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doctrine both to exhort and to convince 22 the gainsayers.

10 For there are many unruly 23 and 'vain talkers and ? deceivers, specially they of the circumcision :

11 Whose mouths must be stopped,24 who subvert whole houses, teaching things which they ought not, for · filthy lucre's sake.

12 - One of themselves, even a prophet 25 of their own, said, The Cretians are alway liars, evil beasts, slow bellies.26

13 This witness is true. Wherefore e rebuke them sharply, that they may be 'sound in the


14 Not giving heed to Jewish fables, and commandments of men, that turn from the truth.

15 i Unto the pure all things are pure : but 22 coufute. Pu. 23 disobedient. Co. Ma. Gen. Rh. 24 Who must be controlled. Rh. % poet. Ma. 26 lazy gluttons. We.

y 1 Tim.i. 6: From which some having swerved have turned aside unto vain jangling. James, i. 26 : If any man among you seem to be religious, and bridleth not his tongue, but deceiveth his heart, this man's religion is vain.

z Rom. xvi. 18 : For, they that are such serve not our Lord Jesus Christ, but their own belly; and by good words and fair speeches deceive the hearts of the simple.

Acts, xv. 1: And certain men which came down from Judæa taught the brethren, and said, Except ye be circumcised after the manner of Moses, ye cannot be saved.

b See on Mat. xxiii. 14. , c See on Phi. iii. 19. * Acts, xvii. 28 : As certain also of your own poets have said.

e Isa. lviii. 1 : Cry aloud, spare not, lift up thy voice like a trumpet, and show my people their transgression, and the house of Jacob their sins. 2 Cor. xiii. 10: I write these things being absent, lest being present I should use sharpness. 2 Tim. iv. 2 : Reprove, rebuke, exhort. Tit. ii. 15.

ITur. ii. 2. 8 See on 1 Tim. i. 4. h See on Col. ii, 22. · LUKE, xi. 39-41: Now do ye Pharisees make clean the




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unto them that are defiled and kunbelieving is nothing pure; but even their mind and conscience is defiled.

16 They profess that they know God; but in works they'deny him, being abominable, and disobedient, and unto every good work " reprobate. 27

CHAP. II. 1 Directions given unto Titus, both for his doctrine and life : 9 of the

duty of servants, and in general of all Christians. BUT speak thou the things which become sound doctrine :

2 That the baged men bé sober, grave, temperate, e sound in faith, in charity, in patience.

3 The d aged women likewise, that they be in

27 void of judgment. A. V. I vigilant. A. V. serious. Pu. outside of the cup and the platter; but your inward part is full of ravening and wickedness. Ye fools, did not he that niade that which is without make that which is within also ? But rather give alms of such things as ye have ; and, behold, all things are clean unto you. Rom. xiv. 14, 20: I know, and am persuaded by the Lord Jesus, that there is nothing unclean of itself : but to him that esteemeth any thing to be unclean, to him it is unclean. All things indeed are pure ; but it is evil for that man who eateth with offence. 1 Cor. vi. 12: All things are lawful unto me, but all things are not expedient. (This repeated.) do. x. 25 : Whatsoever is sold in the shambles, that eat, asking no question for conscience sake. 1 Tim. iv. 3, 4: Forbidding to marry, and commanding to abstain from meats, which God hath created to be received with thanksgiving of them which believe and know the truth. For every creature of God is good, and nothing to be refused, if it be received with thanksgiving.

* Rom. xiv. 23: Whatsoever is not of faith is sin.
See on 1 Tim. v. 8.
m See on 2 Tim. iii. 8.

CHAP. II. a See on 1 Tim. i. 10.

Pro. xvi. 31 : The hoary head is a crown of glory, if it be found in the way of righteousness. .

Tit. i. 13. d 1 Tim. iii, 11 : Even so must their wives be grave, not slanderers, sober, faithful in all things. .



may be

behaviour as becometh holiness, not false accusers, not given to much wine, é teachers of good things;

4 That they may teach fthe young women to be sober,* to love their husbands, to love their children,

5. To be discreet, chaste, keepers at home, good, & obedient to their own husbands, that the word of God be not blasphemed.

6 Young men likewise exhort to be sober minded.6

7 In all things 'showing thyself a pat of good works : in doctrine showing uncorruptness, gravity, k sincerity,

8 Sound speech, that cannot be condemned; m that he that is of the contrary part ashamed, having no evil thing to say of you.

9 Exhort servants to be obedient unto their own masters, and to please them well Pin all things ; not answering again ;;

10 Not purloining, but showing all good 2 holy women. A. V. 3 slanderers. We make-bates. 2 Tin. iii. 3. A. V. 4 wise. A. V. keepers of the house. Pu.

6 discreet. A. V. 'gainsaying. A. V.

e Phi. iv.3: 1 entreat thee also, true yokefellow, help those women who laboured with me in the Gospel.

fí Tim. v. 14: I will therefore that the younger women marry, bear children, guide the house, give none occasion to the adversary to speak reproachfully.

8 See on I Cor. xi. 3.
h See on Rom. ii. 24.
i See on 1 Tim. iv. 12.

k Eph. vi. 24 : Grace be with all them that love our Lord Jesus Christ in sincerity.

1 See on 1 Tim. i. 10. m See on 1 Tim. v. 14.

n 2 Thes. iii. 14: Have no company with him, that he may be ashamed.

• See on Eph. vi. 5. P See on Eph. V. 24. 9 See on Eph. vi. 5.



fidelity ; that they may " adorn the doctrine of God our Saviour in all things.

11 For the grace of God that bringeth salvation hath appeared to all men,

12 Teaching us that, "denying ungodliness and worldly lusts, we should live soberly, righteously, and godly, in this present world;

13 Looking for that blessed * hope, and the

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8 that bringeth salvation to all inen, hath appeared. A. V.

r See on 1 Tim. v. 14.

• Tit. iii. 4, 5. Rom. v. 15: But not as the offence, so also is the free gift. For if through the offence of one many be dead, much more the grace of God, and the gift by grace, which is by one man, Jesus Christ, hath abounded unto many. 1 Pet. v. 12: By Silvanus, a faithful brother unto you, as I suppose, I have written briefly, exhorting, and testifying that this is the true grace of God wherein ye stand.

See on 1 Tim. ii. 4.

u Rom. vi. 19: I speak after the manner of men because of the infirmity of your flesh: for as ye have yielded your members servants to uncleanness and to iniquity unto iniquity; even so now yield your members servants to righteousness unto holiness. do. viii. 13 : For if ye live after the flesh, ye shall die : but if ye through the Spirit do mortify the deeds of the body, ye shall live. See on 1 Cor. i. 8.

1 Pet. ii. 11: Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul. do. iv. 2 : That he no longer should live the rest of his time in the Aesh to the lusts of men, but to the will of God. I John, ii. 16: All that is in the world, the lust of the flesh, and the last of the eyes, and the pride of life, is not of the Father, but is of the world.

w See on 1 Cor. i. 7.

* Acts, xxiv. 15: And have hope toward God, which they themselves also allow, that there shall be a resurrection of the dead, both of the just and unjust. Col. i. 5, 23: For the hope which is laid up for you in heaven, whereof ye heard before in the word of the truth of the Gospel. If ye continue in the faith grounded and settled, and be not moved away from the hope of the Gospel, which ye have heard, and which was preached to every creature which is under heaven ; whereof I Paul am made a minister. Tit, iii. 7.

glorious ' appearing of the great God and our Saviour Jesus Christ;

14 Who ' gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify unto himself a peculiar people, zealous of good works.

y Col, iii. 4: When Christ, who is our life, shall appear, then shall ye also appear with him in glory. 2 Tim. iv. 1, 8: I charge thee therefore before God, and the Lord Jesus Christ, who shall judge the quick and the dead at his appearing and his kingdom. Henceforth there is laid up for me a crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous judge, shall give me at that day: and not to me only, but unto all them also that love his appearing. Heb. ix. 28 : So Christ was once offered to bear the sins of many ; and unto them that look for him shall he appear the second time without sin unto salvation. 1 Pet. i. 7: That the trial of your faith, being much more precious than of gold that perisheth, though it be tried with fire, might be found unto praise and honour

and glory at the appearing of Jesus Christ. 1 JOAN, iii. 2: Beloved, now are we the sons of God, and it doth not yet appear what we shall be : but we know that, when he shall appear, we shall be like him ; for we shall see him as he is.

2 See on Rom. iy. 25.

• Exod. xv. 16: Fear and dread shall fall upon them; by the greatness of thine arm they shall be as still as a stone; till thy people pass over, O LORD-which thou hast purchased. do. xix. 5, 6: If ye will obey my voice indeed, and keep my covenant, then ye shall be a peculiar treasure unto me above all people : for all the earth is mine : and ye shall be unto me a kingdom of priests, and an holy nation. DEUT. vii. 6: Thou art an holy people unto the LORD thy God: the LORD thy God hath chosen thee to be a special people unto himself, above all people that are upon the face of the earth. do. xiv 2: For thou art an holy people unto the LORD thy God, and the LORD bath chosen thee to be a peculiar people unto himself, above all the nations that are upon the earth. do. xxvi. 18, 19: The LORD hath avouched thee this day to be his peculiar people, as he hath promised thee, and that thou shouldest keep all his commandments; and to make thee high above all nations which he hath made, in praise, and in name, and in honour; and that thou mayest be an holy people unto the LORD thy God, as he hath spoken. Ps. cxxxv. 4: The LORD hath chosen Jacob unto himself, and Israel for his peculiar treasure. 1 Pet. ii. 9: Ye are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, a peculiar people, that ye

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