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To purchase heaven has gold the power' ?
Fair virtue gives unbribed, unbought. 9. What would content you'? Talents!? No! Enterprise!! No! Courage!! No Reputation!! No! Virtue'? No! The map whom you would select, should possess not one, but all of these'.
NOTE I.—When the direct question becomes an appeal, and the reply to it is anticipated, it takes the intense falling inflection.
EXAMPLES. 1. Is' he not a bold and eloquent speaker' ? 2. Can' such inconsistent measures be adopted'? . 3. Did you ever hear of such cruel barbarities'? 4. Is this reason'? Is it lawl? Is it humanity' ? 5. Was' not the gentleman's argument conclusive'?
RULE II. Indirect questions, or those which can not be answered by yes or no, usually take the falling inflection, and their answers the same.
EXAMPLES. 1. How far did you travel yesterday'! Forty miles!. 2. Which of you brought this beautiful bouquet'? Julia'. 3. Where do you intend to spend the summer!? At Saratoga!. 4. When will Charles graduate at college'? Next year!. 5. What is one of the most delightful emotions of the heart' Fratitude!
NOTE I.— When the indirect question is one asking a repo tition of what was not, at first, understood, it takes the rising infection.
EXAMPLES 1. When do you expect to return? Next week.
When did you say'? Next week. 2. Where did you say William had gone'? To New York.
Note II.-Answers to questions, whether direct or indirect, when expressive of indifference, take the rising infection, or the circumflex.
1. Did you admire his discourse ? Not much'.
NOTE III.--In some instances, direct questions become in direct by a change of the inflection from the rising to the falling.
1. Will you come to-morrow' or next day'? Yes. 2. Will you come to-morrow,' or next day'? I will come to-morrow.
REMARK.-The first question asks if the person addressed will come within the two days, and may be answered by yes or no; but the second asks on which of the two days he will come and it can not be thus answered.
RULE III. When questions are connected by the conjunction or, the first requires the rising, and the second, the falling inflection.
1. Does he study for amusement', or improvement'?
3. Sink' or swim', live or die', survive' or perish', I give my hana and heart to this vote.
WEBSTER 4. Is it lawful to do good on the Sabbath-days', or to do evil'? ! save life', or to kill'?
BIBLE. 5. Was it an act of moral courage', or cowardice', for Cato to fall on his sword?
1. If you seek to make one rich, study not to increase his stores bat to diminish his desires!
They have mouths',--but they speak not':
Note I.—When one of the antithetic clauses is a negative, and the other an affirmative, generally the negative has the rising, and the affirmative the falling inflection. I
1. I said an elder soldier', not a better'.
3. This is no time for a tribunal of justice', but for showing mercy'; not for accusation', but for philanthropy'; not for trial', but for pardon'; not for sentence and execution', but for compassion and kindness'.
RULE V. The Pause of Suspension, denoting that the sense is incomplete, usually has the rising infection.
1. Although the fig-tree shall not blossom', neither shall fruit be in the vine'; the labor of the olive shall fail', and the fields shall yield no meat'; the flocks shall be cut off from the fold', and there shall be no herd in the stalls'; yet will I rejoice in the Lord', I will joy in the God of my salvation!
NOTE I.—The ordinary direct address, not accompanied with strong emphasis, takes the rising inflection, on the principle of the pause of suspension.
1. Men', brethren', and fathers', hear ye my defense which I make now unto you.
Ye living flowers', that skirt the eternal frost' !
NOTE II.-In some instances of a pause of suspension, the sense requires an intense falling inflection.
1. The prodigal, if he does not become a pauper, will, at least, have but little to bestow on others.
REMARK.-If the rising inflection is given on pauper, the sense would be perverted, and the passage made to mean, that, in order to be able to bestow on others, it is necessary that he should become a pauper.
Expressions of tenderness, as of grief, or kindness, commonly incline the voice to the rising inflection.
RULE VII. The Penultimate Pause, or the last but one, of a passage, is usually preceded by the rising inflection.
1 Diligence', industry', and proper improvement of time', are material duties of the young.'
2. These through faith subdued kingdoms', wrought righteousness', obtained promises', stopped the mouths of lions', quenched the violence of fire', escaped the edge of the sword', out of weakness were made strong, waxed valiant in fight', turned to flight the armies of the aliens'.
REMARK.—The rising inflection is employed at the penultimate pause in order to promote variety, since the voice generally falls at the end of a sentence.
RULE VIII. Expressions of strong emotion, as of anger or surprise, and also the language of authority and reproach, are expressed with the falling infection.
1. On you', and on your CHILDREN', be the peril of the innocent blood which shall be shed this day!
2. What a piece of workmanship is man'! How noble in REASON'! How infinite in FACULTIES' !
3. O FOOLS'! and siow of heart to believe all that the prophets have written concerning me'! 4. HENCE!, HOME', you idle creatures', GET YOU HOME',
YOU BLOCKS!, YOU STONES', YOU WORSE THAN USELESS THINGS!! 5. Avaunt'! and quit my sight'! let the earth hide thee!! Thy bones are marrowless ; thou hast no speculation in thine eyes which thou dost glare' with. 6.
Slave, do thy office'! Strike', as I struck the foel!