English Composition & Rhetoric

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D. Appleton & Company, 1890
 

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Emphasis Passion and Poetic embellishment 38
11
Inversion of Active Verb and Object
14
Relative emphasis of Beginning and End
16
Usages of the Poets as regards inversion
19
NUMBER OF WORDS 1 Brevity a virtue of language
27
Proper occasions for Brevity and Diffuseness respectively ib 3 Different forms of vicious Diffuseness a 4 Tautology defined Examples a 5 Diffusenes...
29
I Sense not brought out by a single term
30
In working on the Feelings
32
Redundancy or Pleonasm
35
P Justifiable for the same reasons as Tautology
37
Its justifications
41
I The Choice of Words
43
Grammatical forms and usages
44
Rhetorical devices strictly so called
46
Brevity in referring to what is well known
48
Distinction between principal and subordinate in a sentence marked by length of statement
49
Order of Words and Number of Words enter into Sentence Law
55
The periodic form secured by proper placing of qualifiying adjuncts Various other means of suspension
58
Period favourable to Unity in Sentences
62
The Period in the classical languages ib Promiscuous Examples
63
The Balanced Structure 6 When a sentence is said to be Balanced
66
Balance makes a sentence easier to remember ib 8 The balanced form aids Clearness and Simplicity
67
Also contributes to Energy
68
Gives a shock of agreeable Surprise
69
Employing the same words in an altered meaning ib 12 Repetition of a statement in the obverse
70
Play upon words amounting to Epigram
71
Balance pleases the ear
72
Occasional reversal of the balanced order ib 16 Cautions requisite in the use of Balance ib Miscellaneous Examples
73
Reference to principles of Order of Words
74
I In the Beginning
75
After an adverbial phrase or clause
76
For special reasons at the End
77
When either Subject or Predicate contains numerous par ticulars the positionsof emphasis fall to the most important
79
Examples of the effect of wellplaced emphasis
81
Length of the Sentence 24 Independent effects of Length
84
Unity denned
85
Absence of connecting words significant
98
Iteration and Explanation dispense with a conjunction ib 13 Omission in cumulative statements ib 14 Omission in stating a consequence gives energy
99
When omission succeeds best
100
Eeference by literal repetition ib 17 IV Eeference by inverted arrangement ib Extract from De Quiucey illustrating Sentence Distribution and Explicit...
101
Consecutive sentences giving the same idea to he constructed
105
Forbids digressions and irrelevance
112
Marking of Subordination
121
FIGURES OF SPEECH
135
Conditions of Figures in aid of the Intellectual qualities
139
Also to impart a shock of agreeable Surprise
145
Comparisons with a mixed effectintellectual and emotional
151
KINDS OF SIMILITUDESMETAPHOR
158
The brevity of the Metaphor leads to Mixing Metaphors
165
Promiscuous Examples
175
Employment of Numbers for things incapable of exact estimate
185
1 Naming
191
Explicit statement of the implied opposite
197
The Identical Assertion
205
An artificial abbreviation involving apparent incongruity
210
Calling attention to something important
217
Vision the more intense form of the figure
223
Select mention of some figures that possess importance in
231
L Proceeding on a basis of the known
234
CLEAENESS
242
Opposed to abstrnseness or difficulty in being understood
249
Relative abstractness of the Parts of Speech
252
Shown in present consciousness and in giving a hold of
258
Subjects of the Descriptive art
265
the arts now enumerated
271
Difficulty of keeping in view the respective demands of Intellect
277
Shakespeares horse in Venus and Adonis
283
the Seven Ages
289
Poetry of Battles The Battle of SheritfMuir as given
295
Scotts descriptive genius embraced both stilllife and action
301
Picturesqueness in Blacks Novels The Panorama of Ayrshire
308

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Página 66 - Is not a patron, my lord, one who looks with unconcern on a man struggling for life in the water, and when he has reached ground encumbers him with help? The notice which you have been pleased to take of my labours, had it been early, had been kind; but it has been delayed till I am indifferent, and cannot enjoy it; till I am solitary, and •cannot impart it; till I am known, and do not want it.
Página 25 - For the Lord hath chosen Zion; he hath desired it for his habitation. This is my rest for ever: here will I dwell; for I have desired it.
Página 217 - Cannot be ill ; cannot be good : — If ill, Why hath it given me earnest of success, Commencing in a truth ? I am thane of Cawdor : If good, why do I yield to that suggestion Whose horrid image doth unfix my hair, And make my seated heart knock at my ribs, • Against the use of nature...
Página 35 - When I consider thy heavens, the work of thy fingers, the moon and the stars, which thou hast ordained; What is man, that thou art mindful of him? and the son of man, that thou visitest him? For thou hast made him a little lower than the angels, and hast crowned him with glory and honour. Thou madest him to have dominion over the works of thy hands ; thou hast put all things under his feet...
Página 169 - The latent tracts, the giddy heights explore Of all who blindly creep, or sightless soar; Eye Nature's walks, shoot folly as it flies, And catch the manners living as they rise; Laugh where we must, be candid where we can; But vindicate the ways of God to man.
Página 283 - Round-hoof'd, short-jointed, fetlocks shag and long, Broad breast, full eye, small head and nostril wide, High crest, short ears, straight legs and passing strong, Thin mane, thick tail, broad buttock, tender hide: Look, what a horse should have he did not lack, Save a proud rider on so proud a back.
Página 277 - The sober herd that lowed to meet their young, The noisy geese that gabbled o'er the pool, The playful children just let loose from school...
Página 21 - Homer ruled as his demesne : Yet did I never breathe its pure serene Till I heard Chapman speak out loud and bold: — Then felt I like some watcher of the skies When a new planet swims into his ken; Or like stout Cortez when with eagle eyes He stared at the Pacific — and all his men Look'd at each other with a wild surmise — Silent, upon a peak in Darien.
Página 284 - As when in heaven the stars about the moon Look beautiful, when all the winds are laid, And every height comes out, and jutting peak And valley, and the immeasurable heavens Break open to their highest, and all the stars Shine, and the Shepherd gladdens in his heart...
Página 201 - There was a roaring in the wind all night; The rain came heavily and fell in floods; But now the sun is rising calm and bright; The birds are singing in the distant woods; Over his own sweet voice the Stock-dove broods; The Jay makes answer as the Magpie chatters; And all the air is filled with pleasant noise of waters.

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