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313. Rules. It is impossible to give Proverbs. I. A great fortune, in the hande rules—for reading every sentence, or indeed of a fool, is a great mis-fortune. 2. Too many

2 any sentence; much more is left to the pupil, resolve, then re-resolve, and die the same. than can be written. All that is here at- Never give the tongue full liberty, but keep it tempted—is, a meagre outline of the subject; under control. 4. Charactèr—is the measure of enough, however, for every one who is deter- man and woman. 5. We may die of a surfeit, as mined to succeed, and makes the necessary and an instrument. 7. If we meet evil company,

well as of hunger. 6. Truth—is an ornament, application; and too much for such as are of an opposite character. The road is points for the worst, but hope for the best. 9. Though

it is no reason we should keep it. 8. Provide ad out, and all the necessaries provided for he is wise, that can teacd the most, yet he, that the journey, but each must do the traveling, learns, and practices what he learns, is wist. or abide the consequences. Be what ought 10. Never be without good books. ll. T'ime to be, and success is yours.

is the herald of truth. 12. Manners make the (3) No radiant pearl, which crested fortune wear

13. Dissembled holiness, is double ini. (6) No gem, that twinkling, hangs from beauty's ears:

quity. 14. Conscience – is in the chamber of (5) Nor the bright stars, which night's blue arch adorn,

justice. (6) Nor rising run-that gilas the eternal morn, (8) Shine-with much lustre, as the tear that breaks,

Oratory. Eloquence--may be considered (6) For other's woe, down virtue's manly cheek. as the soul, or animating principle of dis

In reading, (rather reciting) these beautiful course; and is dependent on intellectual lines, the voice commences, as indicated by energy, and intellectual attainments. El the figures, gradually rises, then yields a lit-cution-is the embodying form, or representle; till it comes to the word ‘shine,' which tative power ; dependent on exterior accomis on the 8th note; and then it gradually de- plishments, and on the cultivation of the or. scends to the close; because such are the gans. Oratory—is the complicated and vital thoughts, and the feelings. Get the inside; existence, resulting from the perfect harmony never live out of doors; grasp the thoughts, and combination of Eloquence and Elocution. and then let the words flow from feeling. Varletles. 1. Is there not the same dif.

314. OPENING THE Mouth. This is ference-between actual and hereditary evil, among the most important duties of the elo-as between an inclination to do a thing, and cutionist, and singer ; more fail in this par- the commission of the act? 2. Whoever has ticular, than in any other: indistinctness and flattered his friend successfully, must at once stammering are the sad effects of not open- think himself a knave, and his friend a fool. ing the mouth wide enough. Let it be your 3. Unfriended, indeed, is he, who has no first object to obtain the proper positions of friend good enough-to tell him his faults. the vocal organs: for which purpose, practice 4. If those, who are called good singers, the vocal analysis, as here presented. The were as sensible of their errors in reading, as first effort is--separating the lips and teeth; they would be, if similar ones were made which will not only enable you to inhale and in their singing, they would be exceedingly exhale freely, through the nose, when speak- mortified, and chagrined. 5. The sacred ing and singing, but avoid uneasiness in the light of Scripture-should be shed upon the chest, and an unpleasant distortion of the fea- canvas of the world's history, as well as on tures. The second is, a simultaneous action that of humanity. 6. The theology of crea. of the lips, teeth, and tongue: let these re- tion-was revealed to the earliest ages; and marks be indelibly stamped upon your the science of creation, is now beginning to memory; for they are of immense practical be revealed to us. 7. What is most spiritual importance.

-is most rational, if rightly understood; Anecdote. Alexander and the Pirate. and it also admits of a perfect illustrationWe too often judge of men--by the splendor, by rational and natural things: to follow and not the merit of their actions. Alexan. God, and to follow right-and pure reason, der-demanded of the Pirate, whom he had is all one ; and we never give offence to Him. taken, by what righthe infested the seas? if we do that, which such a reason requires ""By the same right,” replied he boldly,

THE PROGRESS OF LIFE. “that you enslave the world. I-am called a I dreamed -I aw a little rosy child robber, because I have only one small vessel ;

With flaxen ringlets-in a garden playing;

Now stopping here, and then afar off straying, but you—are called a conqueror, because you

As flouer, or brutterfly-hio fæt beguiled. command great fieets and navies.”

Twas changed. One summer's day I stept aside,
The best contrived deceit-

To let him pass; his face--and manhood seeming,

And that full eye of blue-was fondly beaming
Will hurt its own contriver ;

On a fair maiden, whom he called his Bride
And perfidy-doth often cheat-

Once more; "was autonn, and the cheerful fire
Its author's purse of every stider.

I mwa group-of youthful forms surrounding

The room with harmlese pleasantry resounding The man, that's resolute, and just,

And, in the midst, I marked the smiling Sire, Firm to his principles-and trust,

The heavens were clouded! and I heard the tone, Noi Dopes, nor fears, can bind.

Of a slovo-moving Litlithe white haired man was

318. As Emphasis is the same thing as Proverbs. 1. Nahing uvercomes passionAccent, only more of it; so, it is inseparably sooner than silence. 2. Precepts-may lead, but connected with the Pauses; indeed, whatecamples-draw. 3. Rebel not against the dictates ever distinguishes one word from the others, of reason and conscience. 4. Sincerity—is the pamay be called Emphasis; which is some rent of truth. 5. The loquacity of fools-is a lectimes only another name for Expression: it ture to the wise. 6. Unruly passions—destroy the is, at least, one of the mediums of expression. peace of the soul. 7. Valor-can do but little

without discretion. 8. Modesty-is one of the chief Hence, Emphasis is often exhibited in connection with a Rhetorical Fause, placed be

ornaments of youth. 9. Never insult the poor,

poverty-entitles one to our pity. 10. Our reputa fore, or after, emphatic words, which may |tion virtue, and happiness—greatly depend on the be elevated, or depressed, with force and quan- | choice of our companions. 11. Wisdom-is be tity, according to sentiment. When this

greatest wealth. 12. Pride-is a great thief. pause is made after the important word, or

Laconics. No more certain is it, that the words, it causes the mind to revert to what flower was made to waft perfume, than that was last said; and when it is made before woman's destiny—is a ministry of ive, a lito such word, the mind is led to anticipate of the affections. something worthy of particular attention.

Varieties. 1. Those authors, (says Dr. The book is full of illustrations.

Johnson,) are to be read at school, that supply 316. Ex. 1. BENEVOLENCE-is one of the most axioms of prudence, and most principles brightest gems-in the crown of christian per- of moral truth. 2. The little and short sayfection. 2. Melodyis an agreeable succes- ings of wise and excellent men, (saith Bishop sion of sounds; Harmony - an agreeable Tillotson,) are of great value ; like the dust concordance of sounds. 3. Homer—was the of gold, or, the least sparks of diamonds. 3. greater genius; Virgilthe better artist : The idle, who are wise rather for this world in one, we most admire the man; in the other than the next, are fools at large. 4. Let all -the work; Homer-hurries us with com- your precepts be succint, and clear, that manding impetuosity; Virgil-leads us with ready wits may comprehend them. 5. None an attractive majesty. Homer-scatters with -beiler guard against a cheat, than he, who a generous profusion; Virgil—bestows, with is a knave complete. 6. Scarcely an ill-to a careful magnificence. 4. What man could human life-belongs; but what our follies do, is done already; (8) HEAVEN and (5) cause, or mutual wrongs. 7. What our Lord earth-will witness,-if-R-0-m-e-m-u-s-t said to all, is applicable to all, at all times; f-a-ll,--that we are innocent.

namely, watch,—and it appears to relate Note. Prolong the words with the hyphens between the

to the admission of every thought and desiri,

into the mind. 317. POLITICAL ECONOMY-teaches us THE MOTHER PERISHING IN A SXOW-STORM. to investigate the nature, sources, and proper

"In the year 1821, a Mrs. Blake perished in a show-storm in the tises of national wealth; it seems to bear the night-time, while traveling over a spur of the Green Montilan

in Vermont. She had an infant with her, which was found alive same relation to the whole country, that Do- and well in the morning, being carefully wrapped in the mother's mestic Economy does to an individual fami- clothing." ly: for, tho' it generally relates to the wealth The cold winds-swept the mountain's height, of nations, it leads us to examine many points

And pathless--was the dreary wild, of comfort and well-being, that are closely And, 'mid the cheerless hours of nigha

, connected with the acquisition, and expendi- As through the drifting snow she press'd,

A mother wander'd-with her child : ture of property. Its connection with legis. The bave--was sleeping-on her breast. lation and government are self-evident; yet and colder still the winds did blow, every one may derive important lessons, from

And darker hours of nighi came on, a knowledge of its facts and principles.

And deeper grew the drifting snow : Anecdote. All have their Care.


Her limbs-were child, her strength-was gme merchants, conversing together about the “Oh, God!" she cried, in accents wild, hardness of the times, and observing a flock" If I must perish, save my child!" of pigeons, one said to the other, -"How She stripp'd her mantle from her breash, happy those pigeons are! they have no bills And bared her bosom to the storm, and acceptances to provide for.” “Indeed," And round the childshe wrapp'd the vest, said the other,“ you are much mistaken; for And smiled to think her babe was war they have their bills to provide for as well as With one cold kissone tear she shed,

And sunk--upon her snowy bed. When adverse sand:-and waves arise, At darn–a traveler passed by, And in my heart-despondence sighs;

And saw her-'neath a snowy vaul; When life-her throng of cares reveals, The frost of death-was in her eye, And weakness-o'er my spirit steals,

Her cheek was cold, and hard, and pale, Grauful-I hear the kind decree,

He moved the robe from off the child, "Thal, as my day, my strength-shall bo." The babe look'd up- and sweetly smiled'


318. EMPHASIS, in connection with the Proverbs. 1. Every thing-lends to educate Rhetorical Pause. 1. A friend cannot be us. 2. Always have a good object in view. 3. Acknown—in prosperity; and an enemy can- tions-should be led by knowledge ; and knowledge not be hidden—in adversity.

followed by actions. 4. It is better to be saved with. Passions-are winds—to urge us o'er the wave,

out a precedent, than damned by example. 5. There REAsox-the rudder-to direct-or save.

is no security among evil companions. 6. Never be He-raised a mortal-to the skies,

unwilling to teach, if you knolo; nor ashamed to She-drew an angel--down.

learn, if you can. 7. Better yourself when young; 4. Charity—suffereth long, and is (3) kind:(4) yourself inclined to be angry, speak in a low tome

you will want rest in old age. 8. When you find charity-envieth not; (5) charity-vaunteth of voice. 9. Bear-and fortear-is excellent pki not itself; (3) is not puffed up; (4) doth not losophy. 10. Seek—and practice the TRUTH, and behave itself (5) unseemly; (6) seeketh not you are made-forever. 11. Lookers on see, more her own ; (5) is not easily (4) provoked; (3) than players. 12. Wake not a sleeping lion. thinketh no evil; (5) rejoiceth-not in (4) iniquity, but (5) rejoiceth in the truth ; (4) ning-knife of friendship, and not the mon.

Laconics. Sincerity-should be the pri beareth all things; (5) believeth all things, (6) ster scythe-of an unfeeling rudeness, which, hopeth all things; (7) endureth all things; for one weed that it eradicates, mows down a (6) CHARITY-(8) NEVER faileth.

dozen of those tender flowers, which bloom319. THE THREE DEGREES OF SPEECH. only on our affections. There are three different modes in which one may read and speak; only two of which, un

Varieties. 1. Our Orators, (says Cicero,) der any circumstances, can be right. The are, as it were, the acTORS of truth itself; first is-reading and speaking by word, and the players are the imitators of truth. without having any regard to the sentiment; 2. Whence this disdain of life, in every the second is--reading or speaking only by breast, but from a notion-on their minds word and thought; and the third is-read- impress'd, that all, who, for their country die, ing and speaking by word, thought and feels are bless'd. 3. You'll find the friendship of ling-all combined, and appropriately man- the worldis show; all-OUTWARD show, ifested. In the Greek language, we find these 4. Errors, like straws upon the surface flow: three modes definitly marked by specific He, who would search for pearlsmust dive words, such as lalleo, EIPO and EIRO. Child below. 5. What you keep by you, you may dren are usually taught the first, instead of change and mend; but words, once spoke, the third, and then the second and third can never be recalled. 6. Let thy discourse combined: hence, very few of them ever be such, that thou mayest give profit to othhave any conception of the meaning of the ers, or, from them receive. 7. Beware of ever words they use, or of the subject matter about exceeding the boundaries of truth, in any which they are reading: they seem to regard form; for the mind loses strength, whenev. these as something foreign to the object. er it puts its foot beyond the circle, or passes Here we again see the natural truth of an- the boundaries. other scripture declaration : "The letter killeth: the spirit giveth LIFE."

All hail! thou lovely queen of night, And from the prayer of want, the plaint of woe;

Bright empress of the stary sky! Oh! neter, NEVER-turn away thine ear :

The meckness-of thy silvery light Forlorn, in this bleak wilderness below, [hear.

Beams gladness on the gazer's eye, Ah! wliat were man, should HEAVEN-refuse to

While, from thy peerless throne on high To others do—(the law is not severe;)

Thou shinest bright-as cloudless noort, What--lo thyself--thou wishiest to be done;

And bidu'st the shades of darkness fly Forgire thy foes, and love thy parents dear,

Before thy glory-Harrest moon! And friends and native land; nor those alone,[own.

In the deep stillness of the night, 4!l human weal, or woe, lcarn thou to make thine

When weary labor is at rest, Anecdote. Mahomet-made his people

How lovely is the scene!-how bright

The woodthe lawn-the mountain's breast believe, that he would call a hill to him; and,

When thou, fair moon of Harvesi, hast from the top of it, offer up his prayers for the

Thy radiant glory all unfurled, cbservers of his law. The people assembled ;

And sweetly smilest in the west, Mahomet called the hill again and again to

Far down-upon the silent world. conue to him; and the hill not moving, he

Shine on, fair orb of light! and smile was not at all abashed at it; but put it off

Till autumn months have passed away: with a jest; saying-"li the hill will not

And labor-hath forgot the toil come to Mahomet, he-will go to the hill."

He bore-in summer's sultry ray; When people-once are in the wrong,

And when the reapers-end the day,
Each line they add-is much too long;

Tired with the burning heat of noon,
Who fastest walks, but walks astray,

They'll come-with spirits light and gay,
Is only furthest from his way.

And bless thee-lovely Harvest Moon!


" for


330. EXPHASIS—by a pause just before, their sensible and passing forms; the world, or after, the important word. The peuse be- wearing the marks of its Muker, whose stamp fore--awakens curiosity, and excites expec- is everywhere visible, and whose chcracter tation ; afler--carries back the mind to what is legible to all, who are willing to under. was last said. How would a tyrant, after stand, and would become happy. naving ruled with a rod of iron, and shown Proverbs. 1. An onk tree-is not Selled with compassion to none, speak of his own death, a blow. 2. Beware of him, who is obliged to in allusion to the setting sun, in a tropical guard his reputation. 3. Concealing faulis – la climate; where the sun is severely hot as long but adding to them. 4. Defile not your mouth witb as it shines, and when it sets, it is very soon

impure words. 5. Envy-preys on itself ; ftatury durk? 1. (5) “And now--my race-of ter- 1-is nauseous—10 the truly wise. 6. Gluttony ron-run, (6) Mine-- be the eve of tropic (6) kills more than the sword. 7. Hasty resolutions sun; No pale (6) gradations quench his seldom speed well. 8. Inconstancy~is the attend

ant of a weak mind. 9. Keep good company, ray; (5) No twilight (7) dews--his wrath al

and be one of the number. 10. While one is base, luy: (4) With (5) disk, (like battle target)-

none can be entirely free and noble. 11. Sin-is red, (6) He rushes--ť his burning bed, (5) the parent of disease. 12. Oftener ask, than decide Dyes the wide wave--with bloody (6) light ; questions. 13. Avoid all superfluities. Then sinks at once --(2) and all is (1)

Anecdote. Witty Reply. "A gentleman night." The last clause, pronounced in a lately complimented a lady, on her improved deep monotone, and a pause before it, adds much to its beauty and grandeur. 2. “Will said the lady. “Not so," replied he;

appearance. “You are guilty of flattery," all great Neptune's ocean-wash-this blood -clean—from my hands ? No: these, my first," said she,-“I thought you guilty of

you are as plump as a partridge.” “At nands, will rather the multitudinous sea--incarnadine: making the green-(1) one red." Nattery only; but I now find you actually Macbeth's hands are so deeply stained, that,

make game of me.”

Mark to Hit. Never forget, that by your to wash them in the ocean, would make it red with blood.

advancement, you have become an object of SATAN, LAMENTING THE LOSS OF HEAVEN, AND

envyto those whom you have outstripped

-in the race of life, and a tacit reproach-to “ Is this the region, THIS the soil, the clime," their want of energy or capacity, which they Said then the lost archarged, " this th3 seal, never forgive. You must, therefore, lay your that we must change for heaven!

account—to be made a mark for “envy, haThis the mournful gloom

tred, and malice, and all uncharitableness." For that CELESTIAL LIGHT? Farewell, happy fields, Varieties. 1. We have three orders, or Where joy-forever dwells. Hail, horrors,hail

degrees of faculties; the gious, civil and Infernal world! And thou-profoundest hell,

scientific; the first, regaius the Deity; the Receive-thy new-possessor.'

cecond, Humanity; and the third, Nature;

i. e. the Workman and his works. 2. It is "Hand ine the bowl--ye jocund band,"

the object of the Bible-to teach religious, ra. He said, " 'will rouse my mirth ;" But conscience-seized his trembling hand,

ther than scientific truths. 3. Cannot our And dashed the cup-10 earth.

minds--be imbued with the spirit of heaven;

or tainted with the breath of Hell? 4. In lle looked around, he blush'd, he laughd,

man, we see blended the geological, the vegeHe sipped the sparkling ware;

table, and animal: to which is superadded, In it, he read,-“who drinks this draught, Shall fill-a murderer's grave."

the human; all harmonizing, and yet each

successive series predominates over the preHe grasped the bowl,—10 seek relief;

ceding one; till at length, the human rises No more-his conscience said;

above every thing; earth-passes away, and Ilis bosom-friend-was sunk in grief,

heaven-is all in all. 5. Let your trust be so His childrenbegged for bread.

implicit—in the Divine Providence, that all Thro' haunts of horror-and of strife,

things will be disposed for the best, after you Jlc passed down-life's dark tide;

have done the part assigned, that your only He cursed-his beggared babes—and wife, care shall be, how you may perform the He cursed his God,--and died!

greatest amount of good, of which your being 331. CHEATION. If we studied creation is capable. more, our minds would much sooner become

This world's a hive, you know, 'tis said, developed; then, the heavens, the earth, the

Whoso bees-are men, ('uis true as funny,) waler, with their respective, various, and nu

And somefill cells—with bitter bread, merous inhabitants, the productions, natures, While others gather sweetest honey; sympathies, antipathies ; their uses, benefits Yet each, alike, his duty does, And pleasures, would be better understood by Each--brings what's needful for the other: 018: and eternal wisdom, power, mojesty and Though divers ways—they hum and buz soodness, would be very conspicuous, thro' Yet all obey the common mother.



322. EMPHASIS. On every page may be Proverbs. 1. The foreknowledge of an ar found nearly all the principles of elocution; proaching evi, is a benefit of no small magrutudo and in aiming at a compliance with the rules 2. We may get a world of false love, for a littie given, great care must be taken to avoid a honesty. 3. The love of mankind-may be good stiff, and formal mode of reading and speak- while it lasts; but the love of God-is everlasting. ing. We must never become enslaved to 4. Too many condemn the jusl, and not a fero thought alone, which rules with a rod of iron: justify the wicked. 5. Some people's threats are but yield to feeling, when it is to predomi- larger than their hearts. 6. Discreet stages-make nate: in a perfect blending of feeling, thought short journeys. 7. Imitate the good, but avoid the and action, there is all the freedom and grace-evil

, by imitation. 9. Prize a good character above

evil. 8. Rather do good, without a pattern, than fulness of nature; provided they are in harmony with nature. It is better to be natural, benefactors of their race. 11. Plain dealing is a

any other good. 10. Well qualified teachers-are than mechanically correct. Every thought jewe. 12. Perfect love-casteth out fear. and feeling has its peculiar tone of voice, by which it is to be expressed, and which is ex

Science. Science, the partisan of no counactly suited to the degree of internal feeling: try, but the beneficent patroness of all, has in the proper use of these tones, most of the liberally opened a temple, where all may life, spirit, beauty, and effect of delivery con

meet. She never inquires about the country, sists. Hence, emphasis, or expression, is al or sect, of those who seek admission; she most infinite in variety; yet none should be never allots a higher, or a lower place, from discouraged; because we cannot do every

exaggerated national claims, or unfounded thing, is no reason why we should not try to national antipathies. Her influence on the do something.

mind, like that of the sun on the chilled 323. MISCELLANEOUS. 1. In your con- cultivation and farther improvement. The

carth, has long been preparing it for higher versation, be cautious what you speak, to philosopher of one country should not see an whom you speak, how you speak, when you enemy in the philosopher of another ; he speak; and what you speak, speak wisely, should take his seat in the temple of science, and truly. 2. A fool's heart—is in his tongue; and ask not who sits beside him. but a wise man's tongue-is in his heart. 3. Few things-engage the attentionand af

Varieties. 1. Is not the innocence of fections of men-more than a handsome ad- flowers enough to make wicked persons blush dress, and a graceful conversation. 4. For -to behold it? 2. Are there not as many one-great genius, who has written a little beautiful flowers in the other world, as there book, we have a thousand-little geniuses, are in this? 3. Those are the best diversions, who have written great books. 5. Words that relieve the mind, and exercise the body, are but air ; and both-are capable of much with the least expense of time and money. condensation. 6. Nature-seldom inspires 4. Give us knowledge of our own, and we a strong desire for any object, without fur- will persevere. 5. Let us call tyrants-Tr. nishing the ability-to attain it. 7. All-is RANTS: and maintain, that FREEDOM comes not goldthat glitters. 8. If I were an only, by the grace of God. AMERICAN-as I am an Englishman, while Truth-needs no champion; in the infinite deep a foreign troop-was landed in my country, Ofeverlasting Soul-her strength abides: I never-would lay down my arms; no,—(5) From Nature's heart—her mighty pulses leap.nerer! (4) never! (2) never! 9. The price Through Nature's veins, her strength, undying, til's of LIBERTY--is eternal vigilance. 10. The Peaco-is more strong than war; and gentleness, true disciples of Nature, are regardless who When force were rain, makes conquests ofer the conducts them, provided she be the leader ; And Love lives on, and hath a power to bless, (wave; for Nature, like truth-is immutable.

When they, who loved, are hidden--by the grare. There is a tide in the affairs of men,

Tis not a century-since they, Which, taken at the flood,-leads on 10 FORTUNE ;

The red men, traversed here, Omilled, all the voyage of their life

And o'er these pleasant hills and sales, Is hound in shallows-and in miseries :

Pursued the bounding deer; On such a full sea-are WE-now afloat,

Here, too, that eloquence was poured And we must take the current, when it serves,

Around the council light, Or lose our ventures.

That made the sturdy warrior bold, Anocdote. One thing at a time. The

And ready for the fight! famous pensioner of Holland, who was the

And oft they came-multing back,

The husband, sire and son, greatest genius of his time, and a famous pol

To vaunt before their savage shrina itician, on being asked, how he could trans

The ill-their hands had done! act such a variety of business, without con

Yet, of their mortal wcal or room fusion, replied, that he never did but one

Ne trace is left 10-day; thing at a time.

For. like the focm upon the wave,
Face to face—the truth comes out.

Thev all nave passed away!


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