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Chap. X. Of Effectual Calling. ALL those whom God hath predestinated unto life,
and those only, he is pleafed, in his appointed and accepted time, effectually to call a, by his word and Spirit b, out of that state of sin and death in which they are by nature, to grace and falvation by Jesus Christ c; en
lightening fect. i John iii. 2. Beloved, now are ye are manifestly declared to be the we the sons of God, and it doth epistle of Christ, ministered by us not yet appear what we shall be: written not with ink, but with the but we know, that when he shall Spirit of the living God: not in taappear, we shall be like him; for bles of stone, but in fleshly tables of we shåll see him as he is. Jude 24: the heart. v. 6. Who also made No unto him that is able to keep us able ministers of the new testayou from falling, and to present you ment, not of the letter, but of the faultels, before the presence of his Spirit : for the letter killeth, but glory with exceeding joy.
the Spirit giveth life. I. a Rom. viii. 30. Moreover, c Rom. viii. 2. For the law of the whom he did predestinate, them he Spirit of life, in Christ Jesus, hath also called : and whom he called made me free from the law of fin and them he also justified : and whom death. Eph. ii. I. And you hath he he justified, them he also glorified. quickened who were dead in tresRom. xi. 7. What then? Israel hath passes and lips. v. 2. Wherein in not obtained that which he seeketh time past ye walked according to for : but the election hath obtained the course of this world, according it, and the rest were blinded. Eph. to the prince of the power of the air, i. 10. That in the dispensation of the spirit that now worketh in the the fulness of times, he might ga- children of disobedience. v. 3. A. ther together in one all things in mong whom also we all had our Christ, both which are in heaven, conversation in times past, in the and which are on earth, even in him. lusts of our felh, fulfilling the dev. II. In whom also we have ob- fires of the flesh, and of the mind; tained an inheritance, being prede- and were by nature the children of stinated according to the purpose of wrath, even as others. v. 4. But him who worketh all things after God, who is rich in mercy, for his the counsel of his own will,
great love wherewith he loved b 2 Theff. ii. 13. But we are bound us. v. 5. Even when we were dead to give thanks alway to God for you, in fins, hath quickened us together brethren, beloved of the Lord, be with Christ, (by grace ye are saved.) cause God hath from the beginning 2.Tim.i.g. Who hath saved us, and cholen you to falvation, through called us with an holy calling, not sanctification of the Spirit, and belief according to our works, but accordof the truth: v. 14. Whereunto he ing to his own purpose and grace called you by our gospel, to the ob- which was given us in Christ Jesus, taining of the glory of our Lord jesus before the world began. v. 1o. But Christ. 2 Cor.iij. 3. Forafmuch as is now made manifest by the appear. .
lightening their minds spiritually and savingly to underftand the things of God d; taking away their heart of stone, and giving unto them an heart of flesh e; renewing their wills, and by his almighty power determining them to that which is good f; and effectually drawing them to Jesus Christ g ; yet so as they come most freely, being made willing by his grace h.
II. This ing of our Saviour Jesus Christ, flesh, and will give them an heart of who hath abolished death, and hath Aesh. Phil. ii. 13. For it is God which brought life and immortality to worketh in you, both to will and to light, through the gospel,
do of his good pleasure. Deut. XXX. d Acts xxvi. 18. To open their 6. And the Lord thy God will cireyes, and to turn them from dark. cumcise thine heart, and the heart ness to light, and from the power of of thy seed, to love the Lord thy Satan unto God, that they may re God with all thine heart, and with ceive forgiveness of sins, and inheri- all thy soul, that thou mayest live. tance among them which are fancti- Ezek.xxxvi. 27. And I will put my fed by faith that is in me. 1 Cor.ii. Spirit within you, and cause you to 10. But God hath revealed them walk in my Itatutes, and ye shall unto us by his Spirit: for the Spirit keep my judgments, and do them. searcheth all things, yea, the deep ģ Eph. i. 19. And what is the things of God. v. 12. Now we have exceeding greatness of his power to received, not the spirit of the world, us-ward who believe, according to but the Spirit which is of God; that the working of his mighty power. we might know the things that are John vi. 44. No man can come to freely given to us of God. Eph. i. me, except the Father which hatia 17. That the God of our Lord Je- fent me, draw him; and I will raise sus Christ, the Father of glary, may him up at the last day. v. 45. It is give unto you the Spirit of wisdom written in the prophets, And they and revelation, in the knowledge of hall be all taught of God. Every V. 18. The
man therefore that hath heard, and derstanding being enlightened; that hath learned of the Father, cometh ye may know what is the hope of unto me. his calling, and what the riches of b Cant. i.
Draw me, we will run the glory of his inheritance in the after thee. Psal. cx. 3. Thy people
shall be willing in the day of thy e Ezek. xxxvi. 26. A new heart power, in the beauties of holiness also will I give you, and a new spi- from the womb of the morning: put
and I will thou hast the dew of thy youth. take away the stony heart out of John vi. 37. All that the Father your flesh, and I will give you an giveth me, shall come to me; and heart of flesh.
him that conieth to me, I will in no And I will give wise cast out. Rom. vi. 16. Know them one heart, and I will put a ye not, that to whom ye yield yournew spirit within you; and I will felves servants to obey, his servants take the stony heart out of their ye are to whom ye obey; whether
rit will I
fEzek. xi. 19.
II. This effectual call is of God's free and fpecial grace alone, not from any thing at all foreseen in mani, who is altogether passive therein, until, being quickened and renewed by the Holy Spirit k, he is thereby enabled to answer this call, and to embrace the grace offered and conveyed in it l.
III. Elect infants, dying in infancy, are regenerated and faved by Christ through the Spirit in, who worketh when,
and of fin unto death, or of obedience Spirit of God; for they are foolishunto righteousness? v. 17. But God ness unto him: neither can he know be thanked, that ye were the ser- them, because they are spiritually vants of sin; but ye have obeyed discerned. Rom. viii. 7. Because the from the heart that form of doctrine carnal mind is enmity against God: which was delivered you. v. 18. for it is not subject to the law of Being then made free from sin, ye God, neither indeed can be. Eph. became the servants of righteouf. ii. 5. Even when we were dead in nefs.
fins hath quickened us together with II. i 2 Tim.ii9. Who hath saved Christ, (by grace ye are saved.) us, and called us with an holy call 1 John vi. 37. All that the Father ing, not according to our works, but giveth me, shall come to me; and according to his own purpose and him that cometh to me, I will 'in no grace which was given us in Chrift wife cast out. Ezek. xxxvi. 27. And Jesus, before the world began. Tit. I will put my fpirit within you, and lii, But after that the kindness cause you to walk in my statutes, and love of God our Saviour toward and ye shall keep my judgments, and man appeared. v. 5. Not by works do them. John v. 25. Verily verily of righteousness, which we have I say unto you, The hour is coming, done, but according to his mercy he and now is, when the dead shall hear saved us by the washing of regene- the voice of the Son of God: and ration, and renewing of the Holy they that hear shall live. Ghoit. Eph.ü.
Eph. ii. 4. But God, who is III, m Luke xviiil 15. And they rich in mercy, for his great love brought unto him also infants, that wherewith he loved us. v. 5. Even he would touch them : but when his when we were dead in: sins hath disciples faw it, they rebuked them. quickened us together with Christ, v. 16. But Jefus called them unto (by grace ye are saved.) v. 8. For him, and said, Suffer little children by grace are ye saved, through faith; to come unto me, and forbid them and that not of yourselves : it is the not: for of fuch is the kingdom of gift of God: v.9. Not of works, God. And Acts ii. 38. Then Peter left any man should boast. Rom. ix. faid unto them, Repent, and be bap11. For the children being not yet tized every one of you in the name born, neither having done any good of Jesus Christ, for the remission of or evil, that the purpose of God ac- fins, and ye shall receive the gift of cording to election might stand, not the Holy Ghost. v. 39. For the proof works, but of him that calleth. mise is unto you, and to your chil
. k 1. Cor. ii. 14.
But the natural dren, and to all that are afar off, man receiveth not the things of the even as many as the Lord
and where, and how he pleaseth n. So also are all other elect persons, who are incapable of being outwardly called by the ministry of the word o.
IV. Others not elected, although they may be called by the ministry of the word p, and may have fome common operations of the Spirit q ; yet they never truly come unto Christ, and therefore cannot be saved r: much less can men, not professing the Christian religion, be faved in any other way whatsover, be they never fo diligent to frame their lives according to the light of nature, and the law of that religion they do profess si and
shall call. And John iii. 3. Jesus have we not prophesied in thy name?
. 9. But ye are not in the flesh, Heb. vi. 4. For it is impossible for
tasted the good word of God, and
For Jesus whence it cometh, and whether it knew from the beginning who they goeth: fo is every one that is born were that believed not, and who
should betray him. v. 65. And he 0 1 John v. 12. He that hath the said, Therefore said I unto you, Son, häth life, and he that hath not that no man can come unto me, exthe Son of God, hath not life. Acts cept it were given unto him of my iv. 12. Neither is there salvation in Father. v. 66. From that time any other : for there is none other many of his disciples went back, name under heaven given among and walked no more with him. men, whereby we must be saved.
I said therefore unte
Thall die in your lips: Dy are called, but few are chosen. for if you believe not that I am he,
9 Matth. vii. 22. Many will say ye shall die in your sins, to me iņ that day, Lord, Lord, Acts iv. 12. Neither is there
of the Spirit.
John viji. you, that
to affert and maintain, that they may, is very pernicious and to be detested t.
CHA P. XI. Of Justification. THEM whom God effectually calleth, he also freely
1 justifieth a: not by infusing righteousness into them, but by pardoning their fins, and by accounting and accepting their persons as righteous : not for any thing wrought in them, or done by them, but for Christ's fake alone : not by imputing faith itself, the act of believing, or any other evangelical obedience, to them as their righteousness; but by imputing the obedience and fatisfaction of Christ unto them b, they receiving and resting
on salvation in any other : for there is i Cor. xvi. 22. If any man love not none other name under heaven gi- the Lord Jesus Christ, let him be ven among men whereby we must Anathema, Maranatha. Gal. i. 6. be saved. John xiv. 6. Jesus saith I marvel, that ye are so soon remounto him, I am the way, and the ved from him that called you into truth, and the life : no man co the grace of Christ, unto another meth unto the Father but by me, gospel: v. 7. Which is not anoEph. ii. 12. That at that time ye ther; but there be some that trouwere without Christ, being aliens ble you, and would pervert the gofrom the common wealth of Israel, spel of Christ. v. 8. But though and strangers from the covenants of we, or an angel from heaven, preach promise, having no hope, and with- any other gospel unto you, than out God in the world. * John iv. that which we have preached unto 22. Ye worship ye know not what: you, let him be accursed. we know what we worship : for sal. I. a Rom. viii. 30. Moreover, vation is of the Jews. John xvii. whom he did predestinate, them he 3. And this is life eternal, that also called : and whom he called, they might know thee the only true them he also justified : and whom God, and Jesus Christ whom thou he justified, them he also glorified. haft fent,
Rom. iii. 24. Being justified freely :t 2 Juhn 9. Whosoever tranf- by his grace, through the redempgrefseth, and abideth not in the tion that is in Jesus Christ. doctrine of Christ, hath not God: b Rom. iv. 5. But to him that he that abideth in the doctrine of worketh not, 'bút believeth on him Christ, he hath both the Father and that justifieth the ungodly, his faith the Son. y. 10. If there come any is counted for righteousness. v. 6. unto you, and bring not this doc- Even as David also describeth the trine, receive him not into your blessedness of the man unto whom house, neither bid him God speed. God imputeth righteousness without v. 11. For he that biddeth him God works. v. 7. Saying, Blessed are fpeed, is partaker of his evil deeds. they whose iniquities are forgiven,