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so produced, as it hath some communication with Of the Communication of the Air percussed and the body of the flute, or pipe. For there is one elided with the ambient Air, and Bodies, or sound produced in a trumpet of wood, another in their Spirits.
one of brass; another, I judge, if the trumpet In the striking of a bell, the sound given by were lined within, or perhaps even covered, on chiming upon the bell with a hammer on the out- the outside, with silk or cloth: one perchance if side, and by the tongue within, is of the same the trumpet were wet, another if dry. I contone. So that the sound yielded by the chiming ceive, likewise, in virginals, or the viol, if the upon the outside, cannot be generated by the col- board upon which the strings are strained were lision of the air between the hammer and the of brass, or of silver, it should yield a somewha: outside of the bell, since it is according to the different sound. But of all these things let there concave of the bell within. And if it were a flat be better inquiry. plate of brass, and not concave, the sound should, Further, in respect of the communication, it I think, be different.
would be inquired, what the diversity and ineIf there be a rift in the bell, it gives a hoarse quality of bodies may do; as if three bells should sound, not pleasant or grateful.
be made to hang, the one within the other, with It would be known how the thickness of the some space of air interposed, and the outer bell percussed body may affect the sound, and how were chimed upon with a hammer, what sound it far forth: as if, of the same concave, one bell should give, in respect of a single bell. should be thicker, another thinner. I have proved Let a bell be covered on the outside with cloth in a bell of gold, that it gave an excellent sound, or silk, and let it be noted, when the bell is nothing worse, yea, better, than a bell of silver or struck by the tongue within, what that covering of brass. But money of gold rings not so well as shall do to the sound. money of silver.
If there were in a viol a plate of brass, or of Empty casks yield a deep and resounding silver, pierced with holes, in place of that of sound, full ones a dull and dead sound. But in wood, it would be seen what this shall do to the the viol, and the lute, and other such, although sound. the first percussion be between the string and the There are used in Denmark, and are even exterior air, yet that air straight communicates brought hither, drums of brass, not of wood, less with the air in the belly, or concave of the viol than those of wood, and they give, I think, a or lute. Wherefore, in instruments of this kind is louder sound. ever some perforation made, that the outward air The agitation of the air by great winds shall may communicate with the confined air, without not, I think, yield much sound, if woods, waves, which, the sound would be dull and dead. buildings, or the like be away; yet is it received
Let there be a trial made of the nightingale- that, before tempests, there be some murmurings pipe, that it be filled with oil, and not with water; made in woods, albeit to the sense the blast be and let it be noted, how much softer or more not yet perceived, nor do the leaves stir. * obtuse the sound shall be. When sound is created between the breath and
* Three chapters are deficient, which there wanted lei. the percussed air, as in a pipe, or flute, it is yet sure to completing.
Abduction of women made a capital offence, i. 333. Advice upon importing foreign goods, ij. 386; to Abel and Cain, contemplation of action figured in, ministers, ii. 376; concerning Indian wealth, ii. 387 i. 175.
Adulteration of metals, ii. 459. Abimelech, ij. 270.
Advocates, i. 58. Abjuration and exiles, cases of and proceedings therein, Æneas Sylvius, his saying of the Christian religion, ii. 165.
i. 121. Abner, murder of by Jacob, not forgotten, ü. 322. Æsculapius and Circe, exposition of, credulity by fable Absolution, ii. 426.
of, i. 203. Abridgments of laws, opinion on the use of them, Æsop's fable of the two sons digging for gold, i. 172. ii. 233.
Affections, effect upon the minds and spirits of men, Abuse of excommunication, ii. 428.
ii. 129; their impediments to knowledge. i. 94 : Abuses in the penal laws, ii. 237.
inquiry touching, i. 225. Acceleration and clarification of liquors, ii. 47. Affectation. No affectation in passion, i. 45; to use Accessaries to duels before the fact, ii. 299.
studies too much for ornament is affectation, i. 55. Accident assistance to eloquence, ii. 337.
Affidavits before masters of chancery, ii. 483. Account, matters of, ii. 482.
Affluence. Greatness too often ascribed to affluence Achaians, comparison of the state of to a tortoise, by of commodities, ii. 222. Titus Quintius, ii. 224.
Agathocles, conduct to the captive Syracusans, i. 114. Achelous, or battle, i. 302.
Age and youth prejudiced, vii. 41. Actæon and Pentheus, or a curious man, i. 294. Age will not be defied, i. 39; essay on youth and, i. Action, the chief part of an orator, i, 23.
48; heat in age excellent for business, i. 48; AlonAction and contemplation, union between, i. 173, 174; zo of Arragon's commendation of age, i. 113.
figured in Abel and Cain, i. 175; and contempla- Agesilaus, excellent though deformed, i. 49; saying of tion, i. 220.
his, i. 115; called home from Persia upon a war Actions, all men drawn into by pleasure, horour, and against Sparta by Athens and Thebes, ii. 223; his profit, ii. 185.
saying thereon, ii. 223. Active, force of quantity in the, ii. 460.
Agricultural experiments, ii. 464. Actium, battle of, decided the empire of the world, Agrippina, preference of empire, i. 183. i. 38.
Agues, what wines best for, ii. 10; use of hartshorn Actor, Vibulenus, his artifice, i. 218.
in, ii. 91. Adam's employment in Paradise, i. 175.
Air, transmutation of into water, ii. 10, 19; diversity Adam, fall of, set forth by the fable of Pan, i. 290. of infusions in, ii. 9; in water, cause of quick asAdamites, heresy of, ii. 443.
cent of, ii. 10; condensation of by cold, ii. 11, Adjournment should be to a day certain, ii. 495. aptness to corrupt, ii. 109; commixture of with Admiralty, against the, ii. 495.
flame, ii. 11 ; effect of the inspissation of the, ii. Admiralties and merchandising several, one of the 127; touching the nature of, ii. 119; flying of
internal points of separation with Scotland, ii. 160. unequal bodies in the, ii. 107; experiment touching Admonished how to dispose of part of his riches, ii. the congealing of, ii. 54; the theory of Anaximenes,
487; to imitate the Spaniards, the beaver, &c., ii. i. 439. 487.
Air and water, experiments as to weight in, ii. 463. Adoration the highest honour amongst the heathens, Air and sound, ii. 28. i. 177.
Airs, experiment touching, ii. 249. Adrian, a learned prince, i. 178.
Albans, to the Lord St., from Buckingham, promising Adrian de Castello, the pope's legate, made Bishop of to move his majesty to take off the restraint upon
Hereford, i. 335; his conspiracy against Leo from a his not coming within the verge of the court, iii. prediction of an astrologer, i. 335.
185. Adrian VI., advice to him respecting Pasquil, i. 109. Albans, the Lord St., to a friend, believing his own Adrian, the bounty of his disposition, ii. 234.
danger less than he found it, ïïi. 190. Adrian, the philosopher's answer who contended with Albans, the Lord St., to the same humble servant, em with him, i. 116.
ploying him to do a good office with a great man, Advancement in life. i. 231; of learning, notice of, iii. 190.
i. 292 ; of learning, Bacon's observations on, i. Albans, from Lord St., praying that the king will let 435.
him die out of a cloud and suffer his honours to be Adversity, strength of, ii. 488; Essay of, i. 14.
transmitted, iii. 188. Advertisement touching holy war, ii. 436; touching Albans, from Lord St., to the king, thanking him for church controversies, ii. 411,
his liberty, iii. 184. VOL. III.-69
2 z 2
Albans, from Lord St., to the king, praying for a con- Alphonso the Wise compiled the digest of the laws
of Spain, ii. 235.
notes an entireness and impatient attention to do Alterations which may be called majors, ii. 114.
Altham, Baron, reverend judge, ii. 477.
expostulating about his unkindness and injustice, lishmen, ii. 260; a chief instrument in the rebellion
in the north of England, ii. 260.
Amazons, ii. 442.
Amber, flies get a durable sepulchre in, ii. 24.
ment on the, i. 175.
Anabaptists, ii. 442; revived the opinion of Henkus,
upon the orations of Cicero, Demosthenes, and the Anacharsis, saying of his, i. 120.
Analysis. See Notes by the Editor, i. 244—254.
, from the Marquis of Bucking- Anatomy, much deficient, i. 204.
him to death, i. 116.
tive matter, i. 437.
Ancients, inventors consecrated by the, i. 207; ho-
49; their philosophy, or the Grecians', all now re- inventors of arts amongst the gods, i. 177; hoped
Andrada, Manuel, a Portuguese, revolted from Don
Mendoza that he had won Dr. Lopez to the King of
to Pericles, studying how to give in his accounts, with him, ii. 218; got out of prison by Lopez, ii.
218; brings Lopez a jewel from the King of Spain,
ii. 218; moves Lopez to poison Queen Elizabeth,
him, i. 84; his conquest of Persia, ii. 223 ; Livy's Fuentes, ii. 218.
men witty, but keeps them poor, i. 124 ; effects of,
Anticipations of the second philosophy, iii. 521.
actions, but not freehold, or leasehold, or actions Anti-masques, their composition, i. 45.
Antimony, as to dissolving, ii. 460.
common law, ii. 232.
Antiochia, wholesome air of, ii. 128.
but to the person of the king, ii. 176; must be un- the Romai ii. 204.
Antipathy and sympathy of men's spirits, ii. 137; se-
cret virtue of, ii. 132, 137; of things, iii. 465.
Fame, head muffled, i. 189; law of, ii. 421; the
uttermost is like fame, that muffles her head and
tells tales, i. 84 ; admiration of an impediment to Armada, ill success of the Spanish, ii. 200; account
the obscurity of, but in the light of nature, ii. 547. Arms, the importance of to nations, i. 38; fourish
parison of in advancing men, i. 183.
155; its rebellion suppressed, and subsequent incor-
poration with Castile, ii. 155.
ii. 217; his retinue, therefore, free from all suspicion Art, duty of lo exalt nature, i. 208; of memory, visible
suspected by some of her majesty's counsel, ii. 217. Articulation of sounds, ii. 35.
liberal, Aourish when virtue is in state, i. 205 ; volup-
tuary, flourish when virtue declines, i. 205; history
Arts and methods, error of over-early reduction of
science into, i. 173.
mory, Tradition, i. 207.
Arts and sciences, invention deficient, i. 207; their
flourishing condition under the reign of King James,
wisdom, iii. 222 ; the pith of sciences, i. 214; know- Arundel and Surrey, Earl of, from Lord Bacon, men-
tioning his being taken ill and staying at his house,
Ashton, Abdy, chaplain to the Earl of Essex, ii. 363.
Assertion and proof, i. 214.
ii. 467; purgative, ii. 468.
Astrologers, means used by, more monstrous than the
end, i. 199.
Astronomer, predictions of, i. 206.
Astronomical observations, admonition respecting, 1.
421; ii. 580.
Astronomy, theory of, i. 200; exemplified in the Book
Atalanta and the golden ball, i. 174.
Atheism, learned men and times incline to, i. 163;
superficial knowledge of philosophy may incline the
mind to, i. 164; learned times have inclined to, i. 162;
answer as to the morigeration of learned men, i. upon, i. 6, 70; their disposition light, i. 71; Essay
of, i. 24 ; never perturbs states, i. 25.
school of, i. 90; put all his opinions upon his own viri standing commissioners to watch the laws, ii.
servations on, ïi. 466.
Audibles and visibles, consent and dissent between, Banishment, ii. 435.
Bankrupt, commission of, when granted, ii. 485.
Barbary, practice of getting fresh water in, ï. 7.
Bark, as to the removal of from trees, ii. 86.
grandson, i. 121; his death, i. 12; policy attributed Barley, experiments touching, ii. 85.
Bath, or fomentation, ii. 469; mineral, i. 205.
Beads, different sorts of, ii. 132.
Bears grow fat by sleep, ii. 16.
fleet, after the enterprise of Panama, ii. 212; comes Beaver, admonition to imitate the, ii. 487.
Beerehaven yielded by the Spaniards at the treaty of
Kinsale, ii. 212.
longevity of, ii. 93.
Behaviour, i. 56.
city of estate in Persia, ii. 228; Alexander the worship, wants of, ii. 412.
Beneficence of Elizabeth, ii. 446.
Bettenham, Mr., opinion of riches, i. 121.
i. 277; love of familiar illustration, i. 279; died 9th Bias, his advice to dissolute mariners praying in a
cept, i. 237.
devoting himself to philosophy, ii. 549; iii. 534. Birth, acceleration of, ii. 53.
specting the monopoly licenses, i. 107; the littleness Bishop of Winchester, letter to, i. 276.
Bishops, government of, ii. 423; err in resisting re-
Blackwater, defeat of the English by the Irish rebels
at, ii. 211.
Bladder and water, weight of, ii. 464.
saltness of, ii. 85; commixture of, ii. 465.
acquainted with the intended invasion of England, Blunt, Sir C. instigator of treasons, ii. 352 ; wounded
in an encounter between Sir. J. Luson and the Earl
fession of, ii. 369; confession of, ii. 372; speech of,