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ly less interesting than the early sketch of Mr. ner of conducting public business, procured him Śwartz's character, by Mr. Chambers; and, in the general esteem both of Europeans and Hindoos. some respects, remarkably coincident with ihat Every one loved and respected him, from the king striking fragment.
of Tanjore to the humblest native. “I had spent three months at Tranquebar," writes "Nor was he less feared; for he reproved them, Mr. Cæmmerer," when I mentioned to my bre- without respect to situation and rank, when their thren my wish to see the aged, and by me long conduct deserved animadversion; and he told all since esieemed missionary, Mr. Swartz, as well as persons without distinction what they ought to do, to visit Mr. Jænicke, whom I had known at Halle. and what to avoid, to promote their temporal and My brethren acceding to my request, I set off on eternal welfare. The king frequently observed, the 30th of August, and met Mr. Swartz at Comba- that, in the world, much was effected by presents
Sincere esteem and reverence penetrated and gold, and that he himself had done much by my soul when I saw this worthy man, with his those means; but that with Padre Swarız they ansnow-white hair. Integrity and truth beamed in swered no purpose. This excellent man often told his eyes. He embraced me, and thanked God that me, that the favor of God, and communion with he had led me to this country. Mr. Jænicke Christ, was of greater value to him than thousands received me with open arms. It was very affecting of gold and silver. Certainly, by the goodness of to me to see him once again; for when he accepted God, he has been made a great blessing to this the call to India, and preached his farewell discourse country. What other men could not effect without a at Halle, where I was among his hearers, I certain- military force, he has done by the personal influence ly never imagined that we should meet and con- which he possessed over the people, and which arose verse again in so remote a country. For twelve exclusively from his integrity and sincere piety. days I had the satisfaction of being in his society, “A few miles from Tanjore, two Brahmins entill he departed for Palamcotia.
ticed a child of rich parents, splendidly adorned “ Tanjore is a large fortified town, which under- with gold and precious stones, into their pagoda, went considerable repairs after its occupation by where they put him to death. The government of the English. Yet the streets remained dirty and Madras desired Mr. Swartz to investigate this hor. disagreeable, and the place was very unhealthy rid deed. He accordingly examined the murderers during the rainy season. This induced Mr. Swartz in the king's palace, and brought them to confess to select a piece of ground of considerable dimen- the crime. They were afterwards executed. sions, at the distance of about two miles, which he “While on a visit at Cumbagonani, Mr. Swartz cultivated and formed into a garden, where he conversed with a Brahmin who had considerable erected several houses and a small church. In the landed property, entreating him with much affecimmediate vicinity of this garden, the native Chris- tion to turn to the true God. A few weeks aftertians settled, and he lives amongst them like a wards, we heard that he had died, and that his wife father.”. Speaking of the splendor of the pagodas was burned alive with his corpse. Although this in this chief seat of idolatry, he adds, “Here we happens less frequently than formerly, yet, in many see how much superstition can effect.
instances it takes place, and that from two motives: "My stay at Tanjore was to have been limited to one is superstition; the poor widow believing that the 25th of October, my presence being much want- she shall attain to a higher degree of happiness ed by the Tranquebar brethren; but dear Mr. after death: the other is the fear of being despised Swartz wished for an extension of the time, being by her relations, in case she should not manifest an desirous that I should make considerable progress affection sufficiently strong, to devote herself to the in the Malabar tongue; and it so happened that the funeral pile with her husband. When Mr. Swartz rains this season were more violent than was ever learns beforehand that such an inhuman sacrifice recollected by the oldest inhabitants. I could not, is about to take place, he exerts his utmost influence in consequence, return, without endangering my to prevent it; and in these endeavors he has often life. Under these circumstances, my residence succeeded. with that excellent man was delayed until the 14th "His garden is filled from morning till late in of December.
the evening with natives of every rank, who come "Nothing can possibly afford me more lively to him to have their differences settled; but, rather satisfaction than the society of Mr. Swartz. His than his missionary duties should be neglecied, the unfeigned piety, his real and conscientious attention most important cases are delayed. to every branch of his duties, his sincerity,-in “Both morning and evening he has a service, at short, his whole demeanor filled me with reverence which many of the Christians attend. A short and admiration. He treated me like a brother, or hymn is first sung; after which he gives an exhor. rather like a tender parent, and instructed me in tation on some passage of Scripture, and concludes the most agreeable manner in the Malabar lan- with a prayer. Till this is over, every one, even the guage. The same did Mr. Kohlhoff, who is meek: most respectable, is obliged to wait. The number ness and humility itself. Many an evening passed of those who come to him to be instructed in Chrisaway, as if it had been but a single moment, so ex- tianity is great. Every day individuals attend, receedingly interesting proved the conversation of questing him soon to establish a Christian congrethis truly venerable man, and his relations of the gation in their part of the country. singular and merciful guidance of God, of which “During my stay about thirty persons, who had he had experienced so many proofs throughout his been previously instructed, were baptized. Hic allife, but particularly during the dreadful wars in ways performs the service with such solemnity', that India. The account he gave of the many dangers all present are moved to tears. He has certainly to which his life had been exposed, and the won received from God a most peculiar gift of teaching derful manner in which it was often preserved, his the truths of religion. Heathens of the highest tender and grateful affection towards God, his fer- rank, who never intend to become worshippers of vent prayers and thanksgivings, his gentle exhor- the true God, and disciples of Jesus Christ, hear tations constantly to live as in the presence of God, his instructions with pleasure. During an abode zealously to preach the gospel, and entirely to re- of more than forty years in this country, he has sign ourselves to God's kind providence-all this acquired a profound knowledge of the customs, brought many a tear into my eyes, and I could not manners, and character of the people. He expressbut ardently wish that I might one day resemble es himself in the Tamul language as correctly as a Swartz. His disinterestedness, his honorable man- | native. He can immediately reply to any question,
and refutes objections so well, that the people ac- get them to show me their work, as a proof of their knowledge,' We can lay nothing to the charge of industry. Labor is constantly necessary for them, this priest.
not only as an occupation, but to fix their minds on “The time having arrived for my return to an object during the hours of solitude. .Tranquebar, it was not without the deepest_regret The great wish of our hearts is, that those who that I parted from this excellent man. Besides have been instructed in our religion, may lead a making considerable progress in the Malabar lan- life conformable to its holy precepts. Some, indeed, guage, I derived great benefit for my immortal soul. bring forth the fruits of faith; as for others, we On my taking leave, he said, shaking hands with labor with patience, in hope of seeing them turn to much warmth, 'O that we may meet again before the Lord. the throne of God! I wish once more to see my "A short time since an old man was interred, friends on the coast, and to take my farewell of whose life and death were a great consolation to them.'"
us. He was a man of some property in land and
cattle, and left the whole to his children, exhorting The journal of Swartz for this year contains a them in his last moments to follow his example, striking illustration of Mr. Cæmmerer's remark as and become disciples of Jesus Christ. But, alas! to the respect in which he was held, both by the they were far from being so inclined. His whole English government and the Rajah of Tanjore, and heart was fixed upon God, and he sought and found of his beneficial influence even in civil concerns, salvation, by repentance and faith in the great Recombined, as it ever was, with his unabated zeal deemer, and by a steady course of consistent piety. and piety.
He was indefatigable in prayer, never gave way to " When the present king," he observes," ascend- a spirit of discontent, but always enjoyed a happy ed the throne, I was desired to form the outline of frame of serenity and peace. Many heathens who a plan for the better administration of justice and knew him were wont to say, 'If there be not anthe laws. I did so; and it was transmitied to Eng- other sincere Christian among those who have been land and approved. This year the directors sent instructed, this good old man certainly is one. In out orders to have my plan carried into execution: his last illness, he was visited by the catechists and and the governor of Madras desired me to super- ourselves. The day of his departure I said to him, intend it. This greatly increased my labors; but My dear friend, it seems as if the Lord designed for the sake of the poor inhabitants, I could not re- to call you away to-day. Yes,' returned he; 'I fuse the office.
am ready to go, and my soul exclaims, Come, Lord " As many of the natives daily come to me from Jesus! I am willing to follow thee! Shortly after, all parts of the country, I had the best opportunity one of the catechists asked him
how he found himof declaring to them the counsel of God, for their self. 'Very well,' he replied, and expired. His salvation. Those who came at seven in the morn- death produced a general sensation. The children ing, attended our morning prayers. Others, who in the schools, who revered him as a father, followcalled at eight, heard the instructions given to the ed him, singing hymns, with a great concourse of candidates for baptism. Sometimes forty or fifty Christians, and heathens, and strewed his grave with persons are present, both of high and low castes.- flowers. All the brethren were convinced that his Frequently from fitteen to twenty Brahmins are sit- life was truly Christian, and his end happy. His ting by while I am catechising. I say to them, memory will be blessed." 'Sit down, and you will hear what doctrines we teach. I trust you will dedicate yourselves to the Who can peruse the preceding brief narrative, service of your Creator and Redeemer, and forsake and not feel that the subject of it was a genuine your wretched idolatry! They, quietly sit down convert to the faith and hope of the gospel; and for an hour and hear every thing I have to say that, had there been no other evidence of his sucThirty years ago, they would have looked upon this cess, the labor of Swartz would not have been in as the greatest scandal. May God be merciful to vain ! them, and incline their hearts not only to hear, but In a letter to a friend, dated “Tanjore, January to receive the truth in the love of it!
24th, 1792,"Swartz thus expresses his perception of :-"My hope that this country will be brought to advancing years, and his increasing anxiety for ada saving knowledge of the gospel, daily gains ditional help. strength; but whether I shall live to see the change “I am now in the 66th year of my age, and I the Lord only knows-nor, indeed, is it material. cannot but bless God that I am still able to perform My chief care is to train up young people in the all my usual functions, both in the church' and in service of Christ. Mr. Jænicke observed, 'I wish the schools. Nature certainly begins to decay; but we had a few more young men like Sattianaden.' as long as God shall grant me any degree of Yes, I replied the Lord of the harvest can call strength, I will gladly spend it in laboring in his others. May He only grant us a single aim, and vineyard. The harvest' is al present truly great, humble hearts! Then his blessing will not be but the laborers are few: we therefore earnestly pray wanting, but if we harbor sordid motives, we can- that the Lord would send laborers into his harvesi; not expect it."
and we urgently entreat all our friends and patrons
in Europe to do their utmost to send us out faithful How admirable and instructive are such reflec- assistants in this work. In the last year the intions; and what might not be expected from the crease of converts was considerable. Our three united exertions and prayers of a few such la- schools in this place go on well, and also that at borers !
Cumbagonam, and another at Paliamkodi. In the In another part of the journal for 1791, Swartz latter place, above sixty persons have been convertthus mentions one of the benevolent methods he ed to Christianity.” adopted for supplying some of his native converts with the means of support.
On the 8th of March following he says, " Ten “I sometimes employ poor widows in spinning. days ago, I returned from a journey to TrichinoThey bring the yarn to a Christian weaver, who poly. My excursion was very gratifying both in makes good cloth for a trifling sum. Some widows going and returning. I visited the little congregabruise rice and sell it; others support themselves tions from village io village, and was pleased with by selling fruit. When I visit these poor women their open-hearted avowal of the truth. When I on an afternoon, I first catechise them and then catechised, there were generally above a hundred
heathens present who listened in silence. One of To the latter Swartz added : the newly-baptized Christians said, “The whole “As I wrote to-day some lines to your dear mamland will yet turn to Christ.' I said, “ Amen! ma, I thought it necessary to add a line or two to For so it is wrillen, that the kingdoms of this world you, to indulge the pleasure of mind, which I find shall finally be given to the Lord Christ. On my in talking of or to you. outward journey I took the northern side, on my re “Your old friend is still alive, going about to turn the southern, and declared the counsel of God preach the glad tidings concerning a Redeemer, to Christians and heathens with much emoiion of who came to save that which was lost. As this heart. The three schools here, anıl that at Cum- blessed Jesus is called, with the greatest propriely, bagonam are continued. Our greatest anxiety is the Consolation of the nations,' I hope yon seek all how to dispose of the children educated in the En- true comfort in Him. By Him you shall be made glish schools, as most of ihem are orphans. They wise; for He is the author of all wisdom. In and are not received into the army, unless they are con- by Him you shall obtain a full and atoning righttent to rise no higher than sergeants !* In writing eousness, as he has fulfilled the law of God, and sadepartments so many applicants are to be found in tisfied divine justice for us ; in and by him we shall Madras, that it is difficult to obtain situations. The be truly sanctified, and restored to the image of God; war is now almost at an end, and the preliminaries because he has not only given us the best rules for of peace have been already acceded to by all par- holiness, but has set us an example of unspoiled hoties."
liness, and, which is our greatest comfort, has pur
chased for us the grace of his Holy Spirit; nay, The continued affection of Swartz for the widow is now able to send this blessed Spirit into our and children of his friend, Colonel Wood, was in hearts. In and by Jesus, we shall be delivered from this year expressed in the following pious and in- all evil and calamily, and introduced into the preteresting letter.
sence of God. Should not such a Saviour be pre
cious in our sight? St. Paul counted all things but “ Tanjore, March 9th, 1792. loss in comparison with the excellency of the know" Your favor of January 13th, 1791, I have re- ledge of his Saviour. Whatever worldly people ceived. I am happy at the pleasing account of your say, they will one day or other be of Paul's opinion. better health. I am now in the 66th year of my "I pray to God to enable you to show by your age, and am so well that I can go through the du- conduct, before all the world, ihat Jesus is the highties of my office without much fatigue. However, est object of your desires and wishes. Worldly I think now daily of my departure. My time is in riches and honors are not sinful in themselves; nay, the hand of God; but considering my age, my quit- ought to be used with thankfulness to God, but ting this world cannot be far off.
with a becoming care and vigilance, lest they be"I adore the unspeakable mercy of God, who has come a snare to us.” dealt so very kindly by be in all respects. He has given me a knowledge of his unspeakably great The following is the first letter from Swartz, to love in Christ; he pardoneth my sins, heals my in- his friends, Mr. and
Mrs. Duffin, who had now refirmities, and I hope that he will crown me with turned to Europe. The unpleasant circumstances glory. Moreover, he has been pleased to make me which he mentions in it, as resulting from the rean instrument of his grace to instruct others; some cent conversion of some native families, are more of whom we shall find in a blessed eternity, with fully detailed in a subsequent letter, whom I shall sing the praises of redeeming love. In short, if I complain, it must be of myself, and of
Tanjore, Sept. 17, 1792. my frequent acts of disobedience and ingratitude ; “As I hear that a Company's ship is to be des. but of my God and Redeemer I have no reason to patched, I must write you a few lines. complain.
“We are still in being. Mr. Kohlhoff is well, “Dear madam, we have known one another in and Mr. Janicke arrived here from nis long jourthis pilgrimage. “O that we may see one another in ney to Palamcotta a few days ago. I myself am so glory!
far well as to perform the duties of my office. If I “Remember me to your dear children. Your live a few weeks longer, I shall finish my sixty-sixth eldest daughter is, I hope, 'a joyful mother of chil- year. How long has God showed mercy to me!dren.' Put her ofien in mind to bring them up in Praise and honor be to his name! At last, when I the knowledge of God and Jesus Christ; and not ac- survey all, I must confess, that all I have done cording to the fancies of the world. Your youngest needs pardon; which I hope to find, for the sake of daughter, M., is now married likewise to a clergy- my blessed Redeemer. man. May she also look out for the best part! “The schools are kept up as before, here and at But where is your second daughter, E? Is she still Cumbagonam. Some of the first scholars are now with you? Before this reaches you, I hope you writers. have seen your dear son. May he imitate Corne "Just about the time when you left us, we had a lius, desirous of hearing and receiving the word of great deal of trouble. Many of the Collary famitruth!
lies were instructed and baptized, which displeased Many of your clergymen make little of a Re- the heathens to such a degree, that they associated deemer. They destroy the foundation of happiness by two and three hundred, in order to attack the and true holiness. What can they build ? Paul Christians. But by a kind 'Providence this storm is was another master-builder, who knew of no other become, in a great degree, a calm. foundation than Jesus Christ.
“At Palamcotia, Mr. Jenicke has instructed " Mr. Breithaupt is a plain and serious Christian. many; and he delights in the truly Christian conMr. Gericke and he live close together. Mr. duct of many. He thinks that the country people
is dead. He seemed to be sorry for what he are more open to conviction. The children in ihe had done. His memory failed him; but he had no country found it difficult to be instructed. I have severe sickness. He supped heartily, and began to therefore built a spacious house for them, and intremble, and died.
tend to keep a charity school. Next month we are "God bless you, and your dear children.”. resolved to begin. We shall first take fitteen or
twenty, and keep them free in victuals and clothes. This restriction is now happily removed. If God be with us, we hope to enlarge, and take in + The late Rev. and excellent Basil Woodd.
"This country is still managed by the Company. / interest in Christ, to be an instrument in the salvaLast week a new treaty was offered to the Rajah's tion of others." approbation and signature. But the conditions After repeated inquiries the venerable Dr. Schultz, were rather hard; so that he will not be able to of Halle, succeeded, in the course of this year, in comply with them.
obtaining, in the Rev. C. W. Pæzold, who had been "By this time I hope you are settled in London. educated at Wittemberg, one whom he could reI heartily wish that you may find your present si- commend to the Society for promoting Christian tuation beneficial to soul and body. May the Lord Knowledge, for the arduous work of a missionary. Jesus, who has bought and redeemed us, he our wis- In the month of October, Mr. Pæzold arrived in dom, righteousne sanctification, and redemption. England, and, previously to his departure for India, May we rejoice in him, and may that joy be our a charge was delivered to him, at ihe request of the strength, by which we may overcome all tempta- Society, by the late Rev. Dr. Glasse, in the course tions! For temptations, we, no doubt, shall meet of which he thus refers to him, whom he justly every where. Let us be strong in the Lord, and styled “the admirable Mr. Swartz," as “an examwatch and pray till we have finished our warfare. ple of all that is great and good and imitable in
“All my friends wish you health and substantial the character of a Christian missionary; one that happiness. I am, as long as I live,
has bazarded his life for the name of our Lord “ Dear friends,
Jesus Christ; one that has been enabled not only to "Your affectionate friend and servant,
conciliate the affections of the ignorant and unC. F. SWARTZ.” learned, but to overcome the deep-rooted prejudices
of such as had been long habituated to a most unIn the course of this year, Mr. John, one of the reasonable system of theology, and which, to the missionaries at Tranquebar, having occasion to ob- utter astonishment of those who are blessed with tain the advice of Swartz, requested the latter to superior light, they hold, amidst all its absurdities, nieet him at Tripatore.“ Í reached that place," he (I had almost said amidst all its abominations,) in says, "at seven, and at eight Mr. Swariz arrived, the highest veneration and esteem. Many of these whom I had so earnestly desired to see. He was has the indefatigable Mr. Swartz converied to the not able to quit his palanquin without difficulty; and pure and apostolical faith, by a conciliatory beI soon perceived that since I saw him at Tanjore a havior, peculiarly suited to his situation; a beyear and a half ago, his energy and strength had havior which, whilst it has endeared him to the become much impaired. It went to my very heart, common orders of men, has procured him admisas I reflected with sorrow, that we were not likely sion even before the throne of the proudest monarch to retain this: dear brother long amongst us. He of the east; there do we find this worthy servant himself observed ; 'I am getting nearer the grave: of God, pleading the cause of Christianity, and in travelling no longer does for me; my heavenly Fa- terceding for the protection of his mission, and ther will not, I trust, permit me to lie long sick and doing it without offence: there do we find him, reincapable of work; but take me soon to himself-if nouncing,every personal consideration, regardless it be his will.' He complained of a severe cold that of every personal advantage, and, in the true spirit affected his teeth; the loss of which would much of the divine lawgiver, choosing rather to suffer grieve him, as it would hinder his speaking affliction with the people of God,' than to enjoy any
"Our Christians assembled, and Mr. Swartz re- pleasures or distinctions which this world could capitulated to them his sermon of last Sunday. Till afford him; 'esteeming the reproach of Christ,' midnight I poured out my heart into the bosom of and the advancement of a despised religion, greater this faithful and experienced brother, and was riches' than Indian treasures; because, with Moses, through him not a little refreshed.”
‘he had respect to a future and eternal 'recomThe progress of religion at Palamcotta, under pence of reward.' In a word, we find him in every the zealous ministry of Jænicke and Satrianaden place, and on every occasion, conducting himself was particularly gratifying, to the venerable mis- as one who had determined to know and to regard sionary at Tanjore. “The native preacher,” Mr. nothing but the interest of a crucified Saviour, and Jænicke informed him, " returned lately from an the propagation of his gospel." excursion, after an absence of thirty-five days. While the character of Swartz was thus deEvery morning he went to some village in the servedly eulogised, an equally just tribute of approneighborhood. He cannot sufficiently describe bation was paid io his valuable fellow-laborers, the desire expressed by the people; wherever he and particularly to Mr. Gericke, with whom it was went, they begged him to read and preach to intended that Mr. Pæzold should be immediately them. He was full of joy, and would gladly have associated at Madras, as a most devoted and zealous returned to them again, but I rather preferred his missionary, who merited every testimony of respect holding the preparation at Padunadapooram. I from the Society with which he was connected. believe we shall have a great harvest in the West." “I always thought,” replied Swartz "and I
CHAPTER XVIII. wrote to you to say so, that a large congregation
A. D. 1792 to A. D. 1793. would be collected at Palamcotta. This my hope Harsh treatment of Serfojee and the widows of Tuljajee, by Ameer now begins to be fulfilled. O may the Lord of the harvest give faithful laborers ! But I hope and
Sing-Letter from Serfojee to Mr. Swartz-He transmits their
complaints to the Governor of Madras—The widows and Serfojee, pray that God will protect this work from the race
accompanied by Mr. Swartz, are removed to that Presidency-Proof those that deny the Godhead of Christ, and his ceedings commenced for a renewed investigation of Serlojee's atoring sacrifice.
adoption-Administration of Tanjore revenue restored to Ameer "Since January I have had from twenty to thirty Sing-Swartz visits Mr. Gericke at Vepers-Their mutual testipersons constantly under preparation ; and I have mony-Account of the Collaries-Mr. Jænicke and Saltianaden at labored on them with all my might, morning, af
Palamcolta-Letters to friends--Character of Sertojee-Swartz's ternoon, and evening, until almost ten o'clock at
and Gericke's endeavors to instruct him-Mr. Pezoll's account of night. I recapitulate and apply the fundamental
Swartz-Ms. Rottler's-Swartz at Negapatam-Letter 10 Serfojee doctrines of the Christian faith, lead them to child
-Death and Character of Mr. Chambers-Letter of Swartz to his like communion with God in prayer, and while so
widow-His return to Tanjore, Letter to Dr. Schulz engaged, almost forget my age and infirmities. I THOUGH the adopted son of the late Rajah of Tanesteer ii the greatest of blessings, next to my own jore had been rescued from the control of his suc
cessor, as already related, in the year 1790, the In transmitting the preceding letter to Sir Charles jealousy and animosity of Ameer Şing, towards Oakley, who had succeeded to the presidency at Sertojee, and the widows of his late brother, con- Madras, Mr. Swartz, after confirming the comtiuued unabated, and had proceeded to so great plaints of Serfojee from his own knowledge, and a length during the two following years, that in particularly noticing the confinement of a Lrahmin November, 1792, it became absolutely necessary for in his service, informed 'he governor, that on hearthe English government again to interfere for their ing of ihe latter circumstance he wrote to the protection.
Rajah, requesting to know whether this had been It appears that the son-in-law of Ameer Sing, done by his order, and reminding him, that it was the husband of his only child, had recently died, altogether contrary to the will of the honorable Wijout offspring. In the agony of his grief, as it Board, and to the decree of the Court of Directors may be charitably concluded, for a loss which de- of May 6, 1791. pri ved him of the hope of posterity, the Rajah The animosity," he added, " is rather too great; strangely imputed this unhappy event to enchant- so that if some effectual means are not used, none mcats practised by the Baie Sahebs, (widows of knows what may happen." Tuljajee,) by means of a Pusary.* He even ac In another letter to Sir Charles Oakley, he obcused them of plotting, by the same abominable served, that the Rajah was in so dreadful an agitaarts, against his own life; and, after condemning tion," that it would not be surprising if he should the Pusary to be hanged, for the alleged witchcraft
, fall into a state of sickness, which he without doubt he caused a proclamation to be publicly read under would ascribe to witchcraft.”. the windows of the Baie Sahebs' residence, ac “That Serfojee, and the ladies," he continued, cusing them of instigating the wretched man to are in danger, is very obvious and acknowledged this atrocious crime.
by all. They have desired me to acquaint Lord While the Rajah thus unjustly accused the wi-Cornwallis with all this shameful work." dows of his late brother, he himself was guilty of The general impression which the extraordinary something more palpably injurious, by causing a conduct of the Rajah, thus detailed, produced both quantity of chillies, (long pepper,) and other ingre- at Tanjore and Madras, was that he was disordered dients, to be burnt under the windows of Serfojee's in his intellects, and he was informed by the goapartments; by which he and his attendants were vernment that he would not be entrustell with the nearly suffocated.
management of his country, until his mind should
be more composed. In fact, it was found necesThe following translation of a letter from Ser- sary, for this and other reasons, to retain the adfojee to his venerable friend and guardian, de ministration of the revenue for a few months longer. scribes, with great simplicity, and with every ap It is remarkable, that, in consequence of the pearance of iruth, other instances of persecution Rajah's former ill-treatment of Serfojee, governand annoyance which he was then enduring. It ment had been induced to consult Mr. Swartz as will be read with some interest, as the production to the expediency of removing both him and the of a Hindoo prince, whose history is so intimately widow queens to Madras, and of declaring Serfojee connected with that of Swartz.
presumptive heir to the musnud. Before, however, "I will not,” he writes, “ again explain the va- ihe desparch containing that proposition could have rious vexations which I have hitherto suffered from reached Tanjore, Mr. Swartz's letter to Sir Charles Ameer Sing, Maha Rajah, because you know them, Oakley, communicating the Rajah’s outrageous beand have mentioned them to government.
havior, arrived; and left no doubt as to the neces“Though the governor has often admonished sity of removing Serfojee immediately from his Ameer Sing to behave friendly to me, he has dis- perilous situation. Orders were accordingly transregarded all exhortations.
mitted to Tanjore, that Serfojee and ihe Baie That I still live, I owe to the kindness of go- Sahebs should be rescued from the vexatious intervernment.
ference of Ameer Sing; and that they and such “I will only mention one of the last grievances members of their family as were willing to accomcaused by Ameer Sing. Sultshana Baie Saheb be- pany them should be invited to Madras, where they haved to me as a mother from my infancy. Upon would live unmolested, and the education of Ser-, her recent death, I wished to honor her by per- fojee, which had hitherto been much impeded, forming the funeral rites. But as the governor and might be duly attended to. council determined that Ameer Sing should fulfil On the 21st of November, this plan, so contrary that duty, I was quiet. As he insisted upon it, he in some respects to the usual habits of Hindoo feshould have performed it; but instead of this he males, was carried into effect. A detachment of sent a hired man, and he himself went out of the the Company's troops, under the superintendence fort as soon as the corpse was carried away; which of Mr. Swartz, accomplished the removal of Serdisrespect to my mother grieved me very much. fojee, and the widows, from the palace of the late
"He continues to torment us. My teachers he Rajah, without occasioning the least disturbance. prevents from coming to me. My servants he con- They soon afterwards left Tanjore, and on the 10th fines; so that hardly any one will stay with me. of January, 1793, the whole party, accompanied by When a merchant comes to sell cloth to me, the their faithful friend and protector, safely reached merchant and his cloth are detained. I would the presidency. Ameer Sing, dreading the exmention many things more: but why should I posure of his folly, used his utmost endeavors to trouble you with all my griefs? I entreat you to prevail upon them to remain; but they could not send this my letter to the honorable Board, and to be persuaded to forego their intention. In addition beseech them either to call me to Madras, which I to the immediate object of their personal safety and heartily wish, or to put a guard of Europeans near comfort, they had resolved to take this opportunity the gate, to protect me and my two mothers; or to of stating their conviction of the validity of Sergive me a room out of the fort, in your garden. fojee's adoption, and of obtaining such a full inves
“I entreat you to lay my grief before the honor-tigation of his claims as might lead to the deposiable Board. Now they can help me; and I trust tion of Ameer Sing, and the elevation of Seri jee that they will protect me.”
to the throne.
The proceedings, which at length issued in the
accomplishment of these important events, appear Magician.
to have commenced by communications on the part