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rate References to all the Books of the Old and New Testaments, designed to facilitate the study of these invaluable Records. By Joseph Priestley, LL.D. F.R.S. 55. Boards. Johnson,
i The makers of indexes and of dictionaries (says Dr. P.) are never allowed the praise of much genius ; but these works certainly require the exercise of judgment :' he might have added, and of patience. This voluminous writer speaks of the present little work as the most laborious that he ever undertook. though he acknowleges that he des rived considerable assistance in its compilation from Mr. Pilkington's Rational Concordance, or Index to the Bible, printed at Nottingham in 1749. Acquainted with the utility of index-making, as well as with the labour that attends it, we are always inclined to bestow praise on those who condescend in this way to become the finger-poses of li. terature. The work before us will be found very useful to those who wish to refer to the various subjects of sacred Scripture, and is much more portable than a concordance. It is very probable that many persons, who disapprove of Dr. P. as a commentator, will commend him as an index.compiler; and will wish, as he himself suss pects, that he had aimed at nothing higher. Art 36. Sermons on varicus Subjects ; by Alexander Hewat, D.D.
Vol. II. 3vo. pp. 447. 75. Boards. Cadeil and Davies.
We mentioned the former Volume of Dr. Hewat's Sermons in our number for January 18ct, and made sufficient remarks on their characteristic merits, as well as some extracts in exemplification of the Dr.'s manner. On the present occasion, we need only to refer to that article, and state that the subjects of these nineteen discourses are the ensuing :--The folly of distrust in regard to Providence : habitual awe of God; maternal obligatious; erlucation of children; education of youth ; manlike conduct and character ; right use and improvement of old age; mysteries ; Christ's rule of equity; Christ's claim to the reward of spotless innocence, and perfect obedience ; incredulity of Thomas; rise, progress, and establishment of Christianity ; glorifying in the Cross of Christ ; obligations on all Christians to live in peace; office and authority of conscience; forgiveness of offences ; conmemorating Christ's sufferings and death; joys and comforts of a Christian life. Art. 37. Further Evidences of the Existence of the Deity. Intended
as an humble Supplement to Archdeacon Paley's Natural Theo. logy. By George Clark. 8vo. Faulder. Practical atheism is not uncommon, but we hope that speculative atheism exsists in the mind of very few. It cannot be denied, how. ever, that the latter occasionally occurs, and is even abetted by some. thing in the form of argument: yet that the argument has no real strength has been repeatedly and most satisfactorily demonstrated. Dr. Paley has remarked that, in order to refute the atheist, he would be contented with taking his stand in human anatomy; since the design, contrivance, and adaptation of parts in the animal frame are indisputable proofs of pre-existing and superintending Intellia gence. Mr. Clark assumes this ground: but he satisfies hinself with resting his proofs of a Deity on the constitution oj the sexes, which manifests pre-cogitation, a precious intention, and a pre-ordinatioti. After having exposed the ridiculous hypothesis of Mirabeau relative to the energies of matter, he observes;
• If we were to allow, for argument's sake, that an animal might have been produced !y the more energies of matter, it will be too much to adoit, ilia: un animal with a Sox, could have been so pro. duced ; because that circumstance recessarily presupposes two things, i. an increase of the species by generation i and, to that end, 2. le production of another animal of the same kind, but of the Con*; and these antifp1015 could cist only with mind or in
It would be a cou radiction to the plainest dictates of com.
75, that they could exist where dosiun or purpose were in or purpose could be, where there was not mnd,
is mind and intelliverce can only exist with a hoidja sündivai agentia it full as lacuniesibly, that a sign, interit, and purpose, were errplored in the furiration of animals, and that there did previi usly exist a LIVING, SENTIENT.GENT, or, FIRST
This argument is conclusive; and it is no small compliment to Mi Ciak to add that he has furnislund a Supplement to is the Nabral Theology of Dr Paky, which that ingenious writer, were he alive, would not object to patronize.
MISCELLANEOU S. Art. 38. A Defence of the Slave 1101, on the Crounds of Huma.
niy, Pulicy, and Justice Svo 25. Highly. A defence of persecution on the grounds of humanity would not le more revolting to common sense, than a defence of the share frase on this principle. The history of slavery cannot be the history ef human happiness ; and when it becomes an ariiile of trade and commerce, it cannot be conducted without considerable cruclıy. Writers may endeavour to throw some bright tints over the picturi: but, after their most labwurudd efforts, it must be revolting to the eye of the philanthropist. Ive are told that the slıve trade prevents a greater evii, viz. murder: but it is difficult to prove this assertion to Such an extent as the argument riquires. It is more rational to sup. pose, calculating on the effects of avarice on man, that this trade sti. mulates the Africans to make war on cach other; and that, if Europeans withdrew from this nefarious com inerce, a powerful teinptation to crime in the negroe princes heuld cia-e: but, supposing more crocky to exist in Africa than we ani abic to prove, is the slave-trade such a remedy as we should be induced wo apply, were all motives of interest out of the question? When the word policy stands coupled with humanity, we have reason for surnising that the latter is not of the true Christian stamp. This wa tills us how well-fed and happy the negrues are in this list luris: but does this assertion quare with the declaration that it is necessary, in order to keep up she population of the black., o bave a lurge aanual importation hon Africa? dfior so many burdied ilou-ands of negrues have been conveyed from their native ked to the West India Islands, bad mouitvi od liumanity operated as much as a regard co self interest, the
necessity of a farther importation, we should think, would before this time have heen at an end. We would not overlook the interest of the West India plınter, but his interest ought not to be promoted by an unjustifiable waste of human life, even in a black skin.
Substance of the Debal's on a Resolution for abolishing the Slave Trade, &c. which was moved in the House of Commons, roth June, 1800, and in the House of Lords, 24th June, 1800. With an Appendix, containing Notes and Illustrations. Cr. 8vo. pp. 216 49. boards. Pullifi and Fardin. ixo.
At length the public has been gratified by the success of the at. teinpt to pr.cuie an abolition of the odious trains in human liberty and happiness; ard ii will receive with pleasure the present record of the debates in both houses of parliament, which immediately led to the recent ratification of the ministerial plans for accomplishing this laudable design. The speeches appear to be in substance carefully detailed; and the notes afford various interesting exemplifications of the argument. Art. 40. The genuine Art of Guaging made easy and familiar, exhibit
ing all the principe Metho is actually practis:d by the Oficers of his Majesty's Revenge of Fxcise and Customs, also the established Rules for finding the Areas and Contents of Stills, &c &c. By Peter Jonas, late Supervisor of Excise. 8vo. 93. bwards. Dring and Page, Tooley Strect.
The genuine art of ģitizing, as the author calls it, is explained sa tisfactorily and fully in this treatise : indeed too fully, since the bulk of the volume might have been considerably contracted.
What neces. sity was there for making a discourse on decimal fractions, and ou square and cube roots, as an introduction to this genuine arı? Are sot these thing learat previously by him who undertakes to make himself master of the science and practice of gugiug? With equil reason, the author might have transcribed Euclid's Elements intoʻnis treatise. In pige 77, he has restricted the meaning of the word parallelogram; and according to him a parallelogram must be a rectangle.
This work, as it must necessarily happen, has excited in our min's but small interest : we have, however, examined several of its rules, and they appear to uz suficient!y commodious. The author speaks of Clarke's hydrometer. Is not this instrument, by a late regulation, ordered to be disused, and another substituteú in its stead? Art. 45. Public Characters of 1803, 1804, 1805, and 1906. 870. ICS. 61. boards, each.
R. Phillips. In noticing the former volumes of this compilation, we sufficiently pointed out the general objections to whieh all living biography initst be liable, and those in particular to which the present work was exposed, on the score both of selection and of
osition. The same remarks apply to the subsequent volumes: but the same reconmendations also continue, which seem to insure to the deeg a degree of public countenance. These recomaendations are, its indulgence of a spirit of curiosity which is ever calling for gratification, its supply
of interesting anecdotes, irs occasional delineations of amiable traits
to all the Edicions. Comprehending every Substantive, Adjective,
If it be drudgery in compile an Indes, what must be the task of reviewing it by an ample verifying examination? We can buast of being cqual to the former, but from the latter we shrink with fixed despair. The renowned Jedediah Buxton, of word catching memory, is, alas ! no more, and we know not any worthy successor to his same. Were he living, his talents might, in this industrious age, be made subservient to literature, in index-making, or in index revising; and on the present occasion, we should cagerly have sought his assistance. Seriously, however, the merit of an index can only be ascertained by experience, by a trial rearly as long as that to which Horace would submit an original composition: but the utility of such an achievement as that of a verbal index to Shakspeare, must be as obvious as its labour; and to Mr. Twiss, for having aceomplished this Herculean service, the thanks of the public are due, in a mode in which we trust he will copiously receive them.
Mr. T. justly observes that, by the aid of such an index, many obscure passages in our great dramatic author may be more readily illustrated ; and that it will be eminently serviceable even to those who do not study him as a national classic, but "recur to him as a writer abounding in common places, whose works contain something applicable to the occurrences of almost every hour.' He fairly admits that accuracy constitutes the sole merit of such a work, and that errors can scarcely have been avoided in several hundred thousand refer. ences.' but he asserts that he has spared no pains either in the no. tation of the words, or in the correction of the press ;' and 'to the praise of general correctness he boldly puts in his claim.' The last labours of Mr. Stevens, as an editor of Shakspeare, being given to the world during the progress of this compilation, Mr. Twiss submitted to the duty of collating that edition with the one which he had used; and wherever any deviation in the text, not merely literal, was des tected, he has inserted double references : thus adapting his index to cvery editio i of Shakspeare's writings. He has also considered the play of Pericies as the composition of our celebrated bard, on the authority of Mr. Malone and Mr. Stevens, and has indexed it accord. ingly. The reader is not to expect from the phrase in the title page, cumplete vertal index, that he will here find a reference to every word
tised in Shakspeare, but must attend to the restrictive denominations of words which follow in the title. Pronouns, for instance, are ex. cluded, and therefore he must noi stek for the constantly recurring monosyllables, I, thox, he, ve, you, they, &c. -oor for all the host of prepositions, conjunctions, relatives, articles, &c.
In the year 1790, the late Mr. Ayscough published an index to passages and words in Shakspeare, but it was more particularly constructed for the edition to which it was then appended. We gave an account of is in our 4th vol. N. S. p. 421. and not only made some remarks on the rature of the undertaking which will apply to Mr. Twiss's production, but produced a few samples of criticism, which perhaps we might parallel on this occasion : but, if any circumstances can make Every Gentleman his own Regiezver, this is one of them. Art. 43. Memoirs of the Life of Horatio Lord Viscount Nelson, &c.
&c. with thie Account of the last Honors paid to his Romains by a grateful Country, &c. By J.Hardy, Esq. 121no is. Crosby and Co.
A concise and cheap compilement, which may serve for the more ordinary purposes of circulating the records of Nelson's great deeds, but puffed with claims to which it is not intitled, and intended to be sanctioned by a name which may be mistaken for that of the hero's Captain, and which we suspect to be only assumed for that purpose.
Art. 44. Tle Duly of Siedl/astriess in Church Communion. By Edward
Pearson, B D. Rector of Rempstone, Nottinghamshire. 6d. Harchard.
I hongh the antient Jews occasionally yielded to that intercommunity of worship which was prevalent among idolaters, it was insa consistent with their faith in Jehovah as the only true God, and is justly reprobated by the prophet. Jehovah and Baal could not be both acknowleged, in the same mannera a Gentile might, without any violence rified to liscieed, pre ni ofterings to Minerva at Athens, and to Jupiter Capitolinus at Rome. Mr. Pearson supposes that no more fellowbrip ought to subsist between the Protestang Established and the Protestant Non established Churches of this Country, than between the communions or jchovai and Baal; and he severely reprobates these who attend the service of the Church on one part of the Sunday, and that of the Meeting-house on the other. He considers these accommodating Christians as "halting between two opinions,” (text , Kings xviii 21) and seriously urges them to refi ct on the in propriiy of their conduct. He charges them with violating the unity of ihe Church, with the sin of schism, and with
pronouncing the sentence of their own condcinnation. Assum. ing, perhaps, a ljftier attitude than becomes a Protestant, he reminde the Meeting-house frequen,er that, in the most important concernpossible, he gives up a certainty for an uncertainty ;' that dissenters in general are not as safe in separating from the Church of England as he Church of England from the Church of Rome ;'- and that we have ground from Scripture for supposing that there is an efficacy in the ofices of religion, when th:y are administered by persons who are duly authorized to adicinistes ehem, which they have not when ad