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Pope adds in a note :-'An author whose eminence in the infantine style obtained him this name.' In later editions the line runs :

Lo! Ambrose Philips is,' &c.
In a suppressed couplet in Prol. Sat. Pope described him as-

Nurse Namby with a song to sucking child,
The stiff Anacreon and the Pindar mild.'

Pope's Works (Elwin and Courthope), iii. 255. In The Art of Sinking, ch. xi, he quotes him as an example of 'The Infantine. Ib. x. 383. Speaking of Gay's Fables he wrote :-'Mr. Philips will take it ill to be taught that one may write things to a child without being childish. 1b. vii. 67. Swift, in his Bettesworth's Exultation, asks :

'And who by the Drapier would not rather damn'd be

Than demigoddized by madrigal Namby.' Works, xii. 419. He parodied Philips's verses in Helter Skelter and On Rover, a Lady's Spaniel. Ib. xiv. 202, 347. See also Addison's Works, vi. 696, for other verses attributed to Swift.

Lamb, after quoting some verses by Wither, continues :-'To the measure in which these lines are written the wits of Queen Anne's days contemptuously gave the name of Namby Pamby, in ridicule of Ambrose Philips, who has used it in some instances, as in the lines on Cuzzoni, to my feeling at least, very deliciously. Poems, Plays and Essays, ed. 1888, p. 300. The following are the lines :

Little Syren of the stage,
Charmer of an idle age,
Empty warbler, breathing lyre,
Wanton gale of fond desire,
Bane of ev'ry manly art,
Sweet enfeebler of the heart !
O, too pleasing in thy strain,
Hence to southern climes again;
Tuneful mischief, vocal spell,
To this island bid farewell ;
Leave us as we ought to be,
Leave the Britons rough and free.'

Eng. Poets, lvii. 59. Writing of the small-pox which had attacked Miss Carteret Philips prettily says (ib. p. 78):

"O'er her features let it pass
Like the breeze o'er springing grass.'



1 ILBERT WEST is one of the writers of whom I regret my

inability to give a sufficient account; the intelligence which my enquiries have obtained is general and scanty'. 2 He was the son of the reverend Dr. West; perhaps him who

published Pindar at Oxford about the beginning of this century?. His mother was sister to Sir Richard Temple, afterwards lord Cobham?. His father, purposing to educate him for the Church, sent him first to Eton, and afterwards to Oxford * ; but he was seduced to a more airy mode of life, by a commission in a troop

of horse procured him by his uncles. 8 He continued some time in the army, though it is reasonable

to suppose that he never sunk into a mere soldier, nor ever lost the love or much neglected the pursuit of learning; and afterwards, finding himself more inclined to civil employment, he laid down his commission, and engaged in business under the lord Townshend, then secretary of state, with whom he attended the

king to Hanover? 4 His adherence to lord Townshend ended in nothing but

a nomination (May, 1729) to be clerk-extraordinary of the Privy Council, which produced no immediate profit; for it only placed


* Johnson wrote to West's cousin, 5 Ante, SAVAGE, 287. Lord Westcote :-“I have another Johnson, paraphrasing Prince life in hand, that of Mr. West, about Henry's speech in i Henry IV, ii. 8, which I am quite at a loss; any in- beginning, 'I am not yet of Percy's formation respecting him would be of mind, writes :- I am not yet of great use.' John. Letters, ii. 188. Percy's mind, who thinks all the time

* The poet's father, Dr. Richard lost that is not spent in bloodshed, West, with Robert Welsted, edited forgets decency and civility, and has Pindar in 1697. His daughter mar- nothing but the barren talk of a ried Admiral Hood, Viscount Brid- brutal soldier.' Shakespeare, iv. 155. port. Chatham Corres. ii. 439.

In The Idler, No. 21, he writes :3 Ante, HAMMOND, 3; POPE, 202, 'The most contemptible of all human 272. Her sister was the mother of stations is that of a soldier in time of Lords Lyttelton and Westcote. peace.' See also Boswell's Johnson, Burke's Peerage, under Lyttelton. iii. 267.

“ He matriculated on March 16, ? Townshend attended George I to 1721-2, aged 18; B.A. 1725. Alumni Hanover in 1723 and 1725. Coxe's Oxon.

Walpole, ii. 253, 472.


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him in a state of expectation and right of succession, and it was very long before a vacancy admitted him to profit!

Soon afterwards he married, and settled himself in a very 5 pleasant house at Wickham in Kent?, where he devoted himself to learning and to piety. Of his learning the late Collection 3 exhibits evidence, which would have been yet fuller if the dissertations which accompany his version of Pindaro had not been improperly omitted. Of his piety the influence has, I hope, been extended far by his Observations on the Resurrection, published in 17475, for which the University of Oxford created him a Doctor of Laws by diploma (March 30, 1748) , and would doubtless have reached yet further had he lived to complete what he had for some time meditated, the Evidences of the truth of the New Testament. Perhaps it may not be without effect to tell that he read the prayers of the publick liturgy every morning to his family, and that on Sunday evening he called his servants into the parlour, and read to them first a sermon and then prayers. Crashaw is now not the only maker of verses to whom may be given the two venerable names of Poet and Saint?.'

He was very often visited by Lyttelton and Pitt, who, when 6 they were weary of faction and debates, used at Wickham to

* In The Royal Kalendar, 1816, For a description of him and his p. 124, Charles C. F. Greville is wife at Wickham see Mrs. Montagu's entered as Clerk Extraordinary of the Letters, 1813, iii. 104. Privy Council. “He entered in 1821 Eng. Poets, lvii. 115. upon the duties of Clerk of the Coun- * The Odes of Pindar, with several cil in Ordinary.' Greville Memoirs, other pieces in prose and verse, transPreface, p. 11. In the Kalendar for lated from the Greek, with a Disserta1793, p. 87, there were four Extra- tion on the Olympic Games. 1749, 4o. ordinary Clerks, waiting to step, each s In Dec. 1746. Gent. Mag. 1746, in his turn, into a dead man's shoes.

p. 672. Montague purchased for £1,500 the • In the first edition the paragraph place of one of the Clerks of the continued :—' and perhaps it may not Council.' Ante, HALIFAX, 5.

be without effect to tell that he read ? West Wickham, nearly three prayers every evening to his family. miles south-west of Bromley. Lewis's Crashaw is now,' &c. For his DoctorTop. Dict.

ate see Spence's Anec. p. 349. In his Inscription on a Summer- ?. Poet and Saint ! to thee alone are House West says of the spot :

given “And when too much repose brings The two most sacred names of on the spleen,

Earth and Heaven.' Or the gay city's idle pleasures COWLEY, On the Death of Mr.

Crashaw, Eng. Poets, vii. 148. Swift as my changing wish I change Gibbon speaks of Lewis IX as

'disgraced by the title of Saint.' And now the country, now the Memoirs, p. 71 n. town enjoy.'

8 Shenstone wrote on May 2, Eng. Poets, lvii. 324. 1761 :—The enmity betwixt Lord




the scene,

find books and quiet, a decent table, and literary conversation '. There is at Wickham a walk made by Pitt; and, what is of far more importance, at Wickham Lyttelton received that conviction

which produced his Dissertation on St. Paul'. 7 These two illustrious friends had for a while listened to the

blandishments of infidelity, and when West's book was published it was bought by some who did not know his change of opinion, in expectation of new objections against Christianity; and as Infidels do not want malignity, they revenged the disappoint

ment by calling him a methodist 3. 8 Mr. West's income was not large, and his friends endeavoured,

but without success, to obtain an augmentation. It is reported that the education of the young prince 4 was offered to him, but that he required a more extensive power of superintendence than

it was thought proper to allow him. 9 In time, however, his revenue was improved; he lived to have

one of the lucrative clerkships of the Privy Council (1752), and

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L-n (Lyttelton) and Mr. P- (Pitt) the last chapter 'turn Methodist, in continues in its full force, insomuch hopes of marrying a very rich widow that my Lord is to have no place of that sect.' In Amelia (published while Mr. P- continues in the two years later), Bk. i. ch. 4, be ministry.' Shenstone's Works, 1791, makes a thief declare himself a iii. 323. Post, LYTTELTON, 18. Methodist. Mrs. Thrale, in 1780, Here Lyttelton and his Lucy wrote to Johnson :

-Methodist is passed their bridal-night, and here, considered always a term of reproach, four years afterwards, in 1746, he I trust, because I never yet did hear wrote the Ode ending :

that any one person called himself a 'How much the wife is dearer than Methodist.' Piozzi Letters, ii. 119. the bride.'

Cowper, on May 27, 1782, wrote Eng. Poets, lxiv. 310. of Rodney's great victory :- Rodney On Jan. 17, 1747, he wrote to his is almost accounted a Methodist for father :- Gilbert West would be ascribing his success to Providence.' happy in the reputation his book has Works, iv. 220. gained him, if my poor Lucy [post, Johnson defines Methodist in his LYTTELTON, 9] was not so ill. How- Dict.: 'One of a new kind of Puritans ever, his mind leans always to hope.' lately arisen, so called from their Lyttelton's Misc. Works, p. 706. profession to live by rules and in

It was probably Lyttelton who in- constant method.' See also Boswell's troduced West to Pope, who be- Johnson, i. 459. queathed him £5, 'to be laid out * Afterwards George III. On the in a memorial,' and a reversionary death of Frederick, Prince of Wales interest in £200. Warton's Pope's (March 20, 1751), Prince George was Works, ix. 417.

provided with a Governor, SubPost, LYTTELTON, 12.

Governor, Preceptor and Sub-Pre3 This paragraph is not in the first ceptor. Walpole's Letters, ii. 250. edition.

In April, 1752. Gent. Mag. 1752, Fielding in Tom Jones (dedicated p. 193. to Lyttelton in 1749) makes Blifil in


Mr. Pitt at last had it in his power to make him treasurer of Chelsea Hospital'.

He was now sufficiently rich, but wealth came too late to be 10 long enjoyed; nor could it secure him from the calamities of life: he lost (1755) his only son”, and the year after (March 26) 3 a stroke of the palsy brought to the grave one of the few poets to whom the grave might be without its terrors *.

Of his translations I have only compared the first Olympick 11 Ode 5 with the original, and found my expectation surpassed, both by its elegance and its exactness. He does not confine himself to his author's train of stanzas, for he saw that the difference of the languages required a different mode of versification. The first strophe is eminently happy; in the second he has a little strayed from Pindar's meaning, who says, 'if thou, my soul, wishest to speak of games, look not in the desert sky for a planet hotter than the sun, nor shall we tell of nobler games than those of Olympia 6.' He is sometimes too paraphrastical. Pindar bestows upon Hiero an epithet, which, in one word, signifies' delighting in horses'; a word which in the translation generates these lines:

Hiero's royal brows, whose care

Tends the courser's noble breed,
Pleas'd to nurse the pregnant mare,

Pleas'd to train the youthful steed?'

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' On April 6, 1754. The office was that of Paymaster. Dict. Nat. Biog:

Jan. I, 1755. Gent. Mag. 1755, p. 42.

3. Ib. 1756, p. 150:

* In the first edition, 'to whom the grave needed not to be terrible.'

The following paragraph followed : * His poems are in this Collection neither selected nor arranged as I should have directed, had either the choice or the order fallen under my care or notice. His Institution of the Garter is improperly omitted; instead of the mock tragedy of Lucian the version from Euripides, if both could not be inserted, should have been taken. Of the Imitations of Spenser one was published before the version of Pindar, and should therefore have had the first place.'

In the republication of the Eng. Poets no change was made in West's Poems.

Eng. Poets, lvii. 137.
'All that is left of Pindar's works
being on the same subject is the more
apt to be tiresome. This is what
induced me to desire Mr. West not
to translate the whole, but only to
choose out some of them.' POPE,
Spence's Anec. p. 178.
6.Who along the desert air

Seeks the faded starry train,
When the sun's meridian car

Round illumes th’aetherialplain?
Who a nobler theme can choose

Than Olympia's sacred games ? Who more apt to fire the Muse, When her various songs she frames ?'

Eng. Poets, lvii. 139. ? Ib. p. 140.

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