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Great Cibber fate: The proud Parnaffian faeer, Amid that area wide they took their stand,
10 (The field of glory is a field for all). So from the sun's broad beam, in shallow urns, Glory and gain, th' industrious tribe provoke; Heaven's twinkling fparks draw light, and point and gentle Dulness ever loves a joke. their horns.
A poet's form the plac'd before their eyes, Not with more glee, by hands Pontific crown'd. And bade the nimbles racer seize the prize; With scarlet hats wide-waving circled round, No meagre, muse-rid mope, adust and thin, Rome in her Capital faw Querno fit,
In a dun night-gown of his own loose ikin; Throa'd on seven hills, the Antichrist of Wit. But such a bulk as no twelve bards could raise, And now the queen, to glad her sons, proclaims Twelve ftarveling bards of these degenerate days. By herald hawkers, high heroic games.
All as a partridge plump, full-fed and fair, 40 They summon all her race: An endless band She form'd this image of well-body'd air ; Puurs forth, and leaves unpeopled half the land. 20 With pert flat eyes she window'd well its head; A motley mixture ! in long wigs, in bags, A brain of feathers, and a heart of lead; la filks, in crapes, in Garters, and in rags, And empty words she gave, and founding frain, Prom drawing-rooms, from colleges, from garrets, But fenseless, lifeless! idol pert and vain? On horse, on foot, in hacks, and gilded chariots : Never was dalh'd out at one lucky hit, All who true Dunces in her cause appear'd, A fool, fo just a copy of a wit; And all who know those Dunces to reward. So like, that critics said, and courtiers swore,
A wit it was, and call'd che phantom Morc. 50
VARIATIONS. Ver. 5. Great Tibbald nods. Ver. 8. lo the former edit.
Ver. 34. And gentle Dulness ever loves a joke.] On him, and crowds grow foolish as they gaze. This species of mirth called a joke, arising from a The four next lines are added.
Malentendu, may be well supposed to be the delight of Dulness.
Ver. 47. Never was dash'd out, at one lucky hit.) To grace this honour'd day, the queen proclaims' | Our author here seems willing to give some account Ver. 19. Shc fummons all her fons, &c. of the possibility of Dulness making a wit (which
could be done no other way than by chance). REMARKS.
The fi&ion is the more reconciled to probability be pardoned, as scarce poslible to be avoided in by the known ftory of Apelles, who being at a writing of fach persons and works as do ever shun loss to express the foam of Alexander's horfe, dashthe light. However, that we may not any way ed his pencil in despair at the picture, and happenfoften or extenuate the fame, we give them thee ed to do it by that fortunate (troke. in the very words of our antagonists : not defend Ver. 50. and call'd the phantom More.] CORLL, ing, but ratracting them from our heart, and crava in his Key to tho Dunciad, affirmed this to be ing excuse of the parties offended : For surely in James-Moore Smith, Esq.; and it is probable (conthis work, it hath been above all things our desire lidering what is said of him in the Testimonies) to provoke no man.
SCRIBL. that some might fancy our author obliged to reVer
. 15. Rome in her Capitol saw Querno fit,] present this gentleman as a plagiary, or to pass Camillo Querdo was of Apulia, who hearing the for one himself. His case indeed was like that great encouragement which Leo X, gave to poces, of a man I have heard of, who, as he was sitting travelled to Rome with a harp in his hand, and in company, perceived his next neighbour had fang to it twenty thousand verses of a poem called stolen his handkerchief : “ Sir," (said the thief, Alexias. He was introduced as a buffoon to Lco, finding himself detected)“ do not expose me, I and promoted to the honour of the laurel; a jest “ did it for mere want; be so good as take it pri. which the Court of Rome and the Pope himself “ vately out of my pocket again, and say nothing.' entered into fo far, as to cause him to ride on an The honest man did so, but the other cried out, dephant to the Capitol, and to hold a solemn festi “ See, gentlemen, what a thief we have among val on his coronation ; at which it is recorded the “ us! look, he is stealing my handkerchief!" poet himself was fo transported as to weep for Some time before, he had borrowed of Dr. Arje". He was ever after a constant frequenter of buthnot a paper called an Historico-phyfical acthe Pope's table, drank abundantly, and poured count of the South Sca; and of Mr. Pope the Meforth verses without number. Paulus Jovius, Elog. moirs of a Parish Clerk, which for two years he Vir do&. cap. Ixxxii. Some idea of his poetry kept, and read to the Rev. Dr. Young ; F. Bil** given by Fam. Strada, in his Prolusions. lers, Esq. and many others, as his own. Being
applied to for them, hc pretended they were lott; Se: life of C. Co shap. si. p. 549.
but there happening to be another copy of the
All gaze with ardour : fome a poet's name, But lofty Lintot in the circle rose : Others a sword-knot and lac'd suit inflame. “ This prize is mine; who tempt it are my foes;
“ With me began this genius, and Mall end." He spoke: and who with Lintot thall contend ?
Fear held them niute. Alone, untaught to fear, letter, it came out in Swift and Pope's Mifcel. Stood dauntless Curll; “ Behold chat rival here ; lanies. Upon this, it seems, he was so far mistaken as to confess his proceeding by an endeavour to hide it: unguardedly printing (in the Daily Journal of April 3, 1728.) “ That the contempt mium on Sir Tho. More; the farewell of which és which he and others had for these pieces," may be our author's to his plagiary, Vale! More! (which only himself had shown, and handed a. et moriam tuam graviter defende Adicu! More: bout as his own)“ occasioned their being loft, and and be sure strongly to defend thy own folly. for that cause only not returned." A fact, of
SCRIBL. which as none but he could be conscious, none but Ver. 53. But lofty Lintot] We enter here uphe could be the publisher of it. The plagiarisms on the episode of the booksellers; persons, of this person gave occasion to the following Epi- whose names being more known and famous in gram:
the learned world than those of the authors in this
poem, do therefore need less explanation. The " Moore always fmiles whenever he recites; action of Mr. Lintot hcre imitates that of Dares “ He smiles (you think) approving what he writes. in Virgil, rising just in this manner to lay hold on « And yet in this no vanity is shown;
a bull. This eminent bookseller printed the Rival " A modest man may like what's not his own." Modes before mentioned.
Ver. 58. stood dauntless Curll;] We come now This young gentleman's whole misfortune was to a character of much respect, that of Mr. Edtoo inordinate a paflion to be thought a wit. Here mund Curll. As a plain repetition of great acis a very strong instance attested by Mr. Savage, tions is the best praise of them, we shall only say son of the late Earl Rivers; who having shown of this eminent man, that he carried the trade masome verses of his in manuscript to Mr. Moore ny lengths beyond what it had ever before arriv. wherein Mr. Pope was called first of the tuneful train, ed at; and that he was the envy and admiration Mr. Moore the next morning sent to Mr. Savage, of all his profeflion. He poflefed himself a com-' to give those verses another turn, to wit, “ That mand over all authors whatever ; he caused them « Popę might now be the fird, because Moore, to write what he pleased; they could not call « had Jeft him unrivalled, in turning his style to their very names their own. He was not only " Comedy." This was during the rehearsal of famous among these; he was taken notice of by the Kival Modes, his first and only work; the the state, the church, and the law, and received town condemned it in the action, but he printed particular marks of distinction from each. it in 1726-7, with this modeft motto :
It will be owned that he is here introduced with
all possible dignity: He speaks like the intrepid « Hic cæltus, artemque repono."
Diomede; he runs like the swift-footed Achilles;
if he falls, 'tis like the beloved Nisus; and (what The smaller pieces which we have heard attribut- Homer makes to be the chief of all praises) he is ed to this author are An Epigram on the Bridge favoured of the gods; he' says but three words, at Blenheim, by Dr. Evans: Cosmelia, by Mr. and his prayer is heard ; a goddess conveys it to Pit, Mr. Jones, &c. The Mock Marriage of a the seat of Jupiter : Though he loses the prize, he mad Divine, with a Cl. for a Parson, by Dr. W. gains the victory; the great mother comforts him, The Saw pit, a Simile, by a friend. Certain the inspires him with expedients, she honours him Physical works on Sir James Baker; and some un with an immortal present (such as Achilles reowned Letters, Advertisements, and Epigrams ar ceives from Thetis, and Æneas from Venos), at gainst our author in the Daily Journal.
once instructive and prophetical ; after this he is Notwithstanding what is here collected of the unrivalled and triumphant. person imagined by Curll to be meant in this place, The tribute our author here pays him is a gratewe cannot be of that opinion : since our poet had ful return for several unmerited obligations: Macertainly no need of vindicating half a dozen of ny weighty animadversions on the public affairs, verses to himself, which every reader has done and many excellent and diverting pieces on prifor him; since the name itself is not spelled Moore, vate persons, has he given to his name. If ever but More; and, lastly, fince the learned Scriblerus he owed two verses to any other, he owed Mr. has not proved the contrary.
Curll some thousands. He was every day exVer. 50. the phantom More.] It appears from tending his fame, and enlarging his writings : hence, that this is not the name of a real person, Witness innumerable instances; but it shall lufa but fiAitious. More from pūpos, ftultus, peapice, fice only to mention the Court Poems, which he ftultitia, to represent the folly of a plagiary. Thus meant to publish as the work of the true writer, a Erasmus, “ Admonuit me Mori cognomen tibi, lady of quality; but being first threa'ened, and
quod tam ad Moriæ vocabulum accedit quam es afterwards punished for it by Mr. Pope, he geno ps ipse a re alienus” Dedication of Moriæ Enco.rously transferred it from her to him, and ever
a The race by vigour, not by vaunts, is won; Amus'd he reads, and then returns the bills
From her black grottos near the Temple-wall,
Of link-boys vile, and watermen obscene; 100 Full in the middle way there stond a lake, Where as he fish'd her nether realms for wit, Which Curll's Corinna chanc'd that morn to make: She oft had favour'd him, and favours yet. (Such was her wont, at early dawn to drop 71 Renew'a by ordure's sympathetic force, Her evening cates before his neighbour's shop) As oild with magic juices for the course, Here fortun d Curll to slide ; loud thout the band, Vigorous he rises; from the effluvia krong, And Bernard Bernard! rings through all the Imbibes new life, and scours and links along; Strand.
Repasses Lintot, vindicates the race, Obscene with filth the miscreant lies bewray'd, Nor heeds the brown dishonours of his face. Fallin in the plash his wickedness had laid:
And now the vietor stretch'd his eager hand The first if poets aught of truth declare) Where the tall nothing stood, or seem'd to stand; 'I he caitiff Vaticide conceiv'd a prayer.
A Thapeless fhade, it melted from his fight, III Hear, Jove ! whose name my bards and I adore, Like forms in clouds, or visions of the night. As much at least as any god's, or more;
To seize his papers, Curll, was next thy care ; And him and his, if more devotion warms, His papers, light, fly diverse, tost in air; Down with the Bible, up with the Pope's arms. Songs, fonnets, epigrams, the winds uplift,
A place there is, betwixt earth, air, and feas, And whisk them back to Evans, Young, and Swift. Where, from ambrosia, Jove retires for ease. Th' embroider's suit at least he deem'd his prey. There in his fate two spacious vents appear,
That suit an unpay'd taylor (natch'd away. On this he fits, to that he leans his ear,
No rag, no scrap, of all the beau or wit, And hears the various vows of fund mankind; That once so flatter'd, and that once so writ 120 Some beg an eastern, some a western wind;
Heaven rings with laughter: Of the laughter Ail vain petitions, mouding to the sky,
Three wicked imps, of her own Grub-street choir
Ver. 99.-104. In former edit, thus :
The goddets favour'd him, and favours yet) since printed it in his naine. The single time that ever he spoke to C. was on that affair, and Ver. 101. W’here, as he fith'd, &c.] See the to that happy incident he owed all the favour since preface to Swift and Pope's Miscellanies. received from him : So true is the saying of Dr. Ver. 116. Evans, Young, and Swift.) Some of Syvenham, “ tha: any one thall be, at some time those persons, whose writings, cpigrams, or jelts « or other, the better or the worse, for having he had owned, See note on ver, 50.
but seen or spoken to a good or bad man." Ver. 118. an unpay'd taylor) This line has been
Ver. 70. Curll's Corinna) This name, it seems, loudly complained of in Min, June 8, Dedic. to was taken by one Mrs. Thomas, who procured Sawney, and others, as a most inhuman satire on Some private letters of Mr. Pope, while almost a the poverty of poets : But it is thought our author boy, to Mr. Cromwell, and fold them without will be acquitted by a jury of Taylors. To me the confent of either those gentlemen to Curll, who this instance seems unluckily chosen ; if it be a saprioted them in 12mo, 1727. He discovered her tire on any body, it must on a bad paymaster, to be the publisher, in his Key, p. 12. We only since the person to whom they have here applied take this opportunity of mentioning the manner it, was a man of fortune. Not but poets may well in which those letters got abroad, which the au be jealous of so great a prerogative as non-paythor was ashamed of as very trivial chings, full, ment; which Mr. Dennis so far asserts, as boldly not only of levitics, but of wrong judgments of to pronounce, that “ if Homer himself was not men and books, and only excuseable from the “ in debt, it was because nobody would trust youth and inexperience of the writer.
“ him.” Prof. co Rem. on the Rape of the Lock, Ver. 82. Down with the Bible, up with the p. 15. Pope's arms ] The Bible, Curll's sign : the Cross Ver. 124. like Congreve, Addison, and prior ;) keys, Lintot'e.
These authors being luch whose names will icach
Meers, Warner, Wilkins, run: delusive thought! So fhall each hostile name become our owth,
Hegod, to which Theobald writ notes and half
Ver. 138. and Concanen, Swift :) la the firkt As the fage dame, experiénc'd in her trade, edition of this poem there were only alterisks in By names of toasts retails each batter'd jade; this place, but the names were fince inserted, mere(Whence hapless Monsieur much complains at ly to fill the verse, and give case to the reader. Paris
Ver 140. And we too boast our Garth and Ad. Of wrongs from Duchesses and Lady Maries ;) dison.) Nothing is more remarkable than our au. Be thine, my Stationer! this magic gift;
thor's love of praising good writers. He has in Cook shall be Prior; and Concanen, Swift : this very poem celebrated Mr. Locke, Sir Isaac
Newton, Dr. Barrow, Dr. Atterbury, Mr. Dry. den, Mr. Congreve, Dr. Garth, Mr. Addison; in
a word, almost every man of his tine that des posterity, we fall not give any account of them, served it; even Cibber himself (presuming him bat proceed to those of whom it is necessary. to be the author of the Carelelis Husband). It Befalcel Morris' was author of some fatires on was very difficult to have that pleasure in a poem the translators of Homer, with many other on this subject, yet he has found means to insert things printed in news-papers.--" Bond writ a la- their panegyric, and has made even Dulness out “ tire against Mr. P. Capt. Breval was au of her own mouth to pronounce it. It must have “ thor of The Confederatcs, an ingenious drama- been particularly agreeable to him to celebrate Dr. “ tic performance to expose Mr. P. Mr. Gay, Dr. Garth; both as his conftant friend, and as he was his “ Arb, and some ladies of qualit;,” says, CURLL, predeceffor in this kind of satire. The Dispensary Key, p. 11.
attacked the whole body of Apothecaries, a much Ver. 125. Mears, Warner, Wilkins) Booksellers, more useful one undoubtedly than that of the bad and pripcers of much anonymous tuff.
poets; if in truth this can be a body, of which no exo Ver. 126. Breval, Bund, Befaleel,] I foresee it mernbers ever agreed. It also did, what Mr. will be objected from this line, that we were in Theobald says is unpardonable, draw in parts of an error in our affertion on ver. 50. of this book, private character, and introduced persons indeclrat More was a fditious name, since chose per. pendent of his subject. Much more would Boitons are cqually represented by the poet as phan- lean have incurred his censure, who left all futtoms. So at first sight it may be seen; but be je&ts whatever, on all occasions, to fall upon the not deceived, reader; these also are not real per bad poets (which, it is to be feared, would have sons. 'Tis true, Curll declares Breval, a captain, been more immediately his concern.) But cerauthor of a piece called the Confederates ; but the tainly next to commending good writers, the greatfame Curll first said it was written by Joseph Gay: est service to learning is to expose the bad, who Is his second assertion to be credited any more can only that way be made of any use to it. This than his kra? He likewife affirms Bond to be truth is very well set forth in these lines addressed one who writ a satire on our poet: But where is to our author. fuch a satire co be found ? where was such a wri. ter ever heard of? As for Besaleel, it carries “ The craven rook, and pert jack-daw, forgery in the very name; nor is it, as the others “ (Though neither birds of moral kind) are, a furname. Thou may's depend upon it, no " Yet serve, if hang'd, and stuff'd with straw, Such authors ever lived; all phantoms. SCRIBL. “ To show us which way blows the wind.
Ver. 128. Joseph Gay, a fictitious name put by Curll before several pamphlets, which made them “ Thus dirty knaves, or chattering fools, pass with many for Mr. Gay's. The ambiguity of “ Strung up by dozens in thy lay, the word Joseph, which likewise signifies a loose “ Teach more by half than Dennis' rules, upper-coat, gives much pleasantry to the idea. “ And point intruction every way.
Ver. 132. And turn this whole illusion on the town: ) It was a common practice of this book « With Egypt's art thy pen may strive : feller to publish vile picces of obscure hands un “ One potent drop let this but thed, der the names of eminent authors.
"And every rogue that flunk alive, Ver. 138. Cook fhall be Prior,) The man here “ Becomes a precious mummy dead." specified writ a thing called The Battle of the Poets, in which Philips and Welfted were the he Ver 142. ruefot length of face] “ The decreroes, and Swift and Pope utterly routed. . He al-“ pid person or figure of a man are no reflections so publifhed fome malevolent things in the British, “ upon his genius: An honeft mind will love London, and Daily Journals: and at the fame " and esteem a man of worth, though he be time wrote letters to Mr. Pope, protesting his in- “ deformed or poor. Yet the author of the gocence. His chief work was a translation of " Dunciad hath libelled a person for his ruçlul
With that she gave him (piteous of his case, And oh! (he cry'd) what street, what lane, but Yet smiling at his rueful length of face)
knows A fhaggy tapestry, worthy to be spread, Our purgings, pumpings, blanketings, and blows ! On Codrus' old, or Dunton's modern bed; Iotrudive work! whose wry-mouth'd portraiture Display'd the faces her confeffors endure. Earless on high, stood unabalh'd De Poe,
otherwise with the gentleman of the Dunciad, And Tutchin flagrant from the scourge below. There Ridpath, Roper, cudgell'd might you view, whose scurrilities were always personal, and of that The very worked till look'd black and blue. 15° Pope; yet never to be lamented, since they occa
nature which provoked every honeft man but Mr. Himself among the story'd chiefs he spies, Ai, froin the blanket high in air he flies.
fioned the following amiable verses ;
« While malice, Pope, denies thy page
" Its own celestial fire;
" While critics, and while bards in rage. " length of face!" Mil's Journal, June 8. The “ Admiring, won't admire : genius and man of worth, whom an honeft mind fould love, is Mr. Curll. True it is, he stood While wayward pens thy worth afrail, on the pillory, an incident which will lengthen “ And envious tongues decry: the face of any man, though it were ever fo come " These times though many a friend bewail, ly, therefore is no reflection on the natural beau
* These times bewail not I. sy of Mr. Curll. But as to reflection on any man's face of figure, Mr. Dennis faith excellent “ But when the world's loud praise is chine, dy; " Natural deformity comes not by our fault; “ And fpleen no more shall blame, it is often occalioned by calamities and difcases, " When with thy Homer thou shalt thine which a man can Bo more help than a monster “ In one establish'd fame : can his deformity. There is no one misfortune,
and no ane disease, but what all mankind are • When pone shall rail, and every lay "fubject to.-But the deformity of this author is « Devote a wreath to thee;
vifible, present, lafting, unalterable, and pecu " That day (for come it will) that day liar to himself. 'Tis the mark of God and Na. “ Shall i lament to fee."
ture upon him, to give us warning that we "fhould hold no society with him, as a creature Ver. 143. A shaggy tapestry,] A forry kind of * not of our original, nor of our species : and tapestry frequent in old inns, made of worsted or they who have refused to take this warning, some coarser stuff; like that which is spoken of by * wbich God and Nature has given them, and Donue. Faces as frightful as theirs who whipe abave, in spite of it, by a fenfelels prefumption. Christ in old hangings. This imagery woven in "veotared to be familiar with him, have severely it alludes to the mantle of Cloanthus, in Æn. v. "suffered, &c. It is certain his original is not Ver. 144. John Dunton was a broken bookfel* from Adam, but from the devil.” &c.--Den- ler, and abufive scribbler; he writ Neck or NoRit, Character of Mr. P. 8vo. 1716.
thing, a violent fatire on some ministers of state; Admirably it is observed by Mr. Dennis again a libel on the Duke of Devonshire and the Bifliop Mr. Law, p. 33. " That the language of Billings- of Peterborough. &c.
gae can never be the language of charity, nor Ver. 148. And Tutchin flagrant from the
confequently of Christianity." I should else be scourge] John Tutchin, author of some vile vertempted to use the language of a critic; for what ses, and of a weekly paper called the Observator : is inore provoking to a commentator than to be. He was sentenced to be whipped through several hoid bis author thus pourtray'd? Yet I consider cowns in the west of England, upon which he pe. i really hurts not him! whereas to call some titioned King James Ul. to be hanged. When that others dull, might do them prejudice with a world prince died in exile, he wrote an invective againft too apt to believe it : Therefore, though Mr. D. his memory, occasioned by fome humane elegies may call another a little afs or a young toad, far on his death. He lived to the time of Queen Anne. be it from us to call him a toothless lion or an old Ver. 149. There Ridpath, Roper,] Authors of serpent. Indeed, had I written these notes (as the Flying-Post and Post-Boy, two scandalous pawas once my intent) in the learned language, 'pers on different fides, for which they equally and migh: have given him the appellations of balatro, alternately deserved to be cudgelled, and were fo. calceatum caput, fcurra in triviis, being phrases in Ver. 151. Himself among the story'd chiefs he good efteem and frequent usage among the belt spies,] The hiftory of Curli's being tossed in a Learned: But in our mother tongue, were i to blanket, and whipped by the scholars of Weftsay any gentlemen of the Dunciad, surely it should minster, is well known. Of his purging and vobe in words not to the vulgar intelligible; where- miting, see A full and true account of a horrid by Christian charity, decency, and good accord Revenge on the body of Edmund Curll, &c. ix among authors, might be preserved. SCRIBL. Swift and Pope's Miscellanies.
The good Scriblerus here, as on all occasions, Ver. 157. See in the circle next Eliza plac'd,} eminently fhows his humanity. But it was far I In this game is exposed, in the molt contemptuous