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This ebullition indicates more of the

Is fortune frowning;. fervour of patriotism than of poetry.

Thy last hope drowning

In life's tumultuous sea ? But if Mr. Brown's didactics are tolera

Is care depressing, ble, his lyrics are not to be endured. He

No friend caressing, has given an assortment of samples of his

No solace blessing? various manufactures, and though we

I'll shed one tear for thee; doubt not the conformity of his whole

Yes, anguish seize me,

And palsies freeze me, stock of fabrics to the specimens which

If I shed no tear for thee. he has presented, yet we question much whether his pattern-card will ever pro

Before thee lying, cure him an order from the public. What

All pale and dying,

A partner dost thou see? can be more flimsy than this?

Didst thou adore her?
Robert, rising with the sun,

Though bending o'er her
Wakes froin many a pleasing dream;

Will not restore her,
Now, his early breakfast done,

I'll shed one tear for thee;
Drives afield his sturdy team.

Yes! life-blood fail me,

And death assail me,
See him on the furrow'd plain,

If I shed no tear for thee.
List'ning to the linnet's note;
Wond'ring how so sweet a strain

Such a parody as the following is
Issues from her little throat.

shameful. Now, beneath the cooling shade,

Just like man is yonder sea,
While his cattle, grazing, stray,

Tost by tempests rudely brating;
On his grassy pillow laid,

Never once from tumult free;
Thus he tunes his rustic lay :-

Now advancing, now retreating, “ Misers! boast your swelling store,

Just like man.
Daily count your hoarded wealth,

Silver Cynthia, queen of night,
While the plough-hoy asks no more

Orb with beams inconstant shining,
Than a competence, with health.

Fills ner horn with borrow'd light,
Man of pleasure ! court your case,

Waxing now, and now declining,
Rob the world of ev'ry joy ;--

Just like man.
Virtue shall the plough-boy please ;

Though the deeply-rooted oak
Virtue's pleasures never cloy.

Scorns the scath of lightning flashes ; Heirs of fame! for glory toil,

Time, with sure and silent stroke,
Reap your laurels, wear your bays-

All ils pride in ruin dashes,
Robert's hands shall till the soil,

Just like man.
Labour bless his peaceful days.

We have already given more time and Circling seasons ! swiftly fly

space to this work than its merits reTine! your hasty chariot roll

quired; but the subject of which it treats Fearless shall the plough-boy die, Heav'n receive his parting soul.”

seemed to challenge our consideration.

In dismissing it, we will only observe, Take an other of the same kind.

that whilst we admire the chivalrous When friends forsake thee,

feelings of its author, so tremblingly alive When woes o'ertake thee, Orman! whoe'er thou be ;

to every breath that would tarnish the If tear drops, stealing,

reputation of his country, so dauntless in From fellow-feeling,

maintaining its fair fame; we deem it a Have aught that's healing,

duty to beseech him to moderate a zeal I'll shed one tear for thee; Yes, Heaven reject me,

so disproportionate to his powers, and to And friends neglect me,

learn that in very many cases," the better If I shed no tear for thee. part of valour is discretion."

E.

ART. 10. The Emigrant's Guide to the Western and Southwestern States and

Territories : containing a Geographical and Statistical description of the States of Louisiana, Mississippi, Tennessee, Kentucky, and Ohio :the Territories of Alabamı, Missouri, Illinois, and Michigan'; and the Western parts of Virginia, Pennsylvania, and New-York. With a complete List of the Road and River Routes, west of the Alleghany Mountains, and the connecting Roads from New-York, Philadelphia, and Washington City, to New Orleans, St. Louis, and Pittsburg. The whole comprising a more comprehensive Account of the Soil, Productions, Climate, and present state of Improvement of the Regions described, than any Work hitherto. published. Accompanied by a Map of the United States, including Louisiana, projected and engraved expressly for this work. By WILLIAM DARBY, Member of the New-York Historical Society, and Author of a Map and Statistical Account of the

State of Louisiana and the adjacent Regions. THE HE constant and increasing emigra- lantic States, to the States west of the Altion from Europe, and from the At- leghanies, cannot fail to render this work

useful and interesting to that class of emi- value of both. There are some things grants who are able and willing to seek for omitted also, which would have formed information in books. In the compilation a valuable addition to the stock of inof his book, the author has resorted to formation which the “Guide” already the most valuable topographical publica- furnishes : such as prices of lands, of lations, as well as made use of his own per- bour, of travelling, of living, &c. A compasonal knowledge ; he does not always, rative estimate of the profits of the varihowever, exercise the best judgment in ous kinds of culture in the Western and the selection of matter, nor does he al- Southwestern States would have been ways discriminate between important interesting and useful. Though Mr. and irrelevant remarks; and there is an Darby has said a good deal on the sub unskilfulness in the arrangement of his ject of the vine and the olive, he has materials, which must somewhat dimi- omitted to compute the cost of land subnish the value of the “Guide,” as a book jected to their culture, as consisting not of reference. The style of this book is only of the purchase money, but also of not well chosen ; it is too ambitious to interest and labour for the number of suit the purpose of the work, the highest years during which no benefit is reaped. excellence of which it admits, being the Nevertheless, we mention these things simple and explicit communication of as blemishes that pertain to the skill of facts. The author, also, has made a con Mr. Darby as an author, rather than to siderably free use of his prior work on his usefulness as a guide ; and we do not Louisiana, and though this may have doubt that the emigrant, whom it most been in some measure necessary, in order concerns, will find it a valuable contrito the completeness of the work before bution to his means of information, us, yet it has somewhat diminished the

Art. 11. Florula Ludoviciana ; or a Flora of the State of Louisiana. Translated,

revised, and improved, from the French of C. C. Robin, by C. S. Rafinesque, Member of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, of the Literary and Philosophical Society of New-York, of the Royal Institute of Naples, &c. &c. New-York. C. Wiley and Co. 12 mo. pp. 178. M R. ROBIN, who was an intelligent given, which, of known plants, are uni

observer and diligent collector, formly accurate, to class and name the though not a professed botanist, published new genera and species correctly, after his Travels in Louisiana, at Paris, in the manner which the author had at1807. At the end of his third and last tempted to pursue. Of the qualifications volume, he has given descriptions of the of Mr. Rafinesque for the task there can plants of Louisiana, as far as known to be no question; and he appears to have him, classed after the method of Jussieu. been well rewarded for his labour. The In this Flore Louisianaise, as Mr. Robin extent of the pretensions of the work, is termed it, Mr. Rafinesque observed, limited by the motto which the editor among many errors, much that was new has adopted in his title-page-Quand les and valuable. He therefore thought it matériaur sont imparfaits, l'édifice ne worth while, relying on the descriptions peut pas être complet.

ART. 12. ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS.

Experiments made hy the Assay-Master of the sented you a piece of copper, I inclose you

King of the Netherlands, at the mint of the analysis of a piece, whicb he gave me, at Utrecht, on the native copper cristing in the mint of Utrecht, a portion of which, in its huge blocks on the South side of Lake Supe- crude state, I presented to the Minister of rior, in a lelter from his Excellency WilForeign Affairs to be deposited in the Uni. liam Eustix, Minister Plenipotentiary and versity of Leyden. My object in procuring Envoy Extraordinary from the United States, an assay in a foreign country, was first to add &c. to the Hon. Samuel L. Mitchill, dated 10 the diffusion of information respecting our Hague, Oct. 12, 1817.

country, and secondly, that it might be comDear Sir,

pared with experiments made in the United ERCEIVING by the public pewspapers,

States. I had hoped to return this autumn,

of our commercial relations with this coun don, and the only son of Isaac Philipps, Esq. try las necessarily deferred that hope until a gentleman of good family in Monmouththe spring. If Dr. Le Baron is near you, I shire, who was, in the early part of his life, will ihank you to present me to him ; with in the army, and afterwards held the situagreat respect and esteem,

tion in the revenue, of Surveyor of LandIam, dear Sir,

Carriage Officers. He had intended his son Your obedient servant, for the army, and to use, for his promotion

W. EUSTIS. in it, the interest of the late Duke of BeauThe Hon. Samuel L. Mitchill.

fort, Mr. Philipps' avowed friend and paNew-York.

tron; however, be died before his wish could

be effected, and at the time his son was at The report from the mint, is in these the age of about ten years. Mr. T. Philipps words :

was then educated, at his mother's desire, for From every appearance the piece of cop. the law; but having early evinced a strong per secms to have been taken from a mass propensity for music, he was instructed in thullas undergone fusion. The melting was, ihat science as an accomplishment. However, not an operation of art, but a natu At the age of seventeen his partiality for ral efect caused by a volcanic eruption. the stage became evident; but it met the dis

The stream of lava probably carried along couragement of his friends, who, however, in its course the aforesaid body of copper tha: aster opposing his inclination about two had formed into one collection, as fast as it years, allowed him to make the attempt, in was henied enough to run, from all parts of hopes of his failure, and that he would then the mine. The united masg was probably apply himself to study for the profession of borne, in this manner, to the place where it the law. The event proved contrary to their now rests in the soil.

expectations. On the 10th of May, 1796, he The crystallized form, observable every made his debut at the Theatre Royal, Co. where on the original surface of the metal vent-Garden, in Philippe in The Castle of that has been left untouched or undisturbed, Andalusia,for Mrs. Mountain's benefit. His leads nie to presume that the fusion it has reception was so brilliant and flattering, that sustained was by a process of nature ; since it formed his determination of embracing the this crystallized surface can only be suppos- life of a public singer and professor of music. ed to have been produced by a slow and He no longer met the opposition of his gradual cooling, whereby the copper assum friends on the subject. Although at this time ed regular figures as its heat passed into possessed of much musical knowledge, and other substances and the metal itself lay ex- labouring to improve himself in that science, posed to the air.

he wanted information in stage manner, and As to the properties of the copper itself, it the various requisites which only practice on may be observed that its colour is a clear the stage can give, and which are, with a red; that it is peculiarly qualified for rolling London audience, indispensable for a perand forging; and that its excellence is indi- former in the higher cast of characters. Accated by its resemblance to the copper usu cordingly, after performing a few nights, at ally employed by the Englisu for plating. different periods subsequent to the above

The dealers in copper call this sort Peru- mentioned, at the Hay-market and at Covent rian copper to distinguish it from that of Garden, Mr. Philipps engaged as principal Sweden, which is much less malleable. The singer at the Theatre Royal, Norwich ; which specimen, under consideration, is incompara- he soon after exchanged for a similar situably better than Swedish copper, as well on tion at Bath; in both which cities he be. account of its brilliant colour, as for the fine came so great a favourite, and made such ness of its pores, and its extreme ductility. progress in his profession, that he was offered,

Notwithstanding, before it is used in manu and accepted, an engagement at the Theatre factures, or for the coining of money, it Royal, Crow-street, Dublin, in 1801. The ought to be melted anew, for the purpose of taste and liberality of that city declared in purifying itfrom such earthy particles which Mr. Philipps' favour, and decided his success it may contain.

in his favourite pursuit. The propriety and The examination of the North-American correctness of his conduct introduced bim copper, in the sample received from his ex- into the first class of society, and, united cellency the minister, by the operations of with his professional talents, occasioned his the cupel and the test by fire, has proved being appointed singing-master in some of that it does not contain the smallest particle the best families. He continued at the bead of silver, gold, or any other metal.

of the opera department in Dublin, increas

ing in reputation and emoluments during We are indebted to a correspondent for the eight years, until the period of Mr. Arnold's

following sketch of the professional life of commencing bis English Opern, when (hav. Mr. Philipps, the comedian and opera- ing formerly known Mr. Philipps, a pupil of singer, whose grace and science have ren his father) be proposed an engagement to dered him so deservedly a favourite in this him, which was accepted, and Mr. Philipps country. A considerable part of it is co- again appeared before the London audience, pied from a London periodical publication. in Young Ilearlwell, in Mr. Arnold's opera,

Up all Vight." Mr. Thomas Philipps is a native of Lon Mr. Philipps' success in the summer at the

was

Lyceum produced so advantageous an offer prieters of that Theatre, the sbortening of from the Managers of the Drury-Lane Com- his engagement for the purpose of Mr. Phil. pany, that he relinquished his intention of ipps' being heard and seen by the public of returning the following winter to Dublin, and that city previous to his returo. A proposi. became attached to the above-mentioned es tion to that effect was made to Mr. Philips, tablishment, in wbich bis success and he appeared before an American auconfirmed, and he nightly rose in public dience, on Monday, Nov. 30, 1817, in Belino, favour. His most successful characters have in The Devil's Bridge. been Carlos in The Duenna, and Orlando in His reception was one of the most brilliant The Cubinet; the latter of which having ever known in America, and his attraction been composed by Mr. Braham, expressly continued to increase to the end of his first for his own powers, Mr. Philipps undertook engagement ; which was so productive to very reluctantly. Mr. Brabam has, much to himself and the managers, as to occasion & his credit, on every occasion, forwarded renewal for seven nights more, and which Philipps' professional advancement with bis proved equally successful. In the intermewarmest encomiums.

dinte time Mr. Philipps received offers of enMr. Philipps' masters were, Mr. Spofforth gagements from all the managers of the dif(from whose instructions he acknowledges to ferent theatres in the United States; and have gained much advantage) and Dr. Ar- probably gratified at his reception, and nightnold; while at Bath he had lessons from ly increasing popularity, deferred his intenRauzzini ; and in London, at different peri- tion of returning to Europe until the follow. ods, from Signor Viganoni, Mr. F. Bianchi, ing summer, and concluded an engagement and Mr. Kelly. During his residence in Ire- with the Philadelphia managers: in which city land, his intimacy with Sir J. A. Stevenson, he appeared on the 5th January, 1818, in the and Mr. T. Cooke, was a source of improve- same character which he had chosen for bis ment and advantage lo him. He has composed debut at New-York. several ballads with much success, and will In Philadelphia the same reception and ef. no doubt continue to rise in improvement as fect attended his performance, and he es. well as public favour. As an actor, Mr. Phi- tered into a renewal of his engagement, as lipps bas the advantage over almost every he had done in the former city, and with the other singer on our stage.

same continuance of public favour. The During the Drury-Lane company's per- boxes were crowded with beauty and fashion forming at the Lyceum, and for three years on his nights of performing, and he was in after the rebuilding and opening of the new private invited into the first society, to which Theatre Royal, Drury-Lane, Mr. Philipps re- his manners as a gentleman and scholar mained attached to that establishment as first rendered him as high an acquisition, as his tenor singer, with full estimation and favour talents in public proved to the Theatre. As of the public; but at the expiration of bis ar an actor, he stands without competitor ticles, displeased with the Drury-Lane con among the singers of the English stage, and cern under the mismanagement of a commit. his vocal talents have every mark of the tee of lords and gentlemen, which bad re- highest science and cultivation. His singing duced its reputation and finances to a very is of the Italian school, to which he adds the low ebb, Mr. Philipps returned to his friends most distinct articulation and perfect English in Dublin, (to which place he had now an enunciation. additional attachment, by having recently The modern English singers, though they married a lady of that city,) and received the have made great progress in the science of most enthusiastic welcome and reception music as compared with those of the last from bis friends and the Irish public. He century, have lost much of that simplicity played with the longest and most undiminished and natural expression which the best of the attraction ever known in the Dublin Theatre, latter exhibited. Mr. Philipps' delivery of through the whole of that season, 1816, and the simple ballad, is allowed to be the most the latter part of the next. Some difference perfect of any singers of the present day. baving arisen between him and the proprie. However, he too frequently sacrifices 108 tor of Crow-street at the commencement false taste, which obtains on both sides the of the season of 1817, respecting terms, Atlantic, (but not so fully here as in Et; which was only in part reconciled by the gland,) and embellishes too frequently and voice of the public, and the necessities of the too highly. In defence it may be urged that theatre demanding Mr. Philipps' re-appear the performer must please ilie public, and ance, influenced by the same spirit of inde. that the public are too frequently led away pendence he had before displayed in Lon. by glare and tinsel from the path of true taste don, and in consequence of a correspond- and nature. The professors of high class ence with his friend, the late Mr. Holman, and favouritism have, however, the power by Mr. Philipps determined on visiting the degrees to recall them to the relish of their United States of America. Learning the melody and simple poetry ; as the airs of death of that gentleman on his arrival at Eveleen's Bower and 'Lore's young dream from New-York, and dispirited at the melancholy the lips of Mr. Philipps cufficiently prove; event, he prepared to return to Europe by which have, we are informed, procured for the vessel' which brought him out, when him the most enthusiastic approbation from Mr. Incledon, who was performing at New every audience. American and European, he York at the time, proposed to the pro- has appeared before. Mr. Philipps,

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derstand, terminates his visit to the United where Mr. and Mrs. M. were, destined for B. States in the ensuing summer.

B. attached herself to them during the voy

age so much, that when on arriving at the To the Editors of the American Monthly baving taken ber to his abode, she made her

destined port, her master claiming her, and Magazine. GENTLEMEN,

escape and returned to those to whom sbe had

attached herself. This was repeated several The publication of the following facts, rela. times, until being with kitten, sbe brought tive to the congelation of water, may lead forth her young. This was thought a very the attention of the curious to a subject fit opportunity of keeping her. The kittens which has not, it is believed, been sufficient

were therefore sent home, and of course the ly investigated. Having heard the formation of that species she brought them back one by one.

cat followed; but watching her opportunity,

Her of ice, commonly called anchor-ice, accounted for on principles, which appeared one of the kittens.

owner then gave her up, and in return bad to me unsatisfactory, I was induced to ob.

Proceeding in attachment, this cat in a serve more particularly the phenomena it exhibited. This ice, which is of a spungy sumed others more foreign to her species.

manner forsook her ferocious habits, and age nature, somewhat resembling snow in water, While she remained a good mouser, she is formed upon the bottom of rivers, most abundantly in shallow gravelly rapids. It

became perfectly harmless to poultry and collects bere in such quantities that, on riso quented our premises soon became so con

even small birds; and such of these as fre. ing, considerable gravel frequently adheres to it. I took from it, while floating upon the

vinced of her peaceful disposition, that her surface, a stone about the size of a hen's them ; while as it sometimes happens in bot

appearance never created any alarm among egg. i had been informed that it collected countries that a hen or a duck shall quit their only in such rapids. But on examining a nest before all the eggs have arrived at batch. mill-pond principally of a muddy bottom, ing maturely, if then she happened to have where the current was scarcely perceptible, kittens nothing more was necessary than to I found it collected on roots, sticks, and on take the eggs from the nest, and put them un. some spots of fine gravel, where the water was ten feet deep. Upon the mud of the them warm and batch the young, and to a

der her among her kittens ; she used to keep same depth, or indeed of any depth, I found stranger it was a curious sighi to behold three

or four ducks' or chickens' heads peeping out I should be highly gratified if some of among so many kittens ; and when the calyour correspondents would account for these

low brood had gathered a little strength, they phenomena consonantly with the received

would run over her back, her head, &c. and iheory of congelation of water.

when feeling fear or cold, would run back T.

and take shelter under her belly among the

kittens. The following narrative was written by Mau

Propelled by instinct, more unerring than rice Margarott, the unfortunate exile to Bo- that some human beings fail in displaying

reason, she educated her young with a care tany Bay, who was sentenced to four in similar cases. With infinite

trouble and teen years banishment for sedition. For

unspeakable solicitude did she instruct them the possession of the original manuscript to catch, to play with, and to eat such ani, we are indebted to his friend George mals and insects as providence had destined Houston, Esq. now in this city.

the feline race to hunt and destroy. In that HISTORY OF M. M's CAT.

new colony, during her 16 years stay, she

furnished nearly all the colonists with mouFidelity is generally supposed the quality sers, all diligent in their vocation, sober livers, of dogs; whereas treachery is as universally and excepting one solitary European vice, supposed to predominate among cats. The to which some had a propensity, (thieving) following short sketch will prove that it may of general good character. bappen otherwise.

Again, to notice the power of instinct, M. M. at his departure from England for whenever any ailment aflicted ber master or Scotland, in the laiter end of the year 93, had mistress, whenever any new misfortune or a favourite dog which he left behind him. At act of oppression depressed their spirits, this his return to London, a prisoner, in the com- cat, in unison with them, was downcast and mencement of 94, his wise brought this fa- pensive; but when tears gushed from her vourite dog to Newgate, on a visit to bis mas. mistress' eyes, or a sigh escaped ber bosom, ter. The dog, on his entrance, went up to

then her feline lamentations knew no bounds. him with much apparent joy ; but after a very

Too old and too faithful to be left behind, few caresses suddenly turned tail and nev she was again embarked on board the Simon er more noticed him. Far different from this Cock Bark, Robt. Penson, master, on the was the behaviour of the animal whose his. 15th day of April, 1810. Three months was tory we have undertaken to write.

she tossed on the rough waves of the SouthThis animal, brought by a passenger, quite ern Ocean, until the vessel made the port of a kitten, on board the Surprise Transport, Rio De Janeiro, where she found, after es. VOL. II, No. v.

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