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This opposition he immediately imputed to Addison, and complained of it in terms sufficiently resentful to Craggs, tı:eir common

friend. 111 When Addison's opinion was asked he declared the versions to

be both good, but Tickell's the best that had ever been written; and sometimes said that they were both good, but that Tickell

had more of Homer'. 112 Pope was now sufficiently irritated ; his reputation and his

interest were at hazard. He once intended to print together the four versions of Dryden, Maynwaring', Pope, and Tickell, that they might be readily compared, and fairly estimated? This design seems to have been defeated by the refusal of Tonson,

who was the proprietor of the other three versions. 113 Pope intended at another time a rigorous criticism of Tickell's

translation, and had marked a copy, which I have seen", in all places that appeared defective. But while he was thus meditating defence or revenge his adversary sunk before him without a blow; the voice of the publick was not long divided, and the

preference was universally given to Pope's performance. 114

He was convinced, by adding one circumstance to another, that the other translation was the work of Addison himself; but if he knew it in Addison's lifetime it does not appear that he told it. He left his illustrious antagonist to be punished by what has

address his ode, Virginibus pueris- to Pope, dated June 22, 1715. It que; and so did Pope when he was the versions of the first book told somebody he had the mob on they thought of printing. Pope's the side of his version of Homer, Works (E. & C.), ix. 541. and did not mind the high-flying Warburton had this copy by him critics at Button's. After all, if a when editing Pope. Warburton, iv. faultless poem could be produced, 29.

Hurd also had seen it. He I am satisfied it would tire the critics quotes from it a passage where Ticthemselves, and annoy the whole kell says:-'I had some thought of reading world with the spleen. translating the whole Iliad, but was Crabbe's Works, 1834, i. 202.

diverted by finding the work was · Johnson quotes a letter dated fallen into a much abler hand.' He July 8, 1715, published by Pope as goes on ‘to bespeak the favour of the written to him by Gay Pope's public to a translation of the Odysseis, Works (Elwin and Courthope), vii.

wherein I have made some progress.' 417

Warburton's Works, 1811, i. 49. See Ante, CONGREVE, 7. His ver- ante, TICKELL, II. sion of the greater part of the first s in the first edition, the voice of book was published anonymously in the public was not long suspended.' the fifth volume of Tonson's Mis- In the 1783 edition were' must be cellany.' CONINGTON, Misc. Writ- a misprint, unless Johnson wrote ings, i. 47.

'voices. Johnson refers to Lintot's letter


been considered as the most painful of all reflections, the remembrance of a crime perpetrated in vain'.

The other circumstances of their quarrel were thus related by 115 Pope ? :

'Philips seemed to have been encouraged to abuse me in coffee-houses and conversations, and Gildon wrote a thing about Wycherley, in which he had abused both me and my relations very grossly. Lord Warwick himself told me one

. day, that it was in vain for me to endeavour to be well with Mr. Addison; that his jealous temper would never admit of a settled friendship between us ; and, to convince me of what he had said, assured me that Addison had encouraged Gildon to publish those scandals, and had given him ten guineas after they were published. The next day, while I was heated with what I had heard, I wrote a letter to Mr. Addison ?, to let him know that I was not unacquainted with this behaviour of his; that if I was to speak severely of him, in return for it, it should be in such a dirty way, that I should rather tell him, himself, fairly of his faults, and allow his good qualities; and that it should be something in the following manner. I then adjoined (subjoined] the first sketch of what has since been called my satire on Addison . Mr. Addison used me very civilly ever after.'

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· Hurd says that Warburton, con- Blackstone shows that at the time vinced by him of Addison's inno- Pope said he wrote the satire (about cence, 'said, if he lived to see another July, 1715) Lord Warwick ‘was a boy edition of Pope's Works, he would of seventeen, and not likely to be enstrike out the offensive reflections on trusted with such a secret by a statesAddison's character.' Warburton's man between forty and fifty.... Mr. Works, i. 52.

Addison was not married to Warwick's Had Johnson known the truth he mother till the following year; nor would once more have been 'roused could Gildon have been employed in with a just indignation,' and would July, 1715, to write Wycherley's Life, have charged Pope, as he charged

who lived till the December following: Bolingbroke, with being a scoundrel See also Pope's Works (Elwin and and a coward'-a scoundrel because Courthope), iii. 234, 253, 536, v. 160, he slandered Addison; a coward 445, for the inference drawn from the because he did not venture to pub- change in the verse where Gildon lish his slanders till after Addison's is mentioned of 'meaner quill' into death. It is Pope's own character 'venal quill’; and John. Misc. i. 482. that is blackened; in his own words 3 This letter Pope forgot to forge. we still say with confidence:

* Prol. Sat. l. 193; post, POPE, 'No whiter page than Addison's 215. "The verses on Addison were remains.

in all probability written, as Pope Imit. Hor., Epis. ii. 1. 216. says, during Addison's lifetime.... Spence's Anec. p. 148. Warton, But we may be sure that he never who in vol. i. p. 159 of his Essay on sent them to him. Neither was he Pope, published in 1756, accepted as likely to show them even to friends.

certain' Pope's charges, in vol. ii. He was too cautious to attack a man p. 306, published in 1782, quotes so popular and so high in position. Judge Blackstone's defence of Addi- Pope's Works (Elwin and Courtson in the Biog. Brit. (1778), i. 56. hope), iii. 234. See also ib. v. 161.


116 The verses on Addison, when they were sent to Atterbury,

were considered by him as the most excellent of Pope's performances; and the writer was advised, since he knew where his

strength lay, not to suffer it to remain unemployed'. 117

This year (1715) being by the subscription enabled to live more by choice, having persuaded his father to sell their estate at Binfield, he purchased, I think only for his life, that house at Twickenham to which his residence afterwards procured so much

celebration, and removed thither with his father and mother?. 118 Here he planted the vines and the quincunx which his verses

mention, and being under the necessity of making a subterraneous passage to a garden on the other side of the road he adorned it with fossile bodies, and dignified it with the title of a grotto ': a place of silence and retreat, from which he en



* See Pope's Works (Elwin and Well, if the use be mine, can it Courthope), ix. 39, for Atterbury's concern one, letter dated Feb. 26, 1721-2. •This

Whether the name belong to Pope is the first mention of the verses,' or Vernon ?' Pope said in a note to the edition As a Papist Pope was 'disabled of 1737. 'An imperfect copy was from taking any lands by purchase.' got out, very much to the author's Blackstone's Com. 1769, iv. 54; ante, surprise, who never would give any.' POPE, 9n. Ib. n. For The Rape of the Lock On Nov. 21, 1807, Miss Berry 'getting out' see ante, POPE, 53. recorded in her Journal . 'We went

They left Binfield early in 1716, into Pope's back garden, and saw and settled by the water-side at the devastation going on upon his Chiswick. 16. vi. 241, 371. [Here “quincunx” by its new possessor, Pope's father died on Oct. 22, 1717. Baroness Howe. The anger and Thorne's Environs of London, i. 107. ill-humour expressed against her for Pope did not remove to Twickenham pulling down his abode and destroybefore Jan. 1718-19, when he ob- ing his grounds are much greater tained from Thomas Vernon, Esq., than one would have imagined.' an Aleppo merchant, the long lease Quoted in N. & l. 8 S. X. 86. See of a portion of Twickenham Park- also ib. p. 21 for an account of the a house with five acres of land. prints of the house. Pope's Works (E. & C.), v. 182, vi. Pope wrote on. June 2, 1725 :255 n. See also Cobbett's Memorials "The grotto is finished with shells of Twickenham, 1872, p. 267.] interspersed with pieces of looking

In Imit. Hor., Šat. ii. 2. 135, the glasses in angular forms ... There poet describes himself as not happier are connected to this grotto by a In forest planted by a father's hand narrower passage, two porches with Than in five acres now of rented niches and seats--one towards the land.'

river, of smooth stones, full of light, He adds (1. 161):

and open; the other towards the Pray Heaven it last! (cries Swift) arch of trees, rough with shells, flints, as you go on;

and iron-ore.' Pope's Works (Elwin I wish to God this house had been and Courthope), vi. 383. your own :

If he was extravagant in anyPity to build without a son or wife; thing,' Martha Blount told Spence, Why, you'll enjoy it only all your 'it was in his grotto, for that, from life.

first to last, cost him above £1,000.'


deavoured to persuade his friends and himself that cares and passions could be excluded !.

A grotto is not often the wish or pleasure of an Englishman, 119 who has more frequent need to solicit than exclude the


but Pope's excavation was requisite as an entrance to his garden, and, as some men try to be proud of their defects, he extracted an ornament from an inconvenience, and vanity produced a grotto where necessity enforced a passage?. It may be frequently remarked of the studious and speculative that they are proud of trifles, and that their amusements seem frivolous and childish 3; whether it be that men conscious of great reputation think themselves above the reach of censure, and safe in the admission of negligent indulgences, or that mankind expect from elevated genius an uniformity of greatness, and watch its degradation with malicious wonder; like him who having followed with his eye an eagle into the clouds, should lament that she ever descended to a perch.

While the volumes of his Homer were annually published he 120 collected his former works (1717) into one quarto volume, to which he prefixed a Preface ", written with great spriteliness and elegance, which was afterwards reprinted, with some passages subjoined that he at first omitted 5; other marginal additions of the same kind he made in the later editions of his




Spence's Anec. p. 213. See also
post, Pope, 269. 'He enlarged it
not long before his death. By in-
crusting it about with a great number
of ores and minerals of the richest
and rarest kinds, it was become one
of the most elegant and romantic
retirements anywhere to be seen.'
Warburton, viii. 27,
Know all the distant din that

world can keep
Rolls o'er my Grotto, and but

soothes my sleep. There, my retreat the best com

panions grace, Chiefs out of war,

and Statesmen out of place. There St. John mingles with my

friendly bowl
The Feast of Reason and the

Flow of Soul :
And he whose lightning pierc'd

th' Iberian lines

Now forms my quincunx and now
ranks my vines.'

Imit. Hor., Sat. ii. 1. 123.
See also Pope's lines On his Grotto.
Pope's Works (Elwin and Court-
hope), iv. 494, and ib. viii. 41, 78.

: He had bought two plots of ground separated by the high road from London to Hampton Court. The passage connected them. 'I have been told,' Swift wrote to him, 'of your subterranean passage to your garden, whereby you turned a blunder into a beauty, which is a piece of Ars Poetica.' 16. vii. 54.

'Pope added the famous quibble-
" What we cannot overcome we must
undergo.” MRS. Piozzi, Auto, ii.
154. See also Boswell's Johnson, iv. 9.
3He's seldom old that will not be

a child.'

WALLER, Eng. Poets, xvi. 247.
* Pope's Works (E. & C.), i. 3.
5 16.1.6; Warburton, Preface, p. 19.

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remarks that poets lose half their praise, because the reader knows not what they have blotted'. Pope's voracity of fame taught him the art of obtaining the accumulated honour both of

what he had published, and of what he had suppressed. 121 In this year his father died suddenly, in his seventy-fifth year,

having passed twenty-nine years in privacy. He is not known but by the character which his son has given him? If the money with which he retired was all gotten by himself, he had traded very successfully in times when sudden riches were rarely

attainable 3. 122 The publication of the Iliad was at last completed in 1720.

The splendour and success of this work raised Pope many enemies, that endeavoured to depreciate his abilities. Burnet, who was afterwards a Judge of no mean reputation, censured him in a piece called Homerides before it was published * ; Duckets likewise endeavoured to make him ridiculous. Dennis was the perpetual persecutor of all his studies. But, whoever his criticks were, their writings are lost, and the names which are preserved are preserved in The Dunciad.

:'Did readers know how many ment of a narrow fortune, where thoughts occur in a point of humour every false step is dangerous.' Pope's which a discreet author, in modesty, Works (Elwin and Courthope), vi. suppresses ... they would be apt to

377. See ante, POPE, 9. think kindly of those writers who Pope, in a letter published by endeavour to make themselves di- him as written to Congreve on April 7, verting without being immoral. One 1715, but really written to Caryll, may apply to these authors that says :- Mr. Thomas Burnet háth passage in Waller

played the precursor to the coming “ Poets lose half the praise they of Homer in a treatise called Howould [should) have got,

merides.' Pope's Works (Elwin and Were it but (Could it be) known Courthope), vi. 415. Burnet was the what they discreetly blot.” son of the Bishop. Ante, GRANVILLE,

[Eng. Poets, xvi. 175].' 19; post, POPE, 153. He was Judge ADDISON, The Spectator, No. 179.

of the Common Pleas from 1741 to 'For what I have published I can 1753. Foss speaks of his 'great reonly hope to be pardoned; but for putation for learning and uprightness.' what I have burned I deserve to be Biog. Jur. 1870, p. 144. praised.' Pope's Works (Elwin and For Swift's charge that in March, Courthope), i. 10. See post, POPE, 1711-12, he was 'one of the gang of 293.

the Mohawks' see Swift's Works, iïi. Cervantes had written long before: 4; also Hearne's Remains, i. 248. – He desires that he may receive For the non-existence of this gang applause, not for what he writes, see Chesterfield's Misc. Works, iv. but what he has omitted to write.' Jervas's Don Quixote, iv. 99.

27? , , ,

Ante, SMITH, 56-59, 71; post, Prol. Sat., II. 388-405; Imit. POPE, 153. Pope, in 1729, attributed Hor., Epis. ii. 2. 54-67.

to Ducket a caricature of him. Pope's 3 Pope wrote on his death :—'He Works (Elwin and Courthope), viii. has left me to the ticklish manage- 255.


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