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takes his nap all the service: and he and so many parts of their habits mould. letely bestowed the best living in his ed into that shape, that the whole afTem. gift, which he had before promised to bly looked like the court on St. Anhis chaplain, on one whom lie had never drew's day. It was remarkable that seen, but had read his naine in the title- the vicar's lady, who is a thoroughpage to a fermon against the Jews. He paced High-Churchwoman, was more turned off his builer, who had lived religious in the decorations of her dress with him many years, (and whole only than any of the company; and, indeed, crime was a sivarthy complexion) be- she was so Ituck over from head to foot cause the dog looked like a Jew. He with crosses, that a wag justly compared feeds hogs in his park and the court- her to an old Popish monument in a yard, and has guinea pigs in his par- Gothic cathedral. lour. Every Saturday he has an hunt, I thall conclude my letter with the because it is the Jewish Sabbath ; and in relation of an adventure that happened the evening he is sure to get drunk with to myself at my first coining into this the vicar in defence of reigion. As he town. I intended to put up at the Cais in the commiffion, he ordered a poor therine. Wheel, as I had often used the Jew pedlar, who came to hawk goods house before, and knew the landlord to at his house, to Bide el!; and he was be a good civil kind of fellow. I aconce poing to send a little parish boy to cordingly turned my horse into the yard; the same place, for prefuming to play when to my great surprize the landlord, in his worship’s hearing on that un- as soon as he saw me, gave me an hearty christian. like inftrument the Jews. curse, and told me I might go about barp.

my business, for, indeed, he would not The fair sex here are no less ambitious entertain any such rascals. Upon this of displaying their affection for the same he said something to two or three atrapcause; and they manifest their fenti. ping country fellows, who immediately ments by the colour and fashion of their came towards me; and it I had not rode dress. Their zeal more particularly away directly, I Mouli have met with Thews itself in a variety of polies for a very rough falutation from their horserings, buckles, kn is, and garters. I whips. I could not imagine what ofohteived the other night at'the asembly, fence I had committed, that could give that the ladies Teemed to vie with each occasion for such ill usage, till I heard other in hanging out the enfigns of the the master of the in hcllowing after faith in orthodoxy bhands, bearing the me- That's the scoundrel that came inscription of No JEWS, CHRISTI " here some time ago with Tom T'other"ANITY FOR EVER.' They likewise ' fide;' who, I have since learnt, is an wore linie crolles at the r breits; their agent for the other party. I am, dear pompons were formed into crucifixes, cousin, yours, &c. their knois dipoled in the same angles,


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serted in your paper, which is founded

upon a matter of fact? They will parS the ladies are naturally become don me, it by laying before you a mar. A

the imrediate objects of your care, ticular instance I was lately witness to will you permit a complaint to be ine of their improper behaviour, I endea


vour to expose a reigning evil, which the objects of ridicule or contempt: and subjects thein to many shameful impu. the pain is the greater, when it is given tations.

by those whom they admire, and from I received last week a dinner-card whom they are ambitions of receiving from a friend, with an intimation that any marks of countenance and favour. I should meet some very agreeable ladies. Yet we must allow, that affronts are At my arrival, I found that the com- pardonable from ladies, as they are pany confifted chiefly of females, who often prognostics of future kindness. If indeed did me the honour to rile, but a ladý furikes our cheek, we can very quite disconcerted me in paying my re. willingly follow the precept of the Gora fpe&ts, by their whispering each other, pel, and turn the other cheek to be fmitand appearing to itifle a laugh.

When Even a blow from a fair hand I was leated, the ladies grouped them- conveys pleasure. But this battery of felves op in a corner, and entered into whispers is againit all legal rights of a private cabal, seemingly to discourse war;ampoisoned arrows, and stabs in the upon points of great fecrecy and im- dark, are not more repugnant to the portance, but of equal merriment and general laws of humanity. diverfion.

If the misconduct, which I have de. The same conduct of keeping close to fcribed, had been only to be found, Mr. their ranks was observed at table, where Town, at my friend's table, I should the ladies feated themselves together. not have troubled you with this letter : Their conversation was here also con. but the same kind of ill-breeding prefined wholly to themselves, and seemed vails too often, and in too many places. like the mysteries of the Bora Dea, in The gigglers and the whisperers are in. which men were forbidden to have any numerable; they beset us wherever we fare. It was a continued laugh and go; and it is observable, that after a whisper from the beginning to the end Mort murmur of whispers out comes the of dinner. A whole Tentence was scarce burst of laughter : like a gun-powder ever spoken aloud. Single words, in- ferpent, which, after hissing about for deed, now and then broke forth; such some time, goes off in a bounce. as odious, borrible, deteflable, shocking, Modern writers of comedy often in. "HUMBUG. Tbis latt new.coined ex- troduce a pert witling into their pieces, preffion, which is only to be found in who is very severe upon the rest of the the nonsensical vocabulary, sounds ab. company; but all his waggery is spoken furd and disagreeable, whenever it is aside. These gigglers and whisperers pronounced; but from the mouth of a seem to be acting the fame part in comlady it is shocking, detestable, hor- pany, that this arch rogue does in the • rible, and odious.

play. Every word or motion produces My friend seemed to be in an uneasy a train of whispers ; the dropping of a fituation at his own table: but I was snuff box, or spilling the tea, is sure to far more miserable. I was mute, and be accompanied with a titter; and upon feldom dared to lift up my eyes from the entrance of any one with something my plate, or turn my head to call for particular in his person or manner, I small beer, left by some aukward gel- have seen a whole room in a buzz like a ture I might draw upon me a whilper or bee hive. a laugh. Sancho, when he was forbid This practice of whispering, if it is to eat a delicious bany:st fet berore hin, any where allowable, may perhaps be could scarce appear more melancholy. indulged the fair. sex at church, where

The rueful iength of my face might the conversation can only be carried on poffibly encrease the mirch of my tor by the secret fymbols of a curtsey, an menters: at leait their joy seemed to rise ogle, or a nod. A whisper in this place in exact proportion with my misery. is very often of great use, as it serves to

At length, however, the time of my convey the most secret intelligence, delivery approached. Dinrer ended, which a lady would be ready to burst the ladies made their exit in pairs, and with, if the could not find vent for it went off hand in hand whispering, like by this kind of auricular confession. A the two kings of Brentford.

piece of fcandal transpires in this man.. Modest men, Mr. Town, are deeply ner from one pew to another, then prewounded, when they imagine themselves sently whizzes along the chancel, from



whence it crawls up to the galleries, strange constructions may be put on till at last the whole church humns with these laughs and whispers. It were,

indeed, of little consequence, if we only It were also to be wished, that the imagined, that they were taking the reJalies would be pleased to confine them- putations of their acquaintance to pieces, felves to whispering, in their tète-à-téte

or abusing the company round; but conferences at the opera or the play- when they indulge themselves in this behouse ; which would be a proper defe- haviour, some perhaps may be led to rence to the rest of the audience. In conclude, that they are discoursing upon France, we are told, it is common for topics, which they are ashamed to speak the parterre to join with the performers of in a less private manner. in any favourite air; but we seem to Some excuse may perhaps be framed have carried this custom itill further, as for this ill-timed merriment in the fairthe company in our boxes, without con- sex. Venus, the goddess of beauty, is cerning theinselves in the least with the frequently called the laughter-loving play, are even louder than the players. dame; and by laughing, our modern

The wit and humour of a Vanburgh or ladies may possibly imagine, that they a Congreve is frequently interrupted by render themselves like Venus. I have a brilliant dialogue between two persons indeed remarked, that the ladies com. of fashion; and a love scene in the fide- monly adjust their laugh to their perbox has often been inore attended to, fons, and are merry in proportion as it than that on the itage. As to their loud sets off their particular charms. One bursts of laughter at the theatre, they lady is never further moved than to a may very well be excused, when they smile or a fimper, because nothing elfe are excited by any lively strokes in a fhews her dimples to so much advan. comedy: but I have seen our ladies titter tage; another, who has a very fine set at the most distressful scenes in Romeo of teeth, runs into the broad grin; while and Juliet, grin over the anguish of a a third, who is admired for a well-turnMonimia or Belvidera, and fairly laughed neck and graceful cheit

, calls up all King Lear off the stage.

her beauties to view, by breaking into Thus the whole behaviour of these violent and repeated peals of langhter. ladies is in direct contra liction to good I would not be understood impose manners. They laugh when they mould gravity or too great a reserve on the faircry, are loud when they should be filent, lex. Let them laugh at a feather ; but and are filent when their conversation is let them declare openly, that it is a desirable. If a man in a select company feather which occasions their mirth. I was thus to laugh or whisper me out of must confess, that laughter becomes the countenance, 1 should be apt to conftrue young, the gay, and the handsome : it as an affront, and demand an expla- but a whisper is unbecoming at all ages nation. As to the ladies; I would de- and in both sexes; nor ought it ever to fire them to reflect how much they would be practifed, except in the round gal. suffer, if their own weapons were turned lery at St. Paul's; or in the famous against them, and the gentlemen should whispering place in Gloucester cathedral, attack them with the same arts of laugh where two whisperers hear each other at ing and whispering. But, however free the distance of five and twenty yards. they may be from our relentment, they I am, Sir, are fill open to our ill-natured fufpi

Your most humble servant, cions. They do not consider, what

K. L.

No XV. THURSDAY, MAY 9, 1754.




Friend of mine, who belongs to on cards and dice continues to increase

every year, and that it now brings in that the revenue ariling from the duiy near fix times more than it did at first.


This will not appear very wonderful, But the most extraordinary part of when we consider, that gaming is now this fashionable practice is, what in the become rather the business than amuse. gaming dialect is called PITTING one ment of our persons of quality; and man against anorber; that is, in plain that they are more concerned about the Englis, wagering which of the two will transactions of the two clubs at White's, live longeft. In this manner, people than the proceedings of both houses of of the most opposite characters make up parliament. Thus it happens, that the subject of a bet. A player perhaps eitates are now almost as frequently is pitted againft a duke, an alderman made over by whist and hazard, as by against a bishop, or a pimp with a privydeeds and settlements; and the chariots counsellor. There is scarce one reof many of our nobility may be said markable person, upon whole life there (like Count Baflet's in the play)' to are not many thousand pounds dependroll upon the four aces.'

ing; or one person of quality, whose This love of gaming has taken such death will not leave several of these kind entire poffeffion of their ideas, that it of mortgages upon his estate. The vainfects their common conversation. The rious changes in the health of one, who management of a dispute was formerly is the subject of many bets, occasion attempted by reason and argument; but very serious reflections in those who the new way of adjufting

all difference have ventured large sums on his life and in opinion is by the sword or a wager: death. Those who would be gainers so that the only genteel method of dif- by his decease, upon every night in. denting is to riik a thousand pounds, or disposition, watch all the tages of his take your chance of being run through illness, and are as impatient for his the body. The strange custom of de- death, as the undertaker who expects ciding every thing by a wager is so uni- to have the care of his funeral; while vertal, that if (in imitation of Swift) the other sides are very solicitous about any body was to publish a specimen of his recovery, send every hour to know Polite Conversation, inttead of dd sayhow he does, and take as much care of ings and trite repartees, he would in all him, as a clergyman's wife does of her probability fill his dialogues with little husband, who has no other fortune than mcre than bet after bet, and now or his living. I remember a man with the then a calculation of the odds. conftitution of a porter, upon whose life

White's, the present grand scene of very great odds were laid; but when these transactions, was formerly distin- the person he was pitted against was exguillied by gallantry and intrigue. Dur- pected to die every week, this man shot ing the publication of the TAT'LER, Sir himself through the head, and the knowRichard Steele thought proper to date ing ones were taken in. all bis love-news from that quarter : but Though most of our follies are im. it would now be as absurd to pretend ported from France, this has had it's to gather any such intelligence from rise and progress entirely in England. White's, as to fend to Batson's for a In the leit illness of Lewis the Four. lawyer, or to the Rolls Coffee-house for teenth, Lord Sta:r laid a wager on his a man midwife.

death ; and we may guess what the The gentlernen, who now frequent French thouglıt of it, from the manner in this place, profess a kind of universal which Voltaire mentions it in his siécle scepticiím; and as they look upon every de Louis XIV. · Le Roi fut attaqué thing as dubious, put the issue upon ( vers le milieu du mois d'Août. a vager. There is nothing, however. • Comte de Stair, airbusieur d'Ana trivial or ridiculous, which is not capa- gleterre, PARIA, selon le génie de fa ble of producing a bet. Many pounds nation, que le Roi ne papieroit pas le have been lott upon the colour of a ' mois de Septembre. - The King,' says coach horse, an article in the news, or he, was taken ill about the middle of the change of ihe weather. The birih * Auguft; when Lord Sisir, the am. of a child bas brought great advantages

• bassador from Engiand, BETTED, to perfons not in iic leat related to i he according to tbe genius of his nation, family it was born in, and the break- that the King would not live beyond ing off a match has affected many in • September.' their fortunes, besides the parties imme. I am in some pain, left this custom diately concerned.

Thould get among the ladies. They



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are at present very deep in cards and and fix two-pences for one. If the dice; and while my lord is gaming practice of Pitting thould be also pro. abroad, her ladyship has her rout at pagated among the vulgar, it will be home. I am inclined to suspect, that common for prize-fighters to Itake their our women of fashion will also learn to lives again it each other; and two pickdivert themselves with this polite prac- pockets may lay which of them shall first tice of laying wagers. A birth-day go to the gallows. Tuit, the age of a beauty, who invented To give the reader a full idea of a a particular fashion, or who were sup- person of faihion, wholly employed in poled to be together at the last masque- this manner, I thall conclude my paper rade, would frequently give occafion for with the character of Mortano, Monbers. This would allo afford them a tano was born heir to a nobleman, renew method for the ready propagation markable for deep play, from whom he of scandal; as the truth of several stories, very early imbibed the principles of which are continually Alving about the gaming. When he firit went to school, town, would naturally be brought to he foon became the most expert of any the fame teft. Should they proceed of his play-tellows: he was sure to win further to take the lives of their ac- all their marbles at taw, and would quaintance against each other, they often trip them of their whole week's would doubtlets bet with the same fear- allowance at chuck. He was afterwards less fpirit, as they are known to do at at the head of every inatch at football brag: the husband of one would per- or cricket; and when he was captain, haps be pitted against the gallant of an- he took in all the big boys by making a other, or a woman of the town against lottery, but went away without draw. a maid of honour. And perhaps if this ing the prizes. lle is till talked of at practice should once become fashionable the school, for a famous difpute he had among the ladies, we may soon see the with another of his own caft about their time, when an allowance for bet-money superiority in learning; which they dewill be stipulated in the marriage-ar- cided, by tofsing up heads or tails who ticles.

was the best scholar. Being too great As the vices and follies of persons of a genius for our universities at home, diftin&tion are very apt to spread, I am he was sent abroad on his travels, but also much afraid, lelt this branch of never got further than Paris; where gaming should descend to the common having lost a considerable bet of four people. Indeed, it seems already to to one concerning the taking a town in have got among thein. We have fre- Flanders, he was obliged to come back quent accounts in the daily papers of with a few guineas he borrowed to bring tradesmen riding, walking, eating and him over. Here he soon became upi. drinking, for a wager. The conteited versally known by frequenting every election in the city has occasioned seve- gambling table, and attending every ral extraordinary bets: I know a but- horle-race in the kingdom. He first re. cher in Leadenhall Market, who laid an duced betting into an art, and made ox to a ship of beef, on the success of White's the grand market for wagers. Sir John Barnard against the field; and He is at lengih such an adept in this art, have been told of a publican in Thames that whatever turn things take, he can Street, who ventured an hogshead of never lose. This he has effected, by entire butt, on the candidate who serves what he has taught the world to call him with beer.

bedging a bet.

There is scarce a conWe may observe, that the spirit of tested election in the kingdom, which gaming displays itself with as much va- will not end to his advantage; and he riety among the lowest, as the highest has lately sent over commissions to Paris order of people. It is the same thing to take up bets on the recall of the parwhether the dice rattle in an orange bar- liament. He was the first that struck row, or at the hazard table. A couple out the above-mentioned pra&tice of Pittof chairmen in a night-cellar are as ing; in which he is so thoroughly verled, eager at put or all-fours, as a party at that the death of every person of quality St. James's at a rubber of whift; and may be said to bring him a legacy; and the E O table is but an higher fort of he has so contrived the bets on his own Merry-go-round, where you may get fix life, that, live or die, the odds are in haifpence for one, fix pence for one, his favour,


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