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fbould not worship devils

, daimioso demons or féoond mediatory Gods; as it hath largely been fhown before, saints and angels, and idols of gold

and filver and brass and ftone and wood. From hence it is evident, that these calamities were inflicted upon the Christians for their idolatry. As the eastern churches were first in the crime, fo they were first likewise in the punishment. At first they were visited by the plague of the Saracens, but this working no change.or reformation, they were again chastised by the still greater plague' of the Othmans ; werel partly overthrown by the former, and were entirely ruined by the latter. What churches were then remaining, which were guilty of the like idolatry, but the western, or thofe in communion with Rome? And the weftern were not at all reclamed by the rúin of the eastern, but perfifted still in the worship of faints, and (what is worse) the worship of images, whicb neither can see, nor bear, nor walk : and the world is witnefs to the completion of this prophecy to this day. Neither repented they of their murders, their persecutions and inquisitions, nor of their forceries, their pretended miracles and revelations, 'nor of their fornication, their public stews and uncleanness, nor of their thefts, their exactions and impositions on mankind: and


they are as notorious for their licentiousness and wickedness, as for their superstition and, idolatry. As they therefore refused to take warning by the two former woes, the third woe, as we shall see, will fall with vengeance

upon them.

CH A P. X.


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AND I saw another mighty angel

come down from heaven, clothed with a cloud, and a rainbow was upon : his head, and his face was as it were the fun, and his feet as pillars of fire.

2+ And he had in his hand a little book open : and he set his right foot


the sea, and his left foot on the earth, 3

And cried with a loud voice, as when a lion roareth: and when he had cried, ; seven thunders uttered their voices.

4. And when the seven thunders had uttered their voices, I was about to write: and I heard a voice from heaven faying unto me, Seal up those things which the seven thunders uttered, and write them not.

5 And the angel which I faw stand upon the sea, and upon the earth, lifted up his hand to heaven,

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6 And sware by him that liveth for ever and ever, who created heaven and the things that therein are, and the earth and the things that therein are, and the sea and the things which are therein, that there should be time no longer :

7 But in the days of the voice of the seventh angel, when he shall begin to sound, the mystery of God should be finished, as he hath declared, to his servants, the prophets.

8 And the voice which I heard from heaven spake unto me again, and said Go, and take the little book which is


in the hand of the angel which standeth upon the sea, and upon the earth. .

9. And I went unto the angel, and said unto him, Give me the little book. And he said unto me, Take it, and eat it up; and it shall make thy belly bitter, but it shall be in thy mouth as sweet as hony.

10 And I took the little book out of the angel's hand, and ate it up; and it was in my mouth sweet as hony: and as soon as I had eaten it, my belly was bitter.

11 And he said unto me, Thou must prophefy again before many peoples; and nations, and tongues, and kings.


St. John, in the conclusion of the last chapter, having touched upon the corruption of the western church, proceeds now to deliver some prophecies relating to this lamentable event. But before he enters upon this subject, he (and the church in him) is prepared for it by an august and consolatory vision. Another mighty angel came down from heaven, (ver. 1.) described fomewhat like the angel in the three last chapters of Daniel, and in the first chapter of the Revelation. He had in his band (ver. 2.) a little book, Betrapodior a little book or codicil different from the B.Ensor or book mentioned before: and it was open, that all men might freely read and consider it. It was indeed a codicil to the larger book, and properly. cometh under the fixth trumpet, to describe the state of the wel tern church after the description of the state of the eastern : and this is with good reason made a separate and distinct prophecy, on account of the importance of the matter, as well as for engaging the greater attention. He fet his right foot upon the sea, and bis left foot on the eartb, to show the extent of his power and commisfion: and when he bad cried aloud, (ver. 3.) feven thunders uttered their voices. St. John would have written down (ver. 4.) those things which tbe seven thunders uttered, but was forbidden to


do it. As we know not the subjects of the seven thunders, so neither can we know the reasons for suppressing them: but it may be conceived, that some things might be proper to be revealed to the apostle, and yet not to be communicated to the church. By these seven thunders, (6) Vitringa understands the seven great croisades or expeditions of the western Christians for the conquest of the holy land, and Daubuz the seven kingdoms which received and established the protestant reformation by law. But doth it not. favor rather of vanity and presumption than of knowlege and wisdom, to pretend to conjecture what they are, when the Holy Spirit hath purpofely concealed them? Then the angel (ver., 5, 6, 7.) lifted up his hand to heaven, like the, angel in Daniel, (XII. 7.) and fware by bim that liveth for ever and ever, the great creator of all things, órı xerros 2x 1521 Ti, that the time fhall not be yet, but it shall be in the days of the seventh trumpet, that the mystery of God skall be finished, and the glorious state of his church be

perfected, agreeably to the good things which he hath promised, as sunpysuci, to his servants the prophets. This is said for the consolation of Christians, that tho' the little book describes the


(6) Vitring, in locum. p. 431. Daubuz. p. 469,
Voi. III.

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