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I could never get one to speak to me in the first restaurateur in Paris, where they English, with the exception of the Prince seasoned their criticisms with savoury Louis de la Trimouille, and the prince de viands and grateful liqueurs. This single Beauveau. The usual reply was, upon circumstance conveys more forcibly to all occasions, “ J'entends l’Angluis, mais our minds than any other she has stated, je ne le parle pas.'
the difference of Parisian manners and “I was at court the night that Mrs. the superior enjoyment of a Parisian life. Gallatin, the American Ambassadress, In this country we have neither similar was presented to the Duchesse d'Angou- establishments nor the same freedom. lême, who addressed her in French. Be- Lady Morgan's remarks on the French ing informed that Mrs. G. did not speak theatre are entertaining and judicious, but French, her royal highness expressed her we have already made such copious exregret to Mr. Gallatin, that she could not tracts from her work, that we can afford address his lady in English, as she could to devote but little room to this subject. not speak that language. Madame de The French people are passionately fond Angouleme was received under the pro- of scenic representations, and enthusiastic tection of England, while yet almost a' in their admiration of excellence. Dra. child, and lived there twenty years.” (p. matic exhibitions are so frequent in Pa232, 233.)
ris, and so accessible, that almost every The attention paid to the comfort of auditor is a critic, at least in his own estiservants in France is highly commenda- mation, and audibly expresses his applause ble, and well requited. There is an in- or disapprobation ; but as his conceptions telligence, alertness and fidelity in the of character are rather the result of obFrench servants not to be met with in the servation than of study, his criticisms are same class in any other nation. When- merely comparative. Any deviation from ever an entertainment is given, as the the prescribed costume or action, is hacompany arrive; their equipages are put zardous to the performer who personates under shelter, and their servants shown a part, of which the original impression into an apartment, where they have an was taken from Clairon or Le hain. opportunity to amuse themselves, and Even Talma is kept in subjection to herewhere their ordinary recreation consists ditary prejudice. Lady Morgan could not in some one's reading aloud some popular feel the force of those frigid epigrammawork for the general edification. “No- tic tirades which constitute the essence of thing is more usual,” says lady Morgan, French tragedy. “Having seen a French “than to see the hackney-coachnien tragedy acted,” says her ladyship, "I reading on their stands, and even the cannot find any thing so ridiculous in the
commissionaires," and the porteurs d'eau, request of the man, who, having been drawing a duodecimo from their pockets, present at the ballot, in which the "qu'il and perusiog it with the most profound mourut” of Corneille was executeu, enattention, in the intervals of their labour. treated Noverre to get his troop to dance It is impossible to visit “ les Halles,” the the Maximes of La Rochefoucault.” (Vol. Parnassus of the comic Vadée, without 2. p. 47.] being struck with the market, opened In Lady Morgan's opinion, comedy is equally for poetry and potatoes, for phi- best suited to the genius of the French losophy and fish, for herbs and history," language, and she considers the French (p. 245.)
comedians the finest in the world. There Lady Morgan dwells with considerable is some foundation for the following obpleasure on the luxury of the French ta- servations on the relative rank of tragic ble. Instead of " frogs and soupe maigre," and comic powers, though her ladyship's she found the French dejeuner as substan- abstract postulate is by no means true to tial as the Scotch breakfast, and more the extent of the terms in which it is inviting; the dinner equal to that of the stated. “There may be,” asserts Lady English, -and the evening meal with its Morgan, “a thousand readings and conconfectionary, ices, and green tea punch” ceptions of tragedy, according to the not excelled even in Ireland. The petit times and tastes oi mankind; but true soupers are no longer in vogue, but have genuine comedy has always her standard given place to the dejeuner à la fourchette. of reference before her, in real life. By In the history of the occupations of one that she can be always tried, dyed, and day, which she gives us at length, lady estimated; and Garrick doubtiessly disMorgan mentions, as a matter of course, played more genius, when he succeedui in the party's adjourning from the Opera to Scrub, than when he excelled in Richard.
Comedy is founded on the truth of na* I understand English, but I do not ture, tragedy on her violion and extraMpeak it.
vagance, and it has no infallible standards
by which it can be appreciated.” [Vol. 2. It was indeed'a book, written in a dead p. 83.)
language.” [Vol. 2. pp. 78, 79.] There is one further circumstance con- Among the literary characters witla nected with the theatre, which is so ho-' whom Lady Morgan' became personally nourable to the French, and so unlike the acquainted in Paris, were the veteran prevailing customs in some countries we Abbé Morrillet, the superannuated Ducde have read of, that we cannot omit to no- Brancas, Mons. Suard, Secretaire perpetice it.
tuel to the French Academy, the Comte “ The strictest propriety, the most de- Lally Tollendal, the Marquis de La Faye licate oliservance of bienséance,” says ette, Ginguené, the Abbé Gregoire, the Lady Morgan," governs the audience of Comte de Segur, the Duc de Levis, the the Théatre Français, and women of the Baron Denon, the Comte de Pastoret, highest rank go to the theatre, and enter Madame de Genlis, Madame de Souza, their boxes alone, in the full confidence &c. &c. The Comte le Mercier, the fathat they are there equally safe from intru- vourite dramatic poet of the present day, sion, insult, or annoyance, as in their own the Comte de Volney, and the Vicomte houses, Some years ago the parterre de Chateaubriand, she seems only to gave a proof of its gallantry, by obliging have seen in public. “The little intertwo gentlemen to quit the front row of course which necessarily subsisted bethe box that they occupied, in favour of tween England and France, prior to the two ladies who came in late, and seated year 1814," observes her ladyship, "has themselves in a back row.” [Vol. 2. p. left the two countriesreciprocally strangers 64.)
to some of the most popular writers ia At the court theatre in the Thuilleries, their respective languages. Of our moLady Morgan
saw the celebrated Talley- dern English poets, France knows little ; rand in his official dress as grand cham- and it is a singular fact, that before the bellan, standing behind the chair of the first entry of the allies into Paris, even king. She thus describes him: “I had the works of Moore, Byron, and Scott, frequently seen this celebrated person- were almost unheard of in its literary age, and future historical character, at circles. Of the innumerable poets, good court, upon other public occasions, in and bad, in which France abounds, Engthe bustle of processions, at the nuptial land still remains ignorant, with a very pomp of royalty, under the holy dome few exceptions.-Even the superior effuof Notre Dame, at the deepest tragedy, sions of Parny, Le Gouvé, Berchoux, at the liveliest comedy, amidst the so- Le Brun, and Chenier, are but little read; lemnity of the royal chapel
, and the re- while the works of Raynouard, Lorvelry of the feasting court-but I saw him mian, Grandmaison, Du Menil, Du Paty, always the same; cold, motionless ; not Dufrenoy, Fontanes, Arnault, Michaud, abstracted, but unoccupied; pot absent, and an host of others, are scarcely known but unmoved ;-no tint varying the co- even by name.” [Vol. 2. pp. 156, 157.] lourless hue of his livid complexion, no Lady Morgan visited the Marquis de expression marking its character on his la Fayette at his seat, called the Château passive countenance. His figure seemed of La Grange-Blessnau, a castle and dothe shell of a human frame, despoiled of main which he inherited in right of bis its organic arrangements, or, if the heart wife, the heiress of the house of Noailles, beat, or the brain vibrated, no power of The name of La Fayette is so associated penetration could reach the recesses of with important events of our own history, the one, or guess at the workings of the and is so familiar to our grateful recolother. From the mind of this man the lections, that anything which concerns this world seemed contemptuously shut out— patriot and philanthropist cannot fail to and if this.most impassible form and excite an interest in this country. Our face indicated character or opinion, one readers will derive sincere satisfaction would have thought, at the first glance, from Lady Morgan's romantic account of this is surely the being who has said: this virtuous and venerable man. He " speech was given to man, to conceal his has not been in Paris, she informs us, thoughts." It seemed as if the intimacy since the return of the Bourbons. His of love, the confidence of friendship, the estate is in the district of La Brie, but community of counsel, could never draw remote from the great road. the mind to that countenance, which " In the midst of a fertile and luxurious amidst all the vicissitudes, versatility, wilderness," says our fair traveller, “rischanges, and contrasts in the life of its ing above prolific orchards and antiquated owner, had never been a book, in which woods, appeared the five towers of La men read strange things.'
Gunge-Blesenau, tinged with the golden rays of the setting sun. Through the and one of the most perfect fine gentle boles of the trees, appeared the pretty men that France has produced, a warrior village of Aubepierre, once, perhaps, the and a legislator. The patriot, however, dependency of the castle, and clustering is always discernible. near the protection of its walls. A re- “ In the full possession of every faculty moter view of the village of D’Hieres, and talent he ever possessed, the memory with its gleaming river and romantic val- of M. La Fayette has all the tenacity of ley, was caught and lost, alternately, in unworn youthful recollection ; and, bethe serpentine mazes of the rugged road; sides these, high views of all that is elewhich, accommodated to the groupings vated in the mind's conception. His conof the trees, wound amidst branches versation is brilliantly enriched with anecladen with ripening fruit, till its rudeness dotes of all that is celebrated, in characsullenly subsided in the velvet lawn that ter and cvent, for the last fifty years. He immediately surrounded the castle. The still talks with unwearied delight of his deep moat, the draw-bridge, the ivied short visit to England, to his friend Mr. tower, and arched portals, opening into Fox, and dwelt on the witchery of the the square court, had a feudal and pictu- late Dutchess of Devonshire, with almost resque character; and, combined with boyish enthusiasm. He speaks and writes. the reserved tints and fine repose of even- English with the same elegance he does ins, associated with that exaltation of his native tongue. He has made himself feeling which belonged to the moment master of all that is best worth knowing, preceding a first interview with those, on in English literature and philosophy. I whom the mind has long dwelt with ad- observed that his library contained many miration or interest.
of our most eminent authors upon all “We found General La Fayette sur- subjects. His elegant, and well chosen, Founded by his patriarchal family;--his collection of books, occupies the highest excellent son and daughter-in-law, his apartments in one of the towers of the śwo daughters (the sharers of his dungeon château: and, like the study of Monin Olmutz) and their husbands ; eleven taigne, hangs over the farm-yard of the grand-children, and a venerable grand- philosophical agriculturist.—'It frequently unce, the ex-grand prior of Malta, with happens,' said M. La Fayette, as we hair as white as snow, and his cross and were looking out of the window at some his order worn, as proudly as when he flocks, which were moving beneath, 'it had issued forth at the head of his pious frequently happens that my Merinos, and troops, against the "paynim foe,” or my hay carts, dispute my attention with Christian enemy. Such was the group your Hume, or our own Voltaire.' that received us in the salon of La “He spoke with great pleasure on the Grange; guch was the close-knit circle visit paid him at La Grange some years that n. le our breakfast and our dinner ago, by Mr. Fox and General Fitzpatrick. party, accompanied us in our delightful He took me out, the morning after my fambles through the grounds and woods arrival, to show me a tower, richly coverof La Grange, and constantly presented ed with ivy :— It was Fox,' he said, 'who the most perfect unity of family interests, planted that ivy! I have taught my grandhabits, taste, and affections.
children to venerate it.' “ We naturally expect to find strong “ The château La Grange does not, traces of time in the forms of those, with however, want other points of interest. —whose name and deeds we have been long Founded by Louis Le Gros, and occuacquainted; of those who had obtained pied by the princes of Lorraine, the mark the suffrages of the world, almost before of a cannon ball is still visible in one of we had entered it. But, on the person its towers, which penetrated the masonry, of La Fayetie, time has left no impres- when attacked by Marechal Turenne. gion; not a wrinkle furrows his ample Here, in the plain, but spacious, salon.de brow; his unbent, and noble figure, is · manger, the peasantry of the neighbourBiill as upright, bold, and vigorous, as the hood, and the domestics of the castle, mind that informs it. Grace, strength, assemble every Sunday evening in winand dignity still distinguish the fine per- ter, to dance to the violin of the concierge, son of this extraordinary mans who, and are regaled with cakes, and eau-sucrée. though more than forty years before the The General is usually, and his family are world, engaged in scenes of strange and always, present, at these rustic balls. The eventful confict
, does not yet appear to' young people occasionally dance among bave reached his climacteric. Bustling the tenantry, and set the examples of and active on his farm, graceful and ele- new steps, freshly imported by their Pa-, gant in his salon, it is difficult to trace, in ris dancing-master," '[Vo!. 2. pp. 231% one of the most successful agriculturists, 34.]
Though we cannot well afford the room, the world. I could not help telling her, we must indulge in one more extract from I believed she had a passion for edu ding; a work, which, with all its blemishes and she replied, "au contraire, cela m'a touiinperfections, has afforded us very con- jours ennuyé," and added, it was the only siderable pleasure, and in matters of fact means now lest her of doing good. not a little instruction. Madame de Gen- “ I had been told in Paris, that Madame lis had retired to the convent of the Car- de enlis had carried on a secret corresmelites in Paris, (the asylum of her own pondence with the late Emperor; which beautiful and penitent Duchesse de la is another term for the higher walks of Valliére,) where it was understood she had espionage. I
I ventured one day to talk to devoted herself to religion; and Lady her on the subject; and she entered on it Morgan had almost relinquishied the hope with great promptitude and frankness. of seeing this justly celebrated woman, “Buonaparte,” she said, was extremely when she received an invitation to visit liberal to literary people-a pension of her in her retreat. We shall give the de- four thousand francs per annum was asscription of this interview in the language signed to all authors and gens-des-lettres, of our author,nor can we omit the whose circumstances admitted of their anecdote related by Madame de Genlis acceptance of such a gratuity.- He gave of Buonaparte's munificence.
me, however, six thousand, and a suit of “ When I entered her apartment she apartments at the Arsenal. As I had was painting flowers in a book, which she never spoken to him, never had any interealled her "herbier sacré," in which she course with him whatever, I was struck was copying all the plants mentioned in with this liberality, and asked him, what the Bible. She showed me another vo- he expected I should do to merit it? lume, which she had just finished, full of When the question was put to Napoleon, trophies and tasteful devices, which she he replied carelessly, “ Let Madame de called l'herbier de reconnaissance. “But Genlis write me a letter once a month.” I have but little time for such idle amuse- As no subject was dictated, I chose litements," said Madame de Genlis. She rature; but I always abstained from poliwas, in fact, then engaged in abridging tics! Madame de Genlis added, that some ponderous tomes of French Mé- though she never had any interview with moires, in writing her“ Journal de la him, yet, on her recommendation, he had Jeunesse," and in preparing for the press pensioned five indigent persons of literary her new novel “Les Battuécus," which talent. she has since given to the world.
“One of these persons was a mere “Her harp was nerertheless well strung literaire de société, and it was suggested to and tuned; her piano-forte covered with Buonaparte, that if he granted four thounew music, and when I gave her her lute, sand francs per annum to a man, who was to play for me, it did not require the draw- not an author, and was therefore destiing up a single string. All was energy tute of the usual claims on such stated and occupation. It was impossible not to bounty, that there were two friends of make some observation on such versatili- that person, equally clever, literary, and ty of talent and variety of pursuits.- distressed, who would expect, or at least “Oh! this is nothing,” (said Madame de ask, for a similar provision.
'" Eh bien," Genlis) “what I pride myself on, is know. (said Buonaparte)" cela fait douze mille ing treenty trades, by all of which I could francs ;” and he ordered the other two eurn my bread.
distressed lileroti to be put on the annuity * She conversed with great carnestness, list with their friend. but with great simplicity, without effort, “ It was said to me in Paris, that Ma. as without pretension, and laughed hearti- dame de Genlis had retired to the Carmely at some anecdotes I reputed to her, lites, "désabusée des vanités de ce monde, which were then in circulation in Paris.- et des chiméres de la célébrité." I knový When I mentioned the story of her re- not how far this may be true, but it is ceiving a mysterious pupil, who came certain, that if she has done with the vaniveiled to her apartments, whose face had ties of the world, she has by no means renever been seen even by her attendants, linquished its refinements and tastes, even she replied-that there was no mystery amidst the coldness and austerity of a in the case; that she received two or convent. Her apartment might have anthree unfortunate young people, who had swered equally for the oratory of a saini, no means of supporting themselves; and or the boudoir of a coquette. Her blue to whom she taught the harp, as a mode silk draperies, her alabaster vases, her of subsistence, as she had done to Casi- fresh-gathered flowers, and elegant Gremir, now one of the finest harpists in cian couch, breathed still of this world:
VOL. II. NO, I.
but the large crucifis, that image of suf- “The lovely Madame Jerome Buonafering and humility, which hung at the parte (Mrs. Patterson)and ourselves," says foot of that couch; the devotional books Lady Morgan," were the only foreigners that lay mingled with lay works, and the present at this literary déjeuner. The chaplets and rosaries with hung sus- society of Paris, by its variety, frequently pended from a wall, where her lute vi- presents the most singular combinations brated, and which her paintings adorned, and uplooked-for associations. I was at indicated a vocation before which genius a ball one evening, at Madame de Villay subdued, and the graces forgotten. lette's, and leaning on Mrs. Patterson's On showing me the pious relies which arm, when the Prince Paul of Wirtemenriched this pretty cell, Madame de Gen- berg entered into conversation with me : lis pointed out to my adiniration a Christ some observation made by Mrs. Patterson on the Cross, which hung at the foot of induced him to ask her, whether she was her bed. It was so celebrated for the , an American? He was not aware that he beauty of its execution, that the Pope asked this question of the wife of the man, had sent for it, when he was in Paris, and who was since married to his own sister; blessed it, ere he returned the sad and the ex-king of Westphalia being now the holy representative. to its distinguished husband of the Princess Royal of Wirowner. "And she naturally placed great temberg." [Vol. 2. p. 203.] yalue on a beautiful rosary, which had be- The space which we have devoted to longed to Fenelon; and which that elo- these amusing but desultory volumes, quent saint had worn and prayed over, till must be our excuse for omitting all noa few days before his death.” [Vol. 2. tice of the Appendix, by Sir T. Charles
Morgan, which contains treatises on the Whilst Lady Morgan was in Paris, the state of law, finance, medicine and poMarchioness de Villette gave a déjeuner à litical opinion in France. We have no la fourchelte, in commemoration of Vol- room for the discussions to which an extaire, to which she invited “ all who re- amination of these subjects would lead, mained of the friends and cotemporaries nor have we any inclination to enter upon of the patriarch of Ferney."
ART. 6. Report of the Committee of the Connecticut Asylum, for the Education
and Instruction of Deaf and Dumb persons. Exhibited ist of June, 1817. Hartford. Hudson & Co. Printers.
1 Sermon delivered at the opening of the Connecticut Asylum, for the Education and
Instruction of Deaf and Dumb persons, at the request of the Directors, on Sunday evening, April 20, 1817. By Thomas H Gallaudet. Printed for the benefit of the Asylum. Hudson & Co. Printers. Hartford, 1817. THE progress of improvement in so- others for their opinions, and therefore
ciety, in Europe and in this country, naturally resort to established authority - for the last twenty years, has been so ra- whether because they repose with a kind of pid, that we have almost lost the habit, satisfaction upon ascertained excellence, which we suspect has been common and withold their praise, and even attento almost all ages of the world, of re- tion, from novel pretensions, for fear of ferriog to each immediately preceding disappointment--whether because it erer generation as a period of greater wisdom, was and ever will be the fate of merit to if not more learning, and certainly of be obstructed by the jealousies of commuch greater virtue than our own. Whe- petition; the apprehensions of favourites; ther it be that the reverence with which and more than hy either, the interest of our infancy is commonly inspired for ma- establishments--or, whether it be oring turer years, by a very natural association, to all these causes combined--the fact attaches itself to every thing connected has been, until the period above menwith age-whether it be, that familiarity tioned, that almost all great public blessand nearness discover to us defects in the ings, whether the result of invention or best intellects, and stains on the fairest discovery, have carried on a dubious warvirtue, which are rendered invisible by fare with prejudice and ignorance, until distance, or are obscured to the eye of their authors have been removed beyond partial observation-whether because the the rrach of human praise or recommars of men nuust always depend upon pence. It is perhaps among the most