Imágenes de páginas

of the widows of the late Rajah, and of Mr. Swarız, temporal as well as spiritual prosperity of the native as the guardian of Serfojee, io Lord Cornwallis, Christianis, his indefatigable exertions to procure who had recently given peace to India, at the close them the means of subsistence, his pastoral wisdom of an arduous and successiul coniest with Tippoo and charity, his fervor in prayer, his eminent talent Sultan. These consisted of documents and proofs of engaging the attention even of mixed companies so clear and satisfactory, that no doubt could be en- by the manner and tone of his conversation, his petertained as to the result of the investigation; and culiar skill in noticing defects and reproving faults it may seem difficult tù account for the delay which with so friendly and cheerful an air, ihat even the took place in bringing it to a conclusion. The re- highest and proudest are not offended-these, and turn of the governor general to Europe in the many other excellent qualities, but rarely found course of that year might, perhaps, have contri- togeiher, render him universally beloved and rebuted to it. Certain it is, that it was not till four spected, and even the whole of his outward deportyears afterwards that the question was finally de- ment, his silver locks, and serenely beaming ere, cided. It will, therefore, be expedient to suspend and all the features of his countenance, are calcuThe farther consideration of it will that period. lated to inspire both veneration and affection.

In the mean time it may not be irrelevant to ob " I spent a whole week with this patriarch, in a serve, that the administration of the revenue of very delightful manner, and almosi forgot in his Tanjore was restored to Ameer Sing, in July, 1793, society that I was sick." an arrangement which the Court of Directors would During his stay with Mr. Gericke, Swartz, in a willingly have deferred till the determination of the letter to the Society for promoting Christian Knowinquiry into the rights of Serfojee.

ledge, dated Madras, Feb. 3, 1793, after observing During the assumption of Tanjore by the Madras that the admonitions and pious wishes of the Sociegovernment, the judicial regulations proposed by ty, expressed in their Secretary's correspondence, Mr. Swartz were carried into effect by the collect- were received with due veneration, and that he and ors with much benefit to the inhabitants. But no his brethren had during the preceding year been sooner had the management of the country again preserved and encouraged in proclaiming the glad devolved on Ameer Sing, than the old system of lidings of salvation to the heathen around them, mal-administration recommenced ; Shevarow and thus details the apparently alarming circumstances his brothers regained, and even increased, their relating to the conversion of some of the natives former ascendency; having the Rajah so complete which were before briefly alluded 10. ly in their power, that they did not scruple openly “Many of them,” he writes, “were baptized last to declare that he owed his elevation to them, and year, and particularly some of those called kallar, that whenever they pleased they were able to de- who are looked upon as the worst, and somewhai throne him.

resemble the thievish Arabs. These people having Mr. Swartz having made every necessary ar- been instructed two months, were baptized. Being rangement for the residence of Serfojee and his re- baptized, we insisted upon their becoming induslatives at the presidency, consented, at the earnest trious in their proper business. All of them had desire of his missionary brethren, to spend some very good fields, which they were exhorted to cultime at Vepery near Madras, with Mr. Gericke, to tivate. To these exhortations we added ocular inassist that excellent man in his laborious work. spection. I went and visited them in their villages.

Here,” he says, writing to a friend in England, Having examined them in respect of their know"I have carefully observed the regulations made by ledge, and prayed with them, which was commonly Mr. Gericke, his admirable order respecting divine done in the presence of a great many heathens, I service, in the Malabar, Portuguese, and English desired to see the fruits of their industry; on which tongues. On Sunday mornings, he preaches to the they fully satisfied me. I then exhorted them to be Tamulian or Malabar congregation, in the after- honest, in paying the usual rent to government, noon to the Portuguese, and in the evening to the which they soon did in a pleasing manner. The English. He catechises every evening in one of appearance was agreeable, and the prospect hopeful. these languages. I confess it has given me great "As the watercourses in their district had not satisfaction to behold that all is done with the great- been cleaned for fifteen years, by which neglect the est regularity and propriety. I am now his assistant cultivation was impeded, and the harvest lessened, in this delightful work. May God soon send him a I entreated the collector to advance a sum of money faithful fellow-laborer! My dear brother, you may to clear them, promising to send people to inspect assure our venerable superiors, that they will re- the work. The work was completely done, and joice at the last day in beholding the fruits of that those inhabitants who formerly, for want of water, work which they piously support.”.

had reaped only four thousand large measures, callThe mutual testimony of two such men as Swartz ed kalam, reaped now fourteen thousand kalams, and Gericke, eminently sincere and simple as they and rejoiced in the increase. The whole district both were, is peculiarly gratifying. It was proba- reaped nearly one hundred thousand kalams more bly about this period, that the latter gave the follow- than they had done the preceding year. ing brief but beautiful sketch of his venerable senior "But this our joy was soon turned into his friends in Germany, which, though varying The heathens observing that many of their relations in some interesting traits, so closely resembles the wished to embrace Christianity, and that such as portraits previously drawn by Mr. Chambers and had been baptized refused to join in their plunderMr. Çæmmerer, that it is impossible not to feel as- ing expeditions, assembled and formed an encampsured of the fidelity of each description to the ad- ment, threatening to extirpate Christianity. Now mirable original.

all looked dismal. Many of the Christians were "I found him," says Mr. Gericke, as healthy encouraged by their relations, who were heathens, and vigorous as he was several years ago. He de- to form an opposite camp. But I exhorted the votes for hours every day to the instruction of Eng. Christians to make use of other weapons, viz. praylish and Tamul children, and such native Chris-er, humility, and patience; telling them in strong tians as are prepared for baptism; after which he terms, that if they became aggressors, I should disa eniers into the most cheerful and edifying conver

own them.

This disturbance lasted four months, sation with those who visit him.

and became very serious, as the malcontents ne"The purity of his mind, his disinterestedness glected the cultivation of their own fields, and deand strict integrity, his active zeal for the prosecu- terred others from doing it. I wrote to these mistion of the mission, and his constant attention to the guided people, (for they had mischievous guides,)

sent catechists to them, exhorted them not to com- Christ-in whom he believed, whom he loved, and mit such horrid sins, and reminded them that my whose cause he so gladly promoted. His revered former endeavors, so beneficial to them, had not memory will remain a blessing with us. May God merited such treatment. At last finding no opposi-excite us all, and me especially, to pursue our calltion from the Christians, and not being willing to ing vigorously; and when our hour arrives, may be looked upon as the aggressors, all went to their we follow him in peace !" homes and work, ploughing and sowing with double The following account of the young Serfojee, in diligence. My heart rejoiced at the kind over

a letter to a third correspondent at this period, shows ruling providence-surely he is a God that heareth the pains which the pious missionary had taken to prayer.”

inculcate upon his distinguished pupil the principles

of true religion, and the benefit which he had at ihat Together with the preceding letter, Swartz trans- time derived from his instructions. mitted one from Mr. Jænicke, who had returned to Tanjore, which contained a gratifying report of his affectionate, and gentle disposition ; at least he has

“The young man," he says, “is of a very docile, labors in conjunction with Saltianaden, who occasionally preached for him in his native language, io him the doctrines of holy Scripture, and set before

given proofs of it hitherto. I have often explained at Palamcotta. "regularly frequented the church, to which they That of Joseph made a strong impression on him. were encouraged by the good example of the com- Frequently, when his servants were complaining manding officer. The Christians in the Tinnevelly and murmuring, he has turned to them and said: district generally resided in the country, and formed Have you never heard that it is our duty to humble several congregations. For their use he had erected

ourselves; that God at length helps those who some chapels, at the expense of Mr. Swartz. Many of those converts were Christians, not in name only are bowed down, as he did in the case of Joseph ?!” but in reality. There is every reason to hope,” he

In a subsequent letter Mr. Swartz thus reverts 10 added, " that at a future period Christianity' will this interesting subject; and the following passage prevail in the Tinnevelly country. Himself and affords another example of his singular disinterestSattianaden had severally made journeys into parts

edness. of the country where the word of God had never

"For two years I have discharged the duties of a been preached; and the people were generally at

resident. A resident usually receives seven thou

I have not tentive, and desirous of hearing; they assembled in sand star pagodas, or £3000 sterling hundreds, and showed him every respect, and num- received any thing, nor have I asked it. bers had conducted him from village to village. "My journey to Madras, I undertook at the deSattianaden had experienced the same attention.— sire of government, as tutor of Serfojee. The ex. More than thirty persons came afterwards to Palam- penses of the journey I bore myself. I was obliged cotta to be instructed and baptized. Such happy for conscience sake to underiake it, as the legal effects," he remarked," would often be experienced, guardian of the young man.

His life was in the could such journeys be frequently repeated.” utmost danger. He is now at Madras, learns Eng

In a postscript to this leiter, Mr. Swartz added, lish, and reads good books. What effect this may that since his arrival at Madras, he had frequently have on his future life, is known to Him alone who conversed with Sir Charles Oakley, and represented trieth the heart and the reins. Lord Cornwallis to him the usefulness of the provincial schools, in behaves very kindly to him, and said to me, 'I wish consequence of which the governor had consented the young man were Rajah already.' When I was to the establishment of one or two more, as soon as about to quit Madras, the governor said to me, ' But opportunities should occur.

the Tanjore family will be without superintendence! The following extracts from letters to two of his However, when I told him that Mr. Gericke would friends in Germany and England, during his resi- undertake the office, in my stead, he was satisfied." dence in this presidency, will be found peculiarly of Mr. Gericke's pious endeavors to fulfil the interesting.

charge thus entrusted to him, a pleasing proof is “I received your welcome letter," he writes to afforded by the following extract from a letter, which one of them, a few days ago. God be humbly occurs in the recently published Memoirs of Mrs. praised for all his goodness to you and yours, and Hannah More.* for all the success with which he has blessed you in “I received a letter," says a friend of that admiryour ministry. Next to our own share in recon- able lady, "by the last ships from India, from Mrs. ciling grace, the highest blessing which God can Toriano. She mentions having seen at Madras, a bestow upon us is to labor with success in the salva- missionary of the name of Gericke, who visited her tion of souls.

very frequently, and in whose society she found " As to me, I am tolerably strong, though in my great comfort

. He told her that the Rajah of Tansixty-seventh year, and during my stay at Madras, jure had been for a short time under his care, and where I have been some time, I have been enabled ihat he was fond of English books. Mr. Gericke to preach three times on the Sunday, without being put into his hands Mrs. H. More's tracts. The exhausted. It is quite a refreshment to me when I Rajah preferred them to the Rambler, which some. can preach the gospel of Christ. And herein the body had given him, and declared he liked Mrs. gracious God has heard my prayer, that he has More's works better than any of the English books given me constant opportunities of preaching his he had ever read. Mr. Gericke wishes that Mrs. word, without being withheld from it by lingering More should be made acquainted with this, that she illness; for which his name be praised.”. He then may know how extensively useful her writings are. proceeds to give some account of his schools, and He told Mrs. Toriano there were few things he deprovision for orphans, and adds, “ Being unmar- sired so much, as to see and converse with Mrs. H. ried, this is not a burden to me. The poor shall be more and Mr. Wilberforce; that from the 'Estimy heirs."

mate of the religion of the fashionable world,' he "Your letter," thus he writes to another friend, had often taken sermons, but did not know, till she “ in which you mention the death of our valuable told him, who was the author of it.” and much-loved brother, Mr. Pasche, has been re Mr. Swartz quitted Madras Sept. 20, accompaceived. The high esteem we entertained for him nied for several miles by the young prince and his only tends to render our bereavement more severe. With him it is now unspeakably well. He is with!

* Vol. ii. p. 433.

suite. Mr. Pæzold, the new missionary for Madras, Mr. Swartz remained in this place until the 7th of was also the companion of his journey.

October, in order to grality the earnest desire ex“We rested in the evening," observes Mr. Pæ- pressed by the Malabar and Portuguese Christians zold, in his diary of this interesting journey," at to receive the holy sacrament of ihe Lord's SupTripatore, a large heathen place, distinguished by per. He prepared them a whole week for the es. two celebrated idol temples, which are situated on joyment of that sacred ordinance, with an activity an eminence. Mr. Swariz embraced the opportunity and perseverence which I cannot sufficiently adof entering into a long conversation with a number mire. One Sunday he preached three times in of Brahmins and of other heathen. He addressed English, Malabar, and Portuguese, while I read them in a most eloquent and impressive manner, the prayers in English. powerfully contrasting the follies and corruptions “On the 9th of October Mr. Swartz reached of heathenism, and the state of awful blindness and Tranquebar, to which place I had gone before him. delusion under which its professors labored, with He remained there till the 14th. I was again the light and purity of the Christian religion, and struck by the whole tenor of his conversational its perfect accordance with the dictates of sound addresses. He knew admirably how to combine and enlightened reason. I observed with wonder instruction with the most pleasant entertainment. and delight the eagerness and attention with which He constantly kept the great end of bis missionary the heathen population listened to his instructive work in view, and yet he won all hearts by the discourses. Bui to attract and keep up such atten- urbanity of his manners, and the sweetness and tion, one really must possess the talents and influ- pleasantness of his disposition. He knows how to ence of a Swartz-his intimate acquaintance with convey to his hearers admirable lessons of practical the native language, his prudence, experience, and wisdom, and to draw from the localities of the commanding authority. For a considerable time respective places which he visits, from the prejahe continued the conversation in a standing posi- dices and modes of thinking of the inhabitanis, and tion, and though I did not sufficiently understand from their diversified manners and customs, mar. the Malabar dialect, in which he addressed the nu- ims of prudence which are peculiarly calculated merous assembly, I could still perceive from their to facilitate to the missionary laborer access to the eyes, their gestures, and the whole of their outward understanding and the hearts of the people. deportment, how deeply interested they felt. Indeed “I studied Malabar (Tamul) on the road, but when certain questions were proposed, or certain made little progress. Only patience,' Mr. Swartz answers given, I repeatedly heard them exclaim, says,' we cannot take firm steps at once. When we 'Surely this is true; this is right; thus it should arrive at Tanjore, I will instruct you according to be.' The shades of night were coming on, and rule, and you will soon learn to go.' Mr. Swartz was preparing to retire to a resting On reaching Tranquebar he found Mr. Rottler, place, but the people wished to detain him still one of the brethren of that mission, who afterwards longer. 'Stay with us,' was their exclamation, removed to Vepery, in a weak state of health, for we wish to listen to you still further. Sit down, the recruiting of which Mr. Swartz invited him to both of you, you are tired by standing.' We there- Tanjore, whither he soon afterwards proceeded. fore sat down on the steps of one of their temples, Writing from thence, after describing the forts and near an enormous idol car, which during their fes- the town, the mission houses, church, and gardens, tivals is sometimes drawn by two or three thousand Mr. Rottler thus mentions what was, doubtless, a people. Mr. Swartz protracted his addresses for source of delightful recreation to the venerable mise another half hour, and when he left them they all sionary, as well as of utility to his establishment. united in thanking him for the pains bestowed upon "Mr. Swartz loves trees. He has in his garden them. But should you, however, ask such people shadock, orange, and lemon trees, some of them in afterwards, what reason they would assign for not full bearing; likewise the moringa, the cotton-tree, embracing a doctrine which it is impossible for entire avenues of mango, tamarind, and teak trees, them to refute, and which they could not help pro- besides several others. Nor are flowers and flowernouncing truly admirable, they return answers like ing shrubs forgotten. There is the bignonia, the these: We certainly should embrace it, were it michelia champaca, the guettarda, mimusops, plunot for the world, and our means of living. The meria alba, gardenia florida, myrtles, roses, and world would hate, despise, insult us. And even several kinds of nyctanthes. Besides these, I found from your own Christian people we should meet here the ixora alba, and, as a great rarity, a small with ridicule and contempt. And how can we re- olive tree, and the ixora chinensis. A fine hedge fuse the demands of nature ? You missionaries of the justicia picta (called by the Moors the smilcannot support us, nor would it be fair to require ing leaf) is a great ornament. To this large garyou to do it. Your governors will make no provi- den is attached a kitchen-garden, parted off froin it sion for us. Besides, our ancestors have constantly by a lane; and which supplies the table almost all professed the same religion which we are profess- the year through. The garden contains but two

species of palm, the cocoa and the areca-palm; the Mr. Pæzold subsequently refers to his intercourse date-palm is, however, very common around Tanwith Mr. Swartz upon this occasion, in a letter to jore. It has also vines. In the dry season it is the Rev. Mr. Uebele.

watered from a tank."* “In the progress of this journey I derived much Mr. Swartz, after a short stay with his brethren pure enjoyment from the conversations which I was at Tranquebar, visited Negapatam. Here he had favored to carry on with that excellent man; they an opportunity of exerting his benevolent influence were instructive and delightful. I wish you could in behalf of the poor Protestant Christians. have listened to his discourses, or still more have "I found,” he says, “many families in actual taken a part in them. He did not conceal from me want. Formerly the place was wealthy, and the the difficulties which I should have to encounter inhabitants in prosperity; but now the fortifications in the performance of my missionary offices. Bless- are entirely razed, and its trade is nearly annihied be God, he is still full of life and cheerfulness. lated. Those who held offices under the Dutch

“ The first resting-place in our journey to Cud- Company, are in the utmost distress. My pity was dalore was the Dutch fortress Sadras, where the excited for the poor people; and as it was not possigovernor hospitably enterta ed us, and where Mr. ble for private individuals adequately to relieve Swartz preached to the Dutch in German, and to the Portuguese in their own vernacular tongue. * Memors of Mr. Jænicke, p. 105.


them, I wrote to the government at Madras, repre- / work by the allurements of riches, and the attracsented their distress, and solicited for help. The tions or worldly society;* but it should never be government ordered them a monthly allowance of forgotten that when he became, by his marriage, forty pagodas. God be praised for this relief.” It possessed of considerable wealth, he nobly erecied is satisfactory to add, that this sum continues to be at his sole expense, and at the cost of no less a sum paid, and is distributed under the direction of the than £12,000, a mission church, two houses for Society's missionaries.

missionaries, and a school-room, where, in conjuncFrom Negapatam, Mr. Swartz wrote the follow- tion with several distinguished converts from the ing paternal and judicious letter to Serfojee, Rajah. Roman Catholic church, he labored successfully,

both among the natives and the nominal members “MY DEAR FRIEND,

of that church, till the year 1788. At that ad"I received your kind letter when I was at Cud- vanced period of his life, oppressed by age and dalore. I praise God who preserved your health, bounded'liberality and the failure of some impru

infirmity, and reduced to poverty by habits of unand am happy to hear you are endeavoring to im- dent speculations, he was compelled to resign his prove in useful learning. The knowledge of the English language may be to you very useful. Be- office, and to transfer the property of the mission sides, try to get a sufficient knowledge in arithmetic, David Brown, Mr. Chambers, and the late Charles

church, school, and burial-ground, to the Rev. learn to write a good, and if possible, an elegant Grant, Esq., the two latter of whom had generously letter in English and Mahratta. By this you will united in the purchase of those buildings with the facilitate your business, and please your corres- sole view of preserving a foundation for a mission pondents. I am happy to hear that Dada enjoys a better state of health. I hope and wish that he may occasionally corresponded with the Society for pro

at Calcutta. Mr. Chambers, as well as Mr. Brown, assist you as much as possible

in arithmetic and writ- moting Christian Knowledge, for the purpose of ing letters. Besides, tell him to acquaint you with forwarding this great object

. Many efforis were all the country's accounts, and how to make, and made to maintain that important post; and for how to examine them. If you are deficient in that several years Mr. Brown, and the laie Archdeacon point, all that you do will prove a drudgery instead Owen, performed divine service at the mission of pleasure. "Pay always a proper regard to the Baie Sahebs, would prosper the Society's endeavors for the dif

church, in the hope that the providence of God and show them that you honor them notwithstand-fusion of religious knowledge in Bengal. Two ing their infirmities. I need not tell you that my missionaries were successively sent out to Calcutta; good brother, Mr. Gericke, will give you the best but both within a short period abandoned the work; advice, and I hope that you will be willing to follow and a few years after the death of Mr. Chambers, it. Above all, I'entreat you to seek the favor of the the Society felt itself compelled to relinquish Calonly true God. If He be your friend, all will be cutta as one of its missionary stations. Repeatedly, well. If you leave and provoke him, all will go however, were the exertions of Mr. Chambers in wrong. Pray to him daily; for he hears our pray- the sacred cause, acknowledged by the Sociely; nor ers, and helps us.

can it be doubted that the death of so abie and zeal"Tell Dottagee that I have received his letters, ous a friend, tended considerably to the present diswhich have pleased me very much. I shall answer appointment of their hopes as to that quarter of the as soon as I arrive at Tanjore.

country. But his efforts, and those of his excellent "Give my respects to the two ladies, and tell coadjutors, were not in vain. The mission church them that I pray to God to make them truly happy. continued, by the pious exertions of Brown, and

“May God bless, strengthen, and guide you by subsequently of Buchanan and Thomason, to chehis divine Spirit! So wishes,

rish a spirit of zeal for the propagation of ChrisMy dear friend,

tianity at that Presidency till a later period, when "Your affectionate friend and guardian,

it was revived and invigorated under the higher " C. F. Swartz.*

and more powerful auspices of the episcopal esta" Negapatam, Oct. 24th, 1793."

blishment in India.

It will readily be imagined that the loss of a It was in the course of this year that Swartz lost friend so highly and so justly esteemed as Mr. Chamhis distinguished and valued friend, Mr. Chambers. bers, must have been deeply felt by Swarız. It is The death of that excellent person was announced remarkable, however, that men, who, like him, in the annual report of the Society for promoting have a strong and habitual impression of the frailty Christian Knowledge with expressions of great

and uncertainty of all human things, combined with concern, and repeated in that of the following year a lively faith in the infinite importance and permawith renewed regret, as an event which had deeply

nent reality of things eternal, with an unshaken affected the interests of true religion in India, and confidence in the wisdom and goodness of God, and particularly those of the Calcutta mission. This with an animating hope of future happiness, are achad been originally established by Mr. Kiernander, customed to express themselves with great calıand during many years had been ably and zealously ness and moderation under the trials and vicissitudes superintended by that eminent missionary. He of life, and to be chiefly anxious to promote submishad, indeed, for a time, been impeded in his great sion to the will of God, and acquiescence in the

dispensations of his providence. Such was emi

nently the characteristic of Buchanan, and such is * This and three other letters from Mr. Swartz the tenor of the following letter to the widow of Mr. :0 Serfojee, which shortly follow, have been trans- Chambers; which, if it should be thought deficient mitted to the author since the publication of the in the warm expression of sympathising sorrow, first edition of these Memoirs, by the Rev. A. C. Thompson, one of the missionaries of the Society * Mr. Kiernander was intimately acquainted with for the propagation of the Gospel at Tanjore. "He Lord Clive, and lived much in the highest circle in hopes," he says, to “obtain others still more inter- Calcutta. Forsaken, however, in his latter days, esting;" which, combined with the testimonies else- by the world, he retraced, in humiliation and sorwhere adduced, amply evince the anxiety of the row, the steps of his early piety;, and his end, pious writer to promote the religious improvement though painful and affecting, was full of peace, and of the young Rajah.

of Christian hope.


breathes the inost exalted spirit of Christian resig- Christians, great and small, parents and children nation, and imparis the richest consolation. thronged around this beloved teacher, every one

trying to get nearest to him, and be the first to greet “ DEAR MADAM,

him with — O Sir God be praised. The scene was * The loss of a dear husband, which you have rendered the more afecting by Mr. Swartz himself sustained, is felt by you; and as he was my dear being unable to refrain from tears of joy." friend, with whom I had contracted an intimate In a letter to Professor Schultz a few months affriendship, is, you may be sure, felt by me. Butterwards, he replies to some inquiries respecting the God, who is the giver of our life, has a right to take recent termination of the war in Mysore. it from us whenever he pleaseth.

*Having losi," he says, "a great part of his "If we die in the Lord, united to him who has re- army, Tippoo offered to capitulate. He perceived deemed us, and having a share in his precious that Seringapatam would soon fall, and sent an am. atonement, we are gainers by death, though the sur- bassador to sue for peace. The articles proposed vivors may lose. It is therefore our duty to be re were mortifying to his pride-for be has lost half signed to the will of our Lord. 'not my will but his territories, and was required to pay a beavy ihine, O Father, be done! This is the most diffi- sum, and surrender his children as hostages; but he cult lesson; but at the same time a lesson which is preferred suffering the loss, rather than risk the attended with the greatest blessing. It is natural to storming of his capital. shed a tear over the grave of our dear friends; but “When I was at Madras, the governor asked me it is truly Christian to resign our will to the will of if I would not call on Tippoo's children. I did so, God.

and found the younger, who is about nine or ten " Whatever you, dear madam, or your children years old, full of animation. He read several Perhave lost by the death of our friend, God is able and sian verses to me concerning the Providence of God, willing to make it up.

and our duty to submit without repining to his al"When we give our hearts to him, we promise lotment. The elder boy was sileni. It is said that that we will be pleased with the ways in which he he stammers a little, and therefore is not fond of leads us.

speaking before strangers. " When our friends are called away, we are to “ Tippoo has paid the money. He is humbled, remember that they are with the Lord; and that it but not conciliated. He is now occupied in bringis our happiness to be disengaged from the world, ing bis army into good condition again. He has and to become heavenly-minded. May the death goi over the grief occasioned by his loss; but he has of our deceased friend move our hearts to look up- not forgotten it." wards, and to be prepared for the coming of our Lord! These and similar notices of public affairs which

"God, who is the friend of widows and the father occur in the journals and letters of Swartz, though of the orphan, will, no doubt, take care of you and brief, are distinct and valuable; and while there is your children. Put your trust in him, and all will reason to regret that they are not more full and frebe well.

quent, their incidenial occurrence only tends to il“ The commission which you have been pleased lustrate his entire devotedness to the great and allto send me by the Rev. Mr. Brown, I have execu- absorbing object of his life and labors—the cause ted as well as I could, and have got a pleasing pro- of Christ, and the promotion of his gospel, mise which I hope will be fulfilled. God knows a thousand ways of supplying our wants, though il

CHAPTER XIX. seems very difficult to us how to comprehend it.He is called the hearer of prayer. Let your heart

A. D. 1793 to A. D. 1796. be confident when you lay your wants before him. Debate in Parliament on the renewal of the East India Company's Trust in him, and you will never be confounded.

Charter in 1793— Letter of Mr. Swartz in reply to some reflections May Jesus be your wisdom, righteousness, sanctifi

of Mr. M. Campbell on Missionaries, in the course of that debatecation, and redemption! Let us not glory in any Letters to Sei fojce, and to Mr. and Mrs. Duffin-Additional testithing below; but in him who is the source of all our mony of Mr. Pæzold-Report to the Society for the year 1795– blessings.

Letter to a friend. “Commending you and your dear children to the Upon the renewal of the charter of the East India care, protection, and blessing of a reconciled God, I

Company, in the year 1793 it was resolved in a am sincerely, “Dear Madam,

committee in the House of Commons," that it is the " Your affectionate friend and humble servant,

peculiar and bounden duty of the legislature to pro. "C. F. Swartz.

mote, by all just and prudent means, the interest and

happiness of the inhabitants of the British domiCuddalore, Oct. 5, 1793."

nions in India, and that for these ends such meaTo this calm but touching and elevated expres- to their advancement in useful knowledge, and to

sures ought to be adopted as may gradually ten, sion of Christian affection, the following brief post- their religious and moral improvement." In pursu: script was added by Mr. Gericke, in a similar strain of subdued feeling, but pious and emphatic conso- tinguished member of the House,* who was upon

ance of this wise and benevolent resolution, a dislation. “ The Rev. Mr. Swartz sent this from Cuddalore ed to advance the interest of humanity and religion,

all occasions the zealous advocate of plans calculatto me open, desiring me to add a word of comfort, and to ameliorate the condition of mankind, proto seal and to send it. I pray God, who alone can comfort widows, that he may comfort you by ma- the renewal of the Company's charter, in favor of

posed certain clauses in the Bill then in progress for nifesting himself to you as your God, in a degree su- the esta blishment of free schools and the encourperior to what he did, when you had so much more creature comfort ; and am,

agement of Christian missionaries in India. "Most sincerely yours,

Important as this proposition was, and directly "C. W. GERICKE."

according with the professed intentions of the

legislature, it was one which had at that pericd Mr. Swartz arrived at Tanjore on the 2nd of excited so little public attention or concern, that November, after an absence of eleven months. Mr. considering the prejudices of many persons, both in Pirzold, who witnessed his return, observes, “I coulú not remain unmoved when I saw how the * The late William Wilberforce, Esq.

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