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for his general usefulness and would be a palpable infringement acceptance. The effect of the of the rights of counciis, and of practice here defended, would be churches. beneficial to those who contem- How great is the criminality plate the ministry as their pro- of those, who carelessly bring fession. While its direct influ- into the sacred office, such as ence would be to prevent bad ought to have neither part nor men from seeking to intrude lot in it. They are in effect themselves into the sacred office, partakers of other men's sins. it would excite others, of a hope- They are responsible for the erful character, to pious diligence ror, the impiety, and the hurtful in completing their preparation.

influence of those, whom they This subject deserves the seri- remissly introduce. They keep ous consideration of gospel min. the door of the sanctuary, and isters. When they are called to must answer to God and to the act in councils, neither love of souls of men for those whom popularity nor dread of reproach, they admit. Alas, how sunk is nor any other motive, should de- the credit and usefulness of counter them from acting faithfully. cils ; how do our churches lie “ Neither friendship, nor com. mourning in the dust ; how is passion, nor interest, nor impor- the ministry divided, and its intunity, should move them to fluence dwindled almost to nothbring any into the church, who ing, through the want of vigiis not, as they firmly believe in lance and fidelity in those, who their conscience, in every respect have the keys of Christ's kingduly qualified for its service. dom. Let us, then, join with Friendship for any man, in this them, who, in this evil day, aim respect, iş enmity against God. to be faithful to their trust, and Compassion to an individual is seriously guard against countecruelty to the community."* nancing those, who are not only

Those members of councils, lax in principle, and supine in who oppose examinations, as- the discharge of pastoral duty, sume what does not belong to

but are the most cumbrous, opthem. It is the right and duty pressive load upon the shoulders of every member to use all prop- of the ministry. er methods to obtain satisfaction

LUTHER respecting the candidate. Shali any be required to act with blind, implicit confidence in others ? THE DIVINITY OF CHRIST, THE Shall they be deprived of the sat

GROUND OF THE CHRISTIAN's isfaction, which a careful examination might afford ? Shall an: BELIEVERS consider the rightimposing vote of the majority cousness of Christ, as the only keep them from making suitable foundation of their forgiveness inquiries respecting the reli- and salvation. · If he had not gious sentiments of him whom obeyed the law and suffered they are called to ordain? This death, there would have been no

way, in which pardoning mercy * Dr. Smitli's Lectures on the Sa. and saving love could be exerciscred Office.

ed toward sinners. « Without


the shedding of blood is no remis- depraved hearts; to introduce sion.” But since Christ hath of- believers into the presence of fered himself, a sacrifice for sin, God, and give them a place in the God can be just and yet justify kingdom of everlasting blessedhim that believeth. Believers ness. know, that the foundation, on If Christ were a mere man, which they build their hopes of there would be no real, inherent happiness, is firm and immovea- merit, or efficacy in what he did ble. But such a foundation could and suffered, any more than in not be laid, except by a self-suf- the actions and sufferings of such ficient and unchangeable Being. eminently good men, as AbraThe hope of believers rests on ham, and Paul. If only the sacChrist, the Rock of Ages, Hence rifice of a mere creature, possestheir hope may well be called, sing perfect holiness, had been 6 an anchor to the soul, both sure necessary, one of the elect angels and steadfast.” But Christ could might have been designated as not be such a firm foundation of Redeemer, and the Son of God hope, were he not GOD as well spared. But all the divine as man. Our hope of pardon perfections were requisite to and salvation, must, therefore, in- qualify a being for the work of volve an unwavering confidence atonement. No being but the in the infinite power and grace Son of God, in whom dwells all of the Redeemer.

the fulness of the Godhead bodi. To illustrate and establish this ly, had sufficient power and sentiment more fully, let us at- dignity to fulfil the office of tend to the following train of re- Mediator. flections.

The objector may say, that, The obedience and sufferings although Christ were not God, of Christ derive all their merit the Father might have accepted from the union of Divinity with his sufferings, as an adequate his human nature. There is price of pardon and salvation. “one Mediator between God and This objection rests on the idea, men, the man Christ Jesus." It that the merit, by which the sixwas necessary that he should be ner is justified, consists simply in man, that the nature, which had the will of the Father, and not, sinned, might obey and suffer. in any degree, in the dignity and Divinity is incapable of obedi- work of the Saviour. But the ence or suffering. The Son of scriptures represent this subject God, therefore, took upon him in a very different point of light. the human nature, that he might They inform us, that Christ hath obey the precepts, and suffer the appeared to put away sin by the penalty of that law, which man sacrifice of himself ; that by one had broken. But Christ is not offering he hath perfected forever merely human. He is “God them who are sanctified; and that manifest in the flesh.” It was by the obedience of one many shall necessary, that he should be be made righteous. These passages God, that he might be qualified plainly teach us, that sinners are to bring in that perfect righteous- justified by virtue of the obedi. ness through which sinners can ence and death of Christ ; that be pardoned ; to sanctify their our salvation is the effect of his own intrinsic worth. As he has fections of Jehovah. Hence it thus merited and purchased eter- is evident, that our hope of salnal happiness for his friends, he vation must rest on the divine is represented, as bestowing it character of Christ. Without upon them by his own power, some just views of the scheme and according to his own sove- of redemption, and of the divine reign pleasure. "I give unto

“ I give unto character of the Saviour, we canthem eternal life, and they shall not have a hope, which the gose never perish, neither shall any pel will authorize, of enjoying pluck them out of my hand.” eternal salvation. Upon his divine and eternal ex- They, who have had a proper istence depend their security and sense of the evil of sin and the glory. “ Because I live, ye shall strictness of the divine law, are live also.” He is the author of fully convinced that none but a eternal salvation to them who be- divine Being could make an adlieve. His coming into the equate atonement. So exceedworld and suffering death, was ingly hateful is sin in the sight the consequence of his having of God, that the most exalted been appointed to the office of a creature could do nothing to proSaviour. But his appointment cure forgiveness. The divine to the work was not the ground law is so holy, so inflexibly just, of his merit. The merit of his that it would have forever predeath, and the efficacy of his vented the salvation of sinners, blood arise from his own divine unless full satisfaction had been excellence. As it is impossible, made to its injured authority. that any original merit should be. They, who are taught of God, long to a finite being ; all the clearly see, that none but a bemerit of Christ's death must flow ing of spotless purity and infinite from his divinity.

dignity could make that satisfacBy attending to the apostle's tion ; that none, but the divine reasoning, Heb. vii. we shall find, Lawgiver, could so vindicate and that he infers his ability to save honour the broken law,, as to sinners from his divine perfec- render the salvation of sinners tion. By showing the superior- consistent with his just and holy ity of Christ's priesthood above government. Thus their hope that of Aaron, and proving it to of being delivered from the be eternal, he establishes the guilt and punishment of sin rests doctrine of his sufficiency for entirely on the divinity of the the work of redemption. “ But Lord Jesus, who made the atonethis man, because he continueth ment. forever, hath an unchangeable Let it be added, that scripture priesthood. Wherefore he is often represents the Saviour, as able to save them to the utter- being God; and always holds most, who come unto God by up, as the object of our faith, a him, seeing he ever liveth to Being of divine perfection. “I make intercession for them.” am God, and beside me there is The apostle's argument rests Saviour. Look unto me, on the unchangeableness and and be saved. To the only wise eternity of the Redeemer; and God, our Saviour, be glory," &c. . these are incommunicable per. But we know that sinners are


to this generous conduct, he re- tiation ; nor did the fear of bring. jected the offer of 3000 forins, ing it to an abrupt and unfavourawhich Charles' ambassadors ble termination prevent him from pressed on him, as an expres- continuing openly to declare his sion of their master's gratitude; hostility to the doctrines of men, forbade even his servants to ac- and the usurpations of priestcept of any part of that sum, on craft, though in some instances pain of immediate dismission; it moderated the asperity of his and to prevent farther solicita- language. He explained the tions, left Francfort early the Psalms to the people, and disfollowing day.*

charged with diligence and fidel. The negotiation of Miltitz, ity, every part of his ministeriwhich had been interrupted by al and professorial functions. these political affairs of the Em. Though his public discourses pire, was renewed on their ter- were chiefly of a practical and ex. mination, and he returned into perimental tendency, he did not Saxony, to present the Elector conceal his doctrinal sentiments; with the golden consecrated nor even the hesitation which he rose, which the Pontiffs used to began to feel respecting the founbestow on princes for whom dation and propriety of auricular they professed a peculiar esteem, confession, the number of the and which had been promised to sacraments, the restriction of Frederic as a token of the Pope's the communion to one kind, and favour and approbation. But other tenets of the Romish relig. the time was passed, when such ion. But his principal work, dura present would have been ac- ing 1519, was his commentary on ceptable to Frederic, and though the Galatians, a treasure of theohe was afraid of irritating the logical and moral truth, contain: papal court, by rejecting it alto- ing his views of justification by gether, he was unwilling, person. faith, the particular place which ally to submit to a ceremony good works hold in the Christian which he now regarded as noth- system, the nature and extent ing else than a solemn farce. of evangelical charity, and the He accordingly ordered his discriminating characters of the counsellor Fabian Feilisch, to law and the gospel. I undergo the usual ceremonies in his place. Defeated in this pur

(To be continued.) pose of his mission, Miltitz. sought a second interview with Luther, which took place at

OF MR. THOM. Libenwerde, a small village in the neighbourhood of Wittemberg, when they again agreed to

To the Editors of the Panoplist. refer the cause to the Archbish- I feel it my duty to express op of Treves.t

to you the high gratification Luther's zeal was not repress- which I experienced on reading ed by the tardiness of the nego. in your last number the Testimo




• Seckendorf, lib. i. 580. p. 122. † Beausobre, tom. i. p. 239---242.

| Beausobre, tom. i. p. 244. Secendorf, lib. i. p. 133-137.


ny of the venerable HIGGINSON the 11th chapter to the end of the and HUBBARD, to the order of the 12th chapter, written originally Gospel in the Churches in New in Latin.” He also composed a England. The publication of it Latin commentary on the Cantiat this time is seasonable ; and cles, or Song of Solomon, which if read and considered with due his warm imagination prompted attention by the clergy and him to consider as a prophetic churches in Massachusetts, it description of the state of the cannot fail to do good. I wish it Church from king David's time, may excite some one of compe- till the year 1550. The translatent talents, and information, to tor of the two last works gives display before the public, through him the following character : the medium of the Panoplist, a

“ He was indeed one of a correct view of the present anar- thousand, great and gracious chical state of our ecclesiastical many ways, both in life and affairs, and to devise and pre- learning, dum ea docuit quæ fecit, scribe some means by which that el ea fecit quæ docuit, et verba “ Order of the Gospel” might be vertebat in opera. He taught in restored among us, which once

that he did practice, did pracexisted, and which these pious tice that he taught, and so turnfathers earnestly recom-' ed words into works. He was a mended. At the present time, great artist, and a great linguist. this subject pre-eminently claims He had good skill in all arts and the attention of Christians, espe- tongues, needful for a complete cially of the Congregational de- divine, even in song also, vocal nomination.

music being the best, till his But the chief object I had in more weighty studies called him view, when I took up my pen, from the Maidens to Divinity was to furnish for the Panoplist their mistress, wherein he exthe following biographical sketch celled and shined above many of of the “ famous BRIGHTMAN," his fellows : all that then lived mentioned by Messrs. Higgin- with him in Queen's College in son and HUBBARD, in their Cambridge, whereof he was “ Testimony” just alluded to, feliow, do very well know. He with so much respect: This shined every way, and was a sketch is taken from a note in BRIGHT MAN indced in his life ; Walton's life of Dr. Robert Shining to all that heard his cateSANDERSON, late Bishop of Lin-. chizing, and common places and coln.

lectures in the college, or his " Mr. Thomas BRIGHTMAN Was sermons in the country, in Bedborn at Nottingham, educated at fordshire. He is said to have Queen's College in Cambridge, always prayed for a sudden and was afterwards Rector of death. llis prayer was granted. Hawnes in Bedfordshire. He As he was reading a book and was the author of “ The Revela- travelling in a coach with his tion of St. John illustrated, with friend and patron, Sir John Osan Analysis and Scholions,” &c. born, he was seized with a faintan of " A most comfortable Exe ing fit, and being taken out of the position of the last and most dif- carriage for the benefit of the air, ficult part of the prophecies of he instantly expired, August 24, Daniel, from the 26th verse of 1607.”

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