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Whoever reads Paul's writ- same thought occurs again, ings with attention, will find chap. xi. i. " I say then, Katla that, though he is a connected God cast away his people, whom reasoner, yet he often suspends he foreknew? God forbid. For the chain of his argument, to in- I also am a Jew, of the seed of troduce an incidental, but perti- Abraham.” Dent thought, or to dilate upon We shall, at present, pursue an occasional expression. Hence these criticisms no farther ; but the parenthesis is more frequent shall subjoin two or three obviin his, than in the other sacred ous remarks. writings. Through inattention It is evident that the books of to this circumstance, some pas- the New Testament must have bages in his writings seem ob- been written in as early a period scure, which otherwise might as has been assigned to them; be plain. There is an instance for that Hebraistical kind of of this kind in Rom. ix. 2, 3.“I Greek, in which they are writhave great heaviness and contin- ten, was not in use after the ual sorrow in my heart, (for I general dispersion of the Jews. . could,” or rather did,“ wish my- The peculiarity of style and self accursed," separated, “ from diction, which runs through all Christ) for my brethren, my the writings ascribed to Paul, kinsmen according to the flesh.” proves that they were all the • Much' pains have been taken works of the same author. to explain, what Paul meant, The wisdom of Providence is when he said, “I wished myself conspicuous in ordering the accursed, separated from books of the New Testament to Christ for my brethren.Wher- be written in a language, which as in reality he said no such

was soon to go out of national thing The expression, “ I did use ; for a dead language rewish myself accursed from mains the same; a living lanChrist,” or separated from all guage, in a lapse of ages, is liaconnexion with him, is an inci- ble to changes. The sense of dental thought, naturally sug. Scripture can therefore be more gested by his subject; and it ought easily and accurately ascertainto be, as it is in some copies, ed, than if the language, in which and in some translations, inclu- it is written, had been and conded by itself in a parenthesis. tinued to be, the living language Then the connected reading will of a particular nation. be, “I have great heaviness

THEOPHILUS. and continual sorrow in my heart.......for my brethren, my kinsmen according to the flesh."

THE DECALOGUE. That he might not be suspected

No. 6. of any prejudice against the Jews in foretelling their rejec

Sixth Commandment. tion from the covenant of God

" Thou shalt not kill.” for their unbelief, he observed, that he himself was a Jew, was LIFE is an inestimable bles. lately an unbeliever, and gloried sing. On the improvement of in his opposition to Christ. The it depends our future destination,


We cannot calculate the loss a as tended to excite the highest person may sustain by being detestation of the crime.* thrust, without warning, into the Our Lord, during his personal unseen state. The loss may be ministry, gave a comment upon immense, the injury irreparable. the Decalogue. On the comBesides, society receives hereby mandment which I am now exa deep wound, being prematurely plaining he is particularly full. deprived of one of its members. Let us listen to the unerring Our relation to one another Teacher, and imbibe divine wisought to restrain us from such dom from his lips. “ Ye have atrocious deeds. We sprung heard that it was said by them from the same parents, and, be- of old time, Thou shalt not kill ; ing brethren, are bound to live and whosoever shall kill shall be together in unity. Injuries, in danger of the judgment. But which affect the lives of others, I say unto you, That whosoever have from the first received the is angry with his brother without most marked expressions of the a cause shall be in danger of the divine displeasure. From the judgment; and whosoever shall creation of the world until the say to his brother, Raca, shall be days of Noah, God was pleased in danger of the council; but to reserve the punishment to be whosoever shall say, Thou fool, inflicted upon murderers, im- shall be in danger of hell-fire." mediately with himself. This The axe is here laid at the root appears from the history of Cain, of the evil. It aims at the ranwhom he banished from the corous thought, or rash expreshouse of Adam, but would not sion. Let them be immediately allow his life to be taken. Cain restrained. God seeth not as dragged out his days in great man seeth. He recognizes the misery. His mind agonized in crime in embryo, and in that reflection on what was past, no state demands its extirpation. less than in the anticipation of To him, the malicious thought, what was to come. After the or provoking word is displeasing. flood, the sword was put into the Let neither be indulged. The hand of civil magistrates, with flame is yet under, but let it get directions that it should spare the mastery, and you are undone. none, by whom such an act was from a trifling disgust, the most perpetrated. T'he murderer serious and widely extended miswas ordered to be dragged from chiefs have arisen. What reathe city of refuge, nay from son therefore to keep the heart, God's altar itself, and to be led, and to put a bridle upon the without the possibility of re- tongue. Or should we ever be demption, to certain death. Life off our guard, and give too loose is a gift, which God values at the a reign, let us take the alarm, rehighest rate, and guards with the pairing as fast as we can the misseverest penalties. When a chief, and being for the future murdered person was found, and more

guarded and cautious. the perpetrator not known, such Weighing the crime in its prosteps were required to be taken, gress from the first disgust to the

. Gen. ix. 5, 6.

* Deut. xxi, 1-9.

perpetration of the most atrocious ten of the most trivial nature, act, God has adjusted the severi- must be expiated by meeting the ty of the punishment to the ag- antagonist in the field. If anothgravations of the crime, and shall er injures me, it is a poor reassuredly in his judgment be paration, to put it in his power to known to do right.

murder my person, as he has The court of Areopagus, so already murdered my reputation. venerable among the Greeks, If I have given the offence, must and so justly celebrated among nothing satisfy me, but to add all other nations for the wisdom the guilt of blood to the injuries and impartiality of its decisions, already offered ? Is this, in eithcondemned to death the person er case, consistent with the supagainst whom the intention to pression of passion, the forgivemurder could be proved, even ness of injury, and the exercise when that intention had not been of meekness, so often inculcated carried into effect. Nay the by Christ and enforced by his symptoms of a cruel disposition own example? But why speak were marked with care, and to such of Christ or his example? punished with great severity. A They know him not; they honchild, having been found taking our him not. In defianceof God's a savage pleasure in wounding law, in defiance of Christ's docand maiming such insects as feiltrine ; in defiance of the wrath in his way, was by this court which guards that law, and that considered as one, from whom doctrine ; in defiance of hell, society was in danger. In guard- kindled for the punishment of ing its welfare, therefore, they those who take away their own thought it their duty to order lives, and the lives of others, such a child to be cut off. The their revenge must be gratified, Indian tribes, we are informed, and their blasted reputation blazexpiated murder in the follow- oned abroad. The pretended ing manner. The relations of honour often mentioned as renderthe deceased, as the avengers of ing the practice necessary, is a blood, seek after the murderer. gilding over indelible disgrace. But if he be not found, the blood If it be honour to writhe in pain; of the first they meet is shed, if it be honour to die accursed; however innocent, to atone for if it be honour to be joined with the guilty. In such instances murderers; this honour, O duelWe see great deviations from the list, thou hast purchased ; to this law of God, and indeed when- dignity thou shalt be advanced. ever we are deprived of Scripture Thy name is execrated in heaas a guide, we shall greatly err.

ven and on earth. If it be reThe sixth commandment, as membered at all, it shall be reexplained by our Lord, is totally membered with dread, repugnant to a practice, which beacon to warn future ages of of late years has drenched our hidden and destructive rocks. land in blood, and calls aloud for Vengeance. Duelling can be

PHILOLOGOS. excited and encouraged by him only, who was a murderer froin (To be continued.) the beginning. An affront, of





lignant zeal for the doctrines of grace to blast the genuine spirit and fruit of these very doctrines!

It has led some to lay that stress MESSRs. EDITORS,

on the appendages, which is due So far as my small experi- only to the substance of religion ; ence will enable me to judge, I to confine their heads and hearts find among Christians, two op- within a small circle of favourite posite errors, equally prejudi- speculations, expressions and cial to pure and undefiled relig- sounds; and to suspect, yea, ion, and dangerous to the souls positively condemn, as an ignoof men. These have been very rant or unconverted heretic, evhappily delineated by the late cry Christian brother or preachpious and beloved Dr. Tappan. er, who steps over this circle. By publishing the following note But such persons should rememto a sermon, delivered at Ply- ber that as Christian divinity is mouth, January 5th, 1800, you one regular and immense whole, may be instrumental in remove so each part has its claim on the ing “the veil from the eyes of evangelical instructor ; that by prejudice," and in correcting a duly attending to any one branch, mistake, which might otherwise he really befriends and enforces have proved fatal to the everlast. all the rest, as connected with ing peace of many; and at the it ; that he cannot declare the same time you will gratify the whole counsel of God, if his dis: wishes of one, whose “professed courses be limited to a few dar: object is to promote general hap- ling topics ; that he cannot do piness, and to do good to the justice,' even to the doctrinal souls of his fellow-men.”

part of the gospel, without large

Clio. ly explaining and urging its corEXTRACT.

responding precepts; and final: “ The connexion between the ly, that it would be as absurd to several branches of our religion, charge him with making light of especially between its doctrines certain truths, merely because and duties, while it presents one he does not interweave them distinguishing proof of its excels with every sermon, as to infer lence and divinity, claims the that the compilers of the Westunceasing and careful attention minster Catechism did not be. of ils professors and teachers. lieve in the depravity of man, or The most lamentable errors and the satisfaction of Christ, because mischiefs have arisen from a dis- they do not notice them in every proportionate or exclusive zeal for answer, but expressly mention certain parts of Christianity, de- each, only in one answer out of tached from the system at large. an hundred and nine ! This has frequently led one de- “ To avoid this disgraceful and scription of its votaries to mag- pernicious extreme, another nify orthodox opinion at the ex- class of believers seem fond of pense of a gospel temper, to considering Christianity merely make faith swallow up charity, as a moral or practical system, good feelings supplant good enforced by the assurance of a works, yea, an ungracious, ma: future state. They consider





virtue as the sum and end of the and recovery by grace; by inspire
gospel ; and think the practice ing it with a proper respect to
of it sufficiently secured by the the revealed holiness and mercy
precepts of our religion, which of God, to the wonderful media-
enjoin, under so awful a sanction, tion and example of the Redeem-
the highest moral attainments. er, and to the promised succours
But this extreme, though more of his Holy Spirit. Is it not ev-
refined, is equally dangerous ident that Christian piety and
with the former. It equally sep. morality must rise or fall, as
arates what God and the nature these principles, which support
of the thing have joined together. and exalt them, are regarded or
While it extols Christian pre- neglected ?-
cepts, it strips them of their “Those who would see, in a full
main light, and life, and force. and convincing light, the impor-
Though we grant that these pre- tant influence of these truths on
cepts set before us a sublime practical religion, are referred
pitch of virtue, we insist that the to Evans on the Christian tem-
peculiar doctrines of the gospel, per, or to Wilberforce's Practi-
and these only, direct and oblige, cal View, &c."
encourage and enable us to prac-
tise it ; and if these were set
aside, the leading duties enjoined
would have no obligation nor SURVEY
meaning. It is generally agreed,
that Christian duty may be sum-

(Continued from page 17.)
med up in love to God, to Jesus
Christ, and our fellow-men. The most cursory survey of
But this love neither is nor can our churches will convince us,
be excited merely by the pre- that, in their whole internal
cepts enjoining it; but it is pro- state, they are far removed from
duced and nourished by a cordial the sacred standard. Duties
belief of those doctrines, which plainly inculcated by Scripture
hold up the proper objects and are omitted ; while opinions and
incitements of it, or which ex- practices are common, for which
hibit the true character and rela- there is no foundation in the
tions of God, of Jesus Christ, of word of God. The neglect of
our human and Christian breth- gospel discipline, in its various
ren. While these doctrines branches, is so prominent a fea-
make us see and feel our corres- ture in our churches, it has so
ponding obligations, they pre- marred their beauty, and opened
sent motives which constrain us a door for such disorders, that it
to fulfil them, and convey those cannot justly pass unnoticed.
divine influences, comforts and In this survey it will be pro-
hopes, which render our obedi: per briefly to remark on a varie-
ence not only practicable, but ty of irregularities, which are
fervent and delightful. They found in our ecclesiastical disci-
also give to our moral obedience pline, and which greatly obscure
a new and evangelical complex- the primitive glory of our Zion.
ion, by connecting it with a deep Let us inquire, then, whether
impression of our ruin by sin, the members of our churches in

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