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To fine his title with some show of truth,
and K. Hen. May I, with right and conscience, make
K. Hen. May 1, widur progenitors
1 To fine is to embellish, to trim, to make showy or specious: Limare. The folío reads find.
2 Shakspeare found this expression in Holinshed; and, though it sounds odd to modern ears, it is classical.
3 This should be Lewis the Ninth, as it stands in Hall's Chronicle. Shakspeare has been led into the error by Holinshed, whose Chronicle he followed.
4 The folio reads imbarre; the quarto imbace.
From whom you claim ; invoke his warlike spirit,
Ely. Awake remembrance of these valiant dead,
Exe. Your brother kings and monarchs of the earth
means, and might; So hath your highness ;? never king of England Had nobles richer, and more loyal subjects; Whose hearts have left their bodies here in England, And lie pavilioned in the fields of France.
Cant. 0, let their bodies follow, my dear liege,
1 This alludes to the battle of Cressý, as described by Holinshëd, vol. ii. p. 372.
i. e. your highness hath indeed what they think and know you have.
Against the Scot, who will make road upon us
Cant. They of those marches, gracious sovereign,
If that you will France win,
Then with Scotland first begin. For once the eagle England being in prey, To her unguarded nest the weasel Scot
1 The marches are the borders.
2 The main intendment is the principal purpose, that he will bend his whole force against us; the Bellum in aliquem intendere of Livy.
3 The quarto reads, " at the bruit thereof."
Comes sneaking, and so sucks her princely eggs ;
Exe. It follows, then, the cat must stay at home.
Cant. True ; therefore doth Heaven divide The state of man in divers functions, Setting endeavor in continual motion; To which is fixed, as an aim or butt, Obedience; for so work the honey bees; Creatures, that, by a rule in nature, teach The act of order to a peopled kingdom. They have a king, and officers of sorts ; Where some, like magistrates, correct at home; Others, like merchants, venture trade abroad; Others, like soldiers, armed in their stings, Make boot upon the summer's velvet buds; Which pillage, they with merry march bring home To the tent-royal of their emperor ; Who, busied in his majesty, surveys The singing masons building roofs of gold; The civil s citizens kneading up the honey;
1 “ Yet that is but a crushed necessity." This is the reading of the folio. The editors of late editions have adopted the reading of the quarto copy,
6 cursed necessity." 2 Concent is connected harmony in general, and not confined to any specific consonance. Concentio and concentus are both used by Cicero for the union of voices or instruments, in what we should now call a chorus or concert.
36 The act of order" is the statute or law of order ; as appears from the reading of the quarto. “ Creatures that by awe ordain an art of order to a peopled kingdom.”
4 i. e. of different degrees : if it be not an error of the press for sort, i. e. rank.
5 « The civil citizens kneading up the honey.” Civil is grave. See
mechanic porters crowding in
Twelfth Night, Act iii. Sc. 4. Johnson observes, to knead the honey is not physically true. The bees do, in fact, knead the wax more than the honey.
1. Executors," for executioners. Thus also Burton, in his Anatomy of Melancholy, p. 38, ed. 1632:
« Tremble at an executor, and yet not feare hell-fire." 2 « Without defeat. The quartos read, “Without defect.”
Empery." This word, which signifies dominion, is now obsolete.