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That he was like the apothecaries' gally-pots; that had on the outside apes, and owls, and satyrs; but within precious drugs.1

† 197. Lamia the courtezan had all power with Demetrius King of Macedon; and by her instigations he did many unjust and cruel acts. Whereupon Lysimachus said; That it was the first time that ever he knew a whore play in a tragedy.

† 198. Themistocles would say of himself; That he was like a plane-tree, that in tempests men fled to him, and in fair weather men were ever cropping his leaves.

† 199. Themistocles said of speech; That it was like Arras, that spread abroad shews fair images, but contracted is but like packs.

200. (90.) Brisquet 2, jester to Francis the first of France, did keep a calendar of fools, wherewith he did use to make the King sport; telling him ever the reason why he put every one 3 into his calendar. So when Charles the fifth passed, upon confidence of the noble nature of Francis, thorough France, for the appeasing of the rebellion of Gaunt, Brisquet put him into his calendar. The King asking the cause, he said1: Because you having suffered at the hands of Charles the greatest bitterness that ever prince did from other 5, he would trust his person into your hands. Why, Brisquet, (said the King) what wilt thou say, if thou seest him pass in as great safety as if it were" thorough the midst of Spain? Saith Brisquet; Why then I will put out him, and put in you.

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201. (245.) Lewis the eleventh of France, having much abated the greatness and power of the Peers, Nobility, and Court of Parliament, would say; That he had brought the Crown out of ward.

202. (57.) Sir Fulke Grevill', in Parliament, when the Lower House in a great business of the Queen's 10, stood much upon precedents, said unto them; Why should you stand so much upon precedents? The times hereafter will be good or bad: If good, precedents will do no harm; if bad, power will make a way where it finds none.

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• Compare Melch. I. 3. 1., where a different story with a similar point is told of Alonso Carrillo and one of his servants.

9 afterward Lord Brooke. R.

10 when the House of Commons in a great business stood, &c. R.

203. (34.) When peace was renewed with the French in England, divers of the great counsellors were presented from the French with jewels. The Lord Henry Howard' was omitted. Whereupon the King said to him; My Lord, how haps it that you have not a jewel as well as the rest? My Lord answered again, (alluding to the fable in Æsop;) Non sum Gallus, itaque non reperi gemmam.


204. (232.) An orator of Athens said to Demosthenes; The Athenians will kill you, if they wax mad. Demosthenes replied, And they will kill you, if they be in good sense.

205. (175.) Alexander sent to Phocion a great present of money. Phocion said to the messenger; Why doth the King send to me and to none else? The messenger answered; Because he takes you to be the only good man in Athens. Phocion replied; If he think so, pray let him suffer me to be good still.3

206. (92.) Cosmus duke of Florence was wont to say of perfidious friends; That we read that we ought to forgive our enemies; but we do not read that we ought to forgive our friends.

207. (102.) Æneas Sylvius, that was Pius Secundus', was wont to say; That the former Popes did wisely to set the lawyers on work to debate, whether the donation of Constantine the Great to Sylvester were good and valid in law or no? the better to skip over the matter in fact, whether there were any such thing at all or no?



208. (176.) At a banquet, where those that were called the Seven Wise Men of Greece were invited by the embassador of a barbarous King, the embassador related, That there was a neighbour King, mightier than his master, picked quarrels with him, by making impossible demands, otherwise threatening war; and now at that present had demanded of him to drink up the sea. Whereunto one of the Wise Men said; I would have him undertake it. Why (saith the embassador) how shall he come off? Thus, (saith the Wise Man :) Let that King first stop the rivers that run into the sea, which are no part of the bargain, and then your master will perform it.

209. (177) At the same banquet, the embassador desired

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the Seven, and some other wise men that were at the banquet, to deliver every one of them some sentence or parable, that he mought report to his King the wisdom of Græcia. Which they did. Only one was silent. Which the embassador perceiving, said to him; Sir, let it not displease you, why do not you say somewhat that I may report? He answered, Report to your lord, that there are of the Grecians that can hold their peace.

† 210. One of the Romans said to his friend; What think you of such an one as was taken with the manner in adultery? The other answered; Marry, I think he was slow at dispatch.

† 211. Lycurgus would say of divers of the heroes of the heathen; That he wondered that men should mourn upon their days for them as mortal men, and yet sacrifice to them as gods.

212. (93.) A Papist being opposed by a Protestant, that they had no Scripture for images, answered; Yes; for you read that the people laid their sick in the streets, that the shadow of Saint Peter mought come upon them; and that a shadow was an image; and the obscurest of images.1

† 213. There is an ecclesiastical writer of the Papists, to prove antiquity of confession in the form that it now is, doth note, that in very ancient times, even in the primitive times, amongst other foul slanders spread against the Christians, one was; That they did adore the genitories of their priests. Which (he saith) grew from the posture of the confessant and the priest in confession: which is, that the confessant kneels down, before the priest sitting in a raised chair above him.

† 214. Epaminondas, when his great friend and colleague in war was suitor to him to pardon an offender, denied him. Afterwards, when a concubine of his made the same suit, he granted it to her; which when Pelopidas seemed to take unkindly, he said; Such suits are to be granted to whores, but not to personages of worth.

215. (178.) The Lacedæmonians had in custom to speak very short. Which, being in empire', they mought do at pleasure. But after their defeat at Leuctra, in an assembly of the Grecians, they made a long invective against Epaminondas; who stood up, and said no more but this; I am glad we have taught you to speak long.

† 216. Fabricius, in conference with Pyrrhus, was tempted to

of all images. R.

2 being an empire. R.

revolt to him; Pyrrhus telling him, that he should be partner of his fortunes, and second person to him. But Fabricius answered, in a scorn, to such a motion; Sir, that would not be good for yourself: for if the Epirotes once knew me, they will rather desire to be governed by me than by you.

217. (179.) Fabius Maximus being resolved to draw the war in length, still waited upon Hannibal's progress to curb him; and for that purpose he encamped upon the high grounds. But Terentius his colleague fought with Hannibal, and was in great peril of overthrow. But then Fabius came down the high grounds, and got the day: Whereupon Hannibal said; That he did ever think that that same cloud that hanged upon the hills, would at one time or other give a tempest.

218. (246.) There was a cowardly Spanish soldier, that in a defeat the Moors gave, ran away with the foremost. Afterwards, when the army generally fled, this soldier was missing. Whereupon it was said by some, that he was slain. No sure, (saith one) he is alive; for the Moors eat no hare's flesh.2

219. (180.) Hanno the Carthaginian was sent commissioner by the state, after the second Carthaginian war, to Rome 3, to supplicate for peace, and in the end obtained it. Yet one of the sharper senators said; You have often broken with us the peaces whereunto you have been sworn ; I pray, by what Gods will you swear? Hanno answered; By the same Gods that have punished the former perjury so severely.

†220. Thales being asked when a man should marry, said; Young men not yet, old men not at all.

†221. Thales said; That life and death were all one. One that was present asked him; Why do not you die then? Thales said again; Because they are all one.


222. (181.) Cæsar after first he had possessed Rome, Pompey being fled, offered to enter the sacred treasury, to take the moneys that were there stored. Metellus, tribune of the people, did forbid him. And when Metellus was violent in it, and would not desist, Cæsar turned to him, and said; Presume no further, or I will lay you dead. And when Metellus was with those words somewhat astonished, Cæsar added; Young man, it had been easier for me to do this than to speak it.

† 223. An Ægyptian priest having conference with Solon,

' down from. R.

3 R. omits "to Rome."

2 Melch. II. 3. 21.

4 when he had first. Ꭱ.

said to him; You Grecians are ever children; you have no knowledge of antiquity, nor antiquity of knowledge.

224. (14.) The counsel did make remonstrance unto Queen Elizabeth of the continual conspiracies against her life; and namely of a late one: and shewed her a rapier, taken from a conspirator, that had a false chape, being of brown paper, but gilt over, as it could not be known from a chape of metal; which was devised to the end that without drawing the rapier mought give a stab; and upon this occasion advised her 1 that she should go less abroad to take the air, weakly accompanied, as she used. But the Queen answered; That she had rather be dead, than put in custody.

225. (194.) Chilon would say, That gold was tried with the touchstone, and men with gold.

226. (101.) Zelim was the first of the Ottomans that did shave his beard, whereas his predecessors wore it long. One of his Basha's asked him; Why he altered the custom of his predecessors? He answered; Because you Basha's shall not lead me by the beard, as you did them.

† 227. Diogenes was one day in the market-place, with a candle in his hand; and being asked; What he sought? he said; He sought a man.

† 228. Bias being asked; How a man should order his life? answered; As if a man should live long, or die quickly.

† 229. Queen Elizabeth was entertained by my Lord Burleigh at Theobalds: and at her going away, my Lord obtained of the Queen to make seven knights. They were gentlemen of the country, of my Lord's friends and neighbours. They were placed in a rank, as the Queen should pass by the hall; and to win antiquity of knighthood, in order, as my Lord favoured; though indeed the more principal gentlemen were placed lowest. The Queen was told of it, and said nothing; but when she went along, she passed them all by, as far as the screen, as if she had forgot it: and when she came to the screen, she seemed to take herself with the manner, and said; I had almost forgot what I promised. With that she turned back, and knighted the lowest first, and so upward. Whereupon Mr. Stanhope, of the privychamber, à while after told her: Your Majesty was too fine for

1 and namely, that a man was lately taken who stood ready in a very dangerous and suspicious manner to do the deed; and they shewed her the weapon wherewith he thought to have acted it, and therefore they advised her, &c. R.

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