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Orsino, Duke of ILLYRIA.
SEBASTIAN, a young Gentleman, brother to Viola.
ANTON10, a Sea Captain, friend to SEBASTIAN.
A Sea Captain, friend to V10LA.
VALENTINE, Gentlemen attending on the Duke.
Sir Toby Belch, uncle of Olivia.
Sir ANDREW AGUE-CHEEK!
MALVOLIO, Steward to OLIVIA.
FABIAN, } Servants to OLIVIA.
Olivia, a rich Countess.
Viola, in love with the Duke.
MARIA, OLIVIA's woman.
Lords, Priests, Sailors, Officers, Musicians, and other
Scene, a City in ILLYRIA; and the Sea Coast near it.
Scene I.-An Apartment in the Duke's Palace.
Enter Duke, Curio, Lords; Musicians attending.
Duke. If music be the food of love, play on;
Give me excess of it; that, surfeiting,
The appetite may sicken, and so die.
That strain again ;—it had a dying fall :
0, it came o'er my ear like the sweet south,
That breathes upon a bank of violets,
Stealing and giving odour.—Enough; no more;
'Tis not so sweet now, as it was before.
O spirit of love, how quick and fresh art thou !
That, notwithstanding thy capacity
Receiveth as the sea, nought enters there,
Of what validity and pitch soe'er,
But falls into abatement and low price,
Even in a minute! so full of shapes is fancy,
That it alone is high-fantastical."
Cur. Will you go hunt, my lord ?
What, Curio ?
The hart. Duke. Why, so I do, the noblest that I have: 0, when mine eyes did see Olivia first, Methought, she purg'd the air of pestilence; That instant was I turn'd into a hart;
high-fantastical.] i. e. Fantastical to the height.
And my desires, like fell and cruel hounds,
E’er since pursue me. —How now ? what news from her?
Val. So please my lord, I might not be admitted,
But from her handmaid do return this answer:
The element itself, till seven years' heat,
Shall not behold her face at ample view
But, like a cloistress, she will veiled walk,
And water once a day her chamber round
With eye-offending brine: all this, to season
A brother's dead love, which she would keep fresh,
And lasting, in her sad remembrance.
Duke. 0, she, that hath a heart of that fine frame,
To pay this debt of love but to a brother,
How will she love, when the rich golden shaft,
Hath kill'd the flock of all affections else
That live in her! when liver, brain, and heart,
These sovereign thrones, are all supplied, and fill’d,
(Her sweet perfections,)d with one self king –
Away before me to sweet beds of flowers;
Love-thoughts lie rich, when canopied with bowers.
[Exeunt. SCENE II.-The Sea-coast.
Enter Viola, Captain, and Sailors.
Vio. What country, friends, is this?
Vio. And what should I do in Illyria ?
My brother he is in Elysium.
Perchance, he is not drown'd :-What think you, sailors ?
Cap. It is perchance, that you yourself were saved.
like fell and cruel hounds, E’er since pursue me.-) An evident allusion to the story of Actæon, by which Shakspeare appears to think men were cautioned against too great a familiarity with forbidden beauty.-Johnson.
heat,]—For heated, say Malone and Steevens; and it is very true, that such was the old participle; but surely here Shakspeare uses the word as a substantive, in the sense of course, or race.
d (Her sweet perfections,)) Liver, brain, and heart, are adınitted in poetry as the residence of passions, judgment, and sentiments. These are what Shakspeare calls, her sweet perfections, though he has not very clearly expressed what he might design to have said.-STEEVENS. Perfections is here, and in a subsequent soene, used as a quadrisyllable.—MALONE.
Vio. O my poor brother ! and so, perchance, may he be.
Cap. True, madam : and, to comfort you with chance,
Assure yourself, after our ship did split,
When you, and that poor number saved with you,
Hung on our driving boat, I saw your brother,
Most provident in peril, bind himself
(Courage and hope both teaching him the practice)
To a strong mast, that lived upon the sea;
Where, like Arion on the dolphin's back,
I saw him hold acquaintance with the waves,
So long as I could see.
For saying so, there's gold:
Mine own escape unfoldeth to my hope,
Whereto thy speech serves for authority,
The like of him. Know'st thou this country?
Cap. Ay, madam, well; for I was bred and born,
Not three hours travel from this very place.
Vio. Who governs here?
A noble duke, in nature,
As in his name.
What is his name?
Orsino. Vio. Orsino! I have heard
father name him :
He was a bachelor then.
And so is now,
Or was so very late: for but a month
Ago I went from hence; and then 'twas fresh
In murmur, (as, you know, what great ones do,
The less will prattle of,) that he did seek
The love of fair Olivia.
Cap. A virtuous maid, the daughter of a count
That died some twelvemonth since; then leaving her
In the protection of his son, her brother,
Who shortly also died; for whose dear love,
They say, she hath abjur'd the company
And sight of men.
O, that I serv'd that lady: And might not be deliver'd to the world, • Orsino.] This is the name of a great and noble Italian family.-JOHNSON.
Till I had made mine own occasion mellow,
What my estate is.
That were hard to compass;
Because she will admit no kind of suit,
No, not the duke's.
Vio. There is a fair behaviour in thee, captain;
And though that nature with a beauteous wall
Doth oft close in pollution, yet of thee
I will believe, thou hast a mind that suits
With this thy fair and outward character.
I pray thee, and I'll pay thee bounteously,
Conceal me what I am; and be
For such disguise as, haply, shall become
The form of my intent. I'll serve this duke:
Thou shalt present me as an eunuch to him,
It may be worth thy pains; for I can sing,
And speak to him in many sorts of music,
That will allow me very worth his service.
What else may hap, to time I will commit;
Only shape thou thy silence to my wit.
Cap. Be you his eunuch, and your mute I'll be ;
When my tongue blabs, then let mine eyes not see!
Vio. I thank thee: Lead me on.
A Room in Olivia's House.
Enter Sir Toby Belch, and MARIA. Sir To. What a plague means my niece, to take the death of her brother thus ? I am sure, care's an enemy to life.
Mar. By my troth, sir Toby, you must come in earlier o'nights; your cousin, my lady, takes great exceptions to
Sir To. Why, let her except before excepted.
Mar. Ay, but you must confine yourself within the modest limits of order.
except before excepted.] A ludicrous use of the formal law phrase.FARMER