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in flaming fire, taking vengeance us appear to be an interesting on them that obey not the gos- one? Can our hearts be indifferpel. He shall come to be glori- ent to a character so exalted ? fied in his saints, and to be ad. Were Gabriel sent from the mired in all them that believe. presence of God upon an emWe persuade men by the mer- bassy to men, it would become cies of the Lord. We per- them to treat him with great suade them also by the glory reverence. What regard then is and the terrour of the judgment- due to him who is so much highseat of Christ.
er than the angels, by whom the Then cometh the end, when worlds were made, and by whom he shall deliver up the kingdom all things consist; who, notwithto God, even the Father. For standing, tabernacled in flesh, when it is said, All things are and gave himself a sacrifice to put under him, it is manifest expiate human guilt ? who for that he is excepted who did put the suffering of death hath all all things under him. For the power given him in heaven and suffering of death, we see Jesus earth? They will reverence my crowned with glory and honour. Son, is the just expectation of Faithful to him who appointed him who sent him. him, God also will be faithful to Christianity was first confirmhis covenant with the Redeemer, ed by eye-witnesses and minisand build up his throne to all ters of the word, whose ministry generations. All that the Fath- was sanctioned by signs and er hath given me, shall come to wonders, divers miracles and me; and I will raise them up at gifts of the Holy Ghost. It the last day, and give to them hath been confirmed by its ex. eternal life.
tensive promulgation and con" And I beheld, and I heard tinuance, against every kind of the voice of many angels round opposition. In the hands of the about the throne, and the living weakest instruments, endowed creatures, and the elders : And with power from on high, its the number of them was ten light spread, like the orb of day, thousand times ten thousand, through the world. It hath coland thousands of thousands ; lected additional evidence from saying, with a loud voice, Wor- age to age, as appears from the thy is the Lamb that was slain history of the church and world. to receive power, and riches, and It is transmitted to us, that we wisdom, and strength, and hon- might believe, and, believing, our, and glory, and blessing. might have life through the ReAnd every creature which is in deemer. Does it consist with heaven, and on the earth, and any respect to the cause of virunder the earth, and such as are tue, that men are offended in in the sea, and all that are in him? Do its mysteries warrant them, heard I, saying, Blessing, the rejection of it? What shall and honour, and glory, and powe we substitute in its room, if we er, be unto him who sitteth upon reject it? what rule of faith? the throne, and unto the Lamb, what guide in our duty to God forever and ever."
and man, or for the government Does not the question before of our appetites and passions ?
Those who are ready to make er faileth : It embraces the every objection to the gospel, household of faith with complawhich a vain imagination can cence: It does good to all as suggest, or readily listen to such there is opportunity. Love your objections, should first answer enemies, bless them that curse the weighty arguments in de- you, do good to them that hate fence of it. Among these argu- you, and pray for them who dements that taken from its un- spitefully use you, and persecute questionable historical facts is en- you. Let this mind be in you titled to first consideration. He which was in Christ Jesus. who should undertake to dispute the authenticity of these facts, would have a much harder task
For the Panoplist. than would be requisite to refute the superficial and unfounded
THOUGHTS ON I PET. IV. 6. cavils, which are reiterated in
« For this cause was the gospel books on infidelity.
preached also to them that are Were the infidel to pronounce
dead, that they might be judged on the moral character and life according to men in the pesh, but of Jesus, he must either deny live according to God in the that there ever was such a per
spirit. son ; or that he taught the doc- If mankind are spiritually trine, and wrought the works, dead, in the sense in which some and exhibited the example ascri- represent them, why is the gosbed to him or he must say, that pel to be preached to them ? is a a deceiver might possess a char- question put, by way of objection acter which has no part dark to the doctrine of human depravmight fill up life with doing good ity. The above passage, it is might live in heaven while on conceived, affords an answer. earth-and, in attestation to the The reason there given is twotruth, lay down a life filled with fold. labour and sorrow.
The primary and more obvi. Just thoughts of Christ are in- ous reason is mentioned last, viz. timately connected with the love “that they might live according of God and our neighbour, mean- to God in the spirit," i. e. that ing by the term neighbour every by the sanctifying influence of its man to whom we can shew mer- holy doctrines, men might be cy, without respect of nation, pro- raised from a carnal, to a holy fession or character. Pretenders and spiritual life. to patriotism and philanthropy Another reason for preaching cast contempt on him who gave the gospel to sinners, here pointhimself a ransom for all-who ed out, is, “that they might be proclaimed peace on earth and judged according to men in the good will to men, in connexion fesh.” To ascertain the aposwith glory to God on high. The tle's idea it will be necessary to imitation of his love, which ma- notice its connexion with the Dy waters could not quench, nor foregoing verse, where he obthe floods drown, is the charac- serves, that those who remain teristic of his disciples. Charity disobedient to the truth, shall is the greatest of graces, and nev- be judged for their perverse,
ness; and to prepare suitable principles of man justice. On · evidence against them for this this construction it is difficult to trial, the gospel is to be preach- discover the contrast which the ed to them ; viz. “ that they apostle evidently intends to make might be judged according to between being judged according men in the flesh," i. e. that by to men in the flesh, and living acthe medium of the gospel they cording to God in the spirit. might be convicted, and con- What contrast is there between demned upon the same publick men's being treated at the last evidence, on which criminals are day according to the principles convicted in human judicatories. observed in human judicatories, God could distribute exact jus- and their living according to God tice, by his perfect knowledge of in the spirit? May they not be the heart ; but it is highly im- treated in that way at last, whethportant that creatures should er they live according to God in have a clear view of the equity the spirit, or not? of his sentence ; and in order 2. The flesh in scripture use to this, their guilt must be prov- generally signifies a principle or ed by such overt acts as are suf- state of moral depravity ; especficiently indicative of the temper ially when it stands in opposition of their hearts. Their rejection to the spirit, as it does here. of the gospel will afford this evi- But according to the foregoing dence. They will be “judged exposition, the flesh has no such according to men in the flesh," signification. or upon evidence of which crea- 3. Is it reasonable to suppose tures can judge. “ They will the term, dead, here means dead have no cloak for their sin.” All in sin, when it is used in another will then be convinced, that, “if sense, that is, literally, just before; any man love not the Lord Jesus -“ who is ready to judge the Christ,“ he justly deserves to be living, and the dead.” anathema, Maranatha.”
4. In the reasoning on the A CORRESPONDENT. passage, it is implied, that they,
to whom the gospel is not preachRemarks on the foregoing Con- ed, will not be convicted and construction.
demned upon publick evidence.' It is not doubted, that the “The gospel was preached to thoughts of the ingenious author them, that they might be judged of this exposition are, in them- according to men in the flesh ; selves, just and important. The that is, that by the medium of the doubts and inquiries here sug- gospel they might be convicted gested respect the performance and condemned upon the same merely as an exposition of the publick evidence, on which crimpassage under consideration. inals are convicted in human ju
1. The phrase, “ that they dicatories.” But will not men, might be judged according to destitute of gospel light, be conmen in the Nesh,” is supposed by victed and condemned upon like our correspondent to refer to the evidence? They will indeed be final judgment, or the distribu- judged by the law of nature. But tion of rewards and punishments the evidence, on which they will at the last day according to the be judged, will be as publick, as
the evidence on which others is the end for which the gospel · will be judged. How then can was preached to those believers, their being judged in that man. who are now the dead in Christ, per be the particular end of as well as to those who are still preaching the gospel to them ? living upon earth, that they,
After these remarks, it will by a divine power attending it, not be deemed unsuitable to in- being thoroughly mortified and troduce some of Leighton's ob- dead to their former sinful incliservations on the passage. By nations and courses of life, might .them that are dead, he conceives, be eventually censured and conthe apostle means such as had demned, and even put to death, heard and believed the gospel, for their novel principles and and now were dead. “And this,” behaviour, as being judged accorsays the pious expositor, “he ding to the principles of corrupt doth to strengthen the brethren nature ; but that they might reto whom he writes, to commend ally live after a spiritual manner the gospel to them to this intent, by a holy conformity to the im that they might not think the age and will of God in their reend and condition of it hard and newed souls.” grievous ;-inasmuch as it was These queries are modestly the constant end of the gospel, suggested to our correspondent, and they that had been saved by who is entitled to our most reit went the same way he points spectful consideration, and to the out to them."
inquisitive reader, who is left to Dr. Guise gives a similar con- form a conclusion for himself. struction of the passage. « This
PARAPHRASE ON ECCLESIASTES the seeds and principles of dissoXII. 17.
lution, toward which it tends eve
ry day and hour, by the very (From Bishop Horne.)
means that nourish and maintain A view of the different ma- it, and which n art can protract, terials of which man is compos. beyond a certain term. ed, may teach us to form a pro- of precaution and medicine, "the per estimate of him. He stands evil days will come, and the years between the two worlds, the nat. draw nigh, when he shall say, I ural and the spiritual, and par- have no pleasure in them.” takes of both. His body is ma- Pains and sorrows will succeed terial, but its inhabitant descends each other, as “the clouds return from another system. His soul, after the rain,” blackening the like the world from which it face of heaven, and darkening the comes, is immortal; but his sources of light and joy. The body, like the world to which it hands, those once active and belongs, is frail and perishable. vigorous "keepers of the house," From its birth it contains in it grown paralytic, shall “ tremt
ble ;" and "the strong men," ceptacle of the brain, from which those firm and able columns, it proceeds, “ shall be broken." which supported it, shall “bow The vessel by which, as a "pitchthemselves," and sink under the er," the blood is carried back to weight; the external "grinders" the heart for a fresh supply, of the food, the teeth, “shall shall be broken at the fountain, cease, because they are few, and the wheel, or instrument of and the work of mastication shall circulation, which throws it be imperfectly performed. Dim forth again to the extremities of suffusion shall veil the organs of the body, shall be broken at the sight, “ they that look out of the cistern. When this highly finwindows shall be darkened.” ished piece of mechanism shall “ The doors,” or valves, “shall be thus disjointed and dissolved, be shut in the streets," or alleys “ then shall the dust," of which of the body, when the digestive it was formed, “return to the powers are weakened, and the earth as it was, and the spirit sound of the “ internal grinding shall return to God who gave is low.” Sleep, if it light upon it.” Learn we from hence, to the eye-lids of age, will quickly bestow on each part of our comremove again, and “he will rise position that proportion of time up" at the time when the first and attention, which, upon a due “ voice of the bird proclaims the consideration of its nature and approach of the morning. All importance, it shall appear to the daughters of musick shall be claim at our hands. brought low ;" he will hear no more the voice of singing men, and singing women. Timidity and distrust will predominate,
MINISand he will be alarmed at every thing; “ he shall be afraid of
(From Massillon.) that which is high, and fears shall be in the way.”
As the early We cannot forbear particularly and 6 almond tree," when it flour
earnestly to recommend the follow. ishes in full blossom, his hoary
ing admirable remarks to the atten.
tire perusal of all who are clothed head shall be conspicuous in the with the ministerial office. congregation, the sure prognostick not of spring, alas, but of win- " The spirit of our ministry," ter ; he who like “ the grass, says this eloquent divine, “is a hopper,” in the season of youth spirit of zeal and firmness. It was so sprightly in his motions, is our duty to exhort, to correct, now scarce able to crawl upon to reprove, “in season and out the earth," shall be a burden” to of season. We ought to bear himself, and the organs of sense, our testimony boldly against being vitiated and impaired, “ de- publick sins and abuses. The sire” and appetite “ shall fail.” face of a Christian minister The spinal marrow, that “silver ought not to blush for the igcord,” with infinite ramifications nominy, which indulgences, of the nerves, thence derived, unbecoming his character, never will be relaxed and lose its tone ; fail to produce ; he bears, writ16 and the golden bowl," the re- ten upon his forehead, with much