Imágenes de páginas

Dolar distance, then fubtrazt it from the polar distance t." Now, if Mr.' Moore bad but luckily recollected, that it is impoflible for any one fide of a triangle to be greater than the sum of the other two, he would immediately have seen that what his forefathers had done, in this respect, was quite sufficient; and that his addition was entirely a work of supererogation. · Art. 22. The Universal System : or Mechanical Cause of all the

Appearances and Movements of the vibble Heavens; Mhewing the true Powers which move the Earth and Planets in their Central Rotacions. With a Dissertation on Comets, the Nature, Cause, Mat:er, and Use of their Tails, and the Reasons of their long Trajectories: likewise an Attempt to prove what it is that moves the Sun round its Axis. 8vo. Iš. boards. Buckland. 1779.

The Universal System seems to be written by a lensible man *; and to contain a sketch of an ingenious theory, calculated to remove some difficulties in the system of the universe, as explained both by Car. tefian and Newtonian philosophers; and though the Author's reafons may not be considered as demonftrations, yet the probability and in. genuity of some of his conjectures render this brief system worthy the attention of aftronomers.

PHILOSOPHICAL. Art. 23. An Account of the Experiments made at the Pantheon, on

ib. Nature and Use of Conductors, &c. Read at the Meetings of the Royal Society. By Benjamin Wilson, F. R. S. &c. 410. 38. 6d. Nourse. 1778.

We have already noticed this account of Mr. Wilson's Experi. ments, in our Review of the last volume of the Philosophical Transactions (Monthly Review, June 1779, page 415). The relation of thefe Experimental Observations is here republished, in a separate form, for the benefit of those, we suppose, who may not have an opportunity of consulting the Transactio's. We should further observe, that to this republication the Author has annexed some new experiments made with the Lcyden phial, respecting the proper termination of conductors: but these cannot be rendered intelligible, without a light of the plates that accompany them.

It may be acceptable to electricians to be informed of a method, here described, by which Mr. Cavallo repairs coated phials, &c. that have been cracked or perforated, either by a spontaneous discharge, or other accident. He removes the outside coating from the fractured part, and then makes it moderately hoc by holding it to the game of a candle; and while it remains hot, he applies burning sealing-wax to the part, so as to cover the fracture intirely; taking care that the chickness of this wax coating may be greater than that of the glass. Lastly, he covers all the realing wax, and part of the surface of the glass beyond it, with a composition made with four parts of bees-wax, one of refin, one of curpentine, and a very little oil of olives. This he spreads upon a piece of oiled Gik, which be applies in the manner of a plaister. With this method,

+ Pradical Navigator, p. 149.
• The Preface is figned John Lacy,

says Mr. Wilson, I have seen several phials so effectually repaired, that, after being frequently charged, they were at last broken by a Spontaneous discharge, but in a different part of the glass.

POETICAL : Art. 24. Sophia to Alonzo ; an heroic Epistle. 4to. 156

Bachurit. 1979. This Epifle, though conceived with more passion than tenderness, and expressed with more' force than harmony, is not one of the worst imitations of Ovid that have come before us. There are strokes of nature in it which do credit to the juitness of the Author's pencil. Art. 25. The Lovely Moralis : An Epistle from a late unfortu

nate young Lady, to her Lover the M- - of C r -n, a few Hours before her Death, after the News of a late domestic Accident. Wish Notes and Illustrations. 460. 1 s. 6 d. Faulder,

This Epistle, like the former, is written after the Ovidian model, We have not much to say in praise of its execution. The impropriety and impertinence, to speak in no harsher terms, of making free with private character, merely upon the credit of a newspaper, anecdote, are fufficiently obvious. Art. 26. A Colle&tion and Selection of English Prologues and Epic

lagues ; commencing with Shakespeare, and concluding with Gar. rick. Crown 8vo. 4 Vols. 14 s. bound. Fielding and Co. 1779.

• The design of this compilation is to be a reservoir of all the prologues and epilogues in our language, worth preserving, given: in a chronological succession, after the manner of Mr. Dr.] Percy's Collection of ancient English Ballads ; so as to incitle these volumes to a place in a library; and by presenting the various species of them, whether in prose or verse ; in dialogue or declamation ; in argument, supplication, or defiance; to fhew the latitude with which they have and may be used. For our writers have deviated greatly from the original purpose of these exordiums and perorations; the licentia poetica of Englishmen partaking the nature of their libertas politica, which spurns at despotism, and would no more be governed by the laws of Aristotle, than by those of Alexander. Preface. Art. 27. An Epistle to John Count O'Rourke, Colonel of Horse,

Knight of the Royal Order of St. Lewis, and formerly Lord Chamberlain to Stanislaus King of Poland. 4to. Is. Lewis, 1779.

A compliment to the Count, reciting his high birth (being defcended, it is said, from the ancient Irish Kings), his virtues, his military attainments, and his Military book: fee Review for last June, Art. 41, of the Catalogue.

The Poet introduces, likewise, a copious panegyric on the Irish nation ; at the same time lamenting, and enumerating, the great bardships which poor Hibernia hath endured, from the burthens Jaid upon her by the English ; but he gratefully acknowledges the late very favourable regard thewn to her by government.

• 'Twas thine, great GEORGE, with lenient touch, to calm
Her heart-felt throbbings-thine to pour the balm
Into her rankling wounds, those wounds to heal,

And give her earnest of her future weal.”
The foregoing lines are here given as a fair specimen of the poetry.


. MISCELLANEO U s. Art: 28. Thoughts on the Times, but chiefly on the Profligacy of our Women, and its Causes. Addressed to every Parent, Husband, and modest Woman in the three Kingdoms. In two Parts; Thewing First, the Danger of public Incontinence ; the Absurdity of our Female Education ; the Folly arid bad Tendency of a fashionable Life, and the Evils that arise from French Refinement; and Secondly, how seldom Men-Midwive's a're necessary; that their Practice is dangerous -- that it is repugnant to Modelty, tends to destroy the Peace of Families, and endanger Virtue. izmo. 2 s. 6d. Bew, &c. .

An indecent attack upon indecency-on what grounds it is made, we pretend not to judge. Art. 29. The History of the Royal Abbey of Bec, near Rouen in · Normandy. By Dom. John Bourget, Benedictine Monk of the

Congregation of St. Maur in the said House, and Fellow of the Society of Antiquarians of London. Translated from the French. 8vo. 38, fewed. Conant. 1779.

To those who are not bleft with the true antiquarian inspiration, this hiftory must appear as dry and uninteresting, as the register of births and burials in any country church ; affording not one curious fact or interesting anecdote : we will not therefore walte either oor own time, or that of our Readers, by making any extracts from it. Art. 30. Pictures of Men, Manners, and the Times; interspersed

with Descriptions of the Country, and Rural Enjoyments. Writ. ten in the Year 1777. 12mo. 2 Vols, 6 s. bound. Boosey, 1779.

These two volumes consist of thirty chapters, each of which treats on some different topic. They are written in rather a lively man. ner, and may afford fome entertainment, the more, perhaps, because they abound with satire ;- satire, which, indeed, is frequently too júit, as particularly when it is employed on the remarkable delicacy of the times,' the luxury of the age,' the blessings of the cardtable,' &c. Art. 31. Lucubrations, Civil, Moral, and Historical. Small 8vo.

is. 6 d. Scott, Chancery-lane. 1779. . - A man of literary decency would not disgorge indigestions wan. toniy in public view, but relieve a weak stomach from crudities in the utmolt privacy. One Shandy in the memory of man is sufficient; but this hodge-podge brother of the servum pecus tribe

is has yet to learn, That nine fuch scribblers will not make a Sterne, . . Art. 32. Exercises upon the different Parts of Italian Speech, with

References to Veneroni's Grammar : To which is subjoined, An Abridgment of the Roman History, intended at once to make the Learner acquainted with History, and the Idiom of the Italian Language. By F. Bottarelli, A. M. 12mo. 2 s. 6 d. bound. Nourse. 1778.

A work of this kind has been so much wanted, that it will be a sufficient recommendation of these Exercises, to say, that they appear to be judiciously adapted to facilitate the learning of the Italian lap. guage.


Art.-33. The Playhouse Pocket Companion; or, Theatrical Vade

Mecum. Containing, I. A Catalogue of all the Dramatic Au. thors, who have written for the English Stage, with a Litt of their Works, shewing the Dates of Representation or Publication, II. A Catalogue of Anonymous Pieces, Il, An Index of Plays and Authors. In a Method iotirely new, &c. To which is prefixed, A Critical History of the English Stage, from its Origin to the present Time. With an Inquiry into the Causes of the Decline of Dramatic Poetry in England. 12mo. 3 8. Richardson and Urquhart. 1779.

As great wits are generally said to have short memories, and may be as liable to have short pockets ; they are here offered a, filled with names, titles, and dates, equally adapted to the deficiencies of both. Art. 34. The Annals of Europe, or Regal Register ; Thewing the Succellion of the Sovereigns of Rome, Conftantinople, Adrianople, Trebizond, Turkey, Russia, Germany, Lombardy, Italy, France, Spain, Portugal, Denmark, Sweden, Hungary, Poland, Prullia, England, Scotland, and Ireland: Together with the Bishops and Popes of Rome, frosp the Foundation of their States to the prefent Time: With the principal Events in each of their Reigns, and the Time when they happened. To which are added, Tables of the cotemporary Princes from the Year 800, and an alphabetical Arrangement of all their Names, shewing the Time of their Accession and Deach, with concise Characters of all, as handed down by the belt Historians. 8vo. 58. Boards. Newbery.


The length of this title-page renders it unnecessary for us to say any ching in explanation of the design of this book ; and the utility of the design is too obvious to need illuftration : we have therefore only to remark, that the work seems to be executed with sufficient accuracy to render it a useful manual to the readers of history. In the doubtful periods of antiquity, the common dates are adopted, notwithstanding the decisive arguments by which the Newtonian chronology is supported. ?Tis astonishing, that in a matter so clearly decided, and on such authority, new writers should still blindly follow the bearon track. Art. 35. A View of the Earth, as far as it was known to the An.

cients : Being a short but comprehensive System of classical Geo: graphy, exhibiting, 1. A Description of the several Empires, Kingdoms, and Provinces, their Cities, Towns, Rivers, and Mountains, mentioned in the Greek and Latin Claffics. II. An accurate Abridgment of the Æneid of Virgil and Odyffey of Ho. mer, in a Geographical Description of the Voyages of Æneas and Ulysses. With the Travels and Voyages of St. Paul. Being a Work absolutely necessary for the right Underitanding of the Clasfics. Adapred to the Use of Schools and Academies, and illustrated with a new Set of Maps. By R. Turner, junior, of Mage dalen Hall, Oxford. 8vo. 35. Boards. Dodsley. 1779.

As it is probable that the clasics were understood long before this ketch of ancieat geography appearud, we cannot, wish the Author, pronounce his work absolutely necessary for the right onderstanding of them : we muit, however, do him the justice to acknowledge that it is executed in such a manner, that it may be very useful to the classical student. Art. 36. The Dyer's Afitant in the Art of dying Wool and IV oollen


Goods. Extracted from the philosophical and chemical Works of Messrs. Ferguson, Du Fay, Hellot, Geoffroy, Colbert, and julienne. Translated from the French ; with Additions and practi. cal Experiments. By James Haigh, Silk and Muslin Dyer, Leeds. 12mo. 5 s. 6 d. sewed. Leeds prioted, and sold by Rivington, London. 1778.

This appears to be a useful compilement, on a subject concerning which very few books have appeared in this country. The art of dying is, in itself, one of the most curious ; and in a commercial view, one of the most important. In a word, it is an art, in the improvement and perfe&tion of which, the philosopher and the me. chanic are equally interested. Art. 37. A Dictionary of the Bible; Historical and Geographical;

Theological, Moral, and Ritual; Philosophical and Pnilological. By Alexander Macbean, A. M. 8vo. 6 s. bound. Carnan.



A dictionary of the Bible ought to be wholly confined to the ex. planation of the proper names and more dificult terms contained in the Bible. Instead of this, we find the technical language of Calvin nilic theology, and of puritanical mysticism, plentifully dispersed in alphabetical shreds through this volume; the unavoidable con fe. quence of which is, that the literary and scientific parts of the works are crouded into a very narrow compass : it may however be of some use to those who have not an opportunity of consulting larger works. Art. 38. Directions to Servants; particularly those who have

the Care of Children. 8vo. 6 d. Dodsley, &c. 1779. The Author treats his subject under the following diftinct heads : - Importance of Servants who have the Care of Children-The real Interest of Servants-- Directions to Servants in regard 10 Children. On each of these heads the Writer gives a number of sensible, and Some fingular precepts. Among the first is the following: 'Take more care in what you say or do before children than before the world; for they may not only imitate, but misunderstand you.' From the novelties we have selected what follows : • Children lhould have nothing said to them on religion by servants. And even parents should avoid it while children are young, and until they have attained all necessary previous knowledge.'-All prayers should be carefully avoided ; . because children moft misapprehend them. They should have no idea ' that a good may be obtained but by a right temper and behaviour,' &c.-As this is a point that merits the most ample and serious confideration, surely the Author should either have treated it more at large, or have been filent upon it. The liale page that he has employed on this subject, may, perhaps, only ferve to unsettle the minds of many well-meaning people, wiihout satis. fying the doubts or scruples of any individual.


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