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The prineipal question before the commit- the revolutionary officers of the navy on the tee of the whole, was on an amendment pro- same footing as those of the army. posed by general Harrison; which was to The committee of the whole rose, about strike out the two first sections of the present 4 o'clock, and reported the bill as amended. bill, and insert in lieu thereof other sections, The House took up the amendments reproviding that every revolutionary officer and ported by the committee ; when various prosoldier, who formed a part of the military es positions were successively made and discusstablishment of the United States at the close' ed to disagree to or to amend many of them. of the war, or wbo previously thereto served The House having at leogth gone through not less than three years and received an the amendments, honourable discharge, shall receive a pension, The bill was ordered to be engrossed, as if an officer, of half pay; if a private, of five amended, nem. con. and read a third time todollars per month ; but no otficer's pension to morrow. exceed the half pay of a lieutenant colo- Wednesday, Dec. 24. The bill providing nel, &c.

for certain surviving officers and soldiers of The question on this motion was not the Revolutionary army, was read a third taken before the committee rose, reported time: progress, and obtained leave to sit again. A motion was made by Mr. Lowndes to

Tuesday, Dec. 23. On motion of Mr. recommit the bill to a committee of the Holmes, of Massachusetts, it was

whole House, with instructions “ to limit the Resolved, That the committee on the Judi- benefits of the act to soldiers who were enciary be instructed to inquire into the expe- listed for a term of three years, or for the diency of providing by law for appointing war, and who did not desert; and to officers Justices or Conservators of the Peace, or

who continued in the service of the United other Magistrates, autborized to enforce the States to the conclusion of the war in 1783, execution of the Laws of the United States. or were left out of the service in consequence Mr. Trimble, of Ky. offered for considera

of disability. or in consequence of some detion the following resolution :

rangement of the Army." Resolved, That the President of the United

The question being stated on thus recom. States be requested to cause to be laid before mitting the bill, Mr. Edwards moved to this House any intormation he may be able

amend the said instructions by striking out to communicate relative to the impressment the words “three years” and to insert in lieu

thereof the words “ one year." and detention in confinement of Richard

And the question being taken thereon, it Cowles Meade, a citizen of the United States,

was decided in the affirmative. Mr. Trimble made some remarks on the

After a considerable debate, in which case, which were calculated to stimulate an inquiry into the conduct of the Spanish go- Rhea, took part, a division of the question be

Messrs. Johnson of Ky. Miller, Ogle, and vernment towards Mr. Meade, as involving considerations in which the dignity of this ing required. it was taken on recommitting

the bill, and decided in the negative, ayes, 57. country was implicated.

The question was then taken on the final The motion was agreed to without opposi- passage of the bill, and decided in the affirtion.

mative without a division. And the bill was The House having resolved itself into a

sent to the Senate for concurrence. committee of the whole on the bill concern

Op motion of Mr. Drake of Mass. itras ing the surviving officers and soldiers of the

Resolred, That the committee of Commerce revolutionary war

and Manufactures be instructed to inquire The debate continued on the main subject, into the expediency of granting bounties to and on the proposed amendment of Mi. manufacturers whó manufacture a gi zen Harrison. In this debate Messrs. Bloomfield, number of yards of woollen and cotton clothe, S. Smith, Harrison, Colston, Baldwin, Clag- of a certain width; and that a permanent gett, Hopkinson, Rhea, Ross, Ingham, and fund be appropriated for that purpose. Forsyth, bore part.

The House inen resolved itself into . comThe amendment proposed by Mr. Harrison mittee of the whole, Mr. A. Smith in the was ultimately rejected; as also was a previ- chair, on the bill by which the right of citivious question for the rising of the committee, zenship may be relinquished," in order to postpone the subject.

On suggestion of Mr. Lowndes, that this The committee then went on further to was a subject of too much importance to be amend the bill, on suggestion of various acted on with so thin a house, Mr. Robertson, members. In the proposition and discussion of L. (the author of the bill) consented to its of these amendments, Messrs. Peter, Bloom- postponement, by the committee's rising and field, Livermore, Parris, Rhea, Bennett, obtaining leave to sit again. Beecher, Harrison, Terry, Forsyth, Smith of And the House adjourned to Monday. N. C. Taylor of N. Y. Tallmadge, Whitman, Monday, Dec. 29. Mr. Pindall, from the Claggett, Palmer, and Storrs, took part. committee to whom the subject had been re

Among the successful motions was one by ferred, reported a bill to amend the act res Mr. Parris, to include the “ officers and mari. pecting the recovery of fugitives from jusners who served in the navy of either of the tice, and persons escaping from the service States, or of the United Staies," ibus placing of their masters, (providing the means to be Vol. 11.–No. iv.


pursued for the recovery of slaves escaping chair, on the bill to prescribe the effect cer. into another state, and atfixing the penalties tain records and judicial proceedings of the for harbouring such fugitives, or obstruct. courts of each State sball have in every other ing their recovery, sc.] The bill was twice State, and in the courts of the United States. read and committed.

The bill received some ameudments, and A message was received from the Presi- considerable discussions took place on its dedent of the United States by his Secretary, Tails, in which Messrs. Pindall. Storrs, Stroas, transmitting in compliance wiibihe resolution of Mass. H. Nelson, of Va. Edwards, Baldwin, of the House, a report iroun the Deparıinent Whitman, Livermore, Spencer, and Beecher of State, containing the names of those inem- joined. After the committee had spent sume bers of the House who had held otices under iime on the subject the United States, since the 41b of March Mr. Clay (Speaker) rose, and observing last, &c. &c. as follws,

that as, either from its being tbe last day of Joon Holmes. of Massacbusetts, commis- the year, or from some other cause, he knew sioner under the 4th article of the treaty of not what, the house seemed less interested in Ghent; appointed 16 h Fr bruary, 1816; re. this subject than its importance merited, signed 24ih November, 1817.

moved, ihat the committee rise ; wbich being Samuel Herrick, of 0.1o, attorney of the agreed toUuited States; appointed 19th December,

The committee rose, reported progress, 1810; resigned 2916 November, 1817. obtained leave to sit again; and the bouse

Daniel Cruger, of New-York, post-master adjourned to Friday. at Bath ; appointed 1st December, 1815 ; Friday, January 2. On motion of Mr. resigned 29th June, 1817

Johnson, of Ky. it was Elias Earle, of South-Carolina, post-mas- Resolved. That the committee of claims be ter at Centreville ; appointed in April, 1816; instructed to inquire into the expediency of Designe i 121h June, 1817.

providing by law for extending the provisions Thomas H. Hubbard, of New York, post- of an act entitled " An act providing for the master at Hamil: on; appointed 11th March, payment of claims for property lost, captured, 1813; resigned 230 October, 1817.

or destroyed by the enemny while in the miliSamuel C. Crafts, of Vermont, principal tary service of the United States, and for assessor for the sixth collection district; ap- other purposes." pointed 4th January, 1815; resigned sih The house again resolved itself into a comJune, 1817.

mittee of the whole, Mr. Smith of Md. in Ibe George Robertson, of Kentucky, principal chair, on the bill to prescribe the effect of assessor for the seventh collection district; certain records and judicial proceedings. appointed 4th January, 1815; resigned 5th After some debate, in which several June, 1817.

amendments were proposed and discussed, George Mumford, of North Carolina, prin the committee rose, reported progress, and cipal assessor for the tenth collection district. obtained leave to sit again. No resignation has been received from Mr.

Monday, January 5. Mr. Taylor, of NewMumford.

York, from the committee on elections, to Levi Barber, of Ohio, receiver of public whom was referred the petition of C. Hammonies at Mariella ; appointed 3d March, mond, contesting the election of Mr. Herrick, 1807 ; resigned Ist December, 1817.

a member of this house from the State of John F. Parrott, of New-Hampshire, naval Ohio, on the ground of his baving held an ofofficer for the district of Portsmouth; ap- fice under the United States, subsequent to pointed 23d April, 1816; resigned 15th No- the fourth day of March last, made an elabo. vember, 1817.

rate report thereon, terminating with a reThe report was referred to the Committee commendation to the house to come to the of Elections.

following resolution : “Resolved, that SamuTuesday, Dec. 30. Mr. Miller, of South el Herrick is entitled to a seat in this house.* Carolina, submitted for consideration a reso. The report was read, and referred to a cor. lution to appoint a committee to inquire mittee of the whole. into the expediency of amending the act Mr. Holmes, of Massachusetts, from the regulating the neutral relations of the United select committee appointed to consider the States; which after some discussion was subject, reported a bill allowing compensalaid on the table, 79 to 50.

tion to the members of the senate and house The house, on motion of Mr. Johnson, of of representatives of the United States. [The Ky. resumed the consideration of the bill to bill fixes the compensation at the rate of nine commute the bounty lands of the soldiers of dollars per diem, and pine dollars for every the late årmy-the question being on concur twenty miles travelling to and from Congress.] ring in the amendments reported to the house The bill was twice read and committed. by the committe of the whole.

Mr. Floyd, of Virginia, from a select conMr. Robertson of Louisiana, proposed an mittee, reported a bill to extend the privilege ameudme it to the bill, which on motion of of franking to the vaccine agents of States Mr. Johnson of Ky. was ordered to be print and Territories, which was twice read and ed, and the whole subject was ordered to committed. lie on the table.

The house then resolved itself into a comWednesday, Dec. 31. The house went into mittee of the whole, Mr. Smith, of Md, in the a committee of the whole, Mr. Wilkin in the chair, on the bill to prescribe the effect of

certain records and judicial proceedings. few lines; if you accept, I wish no answer.

An amendment proposed by Mr. Baldwin I hope you will see my view on this subject; was under consideration. The bill and the that it is for extra trouble. amendinent were opposed by Mr. Ross. Mr. I will make out a statement, and present Poindester was opposed to the ainendment, the same ti the committee, which will be supand Mr Strong ihought the amendment ported by Gen. Harrison, Col. Johnson, Mr. preferable to the bill, though he was not satis. Hulbard, Mr. Meigs, Post Master-General, fied with either. Mr. Spencer defended the Governor Cass's report as commissioner, bill, and replied to the arguments of those and otbers. Relying on your honour in who had oppugued it. Mr. Baldwin's amend keeping this a secret, and your exertions in ment was lost.

passing these claims as soon as possible. I Other amendments were proposed to the need not inform you, that we are as poor bill, some of which were agreed to, and unfortunate orpban children, having no reothers rejected; in the proposition and dis- presentation in Congress—so must look on cussion of which Messrs. Storrs, Orr, Terry, your hunourable budy as our guardians. Par. Beecher, Ross, Pindall, Strung, Forsyth, don this liberty from a stranger. Spencer, and Livermore, bore part.

I am, with high esteem, your most obe. Mr. Hopkinson entered at large into the sub- dient and humble servant, ject, and in an able and perspicuous speech

JOHN ANDERSON. supported the bill. The committee rose, reported progress, and

MR. WILLIAMS'S STATEMENT. obtained leave to sit again. Tuesday, January 6. The bill providing

After breakfast this morning, George, a for the compensation of members of the servant came into the dining room and told Senate and House of Representatives, was

me that a gentleman was in my room, waittaken up, and after considerable debate, the ing to see nie. | stepped into my room, and allowance was fixed at eight dollars per diem, Col. John Anderson was there. He handed and the same sum for every twenty miles me a letier, observing, at the same time, that travel.

he had prepared that letter for me, and that Wednesday, January 7. Mr. Williams of perhaps it would require some explanation. North Carolina, rose and addressed the house I read over the letter with attention; and in the following words.

having done so observed to Col. Anderson that “ Mr. Speaker: Ilay before the House a it was a very surprising communication. I letter addressed and delivered to me by a

then started to Mr. Wilson's room, immeperson called Colonel John Anderson. That diately adjoining my own. When in the act man has mistaken me much. Wherever I of opening my own door, he begged I would am known, at ibis place, and in the country not show the letter. I made no reply to this, from whence I came, no attempt of the kind but stepped into Mr. Wilson's room, and would have been made. I feel it a duty to asked him to do me the favour to walk in to lay the letter and the statement thereon, my room. This Mr. Wilson did, following made by myself, before the House. My on immediately behind me. After we had feelings are too much excited, nor would it be got into my room, in the presence of Colonel my duty to make any remarks on the subject. Anderson i hauded the letter to Mr. Wilson, It is for the House io determine what sball and observing that it was a very extraorbe done."

dinary communication, requested him to The papers handed by Mr. Williams to the read it. When Mr. Wilson had read, or was elerk were then read as follows:

nearly done reading the letter, I told Col. WASHINGTON, JAN. 6, 1818. Anderson that I repelled with indignation The Hon. Leuis Williams,

and contenipt the otter he had made lo me Honoured sir : 1 return you thanks for the letter. Col. Anderson said, he asked the attention I received to my claims to pays my pardon ; that it was designed only as a so soon. Mr. Lee will hand you some claims small compensation for the extra trouble he from the River Raisin, which will pass expected to give the commillee of claiins in through your bonourable committee; and I examining the claims from the Michigan terhave a wish that the conduct of the British ritory, and exposing the conduct of the British in that country may be related in full on the during the war; that it was foreign from bis floor of Congress; which will give you some intenton to attempt any thing like a bribe; trouble in making out the report, and sup- and requested me to burn the letter, or to porting the same. I have now to request that give it to him. I told him I should do nej. you will accept of the small sum of five Ther; that bis offence was unpardonabie, such hundred dollars, as part pay, for the extra as I could not forgive, and ordered him to trouble I give you ; I will present it to you so leave the room instantly. Col. Anderson soon as I receive some from government. then begged pardon, and asked forgiveness This is confulenlial, that only you and me may with excessive earnestness. I told him I know any thing about it; or, in other words. would listen to none of his apologies ; tbat

give it to you as a man and a 'mason: and his offence was an attack upon the integrity hope you belong to that society. Sir, should of Congress generally, and upon mine per. it happen that you will not accept of this sonally ; that no one should ever have my small sum, I request you will excuse me ; if pardun or espect my forgiveness who should you do not accept, I wish you to drop me a suppose me capable of such an influence as

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he had attempted to practise upon me. Again them of his having done an act which he I told Col. Anderson to leave my room. He seared would be regarded, as Mr. H. was advanced to the door, where he stood for sure it would by every member, as calling some time, endeavouring to obtain my par for the severest animadversion. They had don, as he said. I told him it was in vain to informed him, Mr. H. said, that they would ask it: that as a member of Congress and of not justify his conduct; nor, were it brought the committee of clains it was my duty to before the house, could they say any thing examine his claims, and if just, support them; in extenuation of it. that his offer was an attempt at bribery ; was Mr. Johnson, of Kentucky, expressed his an attempt to influence my mind in opposition sincere regret on account of the occurrence to my duty, and as such, could not be for which had just taken place, not on account given. He then desired me either to burn of the individual implicated—though surely The letter or give it to him. I replied that I he was to be pitied—but on account of the should do neither, and again ordered him to gentleman from North Carolina, wbo on this leave my room, whereupon he did leave occasion had taken that course dictated by a the room. Mr. Wilson, after talking on just sense of his own honour and the dig the subject of the letter for some time, sug- nity of his official station, and on account gested to be the propriety.of calling in Mr. of the suffering inhabitants of Detroit and #m. P. Maclay; but, as Mr. Wm. P. Maclay Michigan generally, that they should have was not in, I asked Mr. Wm. Maclay, the misplaced their confidence in one, wbon, room-mate of Mr. William P. Maclay, to until this day, Mr. J. said, he had himself come to my room. He complied with my held in the highest estimation. It must bave request ; auú, shortly after he arrived in my been infamy of motive, or the grossest ignoroom, Mr. Wm. P. Maclay also stepped in. rance of the nature of the Representative These gentlemen, Mr. Wilson, Mr. William character, that could have produced this unMaclay, and Mr. Wm. P. Maclay, were in my warrantable conduct. room at the time the servant called to Mr. Mr. Terry, of Connecticut, inquired wbethWilson, and said a gentleman was below er, according to our forms of proceedings, waiting to see him. Mr. Wilson walked out and so our constitutional provisions, a geneof the room and was gone a few minutes. ral warrant, as proposed, could be issued? After he returned, be observed that Colonel Was it not opposed, in its nature, to the prioAnderson was the person who had sent for ciples of civil liberty. him ; that Culonel A's business was to obtain The Speaker observed, that in the prachis interposition to put a stop to further pro- tice of the house, happily, instances were esceedings on the subject of his letter to me. tremely rare, where such a warrant became The precise conversation between Mr. Wil- necessary ; no such case had occurred withson and Col. Anderson can be related by the in his observation. But, there could be no former with minuteness.

doubt, wben an offence was committed LEWIS WILLIAMS.

against the privileges or dignity of the House, January 7th, 1818.

it was porfectly in its power to issue a warThe papers having been read through, Mr. rant to apprehend the party offending. W. Wilson, of Pennsylvania, referred to in Mr. Forsyth turned to a case on record, the above narrative, handed in a statement of and he was sorry there was such a case on the facts which fell under bis observation, en- record—where this proceeding had taken tirely corroborating those stated by Mr. Wil- place, in the year 1795, in wbich a bribe in liams as far as they came under the observa- land had been offered to one or more memtion of the former.

bers. Mr. F. then conformed his motion Mr. Forsyth, of Georgia, moved that the to the terms of that precedent (as above staHouse do come to the following resolution : ted) from which it had before a little varied

Resolved, That the Speaker do issue bis Mr. Livermore of New-Hampshire asked warrant, directed to the Sergeant-at-Arms at- for information, merely whether the facts on tending the House, commanding him to take which the warrant was to be issued, should into custody, wherever to be found, the pot first be substantiated by oath. Tbe statebody of John Anderson, and the same in ment came, he knew, from a most respectahis custody to keep, subject to the further ble source ; but was not an oath necessary to order and direction of this House.

justify such a warrant? Mr. Harrison, of Ohio, rose in consequence The Speaker said, certainly not. of his name having been referred to in Col. The question on Mr. Forsyth's motion was Anderson's letter. He bad met with Col. then decided in the affirmative, and ordered Anderson, he said, in the course of his mili- to be entered unanimously, tary service, and had always heard him re- The warrant was forthwith issued. garded as a highly respectable man; and The bill providing for the Compensation of well knowing his services, and the sufferings members was taken up and passed as of bis family, during the war, be had felt a amended. warm interest in his favour. In the course of The bill to give effect to judicial records this morning, Col. Anderson had sent for in certain cases was taken up in Committee him and his friend Col. Johnson, out of the of the whole-after much debate the ComHouse, and with all the agitation belonging mittee rose, reported progress, and obtained to terros or to conscious guilt, had informed leave to sit again.

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Thursday, January 8.-Phe Speaker hav: by a committee to be appointed for that puring stated to the House that the Sergeant-at- pose. Arms had returned on the warrant issued to Mr. Beecher made a motion to refer tho him yesterday, that he had executed the report to a committee of the whole House. same on the body of John Anderson, therein Negatived. namred, and that he now held him in his cus- Mr. Beecher then earnestly protested tody subject to the further order and direc- against the adoption of the report for reasons tion of the House :

which will appear in the sketch to be given Mr. Forsyth offered the following resolu- of the debate. tion :

The report was agreed to without a diResolved, That a committee of Privileges, vision. to consist of seven members, be appointed, Mr. Beecher moved that counsel be allow. and that the said committee be instructed to ed to the accused. report a mode of proceeding, in the case of Mr. Sergeant suggested that it would be John Anderson, who was taken into custody time enough to do that when the prisoner yesterday by order of the House; and the asked for it. same committee have leave to sit imme- Mr. Beecher said it was the right of this diately.

individual, placed in so novel a situation, to : This motion gave rise to a debate of nearly have his privilege pointed out to him, which two hours in length, not so much on the otherwise he might not know, propriety of the particular proceeding pro- Mr. Tucker read a resolution, that the posed, as on the legality of proceeding at all Speaker be authorised to inform the accused in the case. This debate is one too interest- that he might ask counsel, &c. ing to be omitted, and was too long to be Which was superseded by an intimation compressed within our present limits. it from the Speaker, that he should consider it shall be presented to-morrow if possible. a duty, if no objection was made, to give the Mr. Beecher, Mr. Livermore, and Mr. Ball, accused information on this head. took the ground that the proceeding of the The Sergeant-at-Arms was then directed House had been radically wrong, if not un- to bring his prisoner to the bar of the House. constitutional: Messrs. Forsyth, Tucker, Hop- On his appearance, the Speaker directed a kinson, Pitkin, Sergeant, and Comstock took chair to be given to him, and addressed him the opposite ground.

to this effect. The resolution was finally agreed to; and " John Anderson-You are

no doubt Messrs. Forsyth, Hopkinson, Tucker, Ser. aware that you are brought before this House geant, Johnson of Ky. Pitkin, and Taylor, ap- in consequence of having written and delipointed a committee accordingly.

vered to a gentleman, who is a member and The House then spent some time in com- chairman of a committee of ihis House, a letmittee of the whole, on the bill to prescribė ter, of the contents of which you are apprithe effect of certain records and judicial pro- zed. Before I proceed to propound to you ceedings.

any interrogatories on this subject, will The question being still on striking out the apprize you that, if you have any request to second section of the bill ; which was oppos- make of the House; if you wish for counsel, ed by Mr. H. Nelson, and advocated by Mr. for reasonable time, for witnesses ; for any Barbour.

of those privileges belonging to persons in · Mr: Spencer had risen to defend the sec- similar situations, the House is disposed to tion, when, information having been given grant it. If you do not wish for time, for that the committee on the case of Col. Jobn counsel, or for witnesses, the Speaker will Anderson were ready to report

proceed to put to you such interrogatories as The committee of the whole rose, reported may seem proper." progress, and obtained leave to sit again. To this the prisoner at the bar replied, in COL. ANDERSON'S CASE.

substance, although indistinctly, that, in his Mr. Forsyth, from the committee appoint- peculiar situation, he desired ihe assistance ed to-day, made a report, recommending of counsel ; he desired time until to-morrow, that the House do come to the following re- and the opportunity of summoning witnesses solution :

lo testify to the character he had sustained Resolved, That John Anderson be brought through life. to the bar of the House, and interrogated by Whereupon the Sergeant-at-Arms was dithe Speaker, on written interrogatories, rected to take the prisoner from the bar. touching the charge of writing and delivering Some conversation took place as to the a letter to a member of the House, offering precise mode of proceeding. which resulted him a bribe, which, with his answers thereto, in drawing up a resolution that the Speaker shall be entered on the minutes of the House. be authorized to inform the accused, that the And that every question proposed by a me House comply with big requests, ber be reduced to writing, and a motion Mr Herrick moved to amend the motion, made that the same be put by the Speaker; so as that the accused be furnished previously and the question and answer shall be entered with a copy of the written interrogatories to on the minutes of the House. That, after be put to him. such interrogatories are answered, if the To this Mr. Forsyth objected, because it Houise deem it necessary to make further in would be inconsistent with the object of quiry on the subject, the same be conducted this examination. The object was to ascer.

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