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larly called upon to come forward in any way; 1 which none but he can feel. His sources of much less in the way of joining battalions of consolation, too, are greatest in the time of regular soldiers, or corps of volunteers.
trial ; and he is best prepared for every 3. If, however, the cause of religion is very event.—Life of Dr. Bunting. likely to suffer any material injury from the refusal of a professor of religion. to join our volunteer establishments, then, I think, he
DIRECTIONS CONCERNING PRAYER ought conscientiously and cheerfully to join
AND PRAYER MEETINGS. them, in the common defence; although some circumstances attending those establishments 1. Let us endeavour to have a constant may be so unpleasant to a pious mind, as to sense of the attributes of the Almighty deeply make him rather hold back than otherwise, till impressed upon our minds, in order to prevent the necessity of his arming should be more trifling and frivolous expressions from proapparent.
ceeding out of our mouths. Servants, in particular, whose employers 2. Let us remember that we, unworthy, sinimportune them to come forward, should not ful, depraved, and rebellious creatures, have manifest any improper backwardness; lest the authority to approach our Sovereign and odium of disaffection should be cast on those Creator by one * new and living way" only, who support a religious character.
the Lord Jesus Christ. When we do not rush into situations of 3. Let us keep the lamp of Divine life burnspiritual danger rashly and unnecessarily, but ing with great brightness in our own souls; are placed in them by Providence, we have a remembering that our prayers will languish right to expect the peculiar blessing of God, and droop in exact proportion to the state of to preserve us in those situations; and, if we our own souls. continue to watch and pray, steadily resisting 4. Let us never, or as seldom as possible, begin temptation, and keeping a single eye to God's to pray in public, without having obtained a glory, so that our zeal for our country's previous and secret interview with God. By honour and happiness is not tainted and this means, we are ready to enter into immemarred by any intermixture of improper mo diate converse with Him, without the passing tives and principles, the promise of preserving of much introductory ceremony; which, howgrace shall be "yea and amen” to us.
ever necessary to ourselves, may be unproWill it be said that the defence of the fitable to others. This direction is, however, country ought to be left to worldly and unre in a great measure, or totally, superseded by generate men; and that men truly serious and living in a continual spirit of prayer. O desireligious should abstain from taking any part rable state! 0 " rejoice evermore, pray in the contest? Are they, in this sense, to without ceasing," and "in everything give 66 stand still and see the salvation of God," if, thanks!" indeed, God means to save us, or to see, with 5. Let us never pray long, at one and the equal indolence and unconcern, if ruin is to be same time.-In prayer meetings, this is sadly our lot, the destruction of the freedom and in too frequent, but is very unpleasant and undependence of their country, the removal of edifying. Not one in a thousand is qualified their religious privileges, the violation of their to pray for twenty minutes, (though many persons and properties, and, at last, to receive, do, and presume themselves able to continue a when the good will and pleasure of some longer time,) without using many very irkfurious and licentious soldier shall think fit to some and tedious repetitions...... And if, in inflict it, the fatal poniard that shall dismiss prayer meetings, there should not be a suffithem from the stage of life? If this be Chris cient number of people to fill up the usual tian doctrine, or Christian practice, well may time with ten-minute prayers, let the same infidels triumph. No Deist surely ever in persons exercise two or three separate times, vented a more atrocious libel against the rather than continue long at one and the same Gospel of Him who is “the Lion of the Tribe of time. But this direction must admit of partiJudah," as well as “the Prince of Peace.” If cular cases of indulgence. If a person should, revealed religion takes away that right of as Dr. Watts somewhere remarks, be led out self-defence which the God of Nature has con of his general usage, by some uncommon comferred, and which natural religion has sanc munication or comprehension of Divine goodtioned ; if Christianity unmans mankind, and pess, while in the office of prayer, it would be prohibits the fulfilment of the social duties; if criminal indeed to desire to contract the then the love of our country is inconsistent, accord widened range of agonizing prayer or of ardent ing to the Bible scheme, with the love of God; praise. then the Christian cause is lost. But we have * 6. In like manner, let us never sing long at not so learned Christ." Infidels, indeed, have one time. Three or four verses, at the openoften urged this very objection to our religion ; ing of a meeting, with a single striking verse, but by an appeal to the Oracles of our faith, or two short ones, between every prayer, are and to the practice of the faithful, it has been quite sufficient. Variety is very pleasing; it shown that the objection is ill-founded.
engages the faculties of attention, and may No man has such strong and forcible mo thereby lend some degree of force to the wings tivesas the real Christian to abound in every of our affections. good word and work, whether to his friends, 7. Another direction has often appeared his country, or his fellow-creatures in general. extremely necessary, viz., that every prayerActing from conscientious considerations, and leader should store in his memory a variety of taking into his enlarged estimate a view of the verses of hymns, suitable to the circumstance injury which threatens the cause of God, he of entering upon prayer; which should be has grounds of resistance on which none but given out extempore, without being compelled he can stand, and inducements to fortitude to have recourse to a book, and to make the people wait till it be turned over, to find some 14. And, lastly, there is a custom introduced thing proper for the occasion...... The singing into some prayer meetings, of applying loud for the middle, and not for the beginning, of | Amens, &c., to the confessions, prayers, or the meeting, is here intended; and surely any praises of another, when it is evident that some one must discover that a verse or two, so de persons so doing do not attend to the expreslivered, has generally a much happier effect. sions just delivered. Now, as this may hurt
8. It will be well for one who can read pro some weak minds, it should. if possible, be perly, to read, sometimes, a short, striking avoided, while we labour to "pray not only chapter, or part of one, or a chapter out of the with the Spirit, but with the understanding
Christian Pattern," or a section out of also." But yet, let none conclude from hence Mason's " Remains."
that the practice of joining hearty Amens is 9. Let us never attempt affected or lofty altogether improper. No; hear Gouge * On expressions, to make ourselves thought of the Whole Armour of God," printed 1616. highly by man. God hateth this with a most fully to the purpose :-" The ordinary way, perfect hatred. What! can we shall we, dare and the best way, for people to manifest their we go into the presence of that incomprehen consent, when a person is praying, is, with a sibly wise and powerful Being, the Almighty, distinct and audible voice, to say Amen. This with such sinister intentions; or think to cap was commanded, Deut. xxvii. 15, &c.; and, tivate His ear with elegant sentences, and high accordingly, it was practised, Neh. viii. 6. It dressed diction? Let us shudder, lest He is a sound well beseeming God's public worsweep us from His presence into eternal dark ship, to make the place ring again, as we ness, for our strange presumption. “God be speak, with a joint Amen of the people. The merciful to me a sinner," is an example of Jews uttered this word with great ardency, simplicity worthy of imitation, and recom and, therefore, used to double it, saying, mended to us by Christ Himself.
Amen Amen." Neh, viii, 6. 10. If we are not already delivered from It is requested that this may be put into the all evil jealousies about precedency, about hands of such as are accustomed to exercise in another praying before, or better, than our prayer meetings; and the Lord give his selves, let us not cease to request a deliverance, blessing with it!-Life of Dr. Bunting. at the Lord's hands, from such uncomfortable and unchristian surmisings. 'Tis good to take
A SERIOUS ACCIDENT. contentedly the lowest seat. "God resisteth the proud, but giveth grace to the humble.” On the Friday after he had reached Gotten
11. Never hold prayer-meetings in the burgh, he started in a small country conveyhouse of any persons of doubtful character, or ance, so low-built that its structure naturally of such as do not live peaceably with their .suggested a notion of perfect security. “It is neighbours.
hardly bigger than a wheelbarrow; if it were 12. Let us always endeavour to present upset you could scarcely be hurt,” was the ourselves in every public duty of religion, yea, remark casually made; but ere night the and private also, in the spirit of faith and of words were proved erroneous. About midday full expectation: and, if our hearts be right the little vehicle was descending a steep hili, in the sight of God, we shall never be wholly when, through the carelessness of the driver, disappointed. When we have laboured in it was violently overturned; the apron-strap prayer, and have neither seen nor felt any gave way, the traveller was thrown out, strikfruit of our labour, let us not rest ourselves
ing successively his arm, his shoulder, and his contented, as though the Lord's presence had head. On the brow there was a mere scratch, been evidently amongst us. 'Tis an unpleasant but the other blows had done serious mischief. symptom, when we are not pained at our own The patient, unable to bear the motion of a unprofitableness. I am informed of one per carriage, was conveyed to the river, which lay son, (and I trust there are more,) who, when at no great distance, and taken back along the he has laboured in public, and has not dis Gotha Elf. The two-fold injury rendered a covered the happy effects of Divine power eure difficult. The shoulder was set immeaccompanying his labours, is often so troubled diately, but the need of keeping the linb in spirit as not to be able to sleep the suc perfectly quiescent till the fractured socket ceeding night; but rises, during the frequent should have re-united, caused a delay before intervals of interrupted rest, to wrestle with the radius or smaller bone of the fore-arm the Lord in prayer. Would to God that every could be attended to. A re-setting was requiChristian man possessed the same earnest and site; inflammation supervened, and eventually laudable zeal! However, sure it is, that self it was found that the bones in the fore-arın examination and secret prayer are the certain had lost their power of flexion and rotation. handmaids to public usefulness and to private As soon as the invalid was sufficiently rehappiness.
covered to bear a short journey, he was ordered 13. Let us never use expressions in prayer, to try the baths at Uddevalla. A six week's without a feeling sense of what we are saying, stay in that place was highly conducive to the remembering that God assuredly discerns our re-invigoration of his frame, but the arm rehypocrisy and insincerity. Let us say, what mained as rigid as ever. ever we may or can, much or little, with It was needful to be moving on. There was fluency or with stammering; but let it be no time left for Norway. The Russian capital from the heart. Far better for us only to must be reached before the setting in of winter. groan in secret, than to tell the Lord in pub Trollhätta's renowned waterfalls, and the lic this tale or the other, when we are con
island-studded Mälern lake, were viewed with scious it is not so in reality. Paul says, “I interest; the leading friends of the Stockholm will pray with the Spirit ;" and the Spirit of Bible Society were visited ; and the Gulf of the Lord is sincerity and truth,
Finland was safely crossed, At Abo there was VOL. XVI,
a happy meeting with Dr, Paterson, who had been making the tour of Finland, and who now returned with his friends to St. Petersburgh, which was reached on September 11th.
The news of the Gottenburgh accident had excited much sympathy, and its remaining effects caused means to be taken for securing the first medical advice. The surgeon to His Imperial Majesty was interested in the case of his fellow-countryman, and a consultation of eminent practitioners was held. The skill of Sir James Wylie was in such repute, that he was proverbially described as able to take a man's head off and put it on again without killing him. The only remedy that would meet the present evil was an experiment of the sort on a smaller scale. The arm might be broken again, after which it could be advantageously re-set. But the operation was declined. To one who was just able anew to ply the pen, everything else was a minor consideration, and it was thought better to endure other inconveniences than risk the possible loss of the ground already gained. The dexterwrist, therefore, that had but half the rotatory power of its fellow, was a life-long remembrance of the bar which had effectually closed the door on Norway.--Memoir of Dr. Henderson,
“What part shall I read?" asked the youth. “Well,” replied the sire, “I have heard there are some fine passages in the book of Isaiah ; let us have one of them.” The book was brought, the desired pages were found, the thirty-fourth chapter was commenced, and the reader, in a clear distinct voice, gave utterance to the prophet's eloquent satire on the vanity of idols and the folly of their worshippers. The hoary-headed Russian was amazed; the force of truth overmastered the strength of prejudice; rising from his seat he tore down from the walls those visible objects of worship before which he had been used to bow in adoration. The deed was noised abroad. The holy Synod judged it incumbent on them to take notice of the act, and sentenced the offender to a heavy punishment. Their verdict had, however, to be ratified by the Emperor, and whilst the document was being transmitted for the receiving of the Imperial signature, it passed through the hand of an official, who, remembering an Ukase of Peter the Great, concerning the treatment of such as destroyed sacred pictures, copied it, and slipped it among the papers which the Czar would have to examine. Peter's enactment provided that for the first offence of the sort, a man should be sent for eight days to a monastery ; that for the second offence he should be sent there for a fortnight, and be taught his catechism by a priest ; but for a third offence, “nothing more !” he was to be given up as incorrigible! In this instance the subordination of the Synod to the Emperor proved available for good. Alexander observed the paper, and, glad to have so fair a pretext for leaning to mercy's side, he wrote beneath the sentence of that "holy" council a decree to the following effect :-"Let it be done according to (such and such) Ukase of our illustrious ancestor Peter the Great. So be it. Alexander.” Such leniency in such a cause had its twofold effect on the priests. It showed them, on the one hand, the need of action, and on the other the need of caution. They must gain their end, but they must move warily. Where they could not lay open siege they must endeavour to undermine.--Memoir of Dr. Henderson.
LABOURS AT CRONSTADT. DR. HENDERSON's work at Cronstadt was looked on by some with jealous eyes. “Forbid him," said they, “ for he followeth not with us." Complaint was made that these services discouraged the attendance of the mariners at church. It was an unfounded allegation. Had they been willing to attend service on shore, they would have been left to do so. But the greater part were accustomed to spend the day in idleness, and in the vices which idleness promotes; while, to every expostulation in reference to their neglect of worship, they had the ready answer, “We're not fit to enter your fine churches; if we'd sermon on deck somewhere, we'd most of us come.” Disregarding the cause of the movement, the opposing party made their representation at Court. But the Emperor would not give ear. He knew the motive which had led to the benevolent undertaking; perhaps he knew also the motive which influenced its gainsavers : and the affair was not one in which he thought it needful to interfere.
What the enemy could not affect in one direction, he sought to accomplish in another. The Emperor was more assailable through the dignitaries of his own church than through the partisans of a foreign creed. There were some few Greek ecclesiastics, who, wrought upon by their own fears, and by the insinuations of the Jesuists, longed for the downfall
of the Russian Bible Society. They were · watching for a handle against it, for they saw that it was doing a work which could not be suffered to proceed. They knew that it was likely to be with many as it was with an old man whose case had attracted recent notice. Having purchased a copy of the Bible in the Slavonic, but being unable to peruse it for himself, he requested his grandson to read him a portion on returning home from school.
PERILS OF BIBLE AGENCY. The customary system of espionage was brought into requisition for the purpose. Every attempt was made to entrap the agents of the Bible House into the utterance of some sentiment which might bring them within the power of political law. Dr. Henderson was more than once subjected to this ordeal; and had he not been on his guard might easily have committed himself. One scheme was very deeply laid. A stranger called to entreat as a great favour the loan of a rare and valuable book, which was said to be in his possession, but which was not to be met with in any of the book-shops in the city, nor even in the Public Imperial Library. Any amount of security should be laid down in case of its being obligingly lent. Dr. Henderson named a very high sum, which he thought would
suffice to close the treaty at once, if the man | were not thoroughly in earnest. To his sur
prise it was instantly forthcoming, and the , not one of them would ever come to hear me." borrower went his way with the first volume. When asked how he could sanction the Popish In a fortnight's time he returned to exchange ceremonies by kneeling at the tinkle of a bell it for the second, and on this visit he began to before an altar which in heart he had forlaunch out against the government of the sworn. he made answer. " While I kneel there country, as affording but little encouragement I take no note of the mummery that is going to learning or to learned men. The foreigner on around; I am wrestling with God for a was doubtless expected to chime in, and to blessing on the word that I am about to procontrast the despotic restrictions of the Russian claim to the multitude." There will be a dif press with the freedom allowed to writers in ference of opinion as to the validity of his happier lands; but no response was made, reasoning, the soundness of his policy, the save by a word or two on the general advan propriety of his conduct. It was not a course tages of literature, and its onward movement in which he tinally persevered. But it is in all countries. A third visit was paid to certain that his conscience did not then concrave an extension of the loan, and when the dem him in the thing which he allowed; further interval was accorded, a fresh attempt certain, also, that the end which he had in was made to elicit confidence. The corruption view was very fully attained. For the space prevailing in public offices was pathetically of four years crowds thronged to listen to his decried, and stories of political oppression piercing words, and numbers went home to were breathed forth. It was hard to restrain! weep and pray. But at length went forth the the expression of sympathy, for the tale might | edict which was to drive the preacher beyond be a true one. But it was necessary to do so, the Russian frontiers. Dr. Henderson longed for the story was just as likely to be false. The to testify his sympathy with the persecuted listener responded only with interrogatories man of God. Spies were abroad, and there and exclamations. “Was it so ?” “Could he was danger lest evil should ensue. The risk be sure?" &c. Coming back once more, to was weighed. Christian love turned the scale. bring home the volume and redeem his The preacher's apartments were in a suite on pledge, the visitor adverted to the gross su an upper floor. In the ante-room sat a numperstition of the people, their Mariolatry, and ber of Germans, rich and poor, waiting for a their saint worship. But artfully as he dis last interview with the pastor so dear to their guised his real object, and naturally as he ap hearts. “What shall we do," asked one, peared to introduce his topics of complaint, he “ when he is gone? who will show us the way was again baffled. Dr. Henderson was not of life?" "Thank God," replied another, one to speak evil of dignities at any time or " that ever we did see and hear him! Think in any place; and he was, moreover, well what would have become of us if no one had aware that whatever he might think or know made known to us a free salvation through the of existent evils, one syllable uttered against blood of the Lamb !” Thus they wept and the religion or the state-craft of the Empire talked, and mourned and sympathized, till might be reported, magnified, and followed by each in turn was summoned to the inner room arrest and imprisonment.- Memoir of Dr. to receive parting words of benediction and Henderson.
counsel. It was not long before Dr. Henderson was admitted, and had the mournful satis
faction of assuring his friend that he should PERSECUTION OF GOSSNER.
often bear him in remembrance at the throne
of grace. The worthy preacher shortly took Pastor GOSSNER, the successor of Lindel, his departure, and after having reached and the author of the above-named Exposi Prussia openly embraced Protestantism, obtion, was virtually sent out of the country. tained a charge at Berlin, and was enabled to Long had this zealous and awakening preacher, minister the Gospel with continued fervour, once the curate and pupil (as afterwards the acceptance, and success. biographer) of Martin Boos, been freed from Not in Petersburgh alone were the emissathe error-chains of Popery, though he had ries of evil at work. The Sarepta Missionaries not as yet thrown off the outward badge of were given to understand that they must make servitude to Rome. When asked why he still no attempt to teach the Calmucs, but must adhered to a communion which he no longer leave their Christian instruction wholly to the approved, he was wont to reply, “Because I Greek ecclesiastics. The missionaries at compassionate the destitute state of those in Astrachan, Karass, and Nazran were either whose church I have been nurtured, and am ordered away from their stations, or placed anxious to preach to them the pure, simple, under such restrictions as made them see the unadulterated Gospel of the grace of God, fruitlessness of remaining at their post, whereas if I were to own myself a Protestant, | Memoir of Dr. Henderson.
Correspondence. ASPECTS, SOCIAL AND RELIGIOUS, OF GERMANY. WHILE at the Thermal Springs at Wild- 1 of the best known in the theological bad, I had the pleasure of making world, - a young man of great ability, a acquaintance with the brother of a fine scholar, and one of those clear, German professor, whose name is one powerful, reasoning minds, whose mas
tery we feel whenever we come into They know as little about it at the end their presence--and one of those men as at the beginning, and care less. that our eye fixes upon in an assembly | Sometimes, in instructing my classes of of a thousand, and toward whom we are children, they listen to me with appaattracted by some hidden influence, as if rent interest, and I think I have found they had always been our friends. 10. the way to their hearts; but everything a few minutes we were “old acquaint is lost as soon as they go home to their auces," and afterwards almost constant parents. The only time we can come companions. He is a pastor in Bavaria in contact with the people personally is -one of three-over a church of three at a baptism or a death-bed, and then or four thousand, a firm Lutheran, but we see with dismay low little of all we not sufficiently high-church to believe, have said has found its way to their unthat church and sacraments alone can derstanding. Not one-tonth part of all save, or that it is impossible to be saved | my people believe the Bible at all. The without them,-an ardent admirer of truth is, my mission is superfluous. 1 Luther, (as indeed all Germans are, am not wanted. They liate me worse without regard to rank or religion,) than they do the others, because I disan enthusiastic German, preferring his turb their quiet more by insisting upon country before all others, familiar with telling them unpleasant truths. They every stage of her history, a worshipper do not stone me, but they shun me, and of her genius, and an admiring student will not hear me. I receive from Goof her literature, and yet a man in whom vernment a salary of 400 florins. I almost every hope for himself and for receive from baptisms about 100 florins his country had set, over whom had more, and perhaps another 100 from fallen a certain shadow of sadness and other sources. To obtain subsistence hopeless discouragement.
for myself and family, I am obliged to Nationally speaking, all Germans gire instruction to private classes in (with the exception of those who hold history, &c., five hours every day. Through tat offices under Government) are dis this incessant labour, I have long been contented and discouraged. Not that undermining my health, till at last I they are discontented with their kind of have obtained a few weeks' absence, and government, but they sigh to think that have come here among the mountains there is no hope of their thirty or forty in hopes of drinking in once more a weak and petty states being consolidated little freshness and life from the clear into one or two prosperous and powerful air and the waters." kingdoms. This national weakness and One can properly appreciate these disgrace he felt more deeply than most, words only by knowing the man. ' Cul. but this was not the chief source of his ture and high abilities always carry discouragement.
with them the demand for respect and He had looked upon the Augsburg influence, and the natural and necesConfession and the Bible as sufficient to sary expectation of it. We live in a convert the nation. With the enthu land where these qualities not only siasm of his fresh convictions, he had bring the means of subsistence, but also attempted to apply them for this pur this respect and influence, and hardly pose, but found the people would none think that the two things are not necesof them. The children were all obliged sarily connected; but we look upon far in school to commit to memory the too many things as our necessary birthdoctrines of their church; but of their right. spirit they knew nothing, and could be I once mentioned to this friend the made to know nothing. He believed pleasant relation that exists in many, if that to partake of the Sacrament of the not most, of our churches, between Lord's Supper with an unbelieving pastor and people; that the minister is heart was not only useless but sinful; not only esteemed and loved as pastor, but yet already in four different parts of but that the personal relation of friend the kingdom, within the last fifteen to friend, and family to family, is very years, (he is a man, perhaps, of the age | dear, and gives perhaps as great an inof thirty-five,) he had tried to teach fluence to the pastor's private life as to what faith in Christ is, without being his public; and I had remarked to him aware of having had the slightest suc that I had been able to detect almost cess. “What does it avail," said he, nothing of this in Germany. He says, "to go over the ground again and again, "I can hardly conceive it possible. telling them the way of salvation ? | I am not aware of ever in my life