortal sight.
For years beyond our ken
Upon the paths of men.”
SUGGESTIONS. 1. See answer to Ques. 2, page 21. If it is desired to parse his as a personal pronoun, make it modify some indefinite noun understood. 2. Whatever is equivalent to that whichever. Some treat the word "what” (and its compounds ) as an indefinite pronoun. They parse it as a single pronoun, and as having no antecedent. They make the entire sentence, in which what is found, the object of the verb in the principal sentence. 3. That is a noun. 4. That is a pronoun.
5. “ The Battle " is an expression used as a noun, the subject of was. 6. Man is in the objective csse after the verb to be. See suggestion 10, page 45. 7. Twos is a noun, plural number.
8. More is an adjective used as a noun. 9. Than [that is which] belongs, etc.., is the full form. 10. See whatever, above. 11. A hundred is parsed as a single adjective. It is a weakened form of one hundred. 12. Garrick's is in apposition with his 13.
That is a pronoun; its antecedent is hand. 14. (He] the subject of barters, is the antecedent of who. 15. Were quenched is a passive verb. 16. High is a noun, the object of on, 17. Light is the subject of would shine. 18. So is an introductory adverb. 19. When is a conjunctive adverb, and joins its clause to the verb leaves. 20. The object of leaves is which, understood. Light is the antecedent of which, and the subject of the principal sentence.
SUPPLEMENTARY TO LESSON VI.
(SEE PAGES 30 AND 31 )
REVIEW: NOUN, ADJECTIVE, PRONOUN, AND VERB.
1. The best method of parsing infinitives and participles is to consider them as special forms of the verb.
Mod., Method. Method. Noun Com.
3rd sing. Nom. Subj. of is. 2 Parsing. Part. Trans. Reg. SActive
Noun. Obj. of of
Ag. w. method. 2To consider Infin. Trans. Reg.
Noun. Pred. w. is. Them. Pron. Pers. Simp
4. ...... Neut.
3rd lalu. Obj. Obj. of to consider. 2. He will come before that time. 3. Man must be obedient or suffer punishment.
4. What with patience, and 'what with perseverence, he accomplished his end.
5. Let us 'attempt 'to attain to that which will bring its own reward.
If he should come to our assistance before it is too late, we will yet be able Sto conquer.
7. It is a noble thing to be able to do a purely unselfish favor.
8. “I never saw a saw 8saw a saw as that saw saws a saw.”
9. “ Talent 'is that which is in a man's power ; genius 'is that in whose power a man 'is."
10. Our sweetest songs are those that tell of saddest thought.”
11. "As Sir Roger "was going on with his story, the gentleman we were talking "of came up to us." 12.
"Sweet is the sound, when oft at evening's close
Up yonder hill the village murmur rose. NOTES:-*1 This condensed formula will be more convenient than one having a single heading for each column. The learner will not find it dinlcult to make the proper selection. 2. The infinitives and participles are, for conven: ience, placed under the heading parts of speech.” It must be remembered that they are onlspecial forms of a part of speech, the verb. In the formulu on pages 42 and 43 they are called verbals. a name preferred by some. Infinitives and participles do not have voice, but are merely voive forms. See page 31, note 2. 3. See ote 2. 4. Infiitives and participles is the antecedent of them.
13. “How 18 noiseless falls the foot of time
That only treads on flowers.” 14 “The leaves of memory seem 15to make
A mournful rustle in the dark."
And half the business of destruction 18done;
I see the rural virtues 19leave the land." 16. "From scenes like these, old Scotia's grandeur springs,
That makes her 201oved at home, rever'd abroad;
1. What is not a pronoun in this case, but an adverb. 2. [To] attempt has the construction of an adjective, and belongs to us. 3. T attain is used as a noun, the object of attempt. 4. Able is an adjective, and belongs to we. 5. To conquer is used as an adverb, and modifies able. 6.
Το be is used as a noun; it is the subject of the verb is. To be able is an abridged clause. In this clause, to be takes the place of the real verb in the original clause, in which clause the word able belonged to the subject as an adjective. As it stands, it is still an adjective, belonging to a substantive implied. To be is, as the sentence stands, the subject of is. 7. To do is used as an adverb, and modifies able. 8. [To] saw has the use of an adjective, and modifies the word saw preceding it. 9. Is is a copula. 10. Is is not a copula. 11. Was going is the progressive form of the verb. 12. Of may be parsed as an adverb, or as a preposition whose object whom, is understood. 13. Noiseless is an adverb; it is an Apocope-a figure of Etymology. See any diction
Seems is a copula. 15. To make has the use of an adjective, and belongs to leaves. 16. [IS] done is a passive verb; its subject is half. Business is the object of a preposition understood. 17. Methinks is a figure of Enallage; it is equivalent to I think. 18. Pondering is a participle, and modifies I. 19. [To] leare is used as an adjective, and modifies virtues. 20. Loved is a participle, and belongs to her.
SUPPLEMENTARY TO LESSON VII-IX.
(SEE PAGES 35, 37, AND 39.)
REVIEW: ALL THE PARTS OF SPEECH. 1. That man and I hope to succeed by working diligently.
No. of Sent.
3rd sing. Nom. Subj. of hope. And Conj. Co-ord.
Con. man and I. I
Pron Pers. Simp. U’der'd Com. 1st Sing. Nom. Subj. of hope. Hope Verb. Trans. * 1 Reg. Active Indic. Pres. 1st Plu.
Agrees w. man & 1. 12 To succeed Infin. Intr.
Noun. Obj. of hope.
Con. to succeed &
working. Working Part. Intr.
Noun. Obj. of by. Diligently Adv. Man'r. 1 Reg.
2. History teaches us 'how 'to read the signs of the times from passing events.
3. The man living round the corner bought a round
. of beef, and hung it upon a round pole.
4. Those who have lived to no purpose are they who are weary of life.
5. By means of the electric wire, words are enabled to take wings and fly to the uttermost parts of the earth.
6. To rush after gain in a heedless manner is ®to forget our duty to self and humanity.
7. His life might have been a blessing to the world 'instead of a curse, had his early training been different.
8. The 'hermit of the mountain's hut was destroyed by the hurricane.
9. With wonderful courage and skill, the invincible army passed the summit of the snow-capped Alps.
10. It was then "some one else's turn to carry forward the unwelcome tidings of defeat.
*NOTES.—1. The principal parts of verbs, and the comparative degrees of adjectives and adverbs should be given orally. Adjectives which form their comparison by adding er and est, or prefixing more and most, are called regular.
See page 76, note 2.