Imágenes de páginas


ville, proposing the immediate formation of a combined ministry. They were both in the country when these communications reached them. Earl Grey at once declined all union with Mr. Percival and Lord Liverpool, and did not come to town. Lord Grenville, who was in Cornwall, came immediately to towel, but the next day declined the proposed alliance, because he should not be able to view it in

any other light than as a dereliction of principle.

At the close of the year 1809, his Lordship was chosen Chancellor of the University of Oxford. His predecessor, the Duke of Portland, died on the soth of October, 1809. On this vacancy the candidates were Lord Grenville, Lord Eldon, and the Duke of Beaufort. The election commenced at ten o'clock on Wednesday morning, December 13th, and continued sitting day and night, without any adjournment, till ten o'clock on Thursday night, when the numbers were declared as follows:

[ocr errors]
[blocks in formation]

The number of those entitled to vote amounted to 1282, of whom 1037 polled. His Lordship was presented to the degree of D.C.L. by diploma nine days after his election; and his installation took place in the Theatre on Tuesday, July 3d, 1810.

Lord Grenville continued in opposition to the government during the war; but on the final defeat of the French in 1814 he heartily congratulated the country on the prospect of an immediate peace, and in the following year supported ministers in their resolution to depose Napoleon. From that time he ceased to take so prominent a part in parliamentary discussions as he had previously done, except during the debates on Catholic emancipation, of which he deemed himself to be enlisted as the pledged and expected supporter.

In 1804 Lord Grenville edited the Letters which had

been written by the great Earl of Chatham to his nephew, Thomas Pitt (afterwards Lord Camelford), when at Cambridge. Besides several Speeches, &c. he also published a “ New Plan of Finance, as presented to Parliament, with the Tables, 1806." "A Letter to the Earl of Fingal, 1810." He also defended his Alma Mater in a pamphlet, against the charge brought against her of having expelled Locke. He enriched an edition of Homer, privately printed, with valuable annotations; and translated several pieces from the Greek, English, and Italian, into Latin, which have been circulated among his friends under the title of “ Nugæ Metricæ.” His Lordship, as well as his brother, the Right Hon. Thomas Grenville, had collected a very valuable library.

Lord Grenville was the contemporary of some of the greatest men that ever adorned this country; yet his abilities were not eclipsed in their presence. As a statesman he was remarkable for sound practical views. As a speaker he was, perhaps, one of the most powerful debaters that ever appeared in the House of Lords. There was a commanding energy in his delivery, as well as in his style, which never failed to arrest the attention and command the admiration even of those who differed from him in sentiment. It has been said of him, that no orator ever produced so strong an impression by his manner in the first ten minutes of his speech; but the want of variety was a defect which began to be perceived after some time, and which, in the course of a long address, seldom failed to impress itself rather painfully upon the hearer. He always took care to prepare himself on every subject on which he spoke, and his speeches were, therefore, full of matter. He did not possess the fire, the acuteness, and the indignant sarcasm of Lord Grey, but during a long period he was considered second only to his Lordship as an effective debater in the House of Lords; and the two were associated as the heads of the Opposition, with whom negotiations were carried on during several emergencies, when it became necessary or politic to make overtures for a new ministry.

The secret of the authorship of “ Junius” is known to have been intrusted to the shelves of the library of Stowe, and it has often been said that there would no longer be any reason to conceal it after the death of Lord Grenville. To

Το his nephew, Lord Nugent, from his taste for literary employment, may, perhaps, be confided the office of disclosing this much-agitated secret to the world. We have understood that a most curious feature of the case is, that the real author has never been one of the favourite candidates.

Lord Grenville married, July 18. 1792, the Hon. Anne Pitt, only daughter of Thomas first Lord Camelford, and sister and sole heiress of the second Lord, who was slain in a duel with Mr. Best in 1804. Her Ladyship survives him, and, as they never had any issue, the barony of Grenville has become extinct.

His Lordship's death took place at his seat, Dropmore, Buckingbamshire, on the 12th of January, 1834, in the 75th year of his age.

From the “ Gentleman's Magazine.”

No. VII.


F.L.S., &c.

[ocr errors]

This distinguished antiquary and amiable man was born on the 28th of April, 1762. His father, the Rev. Samuel Lysons, was a younger son of a respectable county family, settled for two centuries at Hempstead, in Gloucestershire, and incumbent of Rodmarton, near Cirencester, a living in their gift.

Having completed his early studies at Mr. Morgan's grammar school, in Bath, Mr. Lysons graduated as Bachelor and Master of Arts at St. Mary Hall, Oxford, then under the superintendence of Dr. Nowell, Regius Professor of Modern History On taking orders in 1784, he commenced his clerical life as curate to his maternal uncle, Mr. Peach, of Mortlake, in Surrey. Shortly afterwards he preached by appointment, and, according to custom, published, the annual sermon for the Colston charity at Bristol. The title-page was embellished with a dolphin, the Colston crest, etched by his younger brother, Samuel Lysons, Esq. (afterwards VicePresident of the Royal Society, and Keeper of the Records in the Tower,) his first attempt in an art in which he was afterwards so eminently successful as an amateur. Thus, the two brothers, so attached to each other through life, and so intimately connected in their subsequent literary reputation, commenced their labours in concert. In early youth both had evinced a zeal and research unusual at their age in the study, of medals, coins, and natural history, in which departments each had formed for himself a respectable collection of subjects; thus indicating the taste which so materially influenced their future pursuits. In 1789 Mr. Lysons removed to Putney, as curate to the


Rev. Dr. (then Mr.) Hughes, preceptor to the royal family, and afterwards Canon Residentiary of St. Paul's, in whom he found an enlightened and congenial friend. Having conceived the project of writing a topographical work on the environs of London, Mr. Lysons, at that time possessed of a limited income, and unknown to the leading London booksellers, was at first deterred by considerations of risk and expense.

Averse to the idea of publishing by subscription, he resolved on accepting the proffered loan of 2001. froni Mr. Hughes and another friend; determining to supply the deficiencies consequent on so small a fund by labour and diligence. In the illustration of his work he was aided by the pencil of his brother Samuel, whose etchings, executed from drawings taken by biniself, were remarked for their masterly accuracy. The first edition of " The Environs of London" was published in the year 1792, and met with the most flattering reception from the public. Its rapid and extensive sale soon enabled the author to repay his friends their timely loan, and to realise a considerable sum to himself.

The zeal with which Mr. Lysons prosecuted this laborious undertaking attracted the notice of Horace, Lord Orford, to whom he was previously unknown, and led to an intimate acquaintance. The countenance and advice of this highlygisted nobleman had no small influence in the ultimate success of the publication. Several of the prints which illustrate “ The Environs of London” were engraved at Lord Orford's own expense, from originals in his possession at Strawberry Hill, where both the brothers enjoyed the advantage of a familiar footing, and the unlimited use of his Lordship's choice and extensive library.

The fatigue and abstraction of mind attendant on a work of varied antiquarian research can be estimated, perhaps, by few, and might seen, at first sight, inconsistent with the clerical duties of a large parish. There are, however, a class of men, gifted by temper and education with a rigid sense of duty, and endowed by nature with a robust constitution, and a singular indifference to all bodily indulgence, of whom it is


« AnteriorContinuar »