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duke of Buckingham, was born to chear him on his return from that unlucky voyage.

For these sweet pledges, and no less for the unquestionable virtues of her person and mind, he loved her dearly, and well expressed his love in an act and time of no fimulation towards his end, bequeathing her all his manfion-houfes during her natural life, and a power to dispose of his whole personal estate, together with a fourth part of his lands in jointure ; he left his elder brother of the fame womb a viscount, and his younger bro. ther an earl:; Sir Edward Villiers, his halfbrother on the father's fide, he either preferred or removed (call it how you will) from his ftep-mother's eye to the presidentthip, where he lived in fingular estimation for his justice and hospitality ; and died with as much grief of the whole province, as ever any governor did (before his religious lady of sweet and noble disposition) adding much to his honour. The eldest of the brethren, and heir of the name, was made a baronet, but abstained from court, enjoying perhaps the greater greatness of self-fruition.

He left his mother a countess by patent in her own person, which was a new leading example, grown

before somewhat rare, fince the days of queen Mary. His fister of Denbigh (that right character of a good lady) he most humbly recommended to the queen ; who.af. ter a discharge of some French in her court

that were to return, took her into three several places of honour and trust.

In short, not to insýtt on every particular branch of those private preferments, he left all his female kindred, of the entire or half blood, descending of the name of Villiers or Beaumont, within any near degree, either matched with peers of the realm actually, or hopefully with earls fons and heirs; or at least with knights, or doctors of divinity, and of plentiful condition : he did not much strengthen his own fubfiftence in court, but stood there on his own feet, for the truth is, the most of his allies rather leaned upon him, than thoared him up.

His familiar servants, either about his person in ordinary attendance, or about his affairs of state, as his secretaries ; or of office, as his fteward; or of law, as that worthy knight whom he long used to follicit his causes; he left all, both in good fortune, And, which is more, in good fame.

• THE

The LIFE OP

THOMAS WENTWORTH,

TH

HOMAS WENTWORTH was the son

of Sir William Wentworth, baronet, and Anne, daughter and heir to Sir Robert Atkins of Stowell, in the county of Gloucester, knight ; and was born on the thirteenth of April 1593, seven minutes after three in the afternoon: the famous Lilly, who calculated his nativity, having laid down astrological reasons for his violent death.

He was a person of most extraordinary accomplishments, which raised him to very fig. nal honours and preferments. He at first dirtinguished himself amongst the king's oppofers ; for which reason he was, in the year 1625, made sheriff of Yorkshire, to prevent his being chosen member of parliament. la 1626, he was put in confinement for refusing to contribute to the loan, then exacted by Charles I. In the parliament, in 1627, he fignalized himself as a patriot, upon occasion of the inquiry made into the grievances of the nation by the commons. The abuses whichi they took into confideration, were billetting of foldiers, loans by benevolence and privy, feals, imprisonment of gentlemen refusing to lend,

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denial of release upon a habeas corpus ; and, amongst many speeches made upon this occafion, none were taken more notice of than that made by Sir Thomas Wentworth against the government. But he observed that those things were not to be imputed to the king, but the ministers, who had formed the design of Atretching the prerogative beyond its due bounds. , They have brought the crown into greater want than ever," faid he, “ by anticipating the revenues : and can the fhepherd be thus fmitten, and the Sheep not scattered? They have introduced a privy.council, ravishing at once the spheres of all ancient government, imprisoning us without either bail or bond. They have taken from us, what? What shall I say? Indeed, what have they left us? All means of supplying the king, and ingratiating ourselves with him, taking up the root of all property."

As he was one of the greatest geniuses then in England, the king could not but be fenfible

that his parts and capacity might be highly Murviceable to him if he could gain him to his fide. He endeavoured it therefore, after, or perhaps before, the diffolution of the parliament, and fucceeded so well, that Wentworth, before it was ended, became one of the greatest sticklers for the royal authority, or rather for the despotic power the king had a mind to introduce.

Upon this account the king thought him the istest person to be entrusted with the prefi

deniship dentship of the council in the north. He was at the same time created baron Wentworth, of Wentworth-wood-house; and, on the tenth of December following, viscount Wentworth of the fame place, and

was made one of the privy council ; in all which trusts he acquitted himself much to the satisfaction of his prince, whofe revenue he greatly improved. His next step of preferment was to be lord-deputy of Ireland, where he preferred learned and pious men who were attached to episcopacy. He moreover raised eight regiments for the king's fervice, each consisting of one thousand men; but before he had disposed of these forces into neceffary quarters, he was recalled to England, and made lieutenant-general to the earl of Northumberland, who commanded the army which was going to be employed against the Scots, who had then invaded the kingdom.

On the twelfth of January, 15 Charles I. he was created baron of Raby, and earl of

Strafford; and was also made knight of the - garter, on the twelfth of September 1640; but things not succeeding well in Ireland una der Sir Christoper Wandesford, master of the rolls there, whom he had left deputy in his room; and the parliament of England by this time entering into secret engagements with the Scots, the earl of Strafford's ruin was brought about not long after. He had so entirely devoted himself to the king, that, in his two great offices of president of the court of York, and

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