« AnteriorContinuar »
* Cluck-work,” in Dr. Rees' Ency., very pro- the solar train 'being unknown, leaves that perly observes, that when we consider that movement incomplete, thus, *8 * 29.* this clock contains mechanisın for represent. * 132:12, so that the original coinbination ing the motions of some of the heavenly of wheels and pinions for the annual motion bodies, and that the celebrated Copernicus unfortunately cannot with certainty be ascerwas living at the time of its date, and had tained. not yet published his work On the Revo The writer of the article Clock-work in lutions of the Celestial Orbs, when we reflect Dr. Rees' Ency. (before referred to,) states, also that more than a century elapsed after that after he had drawn up the various partithis time before the invention of the pendu- culars regarding this clock, he felt an inclilum was applied as the regulator of clocks, nation to inspect it; this was on the 8th day these considerations appear sufficiently inte. of May, 1805, when he embraced an opporresting for a minute examination of the wheel- tunity which occurred of gaining permission work of this ancient clock, particularly that to ascend the lofty situation in which the part of it which constitutes its celestial clock is placed. It proved on a minute and mechanism.
careful examination of its several parts, that Dr. Derham, in his Artificial Clock Maker, the whole of both the annual and lunar movethird edit. Lond. 1714, states, that the ments are different from the original ones Hampton Court clock shows the time of the recorded by Dr. Derham; the lunar moveday, and the motions of the sun and moon, ments were found to be 59.10 X 45.9=294 through all the degrees of the zodiac, toge days for a synodical lunation, the annual ther with the matters depending thereon, as train was found to be 73:12 x 427 x 150-15 the day of the month, the sun and moon's =365 days exactly; the central pinion was a place in the ecliptic, the moon's southing, double one consisting of a 10 and a 12, fixed &c. &c. To show how completely (for that as the former one of 8 is described to have age) the wheel-work was arranged, will be been, and pinned together; they are of the best known from the following short detailed wood called box, as are also the pinions 7 aud extract from the same little work :-In the 9, to prevent their cankering (oxiding), the centre of all, both the dial-plate and its wheel wheel 42 is made of brass, but the rest being work are placed on a fixed arbor, which hath very large are made of iron; the great wheel a pinion on the end of it which drives both of 288 teeth which connects the clock-work the solar and lunar motions, by means of a with the astronomical moveinents, appeared large wheel of 288 teeth turning once round to be the only portion of the origiual work, upon it every 24 hours, which large wheel is both by its marks of antiquity and ihe numdrawn round by a pinion of 12 leaves, fixed ber of its teeth, which are cut on its inner on the arbor of the great wheel within the edge (interior circumference), there are two clock frames, which turneth once round in an cross bars rivetted to this indented rim to hour; the wheel 288 thus turning round in carry the celestial movements, and as there 24 hours, carries about with it a wheel of was no counterpoise to them, it was suspect37 teeth and its pinion of 7 leaves, this pinion ed that their rising and falling weight would of 7 leaves turning round with wheel 37, alternately accelerate and retard the going of drives another wheel having 45 teeth which the clock, which is connected with it by carries round the moon's ring and circle ; on means of a horizontal arbor of about three the opposite side of this wheel-work, a pinion feet long by estimation, an inquiry into this of 8 leaves extends, and did drive a wheel, matter proved the accuracy of this conjecture, but said wheel and its pinion being taken for it appeared that the time of the day indiaway, the numbers of the wheel and pinion cated was sometimes about five minutes too are unknown, the pinion of this wheel, how. slow, and at other times as much too fast; ever, turned round a wheel having 29 teeth, the inscription “ L. Bradley, 1711,” is en. furnished with a pinion of 12 leaves, which graved on the frame of the going part of the turned round a large wheel having 132 teeth clock, which has evidertly been new, either which carries round the sun and the zodical the whole of it at that time, or some part of matter. These were the numbers of the it since, so that what the original regulator wheel-work remaining in the year 1711, but was does not appear, the initials of the the before-mentioned wheel and its pinion maker's name “ N. 0." are now not to be were taken out formerly by some ignorant found; there are three barrels and weights, workman that was not able to amend the one for the going part which has a very long, clock; they were, however, supplied, and the heavy pendulum, one for the striking part, whole movement repaired by Mr. Lang Brad- and one for the quarters, the present scapeley, Fenchurch-street, London, vide Dr. Der- ment is a pair of pallets acting alternately ham's Artificial Clock Maker, 3rd edit. Lond. into pins projecting from the plane of a wheel 2714, pp. 121 and 122.
with a horizontal arlor or axis; according to This description gives a very clear idea Berthoud, this kind of scapement was inhow the several movements were actuated; vented by a Mr. Amaut, a clock-maker at but the numbers of a wheel and pinion in Paris, late in the 18th century.
So it would seein that this clock had been wine. One day, a messenger arrived in great ngaiu altered and repaired, somewhere be trepidation, to announce that the royal cha. tween the years 1760 and 1800; in Grose's teau of Nicegraden had been suddenly burnt Antiquities, it is stated, that the astrono- to the ground. “And my cellars," hastily mical furniture of this clock was invented by interrupted the Emperor," has the disaster Thoinas Tompion, the celebrated clock-maker; injured my wine ?"_" No, sire,” replied the this account cannot be correct, for that inge messenger, your majesty's cellars have nious artist lived in Dr. Derham's time, suffered nothing." — “Well, well, then," Tompion died in 1669, which period is about rejoined Wenceslaus," the loss is but small; 129 years after its construction; it is prob. provided that my wine be not damaged, I am able, however, that he might have been em content."
W.G.C. ployed upon it, and thus given circulation to this current account; the hands and circles
St. Sebastian's Day in Spain.—The cusare in the following order upon the dial-plate: tom alluded to by Horace of sticking a tail, 1st, or interior circle, is divided into 24 hours (says a modern traveller,) is still practised by for the moon's southings, after this manner,
the boys in Spain, to the great annoyance of 12, 11, 10, &c.; 2nd, moon's age circle old ladies, who are generally the objects of divided into 294 equal parts; 3rd circle is this sport. One of the ragged striplings that furnished with the ecliptic with its signs, wander in crowds about the streets of Seville, and days of the month; 4th, sun or hour having tagged a piece of paper with a hooked hand revolving in 24 hours ; 5th, the dial pin, and stolen unperceived behind some circle divided into 24 hours in the usual slow-paced female, ay, wrapped up in her manner, thus, 12, 1, 2, &c. the moon's phase veil, she tells the beads she carries in her is exhibited in a circular opening in the hour left hand, fastens the paper tail on the back hand, which covers more or less of a plate, of the black or walking petticoat called saya. part of which is blackened elliptically, placed The whole of the boys, wiro, at a convenient uuder it.
distance, have watched the dexterity of their companion, set up a loud cry of " Làrgalo,
lårgalo Drop it, drop it.” This makes The Gatherer.
every female in the street look to the rear,
which they well know is the fixed point of Angel.-A short time since there was found attack with the merry light troops. The alarm at Bath, Somersetshire, an angel of Edward continues till some friendly hand relieves the IV., in the highest state of preservation. On like a spent top, tries in vain to catch a glance
viction of sport, who spinning and nodding the obverse appears the archangel St. Michael, at the fast-pinned paper, unmindful of the him in the mouth with a spear, the end of physical law which forbids her head revolvwhich terminates with a crosslet. Inscrip- ing. faster than the great orbit on which the tion :-EDWARD Dı. Gra. Rex Angl. Z.
ominous comet flies.
W.G. C. Franc. On the reverse, a ship with a large C. Lamb.—The following lines were writ. mast, the top of which is formed into a cross ; ten by the late C. Lainb, upon the cover of a the royal shield, with the arms of England book of blotting paper. F. W. L. and France, is fixed on this mast, having on the dexter side an E., the initial of the name,
Blavk tho' I be, within you'll find
Relics of th' enraptur'd mind: and on the sinister, a rose. Inscription : Where truth and fable, mirth and wit, Per CRUCEM TUA SALYA Nos XPE RE Are safely here deposited.
W. G. C.
The placid, furious, envious, wise,
Impart to me their secrecies; Love of Wine - The Emperor Wenceslaus Here hidden thonyhts in blotted line, of bi bacious memory, (says Dr. Beattie,)
Nor sybil can the sense divine. granted to the Nurembergers certain impor
Theu, stranger, open me and see: tant liberties and indemnities, on condition of their furnishing him in return with three Mr. Wilberforce.-A friend told me that tuns of the wine of Bacharach. There ars he found him once in the greatest agitation, many historical anecdotes in circulation of looking for a dispatch which he had inislaid; his predilection for the choicest grape. All one of the royal family was waiting for it authors coincide in the fact, that he wae he had delayed the search till the last mo. little annoyed by his sudden reverses of sta- ment-he seemed, at length, quite vexed and tion as a degraded putentate. The odes of flurried. At this unlucky instant, a disturbAnacreon appear to have been his text book. ance in the nursery overhead occurred. My He drank under the apprehension that the friend, who was with him, said to himself, time might come when he could not drink. “Now, for once, Wilberforce's temper will He wrote to several of the imperial towns, give way.” He had hardly thought thus stating that he had exacted from them no when Wilberforce turned to him, and said, other pledge of attachment to his person and “What a blessing, it is to have these dear government, than a few tuns of their best chillren; only think what a relief, amidst
Lethe and I twin sisters be
other hurries, to hear their voices, and know by Mr. Cooke, in his Life of Bolingbroke : they are well.
C. A. W. 6. Queen Anne, in one of her messages to Charlenagne's Bible.-In our description and factious rumours, designing men had
Parliament, declared, that by seditious papers of this calligraphical treasure, it is stated to have been presented to Charlemagne on the
been able to sink credit, and that the innoday of his coronation ; such was not the case, house to find a remedy equal to the mischief.
cent had suffered ; and she recommended the for the presentation was on Christmas Day; In obedience to the Queen's desire, and at 80). We likewise omitted to mention that this Bible is understood not to contain the the instance of her secretary, the Parliament disputed passage at the commencement of passed a bill, in 1712, imposing a stamp the Gospel of St. John, and not to contain its origin, the amount of this stamp was a
duty upon pamphlets and publications. At the passage in St. Luke, “ Get thee behind me, Satan.” The Bible was submitted to halfpenny; and it is curious to observe what
an effect this trifling impost had upon the sale by auction, on Wednesday the 29th ult. by Mr. Evans, of Pall Mall, who put it up for circulation of the most favourite papers. 7001., after which the biddings proceeded as
Many were entirely discontinued, and several follows:-7501,8001., 1,0001., 1,0202., 1,1001. of those which survived were generally united
into one publication.” 1,2001., 1,4701., 1,5001., at which last sum it was knocked down to Mr. Siordet of St.
Irish Blunder. – There was an Adage Helen's-place, who was understood to have Club in the town of Tralee, which met once bought it in for the owner. It is reinarked a week, one of the rules of which was, that in the Times : " it was coufidently expected any member who did not contribute towards that this book would have fetched 2,5002.; and the entertainment of the company, something great astonishment prevailed in the room that original, either in the way of poetry, jeu no bidder from the British Museum was pre- d'esprit, or conundrum, should defray the sent to secure for that great national esta- expenses of the evening. It happened, (says blishment a volume which cannot be matched a recent writer,) on one occasion, that a memin any collection in Europe.” This asto. ber named Paddy Divine had been rather nishment will, we think, be abated, on read. Bæotian, and not being able to strike anything ing the Parliamentary Evidence on the man
out of his brains that would exempt him from agement of the affairs of the Museum. the forfeit; he returned home at a late hour,
melancholy and dejected, not only because he Origin of Solicitors. This branch of legal had incurred a fine, but also the character of practitioners seems to have arisen in great being stupid. On knocking at his own door, part out of the suits in the Star Chamber. his wife, (who had been waiting up for him,) (See page 291.). In its origin, their calling previous to her opening it, asked, “ Who is appears to have been of doubtful legality, and there ?”—“Paddy Divine,” replied he.—“And their characters not over good. Time has, at as drunk as a swine,” said she.--" Bravo !" any event, established their right to practise, said Paddy," that will do :whatever may have been its effect upon their
Paddy Divine, characters. " In our age,” says Hudson, (a barrister of Gray's Inn, in the reign of Anacreon Moore himself could not say it Charles I.,) " there are stepped up a new sort of people called Solicitors, unknown to again, repeating this verse on the road, least
better.” Of Paddy went to the club-room the records of the law, who, like the grass- he should forget it. On entering the room, hoppers in Egypt, devour the whole land; almost exhausted with joy, he exclaimed, and these I dare say, (being authorized by “ I have it ! give me a glass.”. A glass of the opinion of the most reverend and learned punch having been handed to him, " Here,". Lord Chancellor that ever was before him) said he, (while all the coinpany were in were express maintainers, and could not jus- breathless attention,)“ here is, Paddy Divine, tify their maintenance upon any action brought ; I mean not where a lord or gentle of laughter which followed, was a convincing
as drunk as a pig!” The involuntary burst man employed his servant to solicit his cause, proof that the company were amused, while for he may justify his doing thereof; but I mean those which are common solicitors of production; so that, in accordance with the
no person could deny the originality of the causes, and set up a new profession, not being rules, Paddy was exempt from the forfeiture, allowed in any Court, or, at least, not in this and, what was dearer to him, he was acquitted Court, where they follow causes; and these of the imputation of dullness. W. G. C. are the retainers of causes, and devourers of men's estates by contention, and prolonging suits to make them without end."-Treatise LONDON: Printed and published by J. LIMBIRD, upon the Star Chamber.
143, Strand. (near Somerset House); and sold by
all Booksellers and Nrwmen - Agent in PARIS, Newspaper Stamp. The following account G. W.M. REYNOLDS, French, English, and Amo
rican Library, 55, Rue Neuve St. Augustin.of the origin of the newspaper stamp, is given FRANÇFORT, CHARLES JUGEL,
As drunk as a swine.'
THE ISLINGTON CATTLE-MARKET. reception of beasts, with yards or layers before
them, in which the cattle may range. Here UPWARDS of eight years since, (see Mirror, they may be foddered and watered from vol. xi., p. 65,) we lent our humble aid in market-day to market day, or until the purillustration of the Abattoirs, or Public chasers may have occasion to use them. A Slaughter-houses in Paris, which plan it was road or drive goes on each of the four sides then proposed to adopt in the suburbs of our of the market, within the layers before the metropolis. Hence was anticipated the re- stalls; and within this road are other yards moval of the necessity of driving cattle and or layers, for cattle also ; but these are withsheep through the crowded streets of London, out sheds. Within these cattle-yards are to and from Smithfield, which has long been layers for sheep. The rest of the inner area, complained of as an almost intolerable nui. save the centre, is disposed in pens for sheep: sance, productive of scenes disgraceful to the layers being for conveniently exposing those wearing “ the human form.” The them for sale; and the latter for them to Times newspaper had hitherto lent its pow. remain in after they are sold, or if they erful influence in furtherance of this scheme should remain unsold. The centre of the of humanity, or rather this effort to abolish inner area is a circle, of 150 feet diameter, cruelty; and the Editor allowed one of his intended to be occupied by an Exchange for Correspondents to describe the drovers as the meeting of salesmen and graziers, and
more brutal than the beasts they drive;" offices and dwellings for inoney-takes. At the blood of the animals to be, from fatigue present, the latter only have been erected. and ill usagé, in a state little short of putre The inner area is likewise quadrated by faction; and their flesh as far removed as roads crossing it at right angles, and lying op possible from the healthy state, in which posite to the entrance gateways. Drains and alone it ought to become human food. sewers run through the whole area, and two These facts were well attested, and it was large taaks furnish the establishment with hoped that something would be done to abo. water. lish the nuisance; especially as a practical Thus far the upper or quadrangular portion architect, (Mr. Hakewill,) had shown the of the market. The lower part is of irrefacility with which so desirable an object gular, triangular form; the right-hand por. might be effected. It, however, proved other, tion being reserved for slaughter-houses ;* or wise. The scheme was approved of on occupied by inclosures for pigs. Here, likepaper, but no more ; and admiration, in this wise, is the principal entrance from the case, proved only unsubstantial patronage. Islington Lower Road by an arched gate. Even the Corporation of the City did not stir way, and footways, through the centre of a to abate the nuisance of their market; while building containing offices for the clerks, they left the friends of humanity to civilize &c. : it is placed in the middle of the west their drovers; they would punish by law, that side of the market, and recedes about 60 is, when compelled to do so, but their huma- yards from the road. The sides immediately nity was tethered to the magistrate's chair. fronting the road consist of houses with The removal of the market was a matter of shops, built in the embellished style now mammon, in which even the fear of unwhole coinmon in the new streets of the metropolis, some meats, and the preservation of the Here, likewise, is another entrance. public health, were not duly considered: it “The situation of this establishment is, was a question of finance; and humanity was perhaps, the best that could have been but a feather in the balance; while the taunt chosen for its purpose, lying open, as it does, of London being behind Paris in the means to most of the great roads from the northern of supplying its citizens with food was borne and eastern counties, from which the princi. in silence.
pal supply of cattle and sheep to the London This apathy induced a private individual market is derived, and communicating conto try what might be done by the establish- veniently, by means of the New or City ment of a new cattle-market; and such deter- Road, with a greater part of the townmination he has carried into effect to the without driving through the heart of it,extent illustrated in the previous Engraving. than any other would have done. Indeed, This shows an area of nearly fifteen acres, the new Road. affords direct and easy access ab'itting on the Lower Road, Islington, near to the Market from the western roads also; to Ball's Pond Turnpike-gate. This space but both town and country will require a is inclosed by a substantial brick wall, about siinilar establishment near the confluence of ten feet in height, within which are sheds the principal roads on the south side of the on all the four sides, each of which is 800
• It should here be observed that the plan of the feet long, and the span of the roofing to the proprietor is to connect the Market with an esta sheds is 25 feet. The roofs rest on the blishmeut affording conveniences for slaughtering inclosing walls outward, and on substantial on the plan of the French abattoir. After our early piers inward. These sheds are divided into
interest in this and every other portion of the plan,
we need scarcely add our best wishes for the propriepens or stalls of convenient extent for the tor's entire success.