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A, represents a frame, on which a bed placed on the fire, has a nozzle K anor mattress is laid for the reception of nexed to it, from which a leather tube the patient. That this mattress or bed L is sent off; this tube is inserted by a may alway be ready for use, it ought to similar nozzle into the end of the bath be furnished with an oil-cloth cover, M, which ought to enter at the top, that which will repel the vapour to be in- the vapour may not come too suddenly cluded. A blanket is placed on the mat- in contact with the body of the patient. tress or bed, the patient is to be placed A thermometer O may be inserted into on the same, wrapped up in a blanket. an aperture, by which the temperaturo B, is the frame of the vapour-bath, suited is determined. to the frame A. In the frame B, longi- The nozzle ought to be inserted into a tudinal openings, defended by iron tin plate cylinder, perforated, and traversplates, admit iron turning-pins, C, which ing the bath in its longitudinal direction, to spring from the frame, B; these being transmit the vapour-perhaps a tin plato admitted and turned across the frame, six inches broad, continued along the the frames A and B will be firmly united. course of the tube, would be serviceable, The cloth of the vapour-bath, in shape in preventing injury of the cloth, from of a wagon-top, is firmly united to the the heated vapour in its first entry to the margin of the frame B. Hoops of whale- bath. bone, D cane, or any other bending If it is required to render the frames substance, are passed through loops E, more portable, they may be held toby which means a complete cavity is gether by iron in the manner of a paralpresented for the effusion of vapour. Tel ruler, by which means, they fall toThe end F is drawn carefully around gether, or may be brought to right angles the neck of the patient G like a purse, at pleasure. the head is placed on the pillow H. A New-York. Washington-Hall, , tea-kettle I, filled with boiling water, Sept. 27th, 1817.

ART. 9. TRANSACTIONS OF LEARNED SOCIETIES.

MAJOR

NEW-YORK HISTORICAL SOCIETY, nature as to cause convulsions in the Sitting of Sept. 9.

smaller and more sensitive animals, such

as birds, mice, &c. He mentioned seveAlexander Garden of ral instances in which men had been South Carolina, an honourary powerfully affected by this effluvium. member, read a memoir on the subject He had been informed by the late Col. of the fascinating power of Serpents, de- Thomson, of Belle-ville, that whilst ridtailing some facts which he had collected ing over his estate, he came suddenly and communicated to the Literary So- upon a snake of enormous size, at ciety of Charleston. He attributed this which, the moment he could suffieicntphenomenon to an effluvium, which the ly collect himself, he fired. He killed serpent voluntarily exhales at those the reptile, but was at the same instant times when it feels the desire of food, assailed by an overpowering vapour, which and this effluvium is of so deleterious a so bewildered him that he could scarcely guide his horse home-that a deadly scripts, stating that he had been acsickness at the stomach ensued, and a quainted with an intelligent and well puking more violent than he had ever educated young Indian, who has studied experienced from an emetic. He had the antiquities of his own country, and been told by a lady that the overseer of is preparing a collection of Indian one of her plantations being missed was Speeches for the press. The young sought for by his family, and found in a man asserts that he has in his possession state of utter insensibility. On recover- the Manuscript Journal of a French Offiing, he stated that he was watching for cer who was with the party that dea deer, when he heard the rattle of a stroyed Schenectady. Gov. Clinton desnake, and that before he could remove scribes him as 'a Catechist, Schoolmasfrom the threatened danger, he perceiv- ter, and lay-preacher among the Oneied a sickening effluvium, which de- das. prived him instantly of sense. From A letter was received from Mr. Hicks, John Lloyd, Esq. he had learned ano- inclosing some manuscripts, relating to ther case. A negro, working in his field, early measures of the revolution in this was seen suddenly to fall, uttering a country, left by his father, Whitehead shriek: on approaching him it was found Hicks, Esq. formerly Mayor of the City that he had struck off the head of a very of New-York. large Rattlesnake, the body of which A letter was received from Gen. Ebewas still writhing. On recovering, he nezer Stevens, accompanying an origisaid that he had shrieked with horror on nal portrait of the Marquis de la Fayette, discovering the snake, and at the same a Major General in the revolutionary instant had been overpowered by a smell armies of the U. S. which he offered to that took away all his senses. Mr. Na- the acceptance of the Society. thaniel Barnwell, of Beaufort, had a ne- The Recording Secretary, J. Pintard, gro who could, from the acuteness of his Esq. read a paper, refuting a charge smell, at all times, discover the rattle- which appears in Chalmer's new "Gensnake, within a distance of 200 feet, eral Biographical Dictionary,' article when in the exercise of his fascinating Washington, Vol. 31. p. 204. Where it power, and when traced by this sense, is asserted that Genl. Washington insome object of prey was always found sultingly erected in the view of the unsuffering from this influence. Io these fortunate Major Andre, several days befacts Major Garden added some anec- fore his execution, the gallows on which dotes, collected from Valliant's travels he was to be hung, also an allegation and other sources, corroborating his the- that he claimed from Lord Cornwallis ory. When gorged with food the ser- his sword at the surrender of Yorkpent is supine. It is only when under Town, contrary to the usages of war. the stimulous of hunger that he exerts

--this facinating faculty. The cases men- LYCEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY. tioned by Mr. Pintard, at the last meet

Sitting of Sept. 15. ing of the society, are among the many evidences of the existence of the power Dr. Mitchill, President of the Society, in the serpent to influence birds to ap- presented a specimen of a species of Sea proach it ; maugre their dread, and the Serpent, or marine Snake, from Guadacircumstances related by him do not loupe, also of a new and remarkable spemilitate with the hypothesis of Major cies of Crab from Long-Island ; a new Garden.

species of molluscous animal of the geA portrait of the Honourable Robert nus ascidia, caught in Spermaceti Cove, Morris, Financier of the United States, near Sandy Hook, and a perfect specimen during the Revolutionary War, copied of the Cistus Caradensis, or frost weed, by J. W. Jarvis, from the original by from Queen's County, Long- Island. Stewart, was presented by his son Tho- These specimens were accompanied by mas Morris, Esq. Marshall of the U. S. a memorandum containing the Presifor the District of New-York.

dents remarks on them. Sitting of Oct. 7th, 1317. In behalf of Dr. Wharry, the PresiSamuel L. Mitchili, M. D. laid on the dent presented specimens of encrinites table several teeth of the

Mammoth, late- and other fossils, from Shawagunk, Ul. ly discovered by Judge Haring, of Rock- ster County. land County, in this State.

The President also read a letter from A letter was received from his Excel- E. Suffern, Esq. of Rockland, giving inJeney De Witt Clinton, Chairman of the formation of the discovery of certain committee for the collection of Manu- teeth of great size, apparently the griod

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ers of an Elephantine animal, at New geode, from Mr. John Van Nostrand of Antrim, on the south side of the Fish- Long-Island. kill mountains,

Dr. Stevenson, from the committee to Mr, Rafinesque presented a Fossil whom was referred several species of Shell of the genus griphæa ; and Dr. animals from Demarara, made a report Eddy deposited some beautiful speci- describing and classing them. mens of Chrystallized Sulphate of Lime, Mr. Rafinesque presented a new speor gypsom, from Nova Scotia.

cies of grapsus, the grapsus limonus. Sitting of Sept. 22. Mr. Clements read a very important Mr. Rafinesque made a report on paper on the disease of neat cattle, with three of the animals referred to him, on the modes of cure. the sitting of the 8th of September,

Sitting of Oct. 13. which he pronounced to be new species. Dr. Kissam reported that the bird pre

Mr. Torrey reported in regard to seve- sented at the last meeting by Mr. Cumral aquatic insects presented by Mr. berland, is the oriolus icterus. Clements at the last meeting, most of The following specimens were presentwhich being new species, he described at ed. By Dr. Kissam, six species of shells, length.

and a species of tortoise from South Þr. Akerly presented specimens of America. By Dr. Mitchill, in behalf of two Corallines of our waters.

Mr. Robinson, the jaws of the delphinus Mr. Maxwell presented an inimal of phocana or porpoise, a species of tetradon the Lizard family from Rockland Coun- taken from the belly of a shark, &c. By ty.

Mr. Cuming, five species of snakes, a speMr. Clements presented an aquatic in- cies of lizard, and the larva of the insect sect, and a specimen of the crustaceous which destroys bees, all from Chatham, animal called fish louse. -Mr. C. also N. Y. By Dr. B. Akerly, limestone from presented a needle found in the gizzard of the Island of St. Thomas, perforated by a fowl, where it had remained surround- shells of the genus pholas, illustrating ed by a Cyst, without causing any ap- the nature and habits of these animals; parent injury or inconvenience to the also large specimens of the torpedo navaanimal. Dr. Akerly observed that Dr. lis, and in behalf of Dr. B. A. Akerly, pet. King, present at the meeting, had ex- rified madrepores, and a large petrified tracted from the thigh of a lady, ą pin oyster from Ontario County. By Mr. which she had swallowed a considerable Knevels, specimens of three rare aquatic time before.

plants from Fishkill, N. Y.; one of them Mr. Rafinesque read an interesting pa- an undetermined species of vallisnania. per on the Osage Apple, mentioned by The society adopted resolutions, exPursh in his preface, but not described. pressing their regret for the loss of their Mr. R. gave it the name of oxylon po- late respected associate Dr. James Mc miferum.

Bride of Charleston, S. C.
Sitting of Sept. 29.

-ooMr. Rafinesque made a report, in which LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL SOhe described a new species of titurus, or

CIETY OF NEW-YORK. newt presented by Mr. Maxwell, and a

Sitting of Oct. 9, 1817. new species of Cymothoa, or fish louse, A communication entitled a Third Suppresented by Mr. Clements,

plement to the Memoirs of C. S. RafiMr. Bandoine presented several spe- nesque on the Sturgeons of North Americimens of Sponges and Zoophytes. ca, was read by the author. In this paper,

Dr. Townsend presented various speci- Mr. R. adds to the facts and opinions mens of minerals from Patterson, and contained in his former essays, laid before Diorris County, New-Jersey.

the society, concerning the Sturgeons of Dr. Akerly presented specimens of the American waters. columnar basalt from the Island of St. Mr. Rafinesque also communicated to Thomas, and specimens of load-stone the society, an elaborate paper, entitled a from Patterson, New-Jersey.

Dissertation on the cubic size of organized Sitting of Oct. 6.

beings, or animals and plants. Whereupon The president, in behalf of Mr. L. F. on motion, the papers of Mr. R. were reSwift, presented the lapheus gibbus, a ferred to the counsellors. fish from Nantucket.

The recording secretary communicated Mr. F. D. Porter presented specimens to the Society a letter addressed to Dr. of petrefaction from Greene County, Francis, from Olinthus Gregory, L. L. D. New-York.

of the Royal Military Academy of Mr. Paulding presented a specimen of Woolsich, near London, acknowledging VOL. 11.--No. 1.

8

his deep sense of the honour the society other plants, used as the food of the had conferred on him, in electing him an more valuable domestic animals, this honourary member.

work is in one volume, large folio, and A letter of a similar nature was present- illustrated with dried specimens of the ed by Dr. Hosack, from Ashbell Green, plants, upon which these experiments inD. D. President of Nassau Hall.

stituted by the Duke of Bedford were Several valuable donations for the li- made. Whereupon, on motion of Dr. brary were received by the society from Francis, it was resolved, that the thanks Dr. Albers, of Bremen, through the hand of this society, be voted to Dr. Smith, for of Vice-President Mitchill.

his very valuable and acceptable donation. Dr. Hosack presented to the society, as At this meeting, C. A. Busby, Esq. a donation from Sir James Edward Smith, architect, and Wm. Marret, mathematithe distinguished President of the Linnean cian, were elected resident members; Society of London, Hortus Gramineus and, as honourary members, Robert Woburnensis, or an account of the re- Brown, F. R. S. F. L. S. F. A. S. sults of experiments on the produce and London, and George Currir, of the Roynutritive qualities of different grasses and al Institute of France, F. R. S. &c. &c.

ART. 10. LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL INTELLIGENCE,

GREAT BRITAIN.

RUSSIA.

and artists, in her suite to that country. In the London Gazette some extracts Among these gentlemen are DR. MIRON, have been published of the journal of M. GATTERER, M. ENDUS, M. Schett, Lieut. Kotzebue, dated at Talcaguma on Professor Pohl, &c. M. SCHREIBER dithe coast of Chili, the 3d of March, and rector of the Imperial Cabinet of Natural at Kamschatka the 10th of July, 1816. History is appointed to write the history Lieut. K. is the navigator despatched by of the voyage. Mess. Spix and MarCount Romanzoff, to penetrate through TINS, members of the Academy of SciBeahring's Straight into Ballins Bay. ences at Munich, have joined the expedi

Mr. Ogilvie is delivering his orations in tion. London. He is spoken of in terms of The Dukes of Saxe-Weinar and Saxecommendation.

Gotha have considerably augmented the The late Richard Lovell Edgeworth revenues of the university of Jena. has left memoirs of his life which will FREDERICK BUCHHOLTN edits a monthbe given to the public.

ly publication in Berlin, entitled “ Journal Professor Jameson of Edinburgh is for Germany. The contents are historipreparing for publication, in two vols. oc- cal and political. Its circulation is extentavo, a treatise on Geognosy and Mineral sive. Geygraphy.

Miss A. M. Porter, author of the The university of Dorpat, in Livonia, Recluse of Norway, &c. &c. is preparing contains at this time 300 students. The for publication the Knight of St. John, a library of this institution contains 30,000 Ilomance.

volumes. The French government is proceeding M. MICHELE LEONI las lately trans. in a spirited manner with the Grand Des- lated Goldsmith's Traveller into Italian cription of Egypt, begun by order of Bo- verse. Mawe's Travels in Brazil have also

arte. It is an immensely expensive lately been translated into Italian. wurk.

N. Dr. LALANDE, one of the directors C.Wiley and Co.of New York, have in of the Museum of Natural History, is pre- press, Florula Ladoviciana, or a Flora of paring for a new voyage for the promo- the State of Louisiana, translated, revised timna of that science. During a short ex- and improved from the French of C. C. ftur:ion to Brazil he collected more than Robin, by C. S. RAFINESQUE, member of $19, 00 zoological subjects.

the Royal Institute of Naples, of the Lite

rary and Philosophical Society of NewThe Emperor of Austria has availed York, &c. &c. hinsels of the occasion of the marriage C. Wiley and Co. will soon publish vflis daughter, the Arch-duchess Leo- the ‘Balance of Comfort,' a novel by the

ins, with the Prince Royal, of Brazil, author of Paired, not Matched, indispatch a nurnber of scientific persons Kirk and Mercein. of Neur-York, have

FRANCE.

ITALY

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA..

GERMANY

in press, a Geographical and Statistical Counseller at Law, is preparing for pubView of the United States of America, lication, a Biographical Memoir

of the late and of South America ; to which will be Major General Anthony Wayne, Comadded, the Emigrants' Travelling Com- mander of the armies of the United panion to the Western Country, by Wil- States, &c. liam Darby, author of a Statistical Sur- “This work will be principally compiled vey and Map of Louisiana.

from an extensive collection of original Kirk and Mercein, of New York, have and hitherto unpublished documents, in press, A sketch of the Military and (committed, for the purpose, to Mr. PePolitical Power of Russia, in the year ters by Isaac Wayne, Esq. the son of the 1817.

late General,) consisting of his corresWe have begun a review of this very pondence with the most conspicuous interesting Political Essay, from an En- characters of our Revolutionary War, glish copy, and shall probably introduce and of other valuable papers relating the subjects of which it treats to the con- to that interesting period of American sideration of our readers in our next History. number.

Mr. Peters solicits the communication F. Nichols proposes publishing, by sub- of materials subservieat to the design now scription, a large Collection of Algebrai- announced, from those who, with him, recal examples and Problems, for the use gard it as a duty to rescne from oblivion of Students in Colleges, by the Rev. M. and record in a permanent form every Bland, A. M. of the University of Cam- memorial of those illustrious men, to bridge in England. Subscriptions for whom we are indebted for freedom and the work are received in New York by happiness, which may yet survive in the Kirk and Mercein, and D. D. Arden. memory of cotemporaries, or be locked

Thomas R. Peters of Philadelphia, up in perishable manuscripts.”

Art. 11, RELIGIOUS INTELLIGENCE.

sure.

RUSSIA.

my sen

GERMANY.

endeavours to promote peace and good out Germany to unite the Lutheran known; and the power and influence

le and Reformed Churches into one Com- which Almighty God has committed to munion, which is to be denominated the me shall ever be employed, I trust, in Evangelic Church. The spirit of the times striving to secure to the nations the blessfavours so important and desirable a mea- ings of that peace which they now enjoy.

Considering the object of your Society, the

promotion of peace among mankind, From the last report of the Commit- as one so eminently congenial to the spitee of the Russian Bible Society, it ap- rit of the Gospel of Jesus Christ, I have pears that the Society, since its com- judged it proper to express these mencement, has published, or is engaged timents respecting your labours, in anin publishing, forty three editions of the swer to your communication to me on Sacred Scriptures, in seventeen different this subject. languages, forming a total of 196,000

ALEXANDER. copies.

To Rev. Noah Worcester, Sec'ry
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.

of Mass. L'eace Society. The Rev. Noah Worcester, correspond- St. Petersburg, July 4, 1&17. ing Secretary of the Massachusetts Peace Society, having addressed a letter to On Wednesday, the 17th of September, the Emperor of Russia in reference to the Rev. David M. Smith was ordainod the objects of that association, has receiv- at Lewiston, to the work of the gospel ed the following reply to his communi- ministry, by the Preshytery of Niagara, cation.

and instalie Pastor of the Presbyterian Sir-Your letter in behalf of the Mas- congregation in that place. sachusetts Peace Society, with the books The Rev. Coloin Colion was ordained accompanying it, were received. The as an Evangelist, by the Presbytery of object which this philanthropic institu- Niagara, at the same time and place. tion has in view, the dissemination of the On the ist Oct. the Rev. Stephen Baiprinciples of peace and amity among ley was installed over the Congregationmen, meets my cordial approbation. My al Church in Raymond, (N. H.,

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