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EXERCISE

PAGS

117. Letter to Lord Chesterfield, ..... SAMUEL JOHNSON, . 392

118. Portrait of James Boswell, . .. MACAULAY, • • • •

394

119. Passages from Boswell's Life of Johnson,

. . . . . . . . 397

120. The Mocking Bird, ........

THOMAS NUTTALL, , 400

121. Scene from the Lady of the Lake, ... Sir Walter Scott, , 402

i22. The Borrowed Umbrel

DOUGLAS JERROLD, . 415

123. Sketch of Addison, · · · · · · · ·

New Am. CYCLOPÆDIA, 418

124. Discretion, not Cupning, . . . . . . ADDISON, . . . . . 420

125. Moore as a Poet, . . . . . . . . . ROBERT CHAMBERS, . 423

126. Speciinens from Thomas Moore :-

The Meeting of the Waters, . . . . . . . . . . . . 424

There's nothing truo but Heaven, ........... 425

The Lake of the Dismal Swamp, . . . . . . . . . . . 426

127. Trial and Execution of Charles I., ... HUME, . . . . . . 428

128. Passages from Campbell's “ Pleasures of Hope :"-

Hope Kindled by Distant Objects, · · · · · · · · · ·

432

Hope Lingered when all else had Fled, . . . . . . . .

433

Hope animates the Ilero, . . . . .

Hope invoked to cheer the Home of Poverty, . . . . . 433

Hope, the Mother's Inspiration, . . . . . . .

434

Hope soothes even the poor Maniac, . . . . .

435

Hopo gives Pledge of Progress, . . . . . .

435

No Hopo of Happiness without Woman, . . .

435

Life without Christian Hope, . . . . . . . . . . . .

436

Hope the sole solace in the Dying Hour, ........

436

Hope of future Happiness inspiring, ... . . . . . .

437

Hope Eternal, . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . 437

129. Cooper the American Novelist, .... Rufus W. GriswolD, 438

130. Escape of the Frigate, . . . . . . . J. FENIMORE COOPER, 440

131. Escape of the Frigate (continued), • . • J. FENIMORE COOPER

446

132. Thanatopsis, .

. . . . WM. CULLEN BRYANT, 452

133. Christian in Doubting Castle, ...John BUNYAN, ... 455

134. Cato's Soliloquy, . . . . . . . . . ADDISON, . . . . . 460

135. Passages from Burns :-

The Wish for Manhood, . . . . . . . . . . . . . 462

Pleasures Evanescent, . . . . . . . . . . . . . 462

Money not to minister to Pride or Avarice, ... 463

A noble Anchor in the Tempest of Life, . . . . . . 463

The Rich and Great not all truly blest,

463

The Ills we make for Ourselves and for Others, ...

464

Judge not thy Brother, · · · · · · · · · ·

464

Grace before Dinner, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 464

136. Piety and Virtue Distinguished,. . . . YOUNG, . . . . . 465

137. Dante and Milton comp

MACAULAY, .

467

138, Satan's Address to the Sun, ... Milton, ..... 469

139 Scene of the French Revolution, . . . FELICIA HEMANS, . . 471

140. Heart and Head, . . . . . . . . . Susan FENIMORE COOPER,474

141, Ode on the Passions, . . · · · WILLIAM COLLINS, . . 476

142. Burke and Chatham,. . . . .

WILLIAM HAZLITT, . 480

143. The Invasion of the Carnatic, .. . EDMUND BURKE, . . 482

144. The War in America, .

LORD CHATHAM, . 484

145. Speech on the Overtures of Bonaparte, . CHARLES JAMES Fox, 487

146. The Battle of Blenheim, ...

SOUTHEY, · · · · ·

489

147. Elegy written in a Country Churchyard, . THOMAS GRAY, . . .

492

148. Parallel between Pope and Dryden, . . SAMUEL JOHNSON, . . 497

149. Alexander's Royal Feast, . . . . . . DRYDEN, . . . . . 50

150. Messiah's Coming, . . . . . . . . POPE, . . . . . . 504

151. Washington Irving as a Writer,. ..New Am. CYCLOPEDIA, 507

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52. Tea-Parties in Old Times, . . . .

WASHINGTON IRVING, . 508

153. Quarrel Scene between Brutus and Cassius, SHAKSPEARE, .. 511

154. Dream of an Opium Eater, . . . . . DE QUINCEY, . . .

515

155. Marco Bozzaris, ..

HALLECK, . . . .

517

156. Address to the Bristol Volunteers, . . . ROBERT Hall, . . . 519

157. Wonderful Contrast, . . . . . . . . BANCROFT, · · · ·

158. The Story of Lavinia, ......

THOMSON, . .

523

159. Apostrophe to the Ocean, . .....

BYRON, .

526

160. Sketch of Byron, . . . . . . . . . MACAULAY, ..

528

161, “Life Thoughts" from Beecher :-

The object of Training, · · ·

532

A Blessed Bankruptcy, .

.

533

Work, not Worry, . . . . . . . . . . · · ·

533

Christian Man's Life, . .

534

Ugly kind of Forgiveness, ....

534

A Nobie Man, . . . .

534

The Severest Test of Frien

534

True way of looking at a Gift, . . . . . . . . . . . .

535

Scriptural Sobriety, . .

535

Home, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 535

162. Epithalamium, · · · · · · · · · ·

JOHN G. C. BRAINARD, 536

163. Serenade, . . . . . . . . . . . JAMES G. PERCIVAL, . 537

164. Pictures of Memory,

. ALICE CARY,. .

540

165. The Ills of Life, . . . . . . . . . PhæBE CARY, , . . 541

166. Outward Bound, . . . . . . . . . EMILY C. JUDSON, . . 543

167. Days that are Gone, . . . . . . . . CHARLES MACKAY, . 546

168. The Irish not Aliens, . . . . . . . RICHARD LALOR SHEIL, 548

169. Passages from Akenside :-

Beauty the Ministress of Truth and Good, . . . . . . . 551

Moral Sublimity, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

552

Nature's Charms open to all, . . . . . . . . . . . . 552

Apostrophe to his Birthplace, ............ 553

170. The Raven, · · · · · · · · · · ·

. EDGAR A. PoE, . . . 554

171. Fine Retort, . . . . . . . . . . William Wirt,. . 559

172. The Declaration of Independence, ... John QUINCY ADAMS, . 561

173. Last Words of Jobn Quincy Adams, . . WILLIAM H. SEWARD, 562

174. God and Heaven, · · · · · · · ·

ANONYMOUS, . . . . 563

.....

175. Each and All, . . .

RALPH WALDO EMERSON, 564

176. Parting of Hector and Andromache, .. Homer, . . . . . 566

177. Farewell to the Senate, . . . . . . . HENRY CLAY, ... 571

178. The Midnight Sun, : ..

BAYARD TAYLOR, . . 574

179. Opening Stanzas of the Minstrel, ... BEATTIE, . . . . . 575

180. The Blessing of Peace, . . . . . . CHARLES SIMNER, .

577

181. Passages from Bishop Heber :-

Piotures of Palestine, . . .

578

The Lilies and the Birds,. . ... . . . . . . . 579

The Moonlight March, ..

. . 580

182. Spartacus to the Gladiators, . . . . . E. KELLUGG,. . . 581

183. The Drowned Mariner, . . . . . . . ELIZABETH OAKES Suita.583

184. Passages from Crabbe :

Portrait of a Peasant,. . . .

. . 588

Gradual approaches of Age, . ..:_ . . . . . . 588

185. True Love, . . . .

. . . .

HARRIET MARTINEAU, 589

186. 0. had I the Wings, . . . . . . . . J. G. PERCIVAL, . . 591

187. Gesler and William Tell, . . . . . . J. SHERIDAN KNOWLES, 593

188. Cupid's Adventure, . . . . . . .

.. ANACREON, . .

595

189. God everywhore,. . . . . . . . . Hugu HUTTON, . . 597

190. Fossil Poetry, . . . . . . . . . . TRENCA, . . . . . 599

PAGR

ADAMS, JOHN Quincy, ... 560 CICERO, MARCUS TULLIUS, 259, 296

ADDISON, JOSEPH, . . 51, 420, 460 CLARE, John, ...... 256

AKENSIDE, MARK, . .... 551 | CLAY, HENRY, ...... 571

ALISON, ARCAIBALD, .... 271 COLERIDGE, HARTLEY, ... 257

ANACREON, . . . . . . .

595 COLERIDGE, SAMUEL TAYLOR, 174, 180

595
ANONYMOUS, 130, 183, 224, 364, COLLINS, WILLIAM, . .. 476

563 COOPER, J. FENIMORE, . 440, 446

AUDUBON, JOHN JAMES, ... 288 Cooper, Susan FENIMORE, 289, 474

COWLEY, . . . . . . . . 182

BANCROFT, GEORGE, .. 298, 520 COWPER, William, . 108, 181, 302

BEATTIE, JAMES, . . . . . 575 CoXE, A. CLEVELAND, ... 195

BEECHER, HENRY WARD, . . 532 CRABBE, GEORGE, ... 586, 588

BENJAMIN, PARK, . . . . . 358 CYCLOPÆDIA, New AMERICAN,

BJBLE, 101, 133, 294, 314, 315, 316, 317

122, 418, 507

BONAR, HORATIUS, .... 248

BOSWELL, JAMES, ..... 397 DEMOSTHENES, ..... 171

BRAINARD, John G. C., ... 536 DOANE, Geo. W., .,.. 112

BROUGHAM, LORD, . .. 171, 259 DRAKE, JOSEPH RODMAN, .. 312

BRYANT, J. H., ...... 256 DICKENS, CHARLES, E, 349, 354

BRYANT. W. C...

DRYDEN, JOAN, . ..... 500
BULWER, E. G., ... 115 DE QUINCEY,. ...... 515
BUNYAN, JOHN, ...
BURNS, ROBERT, ... 180, 462 EASTMAN, CHARLES G.,... 226
BURKE, EDMUND, . . . .

ELLIS, Mrs. Sarah S., .... 295

Brron, LORD, ..., 181, 526 EMERSON, RALPH WALDO, . . 564

EVERETT, EDWARD, .... 370

CauPBELL, Thomas, . . 105, 432

. . . . . . 540 FANSHAWE, Miss, . . .

CARY, ALICE,

. . 329

Cary, PuÆBE, .... . 541 Fox, CHARLES JAMES, . ... 487

CERVANTES, MIGUEL, . . 336 GAY, John,. ......

CHAMBERS, ROBERT, . 83, 365, 423 GOLDSMITH, OLIVER, ...

CHANNING, W. E., ... 199, 200 GRAY, FRANCIS C., .... 377

CHAPMAN, GEORGE, .... 339 Gray, Thomas, ...... 492

CHATEAUBRIAND, . . . . . 274 GRINDON, L. H., ....... 309

CHATHAM, . ....... 484 | GRISWOLD, Rufus W., ....

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PAGE HALL, ROBERT, . ..... 519 PIERPONT, JOHN, ..... 232 HALLECK, Fitz-GREENE, . . 517 | PoE, EDGAR A., .. ... 554 HAWTHORNE, NATHANIEL, . . 250 | POLLOK, . . . . . . . . 221 HAZLITT, WILLIAM, . 138, 261, 480 Pope, ALEX., 182, 297, 298, 504, 566 HEBER, BISHOP, . . . . . 578 PRAED, W. M., . 154, 155, 193, 205 JIEMANS, FELICIA, . . . . . 471 PRENTICE, Geo. D., . . . . 360 HILLHOUSE, JAMES A., ... 70 PROCTER, . . . . . . 167, 227 HogG, JAMES, . . ... 87, 150 HITLMES, Oliver WENDELL, .228

ROCHESTER, . . . . . . . 182 HOMER, · · · · · · · · · -566 Hood, Thomas, .....206, 208

Ruskin, John, ...... 47 HUME, DAVID,. ...... HUNIS, W.,.......

SAXE, John G., ..... 75, 268 HOLLAND, J. G., ......

Schiller, Johann FRED., . . 115

Scott, Sir WALTER, 276, 299, 301, 402 IRVING, WASHINGTON, . . .872, 508 SEWARD, W. H., ....562

SAAKSPEARE, 140, 145, 258, 263, 267, JERROLD, DOUGLAS, .... 415

511 Johnson, SAMUEL, 134, 156, 179, 392, Shaw, Thos. B., ..... 388

497 SHEIL, RICHARD LALOR,. .. 548 Jonson, Ben, . . . . . . 180 SHERIDAN, R. B., ... 296, 328 Judson, Emily C., . ..., 543 SHIRLEY, JAMES, . . . . . 339 Junot, MADAME, ..... 318 Smith, E. OAKES, . . . . . 583 Junius, ....... SIGOURNEY, Lydia H., ... 331

SOUTHEY, Robert,. ... 489 KELLOGG, E., ..... STERNE, LAURENCE, ... KNOWLES, J. SHERIDAN,..

STEPHEN, JAMES, ..... 325 Kossuto, Louis, ..... STORY, JUDGE, ...... 213

SumnER, CHARLES, .... 577 LAMB, CHARLES, . . . . . 218 LEYDEN, John, . . . . . . 257 | TALFOURD, T. Noon, .. 169, 292 LINGARD, John, . ..... 91 TAYLOR, BAYARD, . . . . . 574 Longfellow, HENRY W., 56, 123, 125 TAYLOR, JANE, . . . . 103, 330 London Atlas, . ..... 295 TAYLOR, JEREMY, . . . . 96

Tennyson, ALFRED, .. 220, 242 MACAULAY, . . 345, 394, 467, 528 THOMSON, JAMES, ..... 523 MACKAY, CHARLES, ..... 546 TICKNOR, GEORGE, . ..... 333 MACKINTOSH, ...... 157 TOBIN, Joan,. . . . . . . 234 MAGAZINE, BLACKWOOD's, . . 258 TRENCH, RICHARD CAEVENIX,. 599 MAGAZINE, NEW MONTHLY, . 282 MANSFIELD, LORD,. . . . . 203 WARE, JR., HENRY, ... 97 MARTINEAU, HARRIET, ... 589 WEBSTER, DANIEL, 307, 348, 379 Milton, JOHN, . ... 254, 469 WHIPPLE, E. P., . . . . . 303 MIRABEAU, . . . . . . . 324 Whittier, J. G., .... 58, 212 Moore, Thomas, ..... 424 WILLIS, N. P., . . . . . . 383

Wilson, John, ... ... 60 Nuttall, Thomas, ... 400 WIRT, WILLIAM,. . . . . . 554

WORDSWORTH, WILLIAM, 254 255, 367 PERCIVAL, J. G., ... 537, 591 PullipS, CAAs., .,... 321 | YOUNG, . ..... 297, 485

184

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SANDERS' RHETORICAL READER.

PART FIRST.
ELOCUTION.

ELOCUTION is the art of delivering written or extempo raneous composition with force, propriety, and ease.

It deals, therefore, with words, not only as individuals, but as members of a sentence, and parts of a connected discourse : including every thing necessary to the just expression of the sense. Accordingly, it demands, in a special manner, attention to the following particulars; viz., ARTICULATION, ACCENT, EMPHASIS, INFLECTION, MODULATION, and Pauses.

SECTION I.

ARTICULATION.

ARTICULATION is the art of uttering distinctly and justly the letters and syllables constituting a word.

It deals, therefore, with the elements of words, just as elocu. tion deals with the elements of sentences : the one securing the true enunciation of each letter, or combination of letters, the other giving to each word, or combination of words, such a delivery as best expresses the meaning of the author. It is the basis of all good reading, and should be carefully practiced by the learrer.

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