Imágenes de páginas

Near the above, and directly over the pulpit, is a white

Abi Lector, nec vanitateinsimules. tablet with scrollwork and draperied canopy in the form of Obüt XX die mensis Februarii Anno Domini an Indian tent, based with a skull and supported by cherubs,

MDCCCIX commemorating that

Near this place lyes
interred ye Body of George

In the Vault outside the Church near this Tablet
Hannibal Seton Son of captain

are also deposited the Remains of Francis Seton of fort St george in

Mrs. Anxe GOUGH,

the Relict of the said yo East Indies born in yt Countrey

RICHARD Gough Esq ye 5th day of June Anno Do 1698

who died on the 18th of August 1833 Aged 92. & departed this Lise ye 25th

Also the Remains of their Friend day of Aprill Anno D

Miss ANN FARREN 1711, in the 13th

who departed this Life year of his Age.

30th of November 1833 Aged 64 Salmon mentions this as on the south side; but it is probably a mistake on the part of that author.

A white slab on the chancel floor records the decease of A white tablet, next to that erected in memory of Dame Susannah Fillingham, of Whitechapel Road, London, whose Mary Glascock, records the death of Heron Hart, Esq., ancestors were inhabitants of this parish, obt. 8th Nov., son of Samuel Hart, M.D., born at Fort St. George, in 1817, æ. 83; also of Charles Hornby Fillingham (son), 2oth the East Indies, on the rith September, 1693, died 17th Jan., 1823, æ. 52; Margaret Broady (daughter of the above June, 1743. The same memorial also commemorates Mary, Susannah), 3rd July, 1828, æ. 63; and Elizabeth Fillingham wife of Charles Boddam, Esq., and sister of the late Heron (wife of the above C. H. Fillingham), 25th July, 1848, æ. 73. Hart, obt, 14th April, 1749, æ. 51; Charles Boddam, Esq., The other memorials in the chancel consist of tablets, comobt. 31st Dec., 1752, a. 72; Hannah, wife of Peter Roberts, memorating respectively, the decease of Jasper Leigh GoodEsq., and daughter of the late Charles Boddam, obt. 3rd win, obt. 4th Dec., 1817, æ. 60, and of his wife Susanna, July, 1784, æ. 63; and Charles Boddam, son of the above-obt. 15th June, 1820, æ. 52 (this is over the door); Hannah, mentioned, obt. 5th Nov., 1784, æ. 65.

relict of James Hare, Esq., M.P., and daughter of the late On the same side, a short distance from the above, but and sister to the present Sir A. Hume, Bart., obt. 6th May, toward the east, a white marble tablet records that

1827, æ. 75 (near the pulpit); and opposite this, one to Underneath lies the Body of WILLIAM CHADWICK,

Susanna Hare, only daughter of the above, born rith Dec.,

1774, died 16th Jan., 1842; and on the south wall, a fancisullyof the Antient Family of Chadwick in the County Palatine of Lancaster, late Rector of this parish

designed memorial (a white scroll on a black ground, and

surmounting the scroll, a butterfly represented just after its Church, upwards of 50 years and Constantly Resident

emergence from the chrysalis form), to Harriet, younger who Married first with Ann daughter of HENRY HALL of the County of Middlesex, Esq

daughter of Thomas and Elizabeth Orton Cotterell, of 50 and Grandaughter of Henry CHAUNCEY of Yardley Bury 1829, died ist July, 1848 ; and on the same, the above

Eaton Square, Pimlico, and late of Highgate, born 6th July, in the County Hertford Esqr.

Thomas Cotterell, obt. i6th Jan., 1873, æ. 80. On the and afterwards with Eliz: the widow of

abutment between the chancel and nave (south) a tablet is WILLIAM NORTHEY Esqr and Daughter of

erected to Thomas Dobson Baker, the firstborn of Samuel MICHAEL THOMPSON Merchant and citizen of London

and Mary Ann Baker, obt. 31st Oct., 1832, æ. 12 y. and 9 m.; he died the 17th of June. 1746

and (on the same) Mary Ann Baker, wife of Samuel Baker, A white tablet on the south wall, + erected in memory of and second daughter of Thomas and Elizabeth Dobson, of Richard Gough, the eminent antiquary, and author of the Forty Hill, Enfield, obt. 4th April, 1846, æ. 50. Opposite this work on Sepulchral Monuments, &c., contains the follow- (on the north side) a similar memorial records that Thomas ing inscription, which is well worthy of attention :

Dobson, of Forty Hill, Enfield, died 18th April, 1850, aged Hunc propè parietem

79; Elizabeth, his wife, 24th Feb., 1851, æ.,8; and that Maria, Reliquias suas condi voluit

third daughter of the above, and wife of Arthur Capon RICARDUS GOUGH,

Watling, Esq., H.E.I.C.S., died 19th Dec., 1869, aged 70, antiquâ stirpe ortus :

and was interred in Kensal Green Cemetery. Over the Ex heroibus qui in bellis Gallicis et

organ is a tablet to William Tongue, born Sept. 8, 1787, civilibus claris

died May 22, 1856. Gloriam,

There are but two monuments in the nave, and these are

on the north wall, and are both ornamental tablets. The Ex mércatoribus Stapulæ Calesiæ Indiæque orientalis Divitias

first tablet here noticed is surmounted by a female figure deduxit,

kneeling on a pillow, her right hand being on an open book, Patriæ amorem, erga Reges fidem,

which rests on a small projection by her side. Beneath this

are the words
Legum Antiquitatumque patriæ peritiam.
ex atavis consanguineisque derivatam,

constanter coluit
Hasce investigandi cupiditates innatæ

and above the inscription are the profiles of the undermentestimonia habeto

tioned. The inscription, which forms a complete bioTopographiam Britannicam,

graphical notice (as also does the next enumerated), runs as Gulielmi Camdeni Britanniam renovatam,

follows:Monumenta Sepulchralia Alagnæ Britannia illustra. “ This monument, the destined tribute to the memory of

Amelia Lady Farnborough, by her afflicted husband Charles * On the chancel floor, next to the memorial of Mary Sheere, is a Lord Farnborough, was still unfinished when his own mortal large white slab, on which is inscribed in large characters the following :

course was closed. After one surviving year of suffering This stone and vault beneath was built at the charge of Heron and of sorrow, it now becomes the record of the endearing Hart, Esq., and the ground purchased by a faculty from ye commons virtues, the devoted attachment and sacred affection, which, for the use of bimself and family for ever in the year of our Lord, guided by the influence of religious hope during an union mdccxliii." † See also notice of tomb in churchyard, infra.

of forty-four years, animated mutually the hearts of both

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without intermission or decline. They were married on the The whole of the monuments inside the church are in28th May, 1793, and their remains rest beneath the same cluded in the above account, and it may be necessary here to tomb in the churchyard of this parish. Lady Farnborough state that in the next paper will be noticed the most notable was the eldest daughter of Sir Abraham Hume, Bart., of memorials and epitaphs to be seen within the churchyard. Wormley Bury, by his wife Lady Amelia, only sister to

J. PERRY. John William and Francis Henry, Earls of Bridgewater,

(To be continued.) and died on the 15th of January, 1837, aged 65, leaving no issue."

“Charles Lord Baron Farnborough was the third son of Beeston Long, Esq', of Carshalton, Surrey. He was born in 1760, and entered public life in 1791, under THE CORRINGHAM BRASSES. the auspices of the Rt Honble William Pitt, whose friendship he enjoyed in an eminent degree, and to whose political Corringham is about four miles distant from Gainsborough, principles he remained consistently attached during a long in the county of Lincoln. On the north wall of the chancel course of public service. He was nominated Knight Grand of the church is a gilded copper plate set in a wooden frame, Cross of the Order of the Bath in 1820, and on retiring from and upon this plate, which is now black with age, are five office in 1826, was raised to the peerage as a mark of his figures, represented in the accompanying illustration. On one sovereign’s approbation. He died at Bromley Hill on the corner of the plate is a shield charged with the arms of 18th January, 1838, in the 78th year of his age.'

Clifford, viz., Or, three eagles displayed gules, membered The second, which is near the above, contains a bust, the azure. Above the inscription, on the plate, is a death's bust surmounting a coat of arms,* &c. The whole of this head or skull upon a book, which is placed on an altar beis the work of Westmacott, R.A. It is thus inscribed :

tween a robed priest and an elegantly dressed female. The

former figure represents the Prebendary Clifford and the “Sacred to the memory of Sir Abraham Hume, of latter his wise. From the mouth of the priest are issuWormley Bury, the second and last baronet of his branch ing the words “Morte quæsivi regnum, that is, " By of an ancient and honorable Scottish family, who died on death I have sought the kingdom ; ” and from the lady's the 24th day of March, 1838, in the goth year of his age. mouth are proceeding, “Quæsiti spero habere dotem," i.e., He succeeded to his paternal title and estate in 1771, and "I hope to have my dowry or portion in that which is married in the same year, Amelia, daughter of John Egerton, sought,” referring to her husband's sentence. He sought to Lord Bishop of Durham, and sister of John William and obtain the kingdom of Heaven by death, and she hoped to Francis Henry successively Earls of Bridgewater; by her, have a portion in it. who died in 1809, he had issue two daughters, Amelia and Upon the front of the book upon which the skull rests Sophia, the former of whom was married to Charles Lord are the following words, “Sequentur qui non præcessere. Farnborough, and died without issue in 1837, the latter that is, “They shall follow who have not gone before.” became the first wife of John Lord Brownlow (afterwards This book is evidently intended to represent the Bible, the created Earl Brownlow), and died in 1814, leaving three Word of God, the charter of the Christian's hopes, in children, namely, Sophia Frances, married in 1836 to which he learns that the way to the kingdom of Heaven is Christopher Tower, Esqe of Weald Hall, Essex, John through the gate of death. As it is written, Hume Cust (by courtesy Viscount Alford), and Charles pointed unto men once to die.” And again, “Flesh and Henry Cust. During the long period of sixty-six years, in blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God," or of heaven, the course of which he chiefly resided at his mansion in which is a state of glory beyond the grave. The skull this parish, he was distinguished by an honest patriotism, placed upon the Bible with the motto, “Sequentur qui non evinced in many generous actions of public service, and was præcessere” forms a very suitable emblem of mortality. beloved by all who came within the circle of his acquaint-| Upon the altar, over the heads of three kneeling figures, ance, for his hospitality, kindness, and beneficence, which which personate the three sons of Henry and Eleanor qualifications, always enhanced by the cultivation of science Clifford, are the following, “Det Deus ut sit hereditarium,” and patronage of art, were rendered still more estimable by i.e., “May God grant that it may be inherited by us,” which the sense of religious truth which influenced the general alludes to the “regnum " above. The whole is surmounted conduct of his life."

with this very appropriate motto :In the south aisle are three tablets, one to Charles Mason' " Mortuorum monumenta fe virorum documenta,” Esq., of Lombard Street, London, obt. 2nd April, 1787, æ81; also on the same ::-John Cook, Esq., of Broad Street,

that is London, merchant, obt. 9th June, 1757, a. 61; Thomas Mason, Esq., of Lombard Street, died at Bath, 18th July,

"The monuments of the dead are admonitions to the living." 1772, a. 68; Dorothy Cook, of this parish, relict of the above John, and sister to the above Masons, obt. Sept. 23rd,

Under the figures above mentioned are these words :1783, a. And we are further informed that “Richard

« Memoriæ Woodyer, of London, executor of Charles Mason, caused


CLIFFORD this monument to be erected in grateful remembrance of so good a friend and generous benefactor" (this is on the east " Sacræ Theologiæ Baccalaurei istius ecclesiæ una cum Stow wall). The second, on the south wall, is to Anne, wife of Prebendarii hujusque Vicarii religionis sinceritate vitæque George Anne Martin, of Freezy Water, Enfield, and niece integritate celeberrimi sacrorum Dei mysteriorum oraculorum of John Barnes Hankins, obt. 9th Jan., 1827, æ. 52; and Verbi Divini dispensatoris fidelissimi ac frequentissimi her husband, George Anne Martin, who died at Belgrave ducentis in uxorem Eleonoram filiam Ricardi Jackson Gen. House, Ventnor (Isle of Wight), 23rd Nov., 1842, æ. 71. per quam filios Habuit Henricum Georgium et Thomam ; The third, near this, is to John Barnes Hankins, late of obiit decimo sexto die Februarii anno ætatis 52 Anno Woodford Bridge, Essex, died 27th Nov., 1829, æ. 76, and Dom. 1628. Susanna, his widow, 21st Sept., 1830, æ. 75. This tablet “Conjux mæstissima à viro carissimo divisa has æreas records (as also does the preceding one) that it was erected as a lineas dicavit. token of gratitude by the children of George Anne Martin."

“ In cineres Phænix ex pulvere nullus inanis

Pulvis es ? aut parias funditus aut pereas. * The motto beneath the coat of arms reads, "True to the end." Among the ornaments on this monument may be noticed three

Tu clerum lector populum tu consule ; dicunt books; one marked on the back, " Titian."

Hoc ævum huic similem non peperisse virum.”

Translation of the above.

separation " à viro charissimo" appeals both to the clergy “To the memory of Henry Clifford, Bachelor of Divinity, husband had no equal on earth. They answer, “Hoc

and the laity for a confirmation of her opinion, that her prebendary of this church with Stow and vicar of the same, renowned for the sincerity of his religion and the irre

ævum huic similem non peperisse virum.” proachableness of his life, a very faithful dispenser of the

In order to enter into the spirit of this elegant tetrastichon word of God, and a very frequent distributor of the sacred

we must take into consideration that the Greek and Latin mysteries of the oracles of God. He married Eleanor, the Fathers considered the fable of the Phænix as a symbol of daughter of Richard Jackson, Gentleman, by whom he had the resurrection. St. Clement, of Rome, who is supposed Henry, George, and Thomas. He died Feb. 16, 1628, to have been a companion and fellow-labourer of St. Paul, aged 52.

is the first who mentions it in his Epistle to the Corinthians, " A very sorrowful wife, separated from her very dear chap. xxv., in which he is endeavouring to prove a future husband has dedicated this brazen tablet."

resurrection. “ Phænix, are you reduced to ashes, are you empty dust, Henry Clifford, S.T.B., was installed in Lincoln does no Phoenix arise from it ?

Cathedral, Prebendary of Corringham, Sept. 28, 1609. “ Either you will bring forth or perish everlastingly. He was of the baronial house of Clifford, a son of Henry Reader, consult both the clergy and the people; they say Clifford, Rector of Sandbach, in the county of Cambridge, that this age has not produced a man like him.'

and was presented to the vicarage of Gainsborough on the

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CLIFFORD In this beautiful tetrastichon the sorrowing wife apostro- death of John Jackson in 1608. He appears to have held phises her much-loved husband. In her eyes there never was the vicarage of Gainsborough only two years. When he died his equal “Hoc cevum huic similem non peperisse virum.” he was seized of the rectory of Grayingham, the vicarage o She compares him to the Phoenix, the wonder of the age, Corringham, and the prebend of Corringham, cum Stow, in and with such affection as only a wife can manifest. My the county of Lincoln. As above stated, he married Phønix-like husband, are you reduced to ashes ? from them Eleanor, daughter of Richard Jackson, gentleman, and had does no body arise ? do you still continue to be empty dust, a issue: 1. Henry, born 1603, and died s.p., 1689. He was vile body, the body of humiliation? In an ecstacy of prebendary of Lincoln, and rector of Wroot, in the Isle of delight she exclaims, “ Thou shalt produce, thou shalt not Axholme. 2. George, baptized 27th of August. He left perish; thou shalt produce a new body Phænix-like, but no England for America between the years 1634 and 1640, and more an earthly tabernacle. Our ever-to-be-adored Re- married there 24th Oct., 1648, Abigail, daughter of William deemer will change thy mortal body, it shall no longer Bower and Jane his wife, and died 21st Oct., 1680. I. remain an inanis pulvis'-it shall be changed-it shall be Esther, born 29th of March, 1651, married 19th of Nov., 1670, raised in glory; not merely in a state of honour and im- to Robert Pease, Esq., of Hesslewood House, county of mortality, but in a beautiful, majestic, and resplendent York. At the time of his marriage he was living at appearance, fashioned like unto Christ's own glorious Amsterdam. 2. Eleanor. 3. Elizabeth.– Vide Supplebody; for the glorified body of our dear Redeemer is the ment to Burke's “ Dict. of Landed Gentry," p. 269, note exemplar or pattern of the body of all those who sincerely sub nom. Pease of Hesslewood. believe in hím, in their resurrection state.” The very sor

GEORGE DODDS, D.D. rowful wife, “ Conjux mæstissima," when she thinks of the

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the monuments on the exterior of the walls of that very CROMWELL'S GRAVE.-Have any steps ever been taken Clapham, is a very large one, representing a sort of flowing

plain, not to say shabby, structure, St. Paul's Church, to solve the mystery that hangs over the question of the last sheet, depending from a large anchor. Below the anchor resting-place of Oliver Cromwell ? An able article on the are two large cherubs supporting a medallion on which is subject appeared in Chambers' Journal, of February 23, sculptured the head and shoulders (front face) of an in1856, entitled “ A Historical Mystery;". The writer of that dividual with regular, handsome features, close-shaven face, article gives, I think, good reason for believing that the body long flowing wig, and laced cravat. The inscription is of Cromwell was not buried in Westminster Abbey, but totally obliterated, but in the lower corners of the sheet secretly conveyed by a few faithful friends to a more distant are two shields. The dexter one bears two talbot's heads sepulchre. Colonel Barkstead, afterwards executed as a erased, palewise, between two flaunches ermine. The sinister regicide, was the Protector's intimate friend and steward of shield is absurdly charged with a crest, apparently a demihis household. His son, who is said to have been “ a gentle griffin segreant, either ducally or murally gorged, I am not man of good fame, and a well-known frequenter of the certain which, as a tree growing in front of the monument London literary coffee-houses, towards the end of the seven- obscures the view, and the railings prevent a nearer approach, teenth and the beginning of the eighteenth centuries,", is Who is the individual thus conspicuously commemorated ? stated to have given the following account—" That his I should infer, from the anchor, that he was some naval father and others, who enjoyed the entire confidence of

commander. Cromwell, asked him, when all hopes of a favourable termi

W. HOBLEY. nation to his illness had vanished, where he would wish to be buried, and the Protector replied: - Where he had ob- THE FAMILY OF MILTON.- Are any particulars known tained his greatest victory and glory, and as nigh the spot as of the ancestors of John Milton the poet? His arms appear could be guessed where the heat of the battle was-namely, to have been: Argent, an eagle displayed, with two heads, in the fie.c.of Naseby, in Northamptonshire.' Accordingly, gules, beaked and legged sable. Burke, in his “ Armoury of soon aftui his death, the body, being placed in a leaden England, Scotland, and Ireland,” also gives, “Milton (London coffin, was emoved from Whitehall at midnight and taken 1634): Argent, a cross fleury between four caltraps azure. to the battle-field of Naseby, young Mr. Barkstead, by order Crest, a dexter arm in armour ppr. scarsed azure, grasping a of his father, attending close to the hcarse all the way. On broken spear gules, headed argent.” What family was this, arriving at the field they found a grave about 9 feet deep and were they related to the poet ? already prepared, the green sods from the surface carefully

J. BANKS. laid on one side, and the mould on the other. The coffin RELICS OF OLD LONDON.Can any of your readers being lowered into the grave, it was immediately filled up, inform me whether the Talbot Inn, now advertised for sale, the sods laid flat over, with their grassy sides upwards, and is really the old Tabard Inn, of Chaucer? I am under the the surplus mould carefully removed.”. It appears, too, impression that it is a myth, but am not sure. Also whether that there is a local tradition to the effect that Cromwell was the public house in Wapping, where Peter the Great was in buried at Naseby, near the foot of an ensinence locally the habit of supping when working at Deptford, is still in known as Lean-lease Hill. Has this spot ever been existence; and if so, where ? Was it not pulled down to make examined ? Surely it would be a noble object of antiquarian way for the Thames Tunnel Railway ? If so, were there research to endeavour to discover the last resting-place of any relics of the Czar, and what became of them ? England's mighty uncrowned ruler.

C. G. C. R.

BILLS.-At what period did the bill cease to be an Eng-
SUBTERRANEAN PASSAGE AT CHELSEA.- Is there any centuries, and King James IV. of Scotland is said to have

lish military weapon? It appears to have been used for foundation for the local tradition, current some twenty years been slain by a billman. ago, that a subterranean passage exists, leading from the

M. LOWRY, Magpie and Stump," near the old church, Chelsea, to Westminster Abbey ? Before I ever heard of this passage, a man

CROMWELL'S IRONSIDES.—Is the following statement, who had been employed at the abbey in the time of Dean I forget where taken from, authentic ?" The two last Vincent and Dean Ireland assured me that he had seen a survivors of Cromwell's regiment of cavalry, "The Ironsides,' subterranean passage beneath the abbey, leading he knew were : Alexander Mac Cullock, who died near Aberdeen, not whither. He said that he had been in the said passage, 1757, aged 132, and Colonel Thomas Winslow, who died at but had been deterred from exploring much of it by a Tipperary in 1766, aged 146. The latter was captain in tradition amongst the abbey attendants, that a concealed Cromwell's expedition to Ireland, in 1649." pitfall or trap existed not far along it. I should be glad of

L. FONTAINE. any information on this matter, as I cannot find mention of ROTTEN ROW.-What is the true derivation of the it in Dean Stanley's “Memorials of Westminster Abbey."

appellation of “Rotten Row?” Larwood in his "History E. DOWSETT.

of the Parks,” supposes it to be derived from “Route du

Roi.” Is there no better or more feasible derivation than
SIR WALTER MANNY.-In Sir Nicholas Harris Nicholas's this?
History of the Royal Navy," it is stated that the celebrated

Hainaulter, Sir Walter Manny, so renowned in the wars of
Edward III., was buried in the Carthusian monastery,

DRURY.--I have seen it stated, that some noted person founded by him, on the site of the present Charterhouse, of the name of Drury was born at Loughborough, LeicesterClerkenwell. Is his tomb still in existence, or is there

shire. What Drury would this be? Not, I think, the

memorial of the gallant knight now visible ? His arms, if i captive in Madagascar, for in his autobiography he mentions
remember rightly, were-Or, three chevrons sable.

London as his birth-place; although in some biographical
dictionaries he is said to have been born in Leicestershire.

F. BLACK AGNES. - I should feel obliged for some informa- SCALPING.–Did the ancient Franks and Saxons scalp tion respecting the early history and subsequent career of their enemies ? I have seen it stated that they did, and the Agnes of Dunbar, one of the Scottish heroines, known also " Annals of Flude” cited as the authority. Is there such a as Black Agnes.

work extant ? M. JANE RONNIGER.


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queathed to the parish for ever, to be exhibited as great

curiosities,' have been removed from the church, where they GEOLOGICAL TIME (Vol. iii. 307).—The controversy with other collections of great interest, they are entirely in

were long preserved, to Ashburnham House, where, together between Sir W. Thomson and Professor Huxley dropped accessible to the public.' Quoted by the same anthority without any agreement having been arrived at. This is (Murray), we find the superstitions of the last, and even what one would expect, as in general all that a controversy of the present age, have occasionally resorted to these relics leads to is to bring out clearly the exact points of disagree for the cure of the king's evil.”Horsfield. Let us hope ment between the parties concerned. For geological pur- that at some future day one of the Lords of Ashburnham poses an enormous number of years were demanded, while may see, or be compelled to see, the wisdom and justice of Sir W. Thomson showed that physical considerations limited giving us our rights, as Englishmen, to inspect so interesting this number to a period of comparatively moderate duration. å national relic, and still more of respecting the wishes of In a matter of this kind, where the considerations on the two sides were derived from facts and arguments quite distinct in oblige.'

an ancestral bequest, to which most assuredly “noblesse their nature, it is scarcely to be anticipated that anything like

A. D. uniformity can result till the data on both sides are much improved. On the whole, I think, with your correspondent, THE FIFTH MONARCHY MEN (Vol. iv. 7).--Many that Sir W. Thomson's views stand on a more secure basis, curious and interesting facts relative to this once distinas the physical sciences are in a more advanced state than guished class of religionists, will be found in Calamy's geology, and the facts exhibited by them admit of being “ Ejected Ministers ” (Ed. 1713), p. 53. Echard's “Hist. submitted to more exact calculations. There does not seem Eng: ;” Bp. Burnei's “Hist, of his own Time," Vol. i. 160; room for any such work as is suggested, for the discussion Kennett's “ Hisi. Eng.," Vol. iii. 225; Anthony A'Wood's of a question on which much uncertainty prevails among Athenæ ; ” Rev. A. M. Toplady's Works, Vol. i. p. xxxviii.; those best qualified to judge of the merits of the case,

Adam's “Dict.," p. 113; Wilson's “Hist. of Dissent. and involving considerations drawn from many separate Churches," Vol. ii. p. 27; Neal's “ Hist. of the Puritans, sciences, cannot fail to be of a party character, as certainly Vol. iv. 170; Brook's " Lives of Puritans," Vol. i. 96; iii. there are but few to whom all the evidence and reasoning | 257, &c. are intelligible. In a matter of this kind, for a long time to

The chief tenet held by this sect, as is well known, was come, great uncertainty must prevail, and it is natural that a belief in the speedy advent of a fifth monarchy, which every one should think that the conclusions to which the should succeed the four recorded by the Prophet Daniel, i.e. state of the branch of science to which he has chiefly applied the Assyrian, Persian, Grecian, and Roman, and of which himself points are the most deserving of consideration. our Saviour was to be the head. Little appears to be

J. GLAISHER. known of the existence of this new Monarchy after the death

of Venner, the wine-cooper and preacher of Coleman Street. Relics or CHARLES I. (Vol. iv. 7.)-The relics of the

W. WINTERS. Martyr King” mentioned by your correspondent are carefully preserved at Ashburnham House, near Battle, Sussex, Guy FAWKES (Vol. iv. 7).-The Fawkes family is one I to which place they have been removed from the church am deeply interested in, and should much like to see the where they long reposed. Ashburnham Place, the seat of the book or pamphlet Mr. Austin refers to. I can give your earls of that name, was rebuilt by John Ashburnham, who was correspondent all that is generally known of the birth, "page of the bed-chamber” to both Charles I. and Charles parentage, and family of this arch-conspirator of gunII., and who died in 1671. He attended his sovereign to the powder notoriety, last, till he fell on the scaffold, and thus obtained posses

His father was Edward Fawkes, a notary at York, who held sion of the articles worn by King Charles on that mournful the office of registrar and advocate of the Consistory Court occasion. These were the shirt (still marked on the wrists of the cathedral church. He died in 1578, leaving a son, Guy, with stains of blood), the white silk drawers, the king's and two daughters. Young Fawkes received his early watch, and the sheet thrown over the body after the execu-education in a free school, near the city of York, founded tion. I believe these were all exhibited at Manchester, but by a charter of Philip and Mary, and placed under the are at the present time rigidly and persistently withdrawn patronage of the dean and chapter. There is no doubt that from public inspection, for what reason remains an inscrut. his parents were Protestants; but, on his mother's second able mystery, except to the owner himself, though by what marriage with a Roman Catholic, he was brought up in right he or his representatives monopolize the privilege of his step-father's religion.-See Lathbury's “Guy Fawkes.” gazing upon what every one (whatever be his political J. W. Parker, 1840. “A Narrative of the Gunpowder sympathies) would regard with lively interest yet remains Plot,” by David Jardine, Esq., Murray, 1837. Indicator's to be proved. The exclusion of the public from the sight Letters to the Times Newspaper, London, November, 1850. of these relics, and from the unrivalled collection of MSS.

NUMMUS. (said to be the finest in England), the rare black letter and printed books, the splendid pictures, by Teniers, Cuyp, of :-" The Fawkeses, of York, in the Sixteenth Century, in

The following is probably the book Mr. Austin is in search and Rembrandt, the ancient armour (an Elizabethan embossed suit), &c., and the magnificent old family plate, is a

cluding Notices of the Early History of Guy Fawkes, the Gunsource of the greatest annoyance and regret to all the lovers powder Plot Conspirator," By Robert Davies, Esq., F.S.A.,

York. - Westminster: J. B. Nichols and J. G. Nichols. of antiquity and other visitors who frequent the watering

1850. Small 8vo, including Appendix, 67 pp., 250 copies places of Hastings, Eastbourne, &c., and who, on visting the neighbouring ruins of Battle Abbey, Hurstmonceux,


H. WRIGHT. Bodiham, &c., are tantalized by knowing that even the never-failing "open sesame of the silver-key may be tried BAPTISM (Vol. iii. 307; iv. 22).—The first Council of without producing the smallest effect. In the mournful Arles was opened on the first of August, 314, under Pope strains of " Murray” on this subject (“Sussex,” Route 22A., St. Sylvester, who presided by his legates. Bishops from “ Ashburnham," page 371), we read—“Ashburnham Place, every quarter attended. which ught to be one of the most interesting in Sussex, The 8th Canon is, “ De Afris quod propria lege sua utuntur but which is, in reality, one of the most disappointing. The ut rebaptisant, placuit ut si ad Ecclesiam aliquis de hæresi most adventurous wanderer will sound his horn before its venerit, interrogent cum symbolum ; et si perviderint eum in portals in vain. The relics of Charles I., given to his atten- Patre et Filio et Spiritu Sancto esse baptisatum, manus ei dant, John Ashburnham, and by one of his successors • be-| tantum imponantur."

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