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Translate into Greek Verse :

0, the fierce wretchedness that glory brings us !
Who would not wish to be from wealth exempt,
Since riches point to misery and contempt ?
Who would be so mock'd with glory? or to live
But in a dream of friendship ?
To have his pomp and all what state compounds
But only painted, like his varnish'd friends ?
Poor honest lord, brought low by his own heart,
Undone by goodness! Strange, unusual blood,
When man's worst sin is, he does too much good!
Who, then, dares to be half so kind again ?
For bounty, that makes gods, does still mar men.
My dearest lord, bless’d, to be most accursed,
Rich, only to be wretched, thy great fortunes
Are made thy chief afflictions. Alas, kind lord
He's flung in rage from this ingrateful seat
Of monstrous friends, nor has he with him to
Supply his life, or that which can command it.


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1. Show that the distinction between presentative and representative consciousness is logical rather than real.

2. Trace the three degrees of intelligence distinguished by Mansel. 3. In what respects does the idea of pure space agree with, and in what does it differ from, concepts ?

4. Quote Brown's argument to prove that we have no immediate perception of extension in space; and show that besides the fallacy pointed out by Mansel, it involves a false metaphysical assumption. Give any other instances of arguments involving the same assumption.

5. Distinguish the three kinds of inconceivability defined by Mansel, illustrating each by examples. Were the antipodes inconceivable to our ancestors in any of these senses; and if not, in what sense ?

6. What error does Mansel find in the ordinary theory of Abstraction and Generalization ?

7. What were the errors of Locke and Berkeley, respectively, with regard to Abstraction ?

8. What are the three conditions of thought in general ; and how are they manifested in the forms of Judgment and of Reasoning, respectively ?

9. What is the explanation adopted by Mansel of the necessity of Mathematical Judgments ? What are the important differences with respect to these necessary judgments between Geometry and Arithmetic?

10. Explain the following passage quoted by Mansel from Aristotle :Διο 'Αντισθένης φετο ευήθως μηθέν αξιών λέγεσθαι πλήν τω οικείο λόγω εν εφ' ενός.

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1. How does Mill state the belief of a Fatalist, and distinguish it from the doctrine of Philosophical Necessity ?

How does he show that the latter doctrine cannot have a depressing effect on the mind ?

2. On what grounds does Mill base the division of Sociology into the General Science of Society and Subordinate Sciences ?

The modes of investigation to be employed in the two cases are different?

3. What is implied in speaking of states of society as a subject of science ?

What, according to Mill, appears to be the predominant element in social progression ?

4. How does Mill show that the influences, apparently contradictory, which bias produces on belief can be explained by means of a single psychological law ?

How does bias act in producing erroneous beliefs ?

5. A positive empirical law is capable of a higher degree of evidence than a negative—why?

6. Metaphors cannot in general be legitimately employed as proofs ? What is their proper use ?

7. Hamilton mentions a fact in the history of philosophy, which accounts for the employment of the ignoratio elenchi, stated by Mill to have been commonly made use of against Berkeley ?

8. Whence does the notion of Self arise, according to Hamilton ?

9. What Mill regards as the essential characteristic of a true induction is fully admitted by Hamilton in his account of that process ?

Hamilton makes use of a word which most aptly expresses the nature of the inference in an induction ?

10. How is the origin of hypotheses accounted for by Hamilton ?

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1. What is Mill's definition of Logic ? How far does it differ from the common one ? Mention some others.

2. Give from Mill's Logic a sketch of his Philosophy.

3. Taking the Common Logic as a guide, state his Categories and Predicables, justifying the application of these terms.

4. State Aristotle's Dictum. How does Mill criticise it? Is his criticism just or not?

5. What, according to Mill, is the province of the Syllogism ? Exhibit the various theories of the Syllogism he discusses.

6. What are the various meanings of Induction? What is the issue between Mill and Whately as to the nature of Induction ?

7. Taking the view of Whately as true, why is the Method of Difference valid ? What branch of Knowledge, according to Mill, rests on Concomitant Variations ?

8. Why does Mill mention the following :—The Argo, Faust and Mephistopheles, the bedridden savage near Niagara, a ploughshare, th: white crow, opacity ? 9. Give Mill's criticism of the Conservation of Energy.



10. What is the meaning of Disbelief ? Discuss the question as to amount of evidence requisite to prove Coincidence ?

11. What is an Empirical Law”? Discuss fully Mill's view of Causation.

12. Can there be a science of Coexistences ?

Experimental Physics.


1. Explain how maximum and minimum thermometers have been constructed.

2. Describe Dulong and Petit's method of measuring the real expansion of liquids by heat.

3. Calculate the weight of air in a room, 10 metres by 8 m. by 5 m., when its pressure is 756 mm., and its temperature 27° C.

(a) What weight of water would be required to saturate it at this temperature, assuming that the maximum tension of aqueous vapour at this temperature is 26 mm. ?

N. B.—The weight of one litre of air at o° C. and 760 mm. is 1.293 grammes, and the density of aqueous vapour is .622.

4. Describe a method of measuring the density of the vapour of a liquid.

5. 10 grammes of ice at - 5o C. are put into a calorimeter whose water equivalent is 140 grammes, and whose temperature is 20° C. What will be its final temperature ?

6. Why do clouds form on the tops of mountains ? 7. State the two laws of Thermodynamics.

8. Explain what reversible and irreversible processes mean, and give examples of each, and explain what is meant by a reversible engine in thermodynamics.

9. Define the conductivity of a substance for heat, and explain any method of measuring it.

10. Describe how the diathermancy of bodies to various kinds of radiant heat may be studied, and mention some of the results that have been obtained.


1. Explain the air-pump you consider the best.

2. If the pressure of a gas be maintained constant while its volume is diminished, prove that the work done is = pressure x change in volume.

3. How would you calculate the weight which a balloon would support, being given all the data requisite ?

How find the height at which it which it would just float ?
4. What do you know of the diffusion of liquids ?
5. What of that of gases ?
6. What of the absorption of gases by solids and liquids ?

7. Are liquids compressible ? Describe any experiments you know bearing on the subject.

8. Mention common instances in which capillary attraction plays an important part.

9. Describe the aneroid barometer. What are its advantages and disadvantages as compared with the ordinary mercurial one ?

10. How would you determine the specific gravity of a solid of irregular shape, which dissolved when put in any liquid you had at hand?

How would you determine the specific gravity of liquids ?

Natural Science.



1. State what you know as to the movements of protoplasm. 2. Mention the chief nitrogenous and non-nitrogenous cell-contents. 3. What is known as to cell-wall growth ? 4. How are guard-cells evolved ? 5. What is primary meristem ? 6. Where, and how, does the fibro-vascular system originate ? 7. What are the peculiarities of the bast-layers ? 8. What are the exact relationships between caulome and phyllome ? 9. How do secondary roots arise ? 10. In what parts of a plant may starch be met with ?

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