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To purchase heaven has gold the power'?
Can gold remove the mortal hour' ?
In life, can love be bought with gold' ?
Are friendship’s pleasures to be sold'!
No'; all that's worth a wish, a thought,

Fair virtue gives unbribed, unbought. 9. What would content you'? Talents' ? No! Enterprise' ? No! Courage' ? No. Reputation ? No!. Virtue/? No!

The map whom you would select, should possess not one, but all of these!.

NOTE I.—When the direct question becomes an appeal, and the reply to it is anticipated, it takes the intense falling inflection.


1. 18' he not a bold and eloquent speaker' ?
2. Can' such inconsistent measures be adopted'? .
3. Did you ever hear of such cruel barbarities'?
4. Is this reason'? Is it law\? Is it humanity'?
6. Was' not the gentleman's argument conclusive' ?


Indirect questions, or those which can not be answered by yes or no, usually take the falling inflection, and their answers the same.


1. How far did you travel yesterday'? Forty miles'.
2. Which of you brought this beautiful bouquet'? Julia'.
3. Where do you intend to spend the summer? At Saratoga'.
4. When will Charles graduate at college'? Next year'.

5. What is one of the most delightful emotions of the heart') * ratitude!.

NOTE I.-When the indirect question is one asking a repe tition of what was not, at first, understood, it takes the rising inflection.


1. When do you expect to return? Next week.

When did you say'? Next week. 2. Where did you say William had goner? To New York.

Note II.-Answers to questions, whether direct or indirect, when expressive of indifference, take the rising inflection, or the circumflex.


1. Did you admire his discourse ? Not much'.
2. Which way shall we walk? I am not particular'.
3 Can Henry go with us? If he chooses'.
4. What color do you prefer? I have no particular choice'.

Note III.--In some instances, direct questions become in direct by a change of the inflection from the rising to the falling.


1. Will you come to-morrow' or next day'? Yes. 2. Will you come to-morrow,' or next day'? I will come to-morrow.

REMARK.—The first question asks if the person addressed will come within the two days, and may be answered by yes or no; but the second asks on which of the two days he will come, and it can not be thus answered.


When questions are connected by the conjunction or, the first requires the rising, and the second, the falling inflection.



1. Does he study for amusement', or improvement' ?
2 Was he esteemed for his wealth', or for his wisdom'!

3. Sink' or swim', live' or die', survive' or perish', I give my hand and heart to this vote.

4. Is it lawful to do good on the Sabbath-days', or to do evil'? 0 save life', or to kill'?

5. Was it an ait of moral courage', or cowardice', for Cato to fall on his sword?



Antithetic terms or clauses usually take opposite in. flections; generally, the former has the rising, and the latter the falling inflection.


1. If you seek to make one rich, study not to increase his stores but to diminish his desires!. 2.

They have mouths',—but they speak not':
Eyes have they',—but they see not':
They have ears',-but they hear not':
Noses have they',--but they smell not':
They have hands',-but they handle not':
Feet have they',-but they walk not.


Note 1.—When one of the antithetic clauses is a negative, and the other an affirmative, generally the negative has the rising, and the affirmative the falling inflection.


1. I said an elder soldier', not a better'.
2 His acts deserve punishment', rather than commiseration'.

3. This is no time for a tribunal of justice', but for showing mercy'; not for accusation', but for philanthropy'; not for trial', but for pardon'; not for sentence and execution', but for compassion and kindness'.


The Pause of Suspension, denoting that the sense is incomplete, usually has the rising inflection.


1. Although the fig-tree shall not blossom', neither shall fruit be in the vine'; the labor of the olive shall fail', and the fields shall yield no meat'; the flocks shall be cut off from the fold', and there shall be no herd in the stalls'; yet will I rejoice in the Lord', I will joy in the God of my salvation!


Note I.—The ordinary direct address, not accompanied with strong emphasis, takes the rising inflection, on the principle of the pause of suspension.



1. Men', brethren', and fathers', hear ye my defense which I mako now untc you. 2. Ye living flowers', that skirt the eternal frost! !

Ye wild goats', sporting round the eagle's nest'!
Ye eagles', playmates of the mountain storm' !
Ye lightnings', the dread arrows of the clouds' !
Ye signs' and wonders of the elements!!
Utter forth God', and fill the hills with praise'! COLERIDGE

NOTE II.-In some instances of a pause of suspension, the sense requires an intense falling inflection.


1. The prodigal, if he does not become a pauper', will, at least, have but little to bestow on others.

REMARK.—If the rising inflection is given on pauper, the sense would be perverted, and the passage made to mean, that, in order to be able to bestow on others, it is necessary that he should become a pauper.


Expressions of tenderness, as of grief, or kindness, commonly incline the voice to the rising inflection.



Mother',-I leave thy dwelling' ;

Oh! shall it be forever' ?
With grief my heart is swelling',

From thee',-from thee',-to sever'. 2. O my son Absalom'! my son', my son Absalom'! Would God I bau died for thee', Absalom', my son', my son' !


RULE VII. The Penultimate Pause, or the last but one, of a passage, is usually preceded by the rising inflection.


1 Diligence', industry', and proper improvement of time', are material duties of the young.'

2. These through faith subdued kingdoms', wrought righteousness', obtained promises', stopped the mouths of lions', quenched the violence of fire', escaped the edge of the sword', out of weakness were made strong! waxed valiant in fight', turned to fight the armies of the aliens!

REMARK.—The rising inflection is employed at the penultimate pause in order to promote variety, since the voice generally falls at the end of a sentence.


Expressions of strong emotion, as of anger or surprise, and also the language of authority and reproach, are expressed with the falling inflection.



1. On you', and on your CHILDREN', be the peril of the innocent blood which shall be shed this day!

2. What a piece of workmanship is man'! How noble in BEASON'! How infinite in PACULTIES'!

3. O FOOLS'! and siow of heart to believe all that the prophets have written concerning me!! 4. HENCE', HOME', you idle creatures', GET YOU HOME',

YOU BLOCKS!, YOU STONES', YOU WORSE THAN USELESS THINGS'! 5. Avaunt'! and quit my sight'! let the earth hide thee!! Thy bones are marrowless ; thou hast no speculation in thine eyes which thou dost glare' with.

SHAKSPEARE. 6. Slave, do thy office'! Strike', as I struck the foel!

Strike, as I would have struck the tyrants!!
Strike deep as my curse!! Strike', and but once!!


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