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tion ; before coming to which, the com- The amendments of the Senate to the mittee rose, reported progress, and asked bill to abolish the Internal Taxes were leave to sit again.

taken up and agreed to. Wednesday, Dec. 17. On motion of Thursday, Dec. 18. The debate on Mr. Holmes of Mass.

the bill for the commutation of soldiers' Resolved, That a committee be ap- pay, was resumed in committee of the pointed to inquire into the expediency of whole, after various propositions, the sum providing, by law, fo: the pay of the mem- to be paid in lieu of the 160 acres of land bers of the Senate and House of Repre- was fixed at one hundred dollars. The sentatives, and the deputies from the ter- question being stated, “shall the bill ritories of the United States and that pass ?” On motion of Mr. Spencer of N. the said committee have leave to report Y. the committee rose, reported progress by bill or otherwise.

and obtained leave to sit again. The House then again resolved itself Friday, Dec. 19. On motion of Mr. into a committee of the whole, Mr. Bas-· Harrison, of Ohio, the following rule was sett in the chair, on the bill, to provide adopted : for commuting the bounty lands of the The Speaker shall have power to adsoldiers of the late army--the motion to mit persons to seats in the hall, during strike out the first section being still un- the sitting of the house, who belong to der consideration.

such Legislatures of foreign governments The debate was regumed, and continu- as are in amity with the United States. ed to a late hour, in which Messrs. Ball, The House resolved itself into a ComColston, Livermore, Storrs, Holmes, of mittee on the commutation bill, which M. and Beecher spoke against the bill, was reported with amendments to the and Messrs. Anderson, of Ky. Baldwin, House, and ordered to lie on the table, Harrison, Clay, and Johnson, of Ky. ad- and to be printed. vocated it.

The House again resolved itself into Mr. Clay offered a substitute by way a Committee of the whole, on the bill of amendment, embracing various provi- concerning a provision for the survivors sions varying in many points from the of the revolutionary war. Some debate original bill. The amendment having arose in regard to the scope of the meabeen read

sure, and several amendments were proThe committee rose, reported pro- posed; but no question was taken on the gress, and obtained leave to sit again---the amendments, when the Committee agreed llouse having previously ordered Mr. to rise and report progress, and obtained Clay's amendment to be printed. leave to sit again.



An extensive Asylum for the Insane bas THE THE expenses attending the maintenance been established within the limits of Charles

of the State-Prison in Charlestown,' towa, in an open, airy and healthy situaamounted during the last year to $48,913 50. tion, considerably removed from the town. The receipts arising from various kinds of It is not yet completed, but will be ready labour performed by the convicts during the for the reception of patients, it is expected, same period, amounted to $34,328 50, early next summer. leaving a balance of $14,595 ; against the The farmers in the District of Maine are State. But the stock on hand, in September, turning their attention to the cultivation of 1817, with some additional items to be cre- wheat, and it is anticipated that the time dited, amounted to $16,729 54 ; which suim, will soon arrive, when Boston and the other deducted from the amount of the above ba. sea-board towns of the Commonwealth will lance, and the stock on hand a year ago, derive their full supply of four from the mills amounting to $11,797 40, will leave only on the Kennebeck and Penobscot. The the sum of $9,652 86, as the actual cost of scarcity, in the year 1816, was not because the prison to the Commonwealth during the wheat would not grow, but because very year ending September, 1817. Tbe aver- little was sown; and this year, the abunage number of convicts during the year has dance is such, that one contract has been been 300, employed in various mechanical made for the sale of 2000 bushels, to be labours : the deaths amounted to the shipped from the Kennebeck to Baltimore. number pardoned to 27—the number whose As a specimen of what the soil of the Dis. term of confinement expired to 72. The trict of Maine can produce, it is stated that new convicts received into the prison during Mr. Daniel Hussy, of Fairfax, raised, on the year were 138.

one acre agd twenty rods of ground, in the VOL. II.-No. 11.

summer of 1816, sixty-four bushels and an ham, and Whittingham, to consider the half of wheat. The land had been ploughed expediency of using Mr. C. A. Busby's new. once, in July, the year before, and cross- ly invented Water-Wheel, (a print and desploughed in the fall; in the spring of 1816 cription of which was given in our last) it was plonghed twice before sowing, and have determined to adopt it, and have contwo bushels and an half sowed on the piece: tracted with the inventor for its immediate it bad been used as a yard for cattle for two application to the boat York. summers before, but bad not been other- Eight miles of the military road comwise manured.

menced by the 6th regiment of the U. S. InCharles Bulfinch, Esg. of Boston, bas fantry, leading from Plattsburgh to the Cha. been appointed, by the President of the tauque Four-Corners, have been com. United States, Architect of the public build- pleted; and a strong permanent work is ings at Washington.

erecting at Ronsis Point, the outlet of ChamDied.-At Salem, on the 26th November, plain. George Crowningshield, owner and com- On the 1st December seven young war: mander of the celebrated Cleopatra's Barge, .riors of the Seneca tribe of indians left aged 51 years. He was an enterprizing, Buffalo, in the stage, under the charge of public spirited citizen. By his exertions Mr. A. C. Fox, of that place, and Mr. W. were the remains of Lawrence and Ludlow Brigham, of Chatauque, to proceed to one removed from Halifax to their native land. of the sea-ports, and embark for England.

Their object is to exhibit themselves in all RHODE ISLAND. * On Friday the 5th of December, as the the important towns in England, whence packet Maria, Captain Gardner, was on her they will proceed to Paris, and afterwards, passage from this place to Newport, a lad of probably complete the grand lour through the name of Thurston Butts fell from the Europe. The Indians are all fine looking

. bowsprit of the packet, which was then

active young men, and will afford the Eurogoing at the rate of about eight miles an peans a very novel and interesting estihour

bition. At this critical moment, General William C. Gibbs, of Newport, a passenger Dutchess and Columbia Farmers' Club was

Tbe annual Meeting and Fair of the on board, sprung from the vessel, swam for the boy, reached him and succeeded in

beld at Red-Hook sometime in November. preserving him from a watery grave. Owing of the earth, are highly creditable to the far

The exhibition of stock, and other products to the rapidity of the vessel, the General had to swim a considerable distance before

mers of the two counties. he reached bim; and being much chilled by Albany, containing three acres, there are look

In the garden of Isaac Dennison, Esq. in the cold, was iwice carried under by the wards of two hundred plum trees, of the choicest weight of the boy and his own clothes, flavor and selection ; besides an equal number before the boat which put off for their relief of the finest fruit trees, consisting of pears, ap. could reach them. They were both almost ples, cherries, peaches, quinces, apricots, dic. exhausted, and could not probably have kept The steam-boat men tonk from this garden, duabove water anotler minute.

ring the season, 130 bushels of plums for the A cow, raised and fatted by Nathaniel New-York market, at the rate of tive dollars per Gray, Esq. of Little Compton, has been re

bushel; and it is supposed there remained more cenily killed in Bristol, weighing as follows:

than 10 bushels of that species of fruit, which The four quarters, 927 lbs. --Tallow, 119 lbs. prictor and the visiters of the garden. There

were distributed among the friends of the proHide, 96 lbs.--Total 1136 Ihs.

were also raised a variety of other fruit, and The valuable Cotton Factory, in Crans- every kiud of culinary vegetable, in great ton, belonging to William Sprague, Esq. and abundance. The products of these three acres containing 900 spindles, was consumed by are estimated at one thousand dollars. fire, supposed to have been communicated by

NEW JERSEY. design, on the 11th December. The loss is estimated at $25,000.

Thursday, the 1st inst. was appointed a day of prayer and thanksgiving in this Siate, hy procla.

mation of the Governor. A numerous association has recently been

PENNSYLVANIA. formed .at Norwich for the purpose of de

Certain British Officers, who had stond comtecting thieves.

mitted on a charge of misdemeanour, in violaung : A few weeks since the wife of Edward the neutral relations of the United States with Rigby, Esq. M. D. of Norwich was safely the Spanish cuonies in South America, were delivered of three healthy soos and a

presented to the Grand Jury, during the recent

session of the Circuit Couri of the United States daughter at one birth.

in Philadelphia, The Jury returued to the preVERMONT.

sentmeni, Ignoramus. The legislature of this Siate passed a law, during its last session, imposing a fine of In the extensive paper-mills of Thomas from one to seven doliars, for the passing of Gilpin and Co. on the Brandywine, a text any note of a bank that does not pay specie. process of making paper has been introduced,

which delivers a sheet of greaier breadth The Committee recently appointed by the than any made in America, and of any Directors of the Powlez-tlook Steam Ferry, length, in one unbroken piece, and regulated consisting of Messrs. Colden, Durand, Gra. according to the materials, with a greater of









less thickness. The paper, when made, is sary and sufficient for ihe completion of the collected from the machine on reels; it is, in works requisite to be effected by the Rappaits texture, perfectly smooth and even, and hannock Company, according toibeir charter. possesses all the beauty and strength of what Richard E. Parker, Esq. has been apare called well-closed and well-shut sheets. pointed one of the judges of the General The engines now prepared are calculated Court, in the place of Griliin Stith, Esq. de. to do the daily work of ten paper vats, and

ceased. will employ a water power equal to twelve

NORTH CAROLINA. or fifteen pair of mill-stones of the common An importing company is about to be size. The apparatus and machine are on a established at Fayetteville, N. C. In be called principle entirely new, and have been • The North Carolina Commercial Compatented by the inventors in this country. pany," with a capital of $500,000, divided

into shares of $ 100 each, and the affairs of The balance in the treasury of this State, on the company managed by seven directors the 1st of November, 1816, was $57,5!5 13; the aud a principal agent. amount of receipts into the treasury, during the

SOUTH CAROLINA. year ending Nov. 1st, 1517, was $151,1-11 77,

There are said to be about 30.000 souls and the amount of expenditures, for the same

within the bills of mortality in Charleston. period, was $170,530 34, which, substracted from

From the 1st Oct. 1810, to tbe 1st October, ihe two first sums, left in the treasury, Nov. Ist, 1817, a balance of $38,129 56

1917, there died 769 males and 480 females, By the last annual report of the trustees of about half blacks and half whites, making a the Male Free-School of Baltimore, which is total of 1249: of this number 429 died of under the management of the Methodist Epis: fevers. It is quite remarkable that 112 percopal Church of what city, it appears, that at the sous dicd upwards of 60 years of age, 1 last preceding report

, there were remaining in upwards of' 100 years, and 1 more than the school 929 pupils, and that there have been 110 years old. admitted, since that time, 103; that of the whole number, 12 have been lound out, 37 returned, and 2 Lave died, leaving in the schooi 251 pupils. detachunent froin this state, amounting to

Advices from Milledgeville state that the This school was, for a number of years, conducied on the old plan; but, in the year 1813, the 1st of December, and were to resume

1000 men, assembled at Fort Hawkins, on the Lancastrian system' was adopted, and the beneficial results have been striking and pu. their march in a day or two. This detach

ment has been strengthened by a reinforceBy the report of the Grand Jury for the city ment of 500 friendly Creeks, under the comand county of Baltimore, malle at the last No. mand of tbeir most distinguished warrior, vember term of the city court, it appears that Milatosh. General Gaines has with him, at there were then confinal, in the Penitentiary of Fort Scott, 700. regulars. The Seminoles bat city, 303 convicts, male and feinale, of have been reinforced by considerable numwhich 234 were males, and 75 females.

The delegates to the legislature of this Slate bers of disaffected Creeks and Cherokees. did not organize the house on the first day they

General Gaines, in a letter dated at Fort convened, in consequence of an act passed the Scott, to the Governor of Georgia, states last session to disqualify every delegate for hold that “ The reports of friendly Indians coning a seat who would not bind himself by an cur in estimating the number of hostile Inoath never to become engaged in a duel there- dians, including the “Red Sticks" and Semiatter. The house met the next day and formed noles, at more than two thousand, indepenas usual, dispensing with the oath.

dent of the blacks at and near Suwanney, DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA. Dieii.- It Washington, on the morning of

within 120 miles of this place, amounting to the 8th instant, after an illness of about twenty

bear four hundred men, and increasing by davs, Silas Armstrong, aged 23 years, a Chich the addition of every runaway from Georgia of the Delaware tribe of Indians, and one of the able to get to them." deputation of the several tribes which arrived An extract of a letter from a gentleman in at that city on public business a month ago. Georgia to a member in Congress, states,

that Major Butler, of that State, on 85 acres, James P. Presion is re-elected. Governor of cultivated by seventeen hands, produced Ibis State for the ensuing year.

140,000lbs. sugar and 74 hogsheads molasses, An Agriculurai Socieiy has been formed in Virginia, of which Mr. Madison is president. supposed to be worth $29,800; and John Each member is required to make a report of M Queen, Esq. on 18 acres, 44,781 lbs. sugar, his own practice and economy in agriculure, and 23 hhds. molasses, computed to be and also the practice of three or four of his worth $9,452. neighbours.

The census of Georgia which was recently The Virginia Board of Public Works have completed, estimates the number of inha. decided that it is not expedient, in the pre- bitants at 175,981 whites, 133,459 blacks-sent state of the resources and population of total 390,440. the country, to improve the navigation of the

ALABAMA TERRITORY. Rappahannock upon the extensive plan ori- The citizens of this territory have petiginally proposed by the principal engineer; tioned Congress against having that part of but that it is expedient and practicable to their territory, which lies on the Tombigby, render the navigation of that river equal to united to the new State of Mississippi. that of James river; and have accordingly An important suit of ejectment, involv. resolved that the suis of $ 200,000 is neces- ing the title to the rights of Blakely, has re



cently had a verdict against the representa. General Armstrong, and the brig Warrior, tives of Blakely; some points of law are In both vessels he had several severe engagesaid to have been reserved for the decision ments, in one of which he received a muskel of the General Court.

ball through his shoulder ; but always came LO0161ANA.

off conqueror. During the year ending with September

KENTUCKY. 1817, there entered at the port of New Or- The Court of the United States, during its leans 523 vessels, making a total tonnage last session at Frankfort, in this State, de100,810 tons. Within the same period clared the sale of lands, for the direct tas of 510 vessels cleared, thc tonnage of which 1798, void. amounted to 98,831 tons. The vessels employed in the river-trade that left New-Or- In the town of Dayton, one day in the leans in the above space of time, were 1115 early part of November, a large mastiff and a in number, giving a tonnage of 19,012 tons; very small cur dog entered the river at the and there arrived, in that time, 1500 flat fording a little below the bridge. The large boats, 500 barges, and 24 steam-boats, dog soon reached the opposite shore, but the freighted with the following articles, the pro- current being very strong, the small dog duce of the western states and territories, drifted a considerable distance, and returned viz: Apples 5000 bbls; bacon and hams to the shore he had left. He then went up 18,000 cwt.; bagging 2500 pieces; bark quer the river some distance, got upon a log, which citron 800 hhds.; beef 1700 bbls.; beer 300 lay in the water, as if intending to make a do.; butter 800 do.; candles 150 boxes ; cider second attempt to cross, but his courage 600 bbls.; cotton 65,000 bales; cordage 4300 seemed to fail and he began to howl. coils; corn 140,000 bushels; cornmeal 4000 The large dog seeing his distress, rebbls.; lour 190,000 bbls.; ginseng 1200 do.; crossed the river, pushed him into the stream, hemp yarns 200 reels ; bides 4000; hogs 500; and plunging in at his side, they both pro horses 350 ; lead 7000 cwt.; linen 2500 ceeded to cross the river again. They bad pieces ; lard 3000 bbls. and kegs ; paper 400 gone little more than half way over, when reams; peltries 400 packs; pork 17,000 bbls.; the small dog got entangled in some brush, potatoes 5000 busbels ; soap 2000 boxes; and was in danger of being drowned; the (allow 200 cwt. ; tobacco 28,000 bhds.; do. large dog, perceiving his situation, seized manufactured 1500 bbls. ; do. 8000 carrots; him by the neck and conveyed him safe to whiskey 250,000 gallons; wheat 95,000 the shore. bushels ; bear-skins 3000; shot 600 M.; staves The waters of the Ohio, during the last 125 M., besides a quantity of horned cattle, autumn have risen forty feet, perpendicular castings, grind-stones, muskets, merchandise, height, and brought down many emigrants. facan nuts, poas, and beans.

The schedule of the above produce is independent of what is called Lower Louisiana vered of four fine children at a birth, two d

In the town of Madison, a lady was deliProper; consisting of corn, indigo, molasses, each sex, and all in good health. wasts and spars, planks, gunpowder, rice, sugar, shingles, soap, taftia, tallow, timber,

MICBIGAN TERRITORY. beeswas, &c. which articles are generally

The exports of tbis territory, in the as brought to market in planter's crafts, or ticles of cider-apples and white-fish, bare taken from off the plantations by foreign. amounted, during the past season, to $60,000. bound vessels.

In the Detroit Gazette of the 241b ult we It is stated from New Orleans, that there find the following given as the prices current: were brought into that market, during the Flour 9 to 10 dollars—pork 26 to 30 dollars year ending with September, 28,000 hhds. to. -beef 6 dollars-cheese 20 cents-eggs 25 bacco, 190,000 bbls. flour, 65,000 bales cotton, cents per dozen--fowls 75 cents the pair and 250,000 gallons whiskey.

wood 4 dollars the cord-cider 3 dollars the Died.-At New Orleans, on the 28d No- barrel-wheat and corn 1 dollar 50 cents the vember, with the liver complaint, William bushel—potatoes 50 cents the bushel. C. C. Claiborne, Esq. late governor of Louisiana, and recently chosen senator of the The Emigrant, a newspaper printed at St. United States, from that State.

Louis, of the 4th ult. contains the following At the entrance of Bayou Lake, in the At paragraph : tacapas, in this State, was drowned, on the " It is said that living mammoths have Ist of October, Captain Guy Champlin. He lately been seen near the Rocky Monntains." was a native of New-London, in the State It is stated in the same paper, that one hunof Connecticut. During the late war he dred dwelling houses have been erected in Commanded the private armed schooner St. Louis this season.




To the Editors of the American Monthly netic, variation on the 18th of October was

4° 51' 27" W. But the observations having been

made under some disadvantages, I do not feel I

Holme's American Annals, vol. 2, p. 505, “In ever, very probable, from their general tenden1302, the German plan of disposing of books, cy, that it is not less than 4,0 50, and sot more by means of literary fairs was adopted in the than 50. The foregoing is respectfully subunited United States," I should feel mucli gratified to to the public, in the hope that some person or hear from some of your correspondents, whether persons will undertake to determiue tho magnetthe above article is correct, as I must own that ic variations with accuracy. the fact is new to me. if any one can tell where

such a plan was adopted, how long it lasted, New-York, December 15, 1817.
whether it lasts yet, or has failed, and why it
did fail, what regulations were adopted in

regard to it, what prevents its revival and success,
&c. he will highly oblige those who feel an

Having read a communication in your last interest in American Literature.

review on the progress and state of Natural BIBLIOPHILUS.

Science in the United States, I observed in the remarks on Collections of Minerals, you notice,

among others, that of Colonel Gibbs, in the Messrs. EDITORS,

Museum of the Historical Society of New York. In iny communication of last month, by an Having often visited and exainined the Coloversight, A. P. in the several examples for lection you name, permit me to say, that the finding the latitude by spherics, ás called the collection now deposited in the department of the complement of the declination. It should have Historical Society belongs 10, and has been there been terined the polar distance, as the sun at placed by J. G. Bogert, Esq. 01 N. Y. and that Dr. that time was more than 90° from the elevated Mirchill has also contributed very considerably to pole.

is value by the specimens he has laid upon the During the months of August, September, shelves. and October last, while employed in taking ob- This communication is not intended to take servations for correcting the time-keeper, and from the merit of Colonel Gibbs, who has also tinding the latitude, I took besides, about fifiy recently deposited some specimens, but lo correct observations of the sun's magnetic and true a statement, which if permitted to pass unnoticed, azimuths, in order to determine the variation of would robothers of the credit due to them. tho compass. By comparing these, the mag

A. B.



THE Knight of St. John, a Romance, tinctured his character, and he gave a

by Miss Anna Maria Porter, Author loose to that enthusiasm in friendship of the Recluse of Norway, &c. &c. &c. which he had found could not be safely New-York, James Eastburn and Co. 2 indulged in love. Cesario was the Pyvols. 12mo. p. 486.

lades for whom our Orestes conceived

this sublime sentiment, and to inspire This is a tale of the Sixteenth Centu- whom with a mutual regard he strove ry. Giovanni, the Knight of Malta, who with a perseverance rarely exhibited in gives title to the work, is not, however, the cultivation of softer attachments. the hero of the story, according to the He had many obstacles to contend with. eommon acceptation of this epithet His father had ruined the father of Cesaamong novel readers. Cesario is the per- rio, by successfully prosecuting an antisonage best entitled to this appellation, quated claim to an estate which had been as he is the lover whose hopes and fears illegally alienated by his ancestors to and fate are meant to awaken a tender those of Adimari, and the latter had concern, and whose eventual prospects of died heart-broken in consequence. Ceconnubial felicity crown all our anxiety. sario therefore regarded Giovanni as the Indeed it would be contrary to immemo- son of his father's murderer, and rerial usage to make a novel hero of one pulsed with filial indignation every atcondemned, like our Knight of St. tempt he made to obtain his confidence. John, by the vows of his order, to per- Circumstances gradually compelled him petual celibacy! Nevertheless he had to believe in the disinterested sincerity loved, and had been disappointed, and of Giovanni, and having himself been the by this means had been rendered a phi- instrument of rescuing, unwittingly, this losopher. But a spiee of romance still hereditary fae from a premature grave,

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